US 700483 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 700,483. v Patented May 20, I902.
(Appliation filed Aug. 29, 1901.
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I zen of the United States, residing at Salt Lake, 'City, in the county ofSalt Lakeand State of UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
HENRY T. EMEIYYS, OFSALT LAKE CITY, UTAH.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 700,483, dated May 20, 1902. e I I Application filed August 29, 1901- Serial No. 73.713. (No model.) I
T aZZ whom it may-concern; I
Be it known that I, HENRY T. EMEIS, a citi- Utah, have invented a new and useful Ear-Label, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to stock marking tags, and more particularlyto that class that are attached to an animals ear and-bear identifying marks orcharacters, such asthe 'ingsnameof the owner or his private-brand;
The object of theinvention-is to: provide a stock-marking tag which may be readily attached to the animalskearjand which when once associated therewithfwill be firmly held.
from disengagement, V v V V A further object is to provide a simple and efficient means whereby a' pendant or check l the cattle or other stock to which the device is may be associated with the-tag, said pendant to contain a mark, such as thebrand-mark of attached or. the name or initial of theowner.
constructed as to insure prompt and effective A further objectis to providea stockemarking tag of the character specified in which the ear cutting or piercing portion will be so piercing of the animals ear and to prevent I unnecessary pain to the animal. i g
W'ith these and other objectsin view, as will appear in the; presentation of the 7 case,
the invention consists in the novel construction and combination of parts of a stockmarking tag, as will be hereinafter fully described and claimed.
Generally stated, the invention comprises a strip of metal bent upon itself in approximate V shape and carrying on one member a punch or cutting-ferrule suitably'held associated with the member byacombined eye-I hibiting more particularly the operative re of athin strip of metal, which may be steel,
spectively',' of.Whi0h the slot 2 ,is the longen jnent fixture, being securely held' againstany A [possibility of accidental separation, r i- In the accompanying drawings, forming a r part of this specification, and inwhich 1ike55r :numerals of reference indicate corresponding a parts, I have illustrated one form of 'emhodik ment -of mylinvention,-it beingunderstood Ithat the :ideas therein. illustrated may modified or changed withoutdeparti'ngfromon If. the spirit ofthe invention, and inthese draw+ Figure 1 =is a view of an ariimals head, f i, i showing the tag attached thereto-z lsig'.f2'is a view in perspectivefofythe tag detached, ,6: Fig. 3 is' a view in-longitudi'nal section" lati'on existing between the parts; Figysg lii a detail perspective view of; the combined Y rivetjand eyelet, Fig.:f5 is a detail perspec t ve View of the clip member of the device.
. Fig. v fiis a detail perspective-view ofthe c0811 v ting thimble or-ferrule. v j Referring to the drawings, 1 designates the body of the tag, the same being constructed i tin, aluminium, or'any other suitable material, soft tinned steel. being preferableon ac- I countof its-strong and non-corrosive quali- H ties. The strip of metalis bent'upon itself r to present a substantially V-shaped clip, the I g; opposite ends of which are provided with the, correspondingtransverse slots 2 and. 3, re-
For the connection'of the opposite free ends of the clip there is provided a pin or rivet 4, I which is first inserted through"t-helongs1ot-2 and finally into the other slot 35 The inter-1 mediate body portion of this rivet is'broadf Q I and flat, so as tosnugly fit the slot.2-, and has 0 one end reduced and pointed, as at '5, 't0'en-- ter the smaller slot 3 and also to pierce the ear of an animal,--'the projected end of the pointed -'portion j being bent overlor upset against the outer side. of the adjacent member of the clip orbody 1, as indicated at 6, so as to prevent endwise movement of the rivet in one direction. The opposite end of the IOO of the rivet, there being anopen hook or eye let 8 formed at this head end of the, body. As clearly indicated in Fig. 4, it will be seen that this combined rivet and eyelet is designed to be formed from a flat piece of metal, thereby to provide a strong, durable, and inexpensive fastening device.
Located between the members of the clip is a substantially cylindrical open ended thimble or ferrule 9, which embraces the intermediate portion of the rivet or fastening device and also forms a stop which limits the inward movements of the members of the clip. That end of the ferrule or thimble which is adjacent to the pointed end of the rivet is provided with a sharp marginal edge 10, which is designed to form a cutter.
It will be understood that it is designed to have asuitable inscription upon the body or clip, so as to identify the animal to which the tag is applied, and in addition to this it is designed to provide a pendant or tag proper, 11, hearing the owners name, mark, or other indicating character, there being an eye or perforation 12 formed in the tag and designed for the reception of the split ring or eyelet 8, whereby the tag or pendant may be loosely connected to the body or clip.
In attaching the device to an animals ear suitable pliers are employed, having in one jaw a depression to receive the split ring or eyelet Sand the opposite jaw having a flat surface against which the point of the rivet is adapted to bear. The members of the U- shaped body are first spread, the pendant being placed upon the eyelet, after which the rivet is inserted into the slot 2 and the thinnble or ferrule is placed between the clip members and upon the inner end of the rivet. The clip is then placed astraddle of the ear of the animal, and the pliers are applied to the clip and operated to press together the opposite sides of the clip, thereby forcing the rivet and the thimble or ferrule through the ear, upsetting the pointed end of the rivet against the adjacent outer side of the clip and also closing the split ring or eyelet,whereby the device is conveniently attached to the animal, and the pendant or tag is secured to the clip, all of which is accomplished by one operation of the pliers. W'hen thus secured in position, it will be impossible to detach the tag from the animals car without destroying some portion of the tag, either the upset portion of the rivet or the clip or body itself.
The purpose of the substantially cylindrical thimble or ferrule is to provide a rounded or substantially circular bearing for the connection between the animals ear and the device, whereby it is possible for the bearing to turn within the opening formed in the ear and in any event to prevent tearing or injury to the ear by movement of the device.
In applying the tag to an animals ear the pendant is disposed upon the inside of the ear,thereby to prevent it catching upon brush, bushes, or the like when the animal is feeding. Although the tag member illustrated in the drawings is shown as made of metal and having a mark or character cut or stamped therein, it will be understood that it is also designed to provide tags of some strong, durable, and flexible material having the distinguishing mark or character printed or otherwise applied thereto and also provided with a suitable eyelet for engagement with the split ring of the rivet or fastening device. Moreover, although the clip member has been shown and described as V-shaped it may also be of substantially U shape, as the essential object is to havethe clip composed of a pair of members to straddle the ear of an animal in substantially the manner shown in the drawings, so as to secure an effective engagement of the clip with the ear.
From the foregoing it is thought that the construction, operation, and many advantages of the herein-described invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art without further description, and it will be understood that various changes in the size, shape, proportion, and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
WVhat I claim is- 1. An ear-label, comprising a two -membered cliphaving corresponding perforations, a fastening to be projected through the perforations, one end of the fastening beingpointed and adapted to be upset against one outer side of the member, and a tag carried by the opposite end of the fastening.
2. An ear-label comprising a tag, a cuttingferrule carried thereby, and a combined eyelet and rivet for holding the ferrule assembled with the tag.
3. An ear-label comprising a tag, a cuttingferrule carried thereby, a rivet for holding the ferrule assembled with the tag, an eyelet on the rivet, and a pendant engaging the eyelet.
4. An ear -laloel comprising a twomembered tag, a cutting-ferrule carried by one of the members of the tag, and a pointed rivet passing through the ferrule and through the,
other member of the tag to hold the two members assembled.
5. A device of the character described, consisting of a substantially V-shaped clip having opposite corresponding perforations, a pointed fastening to project through the perforations, one end of the fastening having a head to limit the inward movement thereof, and the opposite end being constructed to be upset against the adjacent outer side of the clip, and means for connecting a tag member to the headed end of the fastening.
6. A device of the character described, comprising a substantially \l-shaped clip having terminal corresponding slots, one of which is longer than the other, and a flat fasteningdevice to be inserted endwiseithrongh the long slot and finally the other-slot, the intermedi I ate portion of the fastening being flat and havingone end reduced and pointed, the opposite end being enlarged to forma headrfor; limiting the inward insertion of the fastening,
the pointed end of the latter beingconstrncted to be upsetagainst the adjacent outer face'of the clip;
7. Adevice of the character described, comprising a substantially V-shaped clip having corresponding terminal perforations, a cutti ng-ferrnle located between the members and alined with the corresponding perforations,
a fastening device to be inserted through the the presence of witnesses;
perforations and the ferrule, oneend of the "fastening being'pointediand adaptedto be I upset againstthe ont-erface oftli'e adjacent portion of the clip, andtlie opposite end of z o the fastening having asplit ring,"an:d a tag havingan eyelet forengagementwith the split 7 ring. U
In testimony thatl claiin theforegoing as" mv own .I havehereto affiiied'mysignatnre in 25 HENRY T. EMEIS. Witnessesz v a p F. H. GRosHELL, OSOOR GRosHELL, ELI B. KELJSEY, OSCAR .GROSH LL.