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Publication numberUS700587 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 20, 1902
Filing dateFeb 21, 1902
Priority dateFeb 21, 1902
Publication numberUS 700587 A, US 700587A, US-A-700587, US700587 A, US700587A
InventorsHarry L Waldron
Original AssigneeWalter H Crowninshield, Charles H Lawton, Harry L Waldron
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined cap-vizor and eye-shield.
US 700587 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 700,587. Patented May 20, I902.



(Application filed Feb. 21, 1902.)

(No Model) LL LZ'fi E r M zww Mn 7 A. i






SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Iatent No. 700,587, dated May 20, 1902.

' Application filed February 21, 1902. Serial No. 95,096. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Be it known that I, HARRY L. W'ALDRON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Providence, in the county of Providence and State of Rhode Island,have invented certain new and usefu'lImprovernents in a Combined Cap- Vizor and Eye-Shield, of which the following.

is a specification, referencebeing had therein to the accompanying drawings.

Like letters indicate like parts.

Figure 1 is a front elevati on of my invention. Fig. 2 is a view 'of the same, partly in elevation and partly in section, as seen on line a; a; of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a bottom plan I 5 view of said invention. Fig. 4 is a plan view of the sheet-metal blankconstituting a part of the device before said blank is bent into shape. Fig. 5 is an edge view of the said blank when bent into shape. Figs. 6, 7, and 8 are plan views of modified forms of my invention. My invention relates to the vizors'of caps provided with an'eye-shield pendent therefrom; and it consists of the novel construction and combination of the several parts, as-

@ hereinafter particularly described, and specifically set'forth in the claims.

In the drawings, Arepresents a cap, and B:

is the vizor thereof.

A plate of sheet metal 0, preferably alu- 3o ininium or brass, is made of the shape illus trated in Fig. 4, having the concave curves at a, the convex curve I), the central tongue 0,:

the vizor -B,-and to fit on the un'der'surface ofv the vizor, as shown in Fig. 3, the tongue cis bent into the hook-like shape shown at-]) in Figsl2 and 3, and the two slotted sides are bent, as shown at jin Fig. 5, thus forming angularlyadirected ears E, as indicated in Figs. 2 and 3. Theblank so bent is attached to the under side of the vizorBby pins 7t, screwing through holes made therefor in 7 upper curved edge of the plate.

theplate, as shownin Fig at, or it may be secured in position in any other'suitable manher. The convexed edge I) ofthe blank preferably'coincides with the outer edge of the vizor, as'seen in Figs. '2 and 3.

The eye-shield consists oftheframeF "and lenses G. The frameF maybe made of hard rubber, celluloid, or any other suitable material and has the parallel vizor portion, as illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, and 3. two horns or projections Z at its opposite upper corners and with a central aperture 972, having a concaved inner end. It is preferably shaped so that its lower corners n are rounded, as shown in Fig. 1, to enable it when folded up to lie wholly within the edge of the vizor B, as shown in Fig. 3. It has its upper edge concaved, as seen at 0, so that in its folded position said edge 0 is parallel to the The position of the eye-shield when not in use is that shown in' Fig. 3, where itisseen that the same is folded up into snug contact with the under side ofjthe vizor B, the center of its upper curved edge 0 lying beneath the hook D. In this position the horns or projections Z Z extend through the narrow upper portion of the slots h him the plate 0, and as said horns or projections 77. h are rectangular in cross-section and are slidably held in the narrow portion of the slots h h the eye-shield is confined in position parallel to the plate 0, the hook D serving also'to maintain the eyeshield in thisfolded-up position. When it is desired'to move the eye-shield into its wearing position, it"is brought forward by the fingers sothat the horns or projections Z Z slide along in the narrow portion of the slots h h until'they come totheenlarged semicircular portion of the slots h h,1whenthey drop by gravity into the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the eye-shield then beingsnstained in position by the contact of the lower'edges of the horns or projections Z Z upon the semicircular portion of theslotsh h, as indicated in Fig. 2. When in this position, the nose of the wearer projects out through the aperture 'm of the eye-shield. In returningthe eye-shield to its non-wearing position it is swung up by the fingers and pushed inwardly, so as to It is made with 6o I easily arranged for bicyclists use.

bring the broad'parallel surfaces of the horns or projections Z- Z into the narrow portionof the slots 72. h, and is there slid inwardly until the edge 0 of the eye-shield enters fully beneath the hook D as far as itwill go.

. The lenses G are made,.preterably, of mica, (which may be tinted with colored lacquer,)celluloid, or other transparent material and, are held in position in the frame F in any proper manner.

It is essential that the eye-shield when moved from its non-Wearing to its wearing position should be capable first of an outward sliding movement and then'of a downward swinging movement in order to clear. the

lower part of the forehead and the eyebrows and to hang at a proper distance in front of the eyes. For this reason the slots 71. h have a straight narrowportion and are enlarged diametrically at their outer ends; but it is also necessary that the slotted ears by which the horns or projections Z Z are supported when the eye-shield is in use should rigidly maintain their proper distance apart. In previous constructions of combined cap-vizors and eye-shields two separate guides or wires have been used to direct the movement of the eye-shield in passing from its non-wearing to its wearing position and in its return movement and to sustain the eye-shield when in its pendent position, and each wire has been looped, with one end passing through the vizor and engaged with a nut on the upper side of the vizor, while the opposite end of the loop has been merely inserted in a hole through the vizor-lining. Such wire .loops, however, are liable to work loose and swivel more or less, and if so the eye-shield is liable to be detached there from. To avoid this difficulty, I have used thelining-plate 0, made of thin light metal and with the earpiecesintegral therewith. In this manner said earpieces always maintain their proper relative direction and the whole structure is firmer and stronger than is possible where the wire loops are used and placed in position separately. Another advantage of the use of this plate 0 is that by means of it the invention is adapted for use upon bicycle-caps. Such caps usually have a s0ft vizor, which is not sufliciently firm to permit an eye-shield to beattached thereto. By connecting the earpieces .of 'my device by a metal strip, integral or otherwise, the eye-shield is sufficiently supported, and thus my improved eye-shield is In such caps, however, it may not be desirable to use abroad lining-plate C, such as is shown in .the drawings, but a mere strip of metal -It is obvious that my improved eye-shield may be used not onlyon caps, but on hats and other headrapparel.

, InrFigs. 7, and Sis shown amodifiedform of said invention, in which the earpieces E, extending angularlyfrom the-li-ning-plate C, have their slots ,made -'L.-shaped,but a little curved at the intermediate angle. In Fig. 7 one of the horns Z is shown in its position when the eye-shield is not in use, and in Fig. 8 it is shown in its position when the eyeshield is in use. 1 In the latter-case the eyeshield is locked 'to prevent its loosely swinging and is held rigidly in position, because the lowest or angular portion of the slot has its sides parallel and distant from each other a space just equal to the thickness of the horn Z therein, so that the eye-shield cannot swing, but maintains a fixed position. The slight rounding of the corner of said slotenables the turning of the hornl in its travel along the slot.

' I claim as a novel and useful invention and desire to. secure by Letters Patent- 1. The combination with a cap, of a vizor, an eye-shield consisting of lenses and aframe with horns or projections from its two upper corners, and a metallic lining-plate attached to said vizor and provided with bent slotted ears with which said horns or projectionsot' the eye-shield are engageable, substantially as shown.

2. The combination with a cap, of a vizor, an eye-shieldconsisting of lenses and a frame with horns or projections, and a metallic lining-plate attached to said vizor and having-integral bent slotted ears with which said horns or projections of the eye-shield are engageable, substantially as described.

3. The combination with a cap, of a vizor, an eye-shield consisting of lenses andaframe with horns or projections, and a metallic linin g-plate attached to said vizor and provided with a hook on its inner edge and with two bent slotted ears on its opposite ends with which ears, respectively, saidhorns or projections are engageable, substantially as specifled.

4. The combination with a cap, of a vizor, an eye-shield consisting of lenses anda frame with horns or projections and a metallic lining-plate attached to said vizor and provided with an integral hook on its inner edge and with two integral bent slotted ears on its opposite ends with which ears, respectively, said horns or projections are engageable, substantially as set forth.

5. In combination with a cap, a vizor, an eye-shield consisting of lenses and a frame having two horns or projections which are rectangular in cross-section, and a metallic lining-plate attached to said vizor and provided with two bent earpieces at its opposite sides, each of which earpieces'has a slot which in its inner part is straight and of a width slightly ITO in excess of the thickness of said horns or provided with locking means adaptedto pre- [0 projections and in its outer part is adapted to vent the swinging of said eye-shield when in its allow said horns or projections to turn therein wearing position, substantially as described.

ninety degrees, substantially as'shown. In testimony whereof I affix my signature 5 6. In combination with a cap, a vizor, an I in presence of two witnesses.

eye-shield consisting of lenses and a frame I HARRY L. WVALDRON. with horns or projections, and two guides! Witnesses: 1 adapted to allowsaid horns or projections first i WARREN R. PEROE,


toslide and then to partially turn therein, and

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3837005 *Jan 12, 1973Sep 24, 1974A PerssonDevice for the protection of the eyes and face
US4712254 *Aug 29, 1986Dec 15, 1987Daigle Ronald HHeadband and eyepiece combination
US4839926 *Jun 15, 1988Jun 20, 1989Un Shik ShinCap with binoculars
US6491390Sep 21, 2001Dec 10, 2002Jack ProvostClip-on glasses
WO1988001495A1 *Aug 27, 1987Mar 10, 1988Daigle Ronald HHeadband and eyeglasses combination
Cooperative ClassificationA42B1/247