|Publication number||US7010091 B2|
|Application number||US 10/447,819|
|Publication date||Mar 7, 2006|
|Filing date||May 23, 2003|
|Priority date||May 28, 2002|
|Also published as||US20030223540|
|Publication number||10447819, 447819, US 7010091 B2, US 7010091B2, US-B2-7010091, US7010091 B2, US7010091B2|
|Inventors||Shinsuke Hayashida, Toshikazu Tamura|
|Original Assignee||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (20), Non-Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (18), Classifications (20), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to an X-ray sensing method and apparatus with a photoelectric conversion element driving control, and a photoelectric conversion element. In particular, the present invention relates to an X-ray sensing method and apparatus, in which consideration is given to a photoelectric conversion element driving range and reading range, and a photoelectric conversion element.
2. Related Background Art
With a conventional X-ray sensing apparatus, an X-ray beam is projected from an X-ray source so as to pass through an analysis subject such as a medical patient, and the X-ray beam having passed through the subject is sensed by a screen film cassette, a film auto-changer, computed radiography (CR), a flat panel detector (FPD), or the like.
In the field of X-ray radiographs, a high-resolution solid-state X-ray detector using the FPD is proposed. This detector includes an X-ray sensor comprising a two-dimensional array of photoelectric conversion elements such as photodiodes typically, in which 3000 to 4000 photoelectric conversion elements are arranged in each dimension of the array. Each photoelectric conversion element generates an electric signal corresponding to the amount of X rays incident onto the X-ray sensor. With this construction, a subject is positioned between the X-ray source and the X-ray sensor, and the amount of X rays having passed through the subject is converted into electric signals, thereby obtaining an X-ray image of the subject. Also, the signal from each photoelectric conversion element is independently read, digitized, subjected to image processing, and stored and displayed. Such a detector is disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 09-257944, for instance.
Further, with the reduction in thickness and the improvement in high reliability techniques, the solid-state X-ray detector using the FPD is also on its way to size and thickness reduction, while the X-ray screen film cassette has attained such the reduction.
The solid-state X-ray detector using the FPD, however, suffers from a problem that a large amount of electric power is consumed to drive the photoelectric conversion elements of the X-ray sensor. In particular, when a battery is built into a thin and small-sized X-ray digital sensing apparatus, for instance, it is required to attain a driving in which the amount of electric power consumed by the X-ray sensing apparatus at the time of ordinary sensing can be reduced.
An object of the present invention is therefore to provide an X-ray sensing apparatus, an X-ray sensing method, and a photoelectric conversion element that are capable of saving electric power consumed to drive an X-ray sensor.
According to the present invention, the foregoing object is attained by providing a photoelectric conversion element including: photodetecting means for converting light into an electric signal; amplifying means for amplifying the electric signal outputted from the photodetecting means; and drive means for adjusting a power source of the amplifying means.
Further, the foregoing object is also attained by providing an X-ray sensing apparatus including: sensing means including a plurality of photoelectric conversion elements each converting light into an electric signal; driving range designating means for designating a driving range for driving each of the plurality of photoelectric conversion elements included in the sensing means; drive means for driving each photoelectric conversion element in the driving range designated by the driving range designating means; and a signal reading means for reading out an output of the photoelectric conversion element driven by the drive means.
Other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following descriptions taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which like reference characters designate the same or similar parts through the figures thereof.
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of the specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and, together with the descriptions, serve to explain the principle of the invention.
Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail in accordance with the accompanying drawings.
Hereinafter, a first embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
In the X-ray control room 12, there is installed a system controller 20 that controls the overall operation of the present X-ray sensing system. An operator interface 22 composed of an X-ray exposure request switch, a touch panel, a mouse, a keyboard, a joystick, a foot switch, and the like is operated by an operator 21 to input various instructions into the system controller 20. The contents of the instructions inputted by the operator 21 are, for instance, a sensing condition (such as whether a still image or a moving image is to be sensed, an X-ray tube voltage, a tube current, and an X-ray irradiation time), a sensing timing, an image processing condition, a subject ID, a method of processing a sensed image, and the like. In addition, the instruction contents also include a method of setting a sensing field, the confirmation of the sensing field, and the like.
A sensing control circuit 24 of the system controller 20 controls an X-ray sensing system installed in the X-ray room 10, and an image processing circuit 26 thereof performs image processing on an image sensed by the X-ray sensing system in the X-ray room 10. The image processing performed by the image processing circuit 26 is, for instance, irradiation field recognition, image data correction, spatial filtering, recursive processing, gradation processing, scattered ray correction, dynamic range (DR) compression processing, and the like. A large-capacity high-speed storage apparatus 28 is used to store basic image data processed by the image processing circuit 26 and is, for instance, composed of a hard disc array such as RAID. Reference numeral 30 denotes a monitor display (hereinafter simply referred to as the “monitor”) for displaying an image, numeral 32, a display controller for performing control to cause the monitor 30 to display various characters and images, numeral 34, an external large-capacity storage apparatus (magneto-optical disc, for instance), and numeral 36, a LAN board for establishing connection between the apparatus in the X-ray control room 12 and the apparatus in the diagnosis and other operation room 14 and transferring images and the like sensed in the X-ray room 10 to the apparatus in the diagnosis and other operation room 14.
In the X-ray room 10, there is installed an X-ray generator 40 that generates X rays. The X-ray generator 40 includes an X-ray tube 42 that generates X rays, a high voltage generator 44 that drives the X-ray tube 42 under control of the sensing control circuit 24, and an X-ray iris 46 that narrows an X-ray beam generated by the X-ray tube 42 to a desired sensing field. Reference numeral 47 denotes a CCD camera. In this embodiment, this CCD camera is disposed based on an alignment that is optically equal to the focal point of the X-ray tube, thereby obtaining a construction where it is possible to monitor the X-rays radiated from the X-ray tube 42 by analyzing an image picked-up by the CCD camera 47.
A subject (patient) 50 lies down on a sensing bed 48. The sensing bed 48 is driven in accordance with a control signal from the sensing control circuit 24 and it is possible to change the direction of the subject with reference to the X-ray beam from the X-ray generator 40. Below the sensing bed 48, there is disposed an X-ray detector 52 that detects an X-ray beam having passed through the subject 50 and the sensing bed 48.
Next, there will be described the construction of the X-ray detector 52 shown in
In the scintillator 56, the source material of a fluorescent member is excited by high-energy X rays (absorbs the X rays), and fluorescent light in a visible region is generated by recombination energy generated at that time. That is, the scintillator 56 converts X rays into visible light. This fluorescent light is, for instance, generated by the source material itself such as CaWo4 or CdWo4, or by a luminescence center material, such as CsI:Tl or Zns:Ag, added to the source material. The X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58 converts the visible light generated by the scintillator 56 into electric signals.
Also, in this embodiment, the scintillator 56 and the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58 are constructed as separated construction elements, although the present invention is applicable to an X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58 constructed by using photoelectric conversion elements that directly convert X rays into electrons. An example of such photoelectric conversion elements is a photoelectric conversion element composed of a light-receiving portion (made of amorphous Se, PbI2, or the like), an amorphous silicon TFT, and the like.
The X-ray exposure amount monitor 60 is arranged for the sake of monitoring the amount of X rays having passed through the sensing bed 48 and the subject 50. It does not matter whether the X-ray exposure amount monitor 60 directly detects the X rays by using a crystal silicon light-receiving element or the like or detects fluorescent light generated by the scintillator 56. In this embodiment, the X-ray exposure amount monitor 60 is composed of an amorphous silicon light-receiving element formed as a layer on the underside of the substrate of the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58, detects visible light (proportional to the amount of X rays) having passed through the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58, and transmits information of the amount of the detected light to the sensing control circuit 24. The sensing control circuit 24 controls the high voltage generator 44 based on the information from the X-ray exposure amount monitor 60, thereby adjusting the amount of X rays. The drive circuit 62 drives the photoelectric conversion elements constituting the photodetector array 58 under control of the sensing control circuit 24, and reads out a signal from each pixel.
Next, there will be described a thin X-ray detector 152 shown in
Next, there will be described the diagnosis and other operation room 14 in
It should be noted here that a control signal sent from the system controller 20 to each apparatus may be generated by an instruction issued from the operator interface 22 in the X-ray control room 12 or from the image processing terminal 70 in the diagnosis and other operation room 14.
A basic operation of the system controller 20 shown in
The basic operation of the system shown in
The X-ray beam outputted from the X-ray generator 40 shown in
The grid 54 of the X-ray detector 52 in
The pixel signals outputted from the X-ray detector 52 or the thin X-ray detector 152 shown in
The image processing circuit 26 in
The apparatus in the X-ray control room 12 in
Next, a reading method for the photoelectric conversion sensing apparatus will be described with reference to
Next, a photoelectric conversion operation performed when the photoelectric conversion element shown in
The X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58 is composed of around 2000×2000 to 4000×4000 photoelectric elements and area of an array is around 200 mm×200 mm to 500 mm×500 mm. The output from each photoelectric conversion element corresponds to one pixel. Therefore, in
As described with reference to
Control terminals of the switches SW (m, n) on the same row are connected to a common row select line Lrn. For instance, the switches SW (1, 1) to (1, 4096) of the first row are connected to a row select line Lr1. The row select lines Lr1 to Lr4096 are connected to the sensing control circuit 24 through a line selector (reading range designating means) 92. The line selector (reading range designating means) 92 is composed of an address decoder 94 that decodes a control signal from the sensing control circuit 24 and determines a line from which signal charges of photoelectric conversion elements are to be read out, and 4096 switch elements 96 that are opened/closed in accordance with an output from the address decoder 94. With this construction, it becomes possible to read out signal charges of photoelectric conversion elements PD (m, n) connected to switches SW (m, n) connected to an arbitrary line Lrn. As a result, it becomes possible to read out signals only from necessary photoelectric conversion elements.
With the simplest construction, the line selector (reading range designating means) 92 may be constructed using a shift register that is, for instance, used in a liquid crystal display. In this embodiment, only a field, in which line sensing is to be performed, is selected using the address decoder 94, so that an effect is achieved that enables to shorten a time taken to read accumulated charges. In particular, this effect becomes necessary at a medical site at which displaying in a short time period is required. Further, when the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58 is applied to a moving image, there is achieved an effect that a frame rate is increased.
The column signal lines Lc1 to Lc4096 are connected to a signal reading circuit 100 controlled by the sensing control circuit 24. In the signal reading circuit 100, reference numerals 102-1 to 102-4096 denote reset switches that respectively reset the column signal lines Lc1 to Lc4096 to a reset reference potential 101. Also, reference numerals 106-1 to 106-4096 represent pre-amplifier (amplifying means) that respectively amplify signal potentials from the column signal lines Lc1 to Lc4096, numeral 108-1 to 108-4096, sample/hold (S/H) circuits that respectively sample and hold outputs from the pre-amplifiers 106-1 to 106-406, numeral 110, an analog multiplexer that multiplexes outputs from the S/H circuits 108-1 to 108-4096 on a time axis, and numeral 112, an A/D converter that digitizes an analog output from the multiplexer 110. An output of the A/D converter 112 is supplied to the image processing circuit 26. Also, power (not shown) to drive the pre-amplifiers (amplifying means) 106-1 to 106-4096 are independently controlled by a control signal from the sensing control circuit 24, which makes it possible to drive only necessary photoelectric conversion elements. As a result, there is achieved an effect of reducing power consumption of the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58. With this construction, driving of the photoelectric conversion elements arranged in a row direction is controlled. However, it is also possible to obtain a construction where driving of each photoelectric conversion element is adjusted by independently controlling the driving of each photoelectric conversion element.
In the photodetector array shown in
According to the present invention, the switch 98 is provided to adjust power supplied to the pre-amplifier (amplifying means) 88 of each photoelectric conversion element, so that only the photoelectric conversion elements in a sensing range are placed in a ready state. In
Also, in order to limit the sensing range in the vertical direction in
In this case, for instance, there are specified in advance certain coordinates of the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58 (coordinates on four corners of the X-ray sensor, for instance) displayed on the display image 1105. Then, a position relationship between coordinates on the display image 1105 and the coordinates on the X-ray sensor (sensing means) is calculated in advance from the specified coordinates and is stored. As a result, it becomes possible for the sensing control circuit 24 to calculate the coordinates on the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58 from the coordinates of the field 1106 designated with a finger or a pen through the touch panel.
Also, if there is used the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58 of the first embodiment, when the field 1106 is specified, there is simultaneously determined the photoelectric conversion element driving range or the photoelectric conversion element signal reading range. In this manner, by using an image picked up by the CCD camera 47, whose alignment is approximately equal to that of the X rays emitted from the X-ray tube, there is achieved an effect of enabling designation of a field on the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58 from the display apparatus 1101 with ease. Also, it becomes possible to designate the field on the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58 while actually confirming the sensing target on the display apparatus 1101. As a result, there is achieved an effect of enabling designation of the minimum required field with accuracy.
Next, when the buttons 1103 are pushed, subject information on the selected sensing target is read into the sensing control circuit 24 from the storage apparatus 28. Here, the subject information means patient information showing the physique, part to be sensed, gender, age, nationality, race, and the like. At this time, instead of assigning the subject information to the buttons 1103, there may be used a construction where each field, into which the subject information of the patient is to be inputted, is provided on the display screen 1101. For instance, a sensing field to be used is roughly determined depending on whether the patient is a child or a male adult. In a like manner, a range to be used for sensing is roughly determined by the patient information concerning the physique and the like. Accordingly, in this case, merely by designating the center of the sensing field through the touch panel, it is possible to designate the photoelectric conversion element driving range or the photoelectric conversion element signal reading range of the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58. When such a construction is used, there is achieved an effect that when a large number of subjects in the same category are to be sensed, for instance, it becomes possible to designate a field suited to the subjects. This is because if the category of the subjects is determined on the basis of the subject information, the field necessary for sensing is statistically or experimentally determined.
As shown in
There will be described an embodiment in which the sensing field is calculated only from geometric relationships among the X-ray tube, the amount of the X-ray iris, and the X-ray sensing apparatus. Information that is necessary to calculate the sensing field includes a distance (L1+L2) between the X-ray tube and the X-ray sensing apparatus, distances (Lx1, Lx2, Ly1, and Ly2) from the center of each collimator, position information (SCx, Scy) showing a position of a portion of the X-ray sensing apparatus to which the center point of the X rays generated from the X-ray tube reaches, and inclinations (θ x, θ y) y) between the X-ray tube and the surface of the X-ray sensing apparatus.
Also, information that is necessary for the setting of the apparatus includes a distance L1 from the focal point of the X-ray tube to the collimator. When, based on these information, a range of the X-ray sensing apparatus to be irradiated with the X rays is set as a range surrounded by (Ssx1, Ssy1), (8 Ssx 1, Ssy2), (Ssx2, Ssy1), and (Ssx2, Ssy2), these coordinates are calculated as follows.
Ssx 1=SCx−(L 1+L 2)·Lx 1·cos θ x/L 1 (Formula 1)
Ssy 1=SCy−(L 1+L 2)·Ly 1·cos θ y/L 1 (Formula 2)
Ssx 2=SCx+(L 1+L 2)·Lx 2·cos θ x/L 1 (Formula 3)
Ssy 2=Scy+(L 1+L 2)·Ly 2·cos θ y/L 1 (Formula 4)
It should be noted here that the above calculation is performed by assuming that the range irradiated with the X rays, which has been limited by the collimator, has a rectangular shape or a square shape. However, even if the range irradiated with the X rays, which has been limited by the collimator, has an elliptic shape or a circular shape, the X-ray range irradiated with X rays may be calculated through the same calculation as above. It is preferred that among these variables, both of the inclinations (θ x, θ y) between the X-ray tube and the surface of the X-ray sensing apparatus are set at “0” by placing a mirror on the surface of the X-ray sensing apparatus in advance and by utilizing reflection resulting from illumination with a light bulb.
By using a range containing the X-ray sensing range obtained in the manner described above, there are determined the row select line Lrn and a range in which power supply to the pre-amplifiers (amplifying means) is to be performed. Here, there may be obtained a construction where it is possible to perform, through setting, selection among an operation where there is used only a range in which the X-ray sensing range is larger than an X-ray irradiation range, an operation where there is used only a range in which the X-ray sensing range is smaller than the X-ray irradiation range, or the like. With this construction, there is achieved an effect that by measuring necessary information in advance, it becomes possible merely by measuring the iris amount of the X-ray tube to determine the driving range or reading range of the X-ray sensor.
However, when there exist a plurality of sensing fields (212(A) and 212(D), for instance), there is a case where the fields 212(C) and 212(B) are imagined as ghost fields. Therefore, when a plurality of fields are designated, there may be obtained a construction where, as indicated by reference numeral 215, the buttons 210 provided in the peripheral region in a horizontal axis direction are further divided and a coordinate in a vertical axis direction is also indicated.
When the buttons 210 that are the attaching means are pushed, these buttons are lit up as the buttons 211 and, at the same time, there is designated the driving range or reading range of the X-ray sensor (sensing means) 58. That is, the sensing control circuit 24 analyzes and determines the driving range or reading range from the position information of the buttons 211. Also, as another construction, there may be obtained a construction where the lit-up buttons 211 are mechanically interlocked with the switches 96 of the line selector (reading range designating means) 92 or an ON/OFF switch (not shown) of the drive means for adjusting power supplied to the pre-amplifiers (amplifying means) 88.
Here, when it is known in advance that the irradiation field range (sensing field) moves with a certain regularity, the sensing control circuit 24 may set the driving range or the reading range in succession in accordance with the movement of the irradiation field range. With this construction, when a baggage placed on a line belt is sensed by moving the sensing field of a two-dimensional flat radiation detecting means during a baggage X-ray inspection at an airport, for instance, there is achieved an effect of power saving and shortening of a read-out time.
Also, even if the irradiation field range itself is fixed, when it is known in advance that the subject itself moves with a certain regularity, there may be obtained a construction where the sensing control circuit 24 sets the driving range or the reading range in succession in accordance with the movement of the subject. Also, with this construction, when sensing is performed by moving the sensing field, there is obtained the effect of power saving and shortening of a read-out time.
An example of process flow of this sensing is shown in
In this embodiment, there will be described a case where a moving image is sensed using the sensor (sensing means) 58. In this case, the sensing control circuit 24 first finds a portion in which a subject moves, by calculating differences between images obtained by picking-up the subject over time using the CCD camera 47. The sensing control circuit 24 then sets only the moving portion as the driving range and/or reading range of the sensor (sensing means) 88. As a result, there is achieved an effect that an image read-out time or the like is shortened and image data amount is reduced. It is possible to say that a hardware-like moving image compression process is performed in this embodiment.
The relative position relationship information between the subject and the X-ray sensing apparatus is referred to in order to find the sensing range in the X-ray sensing apparatus, so that it is not required to find three-dimensional position relationship information. Therefore, it is preferred that a small-sized camera, such as a CCD camera, is installed at a position that is optically adjacent to the focal point of the X-ray tube, for instance.
In this embodiment, there will be described a method with which an X-ray sensing range is determined using the CCD camera 47. An image picked-up by the CCD camera is displayed on the monitor, so that it is possible for the operator to know, prior to X-ray sensing, a geometric position relationship between the X-ray sensing apparatus and the subject when viewed from the X-ray generator. The operator first designates a range of the X-ray sensing apparatus using a mouse or the like, and then designates a range to be used for sensing using the mouse or the like. These information may also be automatically obtained through image processing. Also, when the information is to be automatically obtained through the image processing, there may be used inputted information other than the sensing range that shows the part to be sensed, gender and age of the patient, a sensor tube distance, and the like designated by the operation means of the X-ray sensing apparatus. From the relative position relationship between the designated and obtained range of the X-ray sensing apparatus on the image picked-up by the CCD camera and the range to be sensed, there is obtained information of, for instance, amplifier photoelectric conversion elements to be used. By using the inverse functions of the geometric position relationships (Formulas (1) to (4)) described with reference to
An image of the range indicating the sensing field in
A calculation procedure for conducting the above-mentioned calculation will be described below. In a first step, the range to be used for sensing by the X-ray image sensing apparatus is searched for through pattern recognition or the like of the image obtained by the CCD camera attached to the X-ray tube. At this time, aside from the image obtained by the CCD camera, there may be used supplementary information that shows the distance between the X-ray tube and the sensor, the kind and size of the X-ray image sensing apparatus to be used, and the like. With this construction, there is increased the speed and accuracy of the calculation. Also, aside from automatic recognition, a range to be used for sensing may be designated by specifying a range of the X-ray image sensing apparatus illuminated with visible light from above of the image, for instance.
In a second step, a sensing field is calculated by finding a range in which hue information is changed by the visible light, through image processing with reference to the position of the selected range of the X-ray image sensing apparatus.
In a third step, a photoelectric conversion element block to be used for sensing is designated from (1) the obtained sensing field and (2) photoelectric conversion element block information at the time of arrival of the X-ray image sensing apparatus.
In a fourth step, parameters in the control apparatus are changed so that there are used only amplifier photoelectric conversion elements that are necessary in each sensing stage, such as null reading, reading at the time of sensing, reading after sensing, and the like.
Also, when the present two-dimensional flat radiation detecting means is applied to a moving image or the like, there is a case where it is sufficient that only a certain part is sensed and it is not required to sense other parts. As an example thereof, it is possible to cite a case where it is desired to confirm the insertion position of a catheter at the time of a heart bypass operation with the present two-dimensional flat radiation detecting means. In such a case, sensing of an entire sensing range is performed only for the first frame, and only a required part is sensed for the second and following frames and is combined with the entire range image. In particular, when partial ready or partial reading of a sensing field is performed during the sensing of a moving image, by changing the sensing field for each frame, there is obtained an effect that the sensing speed is significantly increased. When a moving image is sensed at a rate of 30 frames/second, for instance, it is preferred that the sensing in the entire sensing range is performed only once per second, the sensing in a partial sensing field is performed for the remaining 29 frames per second, and each partial range image is combined with an entire range image.
Also, when it is known in advance that this partial sensing field moves, this field may be moved through control. For instance, when sensing is performed for a baggage placed on a line belt by moving the sensing field of the two-dimensional flat radiation detecting means during a baggage X-ray inspection at an airport, there is achieved an effect of power saving.
The other effect thereof is that only a line corresponding to the portion designated as the sensing driving range is selected by the address decoder 94, so that a time taken to read out charges after X-ray exposure (main reading) and a time taken to read out charges for correction (post reading) are shortened and therefore there is shortened a time period during which power input to the amplifier photoelectric conversion elements is performed. The feature of the present invention is that as a result of these two effects, there is achieved power saving corresponding to the area of the portion surrounded by the sloped lines in
Also, these operations of the present invention for partially designating the sensing field may be combined with a reading method which includes combination of digital zooming, pixel averaging, or the like based on thinning-out used to accelerate reading of data.
It is to be understood that the object of the present invention can also be achieved by supplying a storage medium storing program code of software for implementing the functions of the apparatus or system according to the first or second embodiment to an apparatus or system so that a computer (CPU, MPU, etc.) of the apparatus or system reads and executes the program code stored in the storage medium.
In that case, the program code itself, read from the storage medium, achieves the functions of the first or second embodiment, and thus the storage medium storing the program code and the program code itself constitute the present invention.
The storage medium for providing the program code may be, for example, a ROM, a floppy (registered trademark) disk, a hard disk, an optical disk, a magneto-optical disk, a CD-ROM, a CD-R, a magnetic tape, a non-volatile memory card, etc.
Furthermore, not only by the computer reading and executing the program code, but also by the computer executing part of or the entire process utilizing an OS, etc. running on the computer based on instructions of the program code, the functions of the first or second embodiment may be achieved. The latter is also one of embodiments of the present invention.
Furthermore, the program code read from the storage medium may be written to a memory of a function extension board inserted in the computer or a function extension unit connected to the computer. The functions of the first or second embodiment may be realized by executing part of or the entire process by a CPU, etc. of the function extension board or the function extension unit based on instructions of the program code. This is also one of embodiments of the present invention.
When the present invention is applied to a program or a storage medium storing the program.
It is to be understood that the present invention may also be applied to a system including a plurality of apparatuses (e.g., radiation generating apparatuses, radiographic apparatuses, image processing apparatuses, and interface apparatuses, etc.) and to a single apparatus in which functions of these apparatuses are integrated. When the present invention is applied to a system including a plurality of apparatuses, the apparatuses communicate with one another via, for example, electrical, optical, and/or mechanical means, and/or the like.
Furthermore, the present invention may also be applied to an image diagnosis aiding system including a network (LAN and/or WAN, etc.).
The present invention thus achieves the above-described object as described above.
The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments and various changes and modifications can be made within the spirit and scope of the present invention. Therefore to apprise the public of the scope of the present invention, the following claims are made.
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|U.S. Classification||378/98.8, 378/115, 378/116, 250/370.09, 378/62|
|International Classification||H05G1/64, G01T1/00, A61B6/00, G01T1/24, H04N5/32, G01T1/20, G01T1/29, H05G1/58, G03B42/02, A61B6/08, G01T1/17|
|Cooperative Classification||G01T1/2928, G01T1/17|
|European Classification||G01T1/17, G01T1/29D1C|
|May 28, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HAYASHIDA, SHINSUKE;TAMURA, TOSHIKAZU;REEL/FRAME:015395/0315
Effective date: 20030515
|Aug 5, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 14, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8