|Publication number||US7010192 B2|
|Application number||US 10/493,640|
|Publication date||Mar 7, 2006|
|Filing date||Nov 6, 2002|
|Priority date||Nov 8, 2001|
|Also published as||CN1582405A, DE60228868D1, EP1442328A1, EP1442328A4, EP1442328B1, US20040264865, WO2003040795A1|
|Publication number||10493640, 493640, PCT/2002/2063, PCT/KR/2/002063, PCT/KR/2/02063, PCT/KR/2002/002063, PCT/KR/2002/02063, PCT/KR2/002063, PCT/KR2/02063, PCT/KR2002/002063, PCT/KR2002/02063, PCT/KR2002002063, PCT/KR200202063, PCT/KR2002063, PCT/KR202063, US 7010192 B2, US 7010192B2, US-B2-7010192, US7010192 B2, US7010192B2|
|Inventors||Gwan Chong Joo, Jae Shik Choi, Ki Woo Chung, Do Hoon Kim|
|Original Assignee||Hantech Co., Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (28), Referenced by (4), Classifications (24), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a 371 of PCT/KR02/02063 filed on Nov. 6, 2002, published on May 15, 2003 under publication number WO 03/040795 A1 which claims priority benefits from Korean patent application number KR 2001-69428 filed Nov. 8, 2001.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to an optical fiber array block and, more particularly, to an optical fiber array block embedding optical devices such as photodiodes for use in a monitor.
2. Description of the Related Art
Optical circuit devices are widely used in a wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) optical communication system. The optical circuit devices include an arrayed wavelength grating (AWG) device, an arrayed variable optical attenuator (VOA), and so forth. When a WDM optical communication apparatus is practically used in an optical communication system, the intensity of an optical signal transmitted between optical circuit devices is generally varied at each optical fiber channel due to insertion loss resulting from an optical coupling characteristic of each channel, optical wavelength amplifying characteristics, and an optical transmission path difference. In the optical communication system, it is significant that different-intensity optical signals are readjusted to have the uniform intensity so as to correctly transmit the optical signals to multiple channels. For that reason, what is firstly needed is to accurately measure the different intensities of the optical signals.
There are various approaches to measure the intensity of an optical signal in each channel. One of the various approaches is explained with reference to
As shown in
Unfortunately, the above-described approach encounters a problem. The problem is to necessarily to install a branch coupler and a light receiving element in each channel, and to install a control module to be transmitted to an optical circuit device of a previous stage by processing an electrical signal of the light receiving element. Further, the space for a photo wire connecting them is needed. Therefore, this approach requires a number of parts used for measuring the intensity of the optical signal throughout a number of channels. Since each of the parts has a great volume and their connection structure is very complicated, there is difficulty in integrating devices, used in this approach, in a small-sized module. In conclusion, the process for uniformly controlling the intensity of an optical signal leads to increase in the total volume of an optical communication apparatus as well as complication of a structure and a fabricating process.
In order to overcome the foregoing disadvantages, the present invention provides an optical fiber array block where a detection module for measuring the intensity of an optical signal to an optical waveguide is integrated and miniaturized in an optical circuit device to facilitate a process for forming an associated device and realize a mass production by way of an automated work.
According to the present invention, an optical fiber array block having an optical waveguide including a space for optical fibers on a board includes leakage windows installed on the optical waveguide, and optical devices arranged corresponding to the leakage window.
The optical waveguide is composed of optical fibers each including a core and a clad layer that are around the leakage window made partially from the clad layer. The optical device is one of a photodiode and a kind of photo receiving device. The optical waveguide is made of an optical fiber array composed of a plurality of optical fibers each being settled in each of grooves formed on the board. The leakage windows are parallel to the optical fiber array along a direction crossing the grooves. The optical devices are arranged along the direction to be spaced with same intervals to each other together with the leakage windows.
The optical fiber array block further comprises an intermediate panel interposed between the substrate and the board, electric terminals connectable to the optical devices on the substrate, guiding holes penetrating the intermediate panel to lead optical signals emitted from the leakage windows to the optical devices, junction pads connected to the electric terminals, electric wires led from the junction pads, and electrode pads positioned at ends of the electric wires.
Also the optical fiber array block further includes an intermediate panel installed on the substrate to electrically connect the substrate to the board, electric terminals connectable to the optical devices on the substrate, junction pads arranged on a bottom side of the intermediate panel and connected to the electric terminals, electric wires led from the junction pads, conductive patterns contacting with the electrode pads when the board joins to the intermediate panel, substrate wires led from the conductive patterns, and wire-bonded electrode pads arranged on a edge surface of the board. The edge surface is out of covering by the intermediate panel.
Also the optical fiber array block further includes fosses formed at boundaries of the block cap to stop spread of glue.
A principle of the present invention is explained in detail with reference to
An optical leakage window may be formed by implanting impurities into the clad layer 33 using a mask 35 exposing an optical signal portion where the leakage window 104 is to be formed, as shown in
If a light electric element such as a photodiode is installed at a position opposite to a leakage window, it detects a small optical signal leaked through the leakage window to measure the intensity of an optical signal passing the whole optical fiber. Based on the measurement, optical signal intensities in channels can be compared and controlled.
Meanwhile, if a light element such as a diode is installed thereat, a light produced from an optical device may travel into the optical fiber. By adding or subtracting a pattern of the optical signal in a transmitting part and a receiving part, a security communication may be achieved. In view of this and other advantages, the present invention is suggested.
If an optical fiber array includes a plurality of optical fibers, it is preferable to form optical signal leakage windows having the same size, shape, and refraction characteristic at the optical fibers respectively. It is also preferable that equivalent are the distance and relative position of an optical signal leakage window and a corresponding photodiode as well as the intermediary space of a medium. In conclusion, if optical signal intensities are compared with one another, increase or decrease in optical signal intensity of each channel and other handlings may be carried out through feedback by comparing the relative intensities of optical signals passing optical fibers constituting an array.
An appearance of an optical fiber array block according to a first embodiment of the invention is illustrated in
Each of the optical fibers 101 constituting an optical fiber array is placed without a protection cover 102. In the optical fiber array, an optical signal leakage window 104 is formed over the optical fiber 101 without the protection cover 102 at a position where the linear mark 107 is formed. The leakage window 104 may be formed by partially cutting the optical fiber 101 or implanting impurities. Accordingly, the parallel leakage windows 104 are disposed at a position of the linear mark 107 throughout the optical fiber array.
On an intermediary panel 110, guiding holes 111 are formed corresponding each of the optical signal leakage windows 104 formed in the optical fiber array. The guiding holes 111 are attached to the block board 100. Therefore, the guiding holes 111 are also disposed parallel to the linear marks 107. Two flip chip junction pads 113 are formed on the intermediary panel 110 so as to drive a photodiode 121, respectively. An electric wire 118 leads to the respective junction pads 113. One end of the electric wire 118 is coupled to a wire bonding electrode pad 117 formed parallel to opposite peripheries of the intermediary panel 110.
An optical device substrate 120 is aligned and attached to a part where the guiding holes 111 are formed. A plurality of photodiodes 121 are formed below the optical device substrate 120 so as to cover the guiding holes 111 formed on the intermediary panel 110. In a case where the photodiode 121 are distant apart from the optical signal leakage window 104 and the optical fibers are closely adjacent to each other, without the guiding hole 111, the intensity of an optical signal traveling into the photodiode 121 becomes low. Further an optical signal, which is leaked at the optical signal leakage window 104 formed in the adjacent optical fiber 101, may affect the photodiode 121 corresponding to another optical signal leakage window 104. In order to prevent the above disadvantage, the guiding hole 111 serves to induce most optical signals, which are leaked from the optical signal leakage window 104, to corresponding photodiodes 121.
Each of the photodiodes 121 is installed to expose two electric connection terminals 123 at both sides thereof. Therefore, the intermediary panel 110 may be attached to an electric connection terminal 123 of the substrate 120 by a flip chip junction technique to solder a connection pad 113. After the intermediary panel 110 and the substrate 120 are attached to make an optical device panel, the guiding hole 111 is covered by a light receiving window of the corresponding photodiode 121. Alignment marks 125 and 115 are formed on a lower side of the substrate 120 and a corresponding upper side of the intermediary panel 110, respectively.
On the upper side of the block board 100, the optical device panel is aligned and attached to an area defined between the two grooves 105 by glue. In order to align the optical device panel, alignment marks 119 matching an alignment mark 109 formed on the defined area are previously formed at corners of the intermediary panel 110. A block cap 200 is attached to the defined area and an external upper side of the two grooves 105 by glue. The two grooves 105 prevent the glue used to attach the block cap 200 from spreading out the defined area and capping the optical signal leakage window 104.
With reference to
A second embodiment of the present invention will now be described wit reference to
The second embodiment is identical to the first embodiment, except that an electric wire 118 is connected to a flip chip junction pad 114 through a via contact 112. The electric wire 118 extends from a flip chip junction pad 113 formed on an intermediary panel 110. When the intermediary panel 110 is aligned and attached to a block board 100, conductive patterns 106 are formed such that the intermediary panel 110 is connected to the flip chip junction pad 114. Each of the conductive patterns 106 is connected to an electrode pad 117 for wire bonding by an electric wire extending to an exterior. Thus, while the wire is connected to the electrode pad 117 formed on the intermediary panel 110 in the first embodiment, the wire is connected to the electrode pad 108 formed on the block board 100 in the second embodiment.
In order to adjust a height of the wire bonding, a height adjusting unit may be installed at a portion where the electrode pad 108 for wire bonding is formed. In this case, there is a step difference between the height adjusting unit and the block board 100.
A third embodiment of the present invention will now be described with reference to
A fourth embodiment of the present invention will now be described with reference to
A fifth embodiment of the present invention will now be described with reference to
Although not shown in the figures, a part corresponding to the control module 23 shown in
According to the present invention, in a case where an optical fiber array type optical signal device used in a wavelength multiple division system detects the intensity of an optical signal, a leakage window is formed at a part of an optical fiber fixed to an optical fiber array block without a separate device such as a branch coupling element. The intensity of the optical signal is correctly detected and measured in the optical signal device. Therefore, it is possible to fabricate an integrated and miniaturized detection module for measuring the intensity of an optical signal of an optical waveguide. Further, it is possible to reduce the installing spaces of many optical devices in receive and transmit terminals of an optical circuit and to facilitate their installment.
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|U.S. Classification||385/30, 385/48, 385/88, 385/15, 385/31, 385/50, 385/14, 385/42, 385/89|
|International Classification||G02B6/42, H01L31/0232, G02B6/28, G02B6/26, G02B6/36|
|Cooperative Classification||G02B6/4249, G02B6/4219, G02B6/2852, G02B6/3636, G02B6/4202|
|European Classification||G02B6/36M2G, G02B6/42C8, G02B6/28B10, G02B6/42C2, G02B6/42C5|
|Apr 22, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HANTECH CO., LTD., KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
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Effective date: 20040407
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|Jan 8, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LUMICLE CO., LTD., KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
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