US 702106 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 702,!06. Patented June l0, l902.,
L. D. LEWIS. yaunursn BOX. (Application filed Jan. 15, 1902.
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Lonnnzonfijnwis, or iiiDA'Ms, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Le tters-Patent 1 \To. 702;106,dated June 10, 1902.
Application filed January 15, Serial No. 89,906. (No model.)
The object of the invention is g g box havinga ventilated top and bottom which is protected against grit and dust from entering therein and which willpermit air to enter at both ends when packedor piled one on top of the other. 7
Figure 1 of the accompanying drawings represents a perspective view of this improved box closed ready for use, a portion thereof being broken out to show the ventilating-channel at one end thereof. Rig. 2 represents a vertical section thereof. Fig. 3 represents a. perspective view of the box properinverted the outer plate being broken away to show the interior arrangement of the ventilatingchannels.
The same reference-numerals indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
This method of ventilating may be applied t0 boxes of any desired shape, and as shown in the accompanying-drawings a cylindrical box 10 is provided, with a correspondingly shaped top member 20 fitting downthere The lower end of the box-1O is pro-' over. vided with inwardly projecting angular flanges, as 11, having spaces formed between them. The bottom of this box is preferably formed of an inner plate 13, having two rows of perforations, as 14 and 15, crossing each other at right angles and provided on its outer face with four sectors, as 16, disposed between the rows of perforations and forming channels, as 17, and anouter plate 18. This false bottom 13 is disposed in'said box 10 with the edges thereof flush with the; bottom edge of the box and having the channelsfas 17, disposed opposite the cut-out portions or places between the flanges, as 11. These flanges, as 11, are fastened to the sectors, as 16, by gluing, riveting, or in any other suitable manner. An imperforate bottom plate 18 is disposed on the outside of the box-bottom .and
secured to the flanges, as 11, in any desired manner, preferably by rivets, as 19, passing through the plate 18, the flanges, as 11, the sectors, as 16, and the false bottom or inner plate 13. The plate 18 is left unattached at the points opposite the channels, as 17; but
it may have rivet-s passed therethrough and through the plate 13 to secure them together and which would not interfere with the entrance of air through said channels. The
j bo ttom,,plate 18 being imperforate prevents any grit or dirt of any kind from entering the box should it be placed on a dirty floor or on the ground, while at the same time it permits the air to enter at the sides between it and the plate 13 through the channels, as 17, formed by the sectors, as 16, and the flanges, as 11, disposed thereover, which hold the two plates 13 and 18 away from each other. Peripheral openings,as 18,are formed between .the cut-away bottom edge of the box 1Q an d the plate 1 8, which communicate with the channelsjas 17. The sectors, as 16, are preferably cut off at their inner ends, and the central perforation in the plate 13 is preferably made considerably larger than the other perforations, as 14 and 15, to permit a larger quantity of: airto enter the center of the box,
20 is preferably made cylindrical in form andsliglitly larger in diameter than the box lO to enable it tofit down over said boxlO. This top is preferably made in the form of a, cylindrical rim 21, having an inturned peripheral flange 22 and a plate 23, having two rows of perforations, as 24: and
25, crossing each other at right angles, the
spaced apart, form channels, as 27, over the rows of perforations, as 21 and 25, which extend under the flange 22 and communicate with the openings, as 28, formed in the periphery of the rim 21 at its juncture with the flange 22. When packed or piled one above the other, the imperforate bottom plate 18 of one box rests on the flange 22 of the box below it, and air enters freely through the openings, as 28, and passes through the channels, as 27, and into the box through the perforations, as 24 and 25. These perforations in the top and bottom of the box While permitting air to enter from the exterior also permit moisture contained in the box to pass out to the atmosphere in a reverse manner.
' This form of box is especially adapted to be used as a cheese-box, as it allows the moisture from the cheese to escape, which, if rctained in the box, causes the cheese to become bitter.
These boxes may be made of any desired material, such as stiif paper, pasteboard,sheet metal, or any other suitable material.
I claim as my invention 1. A receptacle provided at one end witha transverse channel forming a Wall offset from the end face of the receptacle and provided at intervals with perforations, substantially as described. I
2. A receptacle provided at one end with transverse channels having peripheral openings communicating with the same, said channels forming walls ofiset from the end faces of the receptacle and provided at intervals with perforations, substantially as described.
3. A receptacle provided at one end with rows of perforations and having pieces arranged between the rows and forming channels extending inward from the outer edges of the receptacle, substantially as described.
4. A receptacle having its ends formed of perforated channeled plates, and provided with inturned flanges engaging said plates,
said receptacle having peripheral openings communicating with said channels.
5. A receptacle having perforated channels formed in its opposite ends and provided with peripheral openings communicating with said channels, and an imperforate plate disposed over one of said channeled ends.
6. Areeeptacle having one end thereof provided with two rows of perforations crossing each other at right angles, segments disposed between said intersecting rows of perforations, and forming channels, and an inturned flange on said receptacle extending over said segments and provided with openings formed at its juncture with said receptacle, said openings communicating with said channels.
7. A receptacle having one end thereof composed of a plate having rows of perforations crossing each other at right angles, sectors disposed between said intersecting rows of perforations, and forming channels, and an imperforate plate disposed over said end and attached thereto, said receptacle having peripheral openings communicating with said channels.
8. A receptacle having the bottom thereof formed of a perforated channeled inner plate, sectors disposed on said plate between said channels, said receptacle having a flange extending inwardly and engaging said sectors, and an imperforate plate disposed over said parts and attached thereto, and a perforated channeled cover adapted to fit over said receptaele.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
LORENZO D. LEWIS.
T. F. SAUNDERS, F. J. LocKwooD.