|Publication number||US7021795 B2|
|Application number||US 10/472,739|
|Publication date||Apr 4, 2006|
|Filing date||Jan 10, 2003|
|Priority date||Jan 23, 2002|
|Also published as||US20040125601, WO2003063477A1|
|Publication number||10472739, 472739, PCT/2003/67, PCT/GB/2003/000067, PCT/GB/2003/00067, PCT/GB/3/000067, PCT/GB/3/00067, PCT/GB2003/000067, PCT/GB2003/00067, PCT/GB2003000067, PCT/GB200300067, PCT/GB3/000067, PCT/GB3/00067, PCT/GB3000067, PCT/GB300067, US 7021795 B2, US 7021795B2, US-B2-7021795, US7021795 B2, US7021795B2|
|Inventors||Nicholas Richard Coates, Anirudh Luthra|
|Original Assignee||Seos Limited|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (17), Referenced by (8), Classifications (15), Legal Events (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to illumination apparatus for projecting light.
Known projectors often accomplish image projection by passing light through a panel which has an image on it, or by reflecting light off a panel which has an image on it. The image may be formed in photographic emulsion. Alternatively, the image may be formed by controlling the polarisation of pixel elements such that light is passed or absorbed according to the intensity required to form the image. A further alternative involves the use of moveable micro-mirrors or oil films that may be used to direct light to an aperture or absorbing light dump. In some of these known devices, the panel is able to modulate all colours so that a coloured image may be formed. In others of the known devices, three panels are used to modulate red, blue and green light separately. A further method is for one panel or two panels to modulate the three colours in rapid sequence, this being known as field sequential colour.
The known projectors comprise a light source, collector means for collecting the light and focusing it into a beam, and an optical train which directs the light to the panel. In some cases, the light is split into three colours on the way. The light is transmitted through or reflected from the panel, and then it exits the illumination apparatus through a lens system which is designed to cast the image onto a screen. The transmission of light in this manner is generally fairly inefficient. More specifically, light beams can be considered as a collection of rays propagating at a range of angles rather than a bunch of parallel rays. If optical components are used to widen or narrow a beam, it is found that the product of the solid angle subtended by the rays in the beam and the cross-sectional area of the beam remains constant. Any aberration or inefficiency in the optical components has the effect of increasing this value, which is known as etendue. The etendue of a beam of light can only be decreased at the expense of energy in the beam,
In any light path, there may be one optical component whose etendue is the smallest, thus limiting the maximum amount of light that can propagate through the apparatus. It is preferable therefore to use a light source with a minimum etendue, as then the entire optical beam can be coupled into a small area of high f-number. Such a source would have a volume, which was as small as possible. This is why arc lamps are currently the most popular source of illumination for projectors.
Some kinds of light source including light emitting diodes and arc lamps but not filament lamps have the ability to produce light at a much higher intensity when operated for a short duration, compared with their maximum continuous output. When operated in flashing mode at a given mark space ratio, the average light output may be the same as or less than the continuous output but the instantaneous output during the flash is high.
It is an aim of the present invention to provide improved illumination apparatus for example for projection.
Accordingly, the present invention provides illumination apparatus which comprises at least two light sources, at least one light collecting device for collecting light from the light sources, motion providing means for providing relative motion between the light sources and the light collecting device, and control means for controlling the illumination of the light sources such that the light sources are illuminated for a predetermined time period when in a predetermined position relative to the light collecting device, and such that the light sources are illuminated for a fraction of a cycle time with a drive current greater that the average forward current for the light sources when illuminated continuously.
The illumination apparatus of the present invention may be able to provide results which improve average and instantaneous light output from various types of light sources such for example as light emitting diodes, ultra high performance lamps, organic light emitting diodes, laser diodes and arc lamps.
The illumination apparatus may be one in which the light sources are stationary, and in which the light collecting device is moveable relative to the stationary light sources.
Alternatively, the illumination apparatus may be one in which the light collecting device is stationary, and in which the light sources are moveable relative to the stationary light collecting device.
The illumination apparatus may still further alternatively be one in which the light sources and the light collecting device are both moveable in either the same direction or in opposite directions.
With moveable optics, the illumination apparatus may provide modulated moving light sources, which may be used for illumination purposes such for example as in display systems.
The light sources may be arranged on a drum, a disc or a belt.
Each light source may be a light emitting diode. The use of light emitting diodes enables the light sources to be kept small and, for example, smaller than arc lamps. The use of light emitting diodes provides small light sources which additionally have an extremely long life (nearing 100,000 hours) and which have a low power consumption and the ability of being colour specific. Recently, light emitting diodes have become available that can emit up to or greater than 25 lumens.
The light sources may produce light of the same colour. Alternatively, the light sources may produce light of different colours.
The illumination apparatus may be one in which the light sources produce light of different colours, and in which the light sources are arranged according to a type of panel used in the illumination apparatus in order to provide sequentially coloured light.
In an alternative arrangement, the light sources of two or more colours are arranged with two or more sets of the light collecting devices such that each set of light collecting devices collects light of a different colour.
The light sources may be arranged on a disc in a spiral shape, with one or more spirals, such that a raster type illumination is produced.
Alternatively, the light sources may be arranged on a disc in a spiral shape, with more than one spiral, the spirals containing light sources of different colours such that scrolling colour illumination is produced.
Alternatively, the light sources may be arranged in a helical pattern on a drum, with one or more helices such that a raster-type illumination is produced.
Alternatively, the light sources may be arranged in the form of one or more helices, with each helix being of a different colour, such that scrolling colour illumination is produced.
The illumination apparatus may include a switchable holographic mirror, the illumination apparatus then being one in which the light source or sources and/or the light collecting device or devices appear to move by use of the switchable holographic mirror.
The present invention also extends to a projector when provided with the illumination apparatus.
Embodiments of the invention will now be described solely by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
If a light emitting diode is flashed very brightly, the eye will integrate the brightness to the time-averaged amount. However, if a method could be devised to place light emitting diodes sequentially in a single position at which point they flash very brightly, the time-averaged brightness of this point will be higher than that produced by any one light emitting diode. This is achieved by moving the light emitting diodes and the light collecting device or devices with respect to each other. This movement may be achieved by mounting the light emitting diodes and/or the light collecting device or devices on a revolving disc, wheel, drum or belt. The light emitting diodes are timed to flash as they pass the light collecting device or devices. This would be true for any light source, which can be flashed at a higher intensity than when operating in a continuous mode.
By introducing relative movement between the light source and the light collecting device, and by flashing and superimposing the flashes, it is possible to achieve a many times higher instantaneous and average light output. Further, by using light emitting diodes as the light sources, faster modulation of light and major reduction in power consumption in some applications is also achievable. These applications may be suitable for modern day illumination apparatus applications including those based on LCOS technology requiring accurately shaped pulses for variable durations in one single frame.
The illumination apparatus of the present invention is able to provide illumination of greater brightness and with a low etendue. Light emitting diodes are narrow band light sources, and when used in the illumination apparatus of the present invention, they have the advantage of producing improved contrast with a wider colour gamut.
Referring now to
In the illumination apparatus shown in
In the illumination apparatus of the present invention, it is also possible to have more than one light emitting diode flashing at one time. It is further possible to have more than one light collecting device set. The amount of light collected from each light collecting device set can be controlled by controlling the area of the light collecting devices that are exposed to the flashing light source.
Referring now to
Referring now to
It is to be appreciated that the embodiments of the invention described above with reference to the accompanying drawings have been given by way of example only and that modifications may be effected. Thus, for example, the various embodiments of the present invention may include physical motion means for providing physical motion between the light sources and the light collecting or devices. Arrangements can also be used whereby the relative motion is a virtual motion created by a switchable holographic mirror, giving the effect of movement of the light collecting device or devices. The illumination apparatus can be used for applications other than projectors. Such applications may be, for example, as a back light for a light crystal display, a light emitting diode display panel, or any application where increased light output is required.
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|U.S. Classification||362/286, 348/E09.027, 362/269, 362/277|
|International Classification||H05B33/08, H05B37/02, F21V13/00, H04N9/31|
|Cooperative Classification||H05B37/029, H05B33/0803, H04N9/315|
|European Classification||H04N9/31R5, H04N9/31V, H05B33/08D, H05B37/02S|
|Sep 23, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SEOS LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:COATES, NICHOLAS RICHARD;LUTHRA, ANIRUDH;REEL/FRAME:015009/0669
Effective date: 20030912
|Sep 16, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 1, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ROCKWELL COLLINS VISUAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS LIMITED, U
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:SEOS LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:027801/0525
Effective date: 20081211
|May 15, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ROCKWELL COLLINS VISUAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS LIMITED, U
Free format text: CORRECTED EXECUTION DATE TO CORRECT THE INCORRECT EXECUTION DATE ON THE ORIGINAL RECORDATION FORM COVER SHEET FOR THE CHANGE OF NAME RECORDED AT REEL 027801 FRAME 525;ASSIGNOR:SEOS LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:028214/0975
Effective date: 20081201
|May 22, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ROCKWELL COLLINS UK LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ROCKWELL COLLINS VISUAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:028291/0363
Effective date: 20110831
|Nov 15, 2013||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 4, 2014||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|May 27, 2014||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20140404