|Publication number||US7046777 B2|
|Application number||US 10/452,359|
|Publication date||May 16, 2006|
|Filing date||Jun 2, 2003|
|Priority date||Jun 2, 2003|
|Also published as||US20040240639|
|Publication number||10452359, 452359, US 7046777 B2, US 7046777B2, US-B2-7046777, US7046777 B2, US7046777B2|
|Inventors||Vicki L. Colson, Brent L. Davis, Baiju D. Mandalia, Vanessa V. Michelini|
|Original Assignee||International Business Machines Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (17), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (22), Classifications (9), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Technical Field
The present invention relates to the field of automated systems and, more particularly, to interactive voice response systems.
2. Description of the Related Art
The cost of manned customer service centers has resulted in numerous companies utilizing automated interactive voice response (IVR) systems in place of or as a supplement to human agents. The IVR systems can perform customer service tasks, such as updating customer information. One routinely stored item of customer information is the customer's address. The customer's address can be necessary in order to ship purchased goods and to send postal mail messages, such as sale events and bills, to the customer.
Unfortunately, acquiring a customer address can be a difficult task for conventional IVR systems, which typically receive touch-tone keypad input and speech input. Notably, keypad input is an impractical manner for inputting customer address information due to the quantity of numbers and letters contained within an address. Therefore, IVR systems generally attempt to acquire customer address information from speech input using voice recognition technology.
Use of speech recognition for receiving address information, however, can be problematic. Problems with converting spoken addresses into text relate to unique characteristics of addresses. Specifically, addresses can be syntactically complex structures containing many different elements, such as cities, states, street names, digits, and the like. Accordingly, a speech recognition engine supporting address conversion requires a large recognition grammar in order to convert these different elements. Even so, the speech recognition engine can produce results for spoken addresses that contain many inaccuracies.
Speech recognition applications generally rely on the grammatical context of a speech input and on ordinary pronunciation rules to achieve accurate results. These two techniques are difficult to apply when converting spoken addresses to text. Many elements within an address, such as street name, are a hodgepodge of words having no significant grammatical context that can be used by speech recognition engines to differentiate among possible conversion alternatives. Further, speech recognition applications, which rely on ordinary pronunciation rules, often have difficulty converting proper nouns, which can contain a disproportionately large number of nonstandard pronunciation variations when compared to other words within a language. Of course, addresses can include many proper nouns, such as city and street names, that contain pronunciation exceptions. Accordingly, speech recognition accuracy for converting spoken addresses to text is generally low. As such, updating address information in computing systems has largely remained a manual process.
The invention disclosed herein provides a method, a system, and an apparatus for acquiring and updating customer addresses using an interactive voice response (IVR) system. More specifically, a customer can establish a telephony connection with the IVR system. The IVR system can then obtain a telephone number from the customer. The IVR system can access an external directory assistance data store and perform a reverse directory search for an address corresponding to the received telephone number. If an address is found, the customer can be asked to confirm the accuracy of the address. If the address is confirmed, the IVR system can store the address as the customer's address within a data store associated with the IVR system.
One aspect of the present invention can include a method of automatically acquiring a customer address within an IVR system including establishing a telephony connection with a customer and identifying a telephone number associated with the customer. In one embodiment, the telephone number can be identified by prompting the customer for the telephone number, receiving a speech input response, and performing a voice recognition function upon the speech input response. In another embodiment, the telephone number can be identified by prompting the customer for the telephone number and receiving a keypad response. In yet another embodiment, the telephone number can be identified by determining the telephone number from caller identification information of the telephony connection, prompting the customer to verify the telephone number, and receiving a verification response. Whenever the customer is prompted for a telephone number, the customer can be specifically asked to provide their home phone number and/or a work phone number.
Additionally, a directory assistance data store external to the IVR system can be accessed. A reverse directory search based upon the telephone number can be performed to retrieve an address from the directory assistance data store. A determination can be made as to whether the reverse directory search finds an entry associated with the telephone number. If the entry is not found, an alternate means for acquiring the customer address can be provided. The customer can be prompted to confirm the retrieved address. For example, an audible prompt including the retrieved address can be presented to the customer. An address confirmation response can be received in response to the confirmation request. If the address confirmation response is a negative response, an alternate means for acquiring the customer address can be provided. The retrieved address can be stored within an IVR system data store. If the customer address is acquired to update a preexisting customer address, the preexisting customer address can be overwritten within the IVR system data store by the retrieved address. Further, the IVR system data store can include business data for institutions served by the IVR system.
Another aspect of the present invention can include a system of automatically acquiring a customer address within an IVR system. The system can include a means for establishing a telephony connection with a customer and a means for identifying a telephone number associated with the customer. The system can also include a means for accessing a directory assistance data store external to the IVR system. Additionally, a means can be provided for performing a reverse directory search based upon the telephone number. The system can further include a means for storing a retrieved address within an IVR system data store.
There are shown in the drawings embodiments, which are presently preferred, it being understood, however, that the invention is not limited to the precise arrangements and instrumentalities shown.
The invention disclosed herein provides a method, a system, and an apparatus for acquiring and updating a customer address using an interactive voice response (IVR) system. More particularly, a reverse directory search can be performed upon a directory assistance data store, which is external to the IVR system, to acquire an associated address. The search can utilize a telephone number obtained from an IVR customer. The address returned by the search can be stored by the IVR system within an internal data store.
The directory assistance data store 110 can be an information repository that includes multiple telephone number entries and addresses that correspond to each of the telephone numbers. The directory assistance data store 110 can permit reverse directory searches to be performed based upon both business and residential telephone numbers. Advantageously, the directory assistance data store 110 can be automatically updated and maintained by a source external to the IVR system 105. A variety of directory assistance providers exist, many of which are Web based directory assistance providers, which can provide the directory assistance data store 110 described herein. For example, Switchboard.com from Switchboard, Inc. of Westboro, Mass. and Whitepages.com from W3 Data, Inc of Seattle, Wash. are two publicly available directory assistance providers that permit reverse directory searches. Other directory assistance providers and/or externally maintained directory assistance data stores 110 are also available, some of which are not generally available to the public without the payment of a periodic subscription fee.
The IVR customer data store 125 can be any data repository communicatively linked to the IVR system 105. The IVR customer data store 125 can include multiple data entries including at least one customer address entry for customers of the IVR system 105. For example, the IVR customer data store 125 can include business data for multiple institutions served by the IVR system 105. The IVR system 105 can search, add, and update the customer address entry of the IVR customer data store 125.
In operation, a customer 130 can establish a telephony connection via a telephony network 120 with the IVR system 105. The IVR system 105 can then establish the identity of the customer 130. At some point during the communication session involving the customer 130 and the IVR system 105, a need for the IVR system 105 to acquire a customer address can arise. In response, the IVR system 105 can obtain a customer telephone number 135. In one embodiment, the telephone number 135 can be obtained automatically using telephony connection information, such as caller ID. In another embodiment, the telephone number 135 can be obtained automatically from previously stored customer records that can be uniquely accessed whenever the customer 130 logs into the IVR system 105. In yet another embodiment, the telephone number 135 can be obtained directly from the customer 130 responsive to prompting actions.
At this point, the IVR system 105 can access the directory assistance data store 110 via a network 115 in order to perform a reverse directory search. An address 140 associated with the telephone number 135 can result from the search. Thereafter, the IVR system 105 can prompt the customer 130 for confirmation that the received address 140 is correct. If the customer 130 provides an affirmative confirmation response, the address 140 can be stored within the IVR customer data store 125.
It should be noted that in one embodiment, the IVR system 105 can automatically determine whether a customer address needs updated. In such an embodiment, the customer's telephone number 135 can be automatically determined as previously mentioned. The telephone number 135 can be used to obtain the received address 140 from the directory assistance data store 110. The received address 140 can then be automatically compared to a preexisting address associated with the customer 130 stored in the IVR customer data store 125. If the addresses are different, the customer 130 can be prompted to update the preexisting address. For example, the customer 130 can be presented with a message asking if the preexisting address should be updated to the retrieved address. On an affirmative response, the pre-existing address can be overwritten with the retrieved address 140.
In step 215, a customer address request can be initiated. In step 220, a customer can be prompted for a telephone number. This prompt can further request that the customer provide a number associated with an address that the customer wishes the IVR system to utilize. The requested phone number can be the customer's home phone number, customer's work phone number, or some other number. The telephone number can either be provided by entering a keypad response and/or by speaking the telephone number. In an alternative embodiment, the telephone number can be automatically obtained using caller identification information. When so obtained, the customer can be prompted to confirm that the currently used telephone is associated with a desired customer address. If not, the customer can be prompted for a different telephone number, such as a home telephone number. In step 225, the customer's input, whether it is a speech input or a DTMF (dual tone multi frequency) signal, can be converted into text. In step 230, a connection can be established with a directory assistance data store, which can be an information repository containing directory information that is updated and maintained by a directory assistance provider. The IVR system can then query the directory assistance provider for an address using the phone number provided by the customer.
In step 235, a reverse directory search based on the telephone number can be performed. In step 240 if no address is found, the method can proceed to step 275 where an alternate means for acquiring the customer's address can be provided. For example, the customer can be transferred to a customer service agent. Alternatively, the customer can be asked to provide an alternative telephone number associated with the same address.
If an address is found in step 240, the method can proceed to step 245 where the address can be conveyed from the directory assistance data store to the IVR system. In step 250, a text-to-speech action can be performed upon the received address. In step 255, the received address can be audibly presented to the customer and the customer can be prompted to confirm the accuracy of the received address. In step 260, an address confirmation response can be received from the user. This confirmation response can be a DTMF signal and/or a speech input. In step 265, if the confirmation response indicates that the address is incorrect, the method can proceed to step 275 where an alternate means for acquiring the customer's address can be provided. If the confirmation response of step 265 indicates the address is correct, then the received address can be stored in a customer information data store used by the IVR system. Once the customer's address has been stored, method 200 ends and further customer/IVR interactions can occur.
It should be appreciated by one of ordinary skill in the art that the method described herein is not limited to updating postal addresses. Other addresses, such as email addresses and/or computer network identification addresses can also be acquired and/or updated using the method taught herein. Further, the disclosed method can be applied to acquire and/or update data within a local data store from a variety of external sources so long as the external source information can be uniquely referenced using a telephone number. Consequently, the disclosed method can be used generally by businesses to update personal invention of customers and/or employees via centralized authenticated sources.
The present invention can be realized in hardware, software, or a combination of hardware and software. The present invention can be realized in a centralized fashion in one computer system or in a distributed fashion where different elements are spread across several interconnected computer systems. Any kind of computer system or other apparatus adapted for carrying out the methods described herein is suited. A typical combination of hardware and software can be a general-purpose computer system with a computer program that, when being loaded and executed, controls the computer system such that it carries out the methods described herein.
The present invention also can be embedded in a computer program product, which comprises all the features enabling the implementation of the methods described herein, and which when loaded in a computer system is able to carry out these methods. Computer program in the present context means any expression, in any language, code or notation, of a set of instructions intended to cause a system having an information processing capability to perform a particular function either directly or after either or both of the following: a) conversion to another language, code or notation; b) reproduction in a different material form.
This invention can be embodied in other forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. Accordingly, reference should be made to the following claims, rather than to the foregoing specification, as indicating the scope of the invention.
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|U.S. Classification||379/142.06, 379/218.01|
|International Classification||H04M11/00, H04M3/493, H04M1/56|
|Cooperative Classification||H04M3/493, H04M3/4931|
|European Classification||H04M3/493D, H04M3/493|
|Nov 12, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION, NEW Y
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:COLSON, VICKI L.;DAVIS, BRENT L.;MANDALIA, BAIJU D.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:014684/0513;SIGNING DATES FROM 20030526 TO 20030603
|Mar 6, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NUANCE COMMUNICATIONS, INC., MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:022354/0566
Effective date: 20081231
|Nov 16, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Oct 16, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8