|Publication number||US7047278 B2|
|Application number||US 09/949,264|
|Publication date||May 16, 2006|
|Filing date||Sep 6, 2001|
|Priority date||Mar 26, 2001|
|Also published as||US6965940, US20020138610, US20020138642|
|Publication number||09949264, 949264, US 7047278 B2, US 7047278B2, US-B2-7047278, US7047278 B2, US7047278B2|
|Inventors||Yoshihiko Miyazawa, Masaharu Murakami, Tsuyoshi Watanabe|
|Original Assignee||Hitachi, Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (17), Referenced by (6), Classifications (38), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present application claims priority upon Japanese Patent Application No. 2001-87233 filed on Mar. 26, 2001, which is herein incorporated by reference.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a storage area network system, a storage, and a data transfer amount monitoring apparatus.
2. Description of the Related Art
Recently, due to the complexity of system management and with the aim of reducing system operation management cost, there is rapid growth in services such as an Internet Data Center (hereinafter referred to as “IDC”) or a Storage Service Provider (hereinafter referred to as “SSP”). These services provide management of servers consigned by a corporation and central management of data thereof.
With the IDC and SSP, in particular, a Storage Area Network (hereinafter referred to as “SAN”) which uses a fiber channel capable of high-speed and long distance data transfer is connected with a plurality of servers and storages to construct the SAN system, thus storage management is integrated. This storage is constructed of a large scale disk array equipped with multiple large-capacity magnetic disks, and centrally manages large amounts of various data that are consigned. An end user, from his/her own information terminal (hereinafter referred to as “user terminal”), via such as a Wide-area Network (hereinafter referred to as “WAN”) and a Local Area Network (hereinafter referred to as “LAN”), accesses a user server inside the IDC and SSP. The user server responds to a request from the user terminal, and conducts transmittance of data by connecting to the storage via the SAN.
In such a SAN system, it is necessary to control the data transfer amount to be transmitted, in order to respond to data transfer requests which concentrate from the respective server. Conventionally, when the user terminal accesses the storage through the user server, a method of controlling the transmittable data transfer amount is used, and a connecting speed (line speed) for data transfer is limited by using such as a switching hub on the network which is connected to the server. In this case, an expensive switching hub must be introduced to the entrance of the network connecting to the WAN, and the cost becomes extremely high.
Then, the present applicant proposed a method/system of limiting the speed of data transfer between the server and the storage, without using an expensive switching hub. In other words, the ports of the plurality of fiber channels installed to the storage side are made to differ in data transfer speed from each other. These port groups deal with the various data transfer requested by the respective server. As a specific operation, in a contract with a service user, a prescribed data transfer amount is determined for respective servers, and the respective server selects a storage port appropriate for its own data transfer amount, and then performs data transfer.
However, there is a case where the server makes a request exceeding the prescribed data transfer amount determined in the contract. When such an unplanned request of data transfer exceeding predicted values is accepted, there occurs an obstruction in other data transfer, and the entire SAN system deteriorates in response performance in respect to requests from the respective servers.
As an example, when there is a data transfer request from a certain server, if it is in accordance with the contract, usually only a port with a line speed of 60 MB/S or less needs to be used. In the case a request for data transfer amount exceeding the provision occurs, since a conventional storage does not have a port which can control the transfer speed, the maximum transfer speed prepared on the storage side is to be used. Then, when a different server requests for a large-capacity data transfer, the port with the maximum speed which was originally usable can not be selected and used. Thus, a hindrance such as a delay in data transfer occurs, and a response performance of the entire SAN system deteriorates.
The present invention is made to solve the above object, and the object is to prevent response performance of an entire SAN system from deteriorating, and to markedly improve the efficiency of the entire data transfer between a storage and a plurality of servers through the SAN.
In order to achieve the above object, a storage area network system according to another aspect of the present invention in which a plurality of servers access a storage through the storage area network to conduct transmittance of data, wherein: the storage has a plurality of ports each differing in data transfer speed, and a data memory resource connected to these ports; the respective servers are prescribed a predetermined data transfer amount regarding the data transmittance of the storage and the data memory resource through the port, and further comprises a data transfer amount monitoring means to obtain and monitor the data transfer amount between the respective servers and the storage; wherein the data transfer amount monitoring means compares the prescribed data transfer amount of the server and the obtained actual data transfer amount, selects the port of the storage according to the comparison result, and gives the relevant server an instruction to connect to the port.
In order to achieve the above object, a storage according to another aspect of the present invention, comprising a plurality of ports respectively differing in data transfer speed and a data memory resource connected to the ports, and is accessed by a plurality of servers through the storage area network, and conducts transmittance of data through the respective ports, conducts transmittance of data through the port selected as a connection of the server, according to the comparison result of the prescribed data transfer amount of the server and the actual data transfer amount between respective servers and the storage.
In order to achieve the above object, a data transfer amount monitoring apparatus according to another aspect of the present invention monitors the data transfer amount between the respective servers and the storage when a plurality of servers conduct transmittance of data through the storage area network, to the storage comprising a plurality of ports differing in data transfer speed respectively and a data memory resource connected to the ports, wherein it comprises: a means to obtain the data transfer amount between the respective servers and the storage; a means to compare the prescribed data transfer amount of the server and the obtained actual data transfer amount; a means to select the port of the storage according to the comparison result; and a means to output an instruction for the selected port to be the connection of the relevant server.
The manner in which the foregoing and other objects of this invention are accomplished will be apparent from the accompanying specification and claims considered together with the drawings, wherein:
==A Structural Example of a SAN System==
The magnetic disk device 2300 comprises a large scale disk array equipped with multiple large-capacity magnetic disks (hard disks), and equipped with I/F ports 2000, 2100, 2200, respectively having different data transferring speeds (line speed). The I/F port 2000 provides a maximum data transfer speed (No Limit) of 100 MB/S or the like. The data transfer speed of the I/F port 2100 is a medium speed of 60 MB/S, and the data transfer speed of the I/F port 2200 is a low speed of 30 MB/S. The respective I/F ports 2000, 2100 and 2200 are basically connected to all the magnetic disks. Therefore, the respective user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600 may use any of the respective I/F ports 2000, 2100, and 2200. Thus, the magnetic disk device 2300 has a function of setting a plurality of paths for accessing a particular disk. In this way, it becomes possible for the respective user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600 to conduct data transfer by selecting a port with an appropriate transfer speed, in respect to a particular disk which one has to access. Through the respective I/F ports, data transfer between the respective user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600 and the magnetic disk device 2300 is conducted.
Further, the respective user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600 are equipped with an I/O monitoring agent. This agent conducts recording of a log of the data transfer conducted between the user servers 1400, 1500, and 1600 and the magnetic disk device 2300, as well as totaling the transfer rate and the like of input and output of data (hereinafter referred to simply as “I/O”) for every physical disk inside the magnetic disk device 2300 which has actually conducted recording and reading. The respective user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600 are connected with an I/O monitoring server 1900 (data transfer amount monitoring means) via a LAN. This I/O monitoring server 1900 conducts monitoring of I/O access request and data transfer amount of the respective user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600. Specifically, this I/O monitoring server 1900 obtains the total record regarding each data transfer from the I/O monitoring agent of the respective user servers and conducts monitoring. Based on this monitoring result, the I/O monitoring server 1900 appropriately selects the port of the magnetic disk device 2300 which is connected to the respective user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600, so that the entire SAN system does not deteriorate in response performance in respect to the data transfer request from the respective user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600. Accordingly, the path to a particular disk which should be accessed by the respective user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600 is altered, and transmittance of data through the I/F port with an appropriate transfer speed may be conducted.
Note that, the respective user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600 are connected with a remote console 1800 via the LAN, and with this remote console 1800, initial setting, setting change or the like for each portion of the device which construct the SAN system is possible.
User terminals (clients) 1000, 1100 and 1200 access the SAN system via the WAN or the LAN, and receive various services using the data of the magnetic disk device through the user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600 to be used.
==Operating Method of the SAN System==
An embodiment of an operating method of the SAN system according to the present invention is described. First, in summary, the respective users who consign data management by entrusting the user server, conclude in advance a Billing Contract regarding data transfer with the magnetic disk device 2300. The content of the Billing Contract may be, according to the mode of use, such where the data amount which may be transferred during a certain amount of time is determined in advance, and billing may be performed in accordance with the data amount transferred during the certain time; or may be such where the fee is fixed regardless of the data amount transferred. When there is an access request exceeding the data transfer amount which exceeds the contract conditions, in accordance with the respective contract conditions, data transfer speed is automatically reduced, or is always fixed to a lower data transfer speed, thereby preventing deterioration of data transfer efficiency, that is access performance, of the entire SAN system.
==Data Transfer Amount Monitoring Method==
First, as shown in
As a result of this comparison, when the actual data transfer amount exceeds the prescribed data transfer amount, according to the user server's type of contract, the port of the magnetic disk device 2300 used at the time of data transfer may be changed by switching a path. This switching rule of paths for port change is defined by the I/O monitoring server 1900 in advance, and for example as shown in the table of
In this embodiment, as an example of data transfer two kinds of cases are assumed. The first case is when the access frequency from the user server is relatively low, and also the data transfer amount for one access is relatively large. The second case is when the access frequency from the user server is higher than the predetermined frequency, and also the data transfer amount for one access is relatively smaller than the predetermined transfer amount.
The first case is described with reference to
The switching of this I/F port, as shown in a path switching flow in
As described above, when the prescribed data transfer amount determined in the contract is exceeded, at the time of data transfer with the next access, data transfer amount between the relevant user server and the magnetic disk device 2300 is suppressed. That is, the data transfer speed between the magnetic disk device 2300 and the user servers 1400, 1500 and 1600 in
Next, the second case is described with reference to
Therefore, the data transfer amount between the relevant user server and the magnetic disk device 2300 is suppressed. That is, the data transfer speed between the magnetic disk device 2300 and the user server in
The job flow of the I/O access monitor control including the described first and second cases, will be described referring to the flow chart shown in
For example, when the contract conditions are as in the first case as shown in
On the other hand, in the process (4400) where processes are distributed in accordance with contract conditions, when in the second case where the contract condition is as shown in
The above described example, is simply an embodiment of the present invention, and modifications or change are possible without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. For example, the function of the I/O monitoring server 1900 in
According to aspects of the present invention, the introduction cost may be reduced for omitting such as an expensive switching hub. Further, by reducing the frequency of use of unnecessary ports having a high transfer speed as much as possible, the high speed port does not need not be occupied unnecessarily. Therefore, a server which accesses at a high frequency and requests for a large data transfer is made capable of use of a high speed port which is originally needed. Accordingly, it is possible to markedly improve the efficiency of the entire data transfer between the storage and the plurality of servers through the storage area network. Therefore, it becomes possible to assure access performance of the user terminals in respect to the SAN system which is used as the SSP and IDC.
Although the preferred embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail, it should be understood that various changes and substitutions can be made therein without departing from spirit and scope of the inventions as defined by the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||709/203, 709/224, 714/2, 714/22, 709/223, 709/225, 709/233, 709/229, 370/234, 370/229, 370/233, 370/232, 714/3, 714/6.1|
|International Classification||G06F13/10, H04L29/06, G06F15/16, G06F3/06, H04L29/08|
|Cooperative Classification||H04L69/329, H04L67/1008, H04L69/14, H04L67/1012, H04L67/101, H04L67/06, H04L67/1097, H04L67/1029, H04L67/1002, H04L67/40, H04L2029/06054, H04L29/06|
|European Classification||H04L29/08N9A1D, H04L29/08N9A7, H04L29/08N9A1C, H04L29/08N9A1B, H04L29/08N9S, H04L29/08N5, H04L29/06|
|Sep 6, 2001||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HITACHI,LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MIYAZAWA,YOSHIHIKO;REEL/FRAME:015669/0506
Effective date: 20010817
|Oct 23, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Dec 27, 2013||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|May 16, 2014||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jul 8, 2014||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20140516