|Publication number||US7048678 B2|
|Application number||US 10/064,166|
|Publication date||May 23, 2006|
|Filing date||Jun 17, 2002|
|Priority date||Jun 17, 2002|
|Also published as||EP1531911A1, US20030232705, WO2003105965A1|
|Publication number||064166, 10064166, US 7048678 B2, US 7048678B2, US-B2-7048678, US7048678 B2, US7048678B2|
|Inventors||Robert E. Harms, Eugenio Segovia, Jr.|
|Original Assignee||Technical Knockout, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (26), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (22), Classifications (7), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to weight lifting equipment and more particularly pertains to devices used for weight lifting and weight training, such as barbells and dumbbells. The present invention also relates to weights for weight lifting equipment.
2. Description of Related Art
Prior art dumbbells and barbells consisting of a handle with a weight at either end are well known in the art. In the current popular form, dumbbells and barbells are made by the attachment of discs to either end of the handle. The disks may be permanently attached, unitarily formed to the handle, or they may be attached by locking collars. By using locking collars, a dumbbell becomes unnecessarily wide and difficult to balance.
A tight tolerance between the weights and the handle is preferred in manufacturing and using dumbbells. Without a tight tolerance, the weights can wear out. They will wobble and eventually rotate around the handle. The wobble and rotation will continue to worsen over time. Eventually the weights may even fall apart and injure the user. Even if the weights are not an actual danger, they may cause apprehension or otherwise distract the user. Thus, the user cannot focus solely on lifting the resistance weight and the user will not be able to obtain the full benefit of a weightlifting regimen.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,484,367 to Martinez illustrates a toy barbell set with a polycarbonate material bar that simulates the bending characteristics of steel. A key extends from the bar, and the weights and locking collars have a corresponding hole formed therein. U.S. Pat. No. 4,529,197 to Gogarty describes a dumbbell wherein the weights on either end of the handle have corresponding grooves so additional weights may be added outside of weights already attached to the dumbbell. U.S. Pat. No. 6,120,420 to Pearson et al. discloses a unitary exercise device with a light shell surrounding a denser core.
A dumbbell or barbell with a tight tolerance between the weight and the handle might be made if a weight were made entirely out of a tough, rigid material, such as steel. However, such a weight would be very expensive to manufacture. Metal casting is a simple manufacturing process which is inexpensive for forming weights. However, cast weights generally wear out. In addition, metal weights without a protective coating can mar flooring if they are dropped.
None of the prior art references teaches a weight or an exercise device that combines the benefits of a tight tolerance fit between the tough, rigid materials in the handle and in the weight, with the ease of manufacture and low cost of casting. Consequently, there is a need for taking advantage of the cost benefits of using casting in manufacturing weights. There is also a need for a weight that is well-secured to the handle and has a tight tolerance fit with a handle. There is also a need for a weight for a barbell or dumbbell that will not wear down and wobble and rotate around the handle. In addition, there is a need for exercise devices such as these that do not require locking collars.
The present invention provides an improved inexpensive to manufacture exercise device with secure, tight tolerance, non-rotating weights. The exercise device vastly decreases wobble and rotation of the weights around the handle and improves the wearability of weights for a barbell or dumbbell. The device is also designed to be easy and inexpensive to manufacture, and to have improved secure fitting between the weights and the handle.
The present invention is an inexpensive to manufacture exercise device with secure, tight tolerance, non-rotating weights, comprising a central handle wherein each end has a geometric shape and there is a central bore at least part way through each end, a means for securing one or more weights to the handle located at least partially within the central bore and one or more weights. It is preferred that the handle is generally cylindrical. Each weight comprises an interior element providing tight tolerance with the handle having a generally central void of a shape complementary to the geometric shape of the central handle. The geometric shape of the end of the handle is preferably generally rectangular, formed by cutting sides lengthwise into the end of the handle; however, it may alternatively be irregular.
The central bore preferably has threads, and the means for securing the weight is a locking bolt with corresponding threads. It is also preferred that there is a washer located between the interior element and the locking bolt, and that the weights have a centrally located recession on the outside surface to accommodate the washer. The handle preferably has a protrusion between the center and either end, and the weights each have a corresponding depression on the inside surface.
In the preferred embodiment, pins connect the interior element to a void generally centrally located through a resistance. The interior element and the resistance have one or more complementary apertures whereby the pins connect the interior element to the resistance. It is preferred for ease of manufacturing that the circumference of the interior element and the circumference of the void in the resistance are generally circular. It is also preferred that the pins and the interior element are made from a tight tolerance material, such as steel.
The inexpensive to manufacture, non-rotating weight for use with an exercise device of the present invention is made by making a casting of a resistance, and then drilling a hole in the center into a shape complementary to a tight tolerance interior element. The interior element is press fit into the hole. Then one or more complementary apertures are drilled so they are partly through the casting and partly through the interior element. Pins are then press fit into the apertures. A rubber outer shell and an endcap is then applied to the resistance.
The preferred method of making the exercise device of the present invention is made by making a weight as described above. After that, one or more weights is placed over each end of a central handle, wherein each end has a geometric shape complementary to the shape of the void in the interior element and also has a central bore at least partway through the handle. The weighs are then secured to the handle with a locking bolt. Preferably the central bore and the locking bolt have corresponding threads, and there is a washer between the interior element and the locking bolt.
Alternatively, the weight is formed by casting the resistance in a mold around the interior element.
Accordingly, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide an improved exercise device which can withstand vigorous usage without wearing out the weights and causing them to wobble and rotate.
It is an additional object of the present invention to provide weights, dumbbells and barbells which are inexpensive and easy to manufacture.
It is a further object of the invention to provide an exercise device that will last longer without having weights that distract a user with wobble or rotation around the handle.
It is yet another object of the present invention to form an improved weight by combining a tight tolerance interior element with a cast resistance, thereby combining the cost benefit and ease of manufacture of casting with the durability of a rigid tight tolerance fit with the handle.
It is yet still another object of the invention to secure the improved weight to the handle using a bore through each end of the handle, thereby decreasing the required width of the exercise device and making it easier for a user to handle.
It is still another object of the invention to combine the improved weight and exercise device with a rubber shell to prevent marring of flooring in case the weight is dropped.
In accordance with these and other objects which will become apparent hereinafter, the instant invention will now be described with particular reference to the accompanying drawings.
The invention is an inexpensive to manufacture exercise device with secure, tight tolerance, non-rotating weights, shown as 10 in
At least partially through each central bore 18 is located a means for securing one or more weights 56 to each end of the handle 12. Preferably, the weights 56 are secured to the handle 12 by a locking bolt 24 with threads 26, and the bore 18 has corresponding threads (not shown) within it. Also, it is preferred that a material be introduced in the threading between the bolt 24 and the bore 18 to prevent slippage, such as LocktightŪ. The bolt 24 is preferably made of a tough material such as steel. Other ways of securing the weight 56 to the handle 12 are well known in the art and may be used, such as lock nuts and welds.
The weight 56 is comprises an interior element 20 as shown in detail in
Where the washer 28 is included, as shown in
As shown in
In one embodiment, the weight 56 is formed by casting liquid metal in a mold around the interior element 20, forming one piece out of the interior element 20 and the resistance 30. Preferably, this casting is performed on clean sand with a minimum of impurities. It may be preferred that the casting is then machined to have a smooth finish without impurities, grind marks, cavities or other imperfections.
In the preferred embodiment, the resistance 30 and the interior element 20 are formed separately and they press fit together. One or more pins 44 connect the interior element 20 to a void 46 generally centrally located through the resistance 30. The interior element 20 has at least one aperture 48 at the circumference and the resistance 30 has a complementary aperture 48 located at the circumference of the void 46 in the resistance 30. Preferably, the pins 44 are press fit into the complementary apertures 48,50. It may be preferred for ease of manufacture that the circumference of the interior element 20 and the circumference of the void 46 in the resistance 30 are generally circular. It is also preferred that the pins 44 comprise a tight tolerance material, such as steel.
As shown in
In another alternative embodiment, shown in
The preferred method of forming an inexpensive to manufacture, non-rotating weight for use with an exercise device comprises the following steps. First, a casting of a resistance is made. A hole is drilled through the center of the resistance into a shape complementary to the circumference of a tight tolerance interior element. The interior element is then press fit into the casting. Then, one or more complementary apertures are drilled at least partway through the casting and at least partway through the interior element. Pins are then press fit into the apertures. In an alternative embodiment, a rubber shell is applied to the resistance, and an endcap is glued or pop riveted to the rubber outer shell.
Moreover, the preferred method of making an inexpensive to manufacture exercise device with secure, tight tolerance, non-rotating weights, comprising the following steps. First, a casting of a resistance is made. Then, a hole is machined in the center of the resistance into a shape complementary to the circumference of an interior element. The interior element, having a generally central void having with a predetermined geometric shape, is press fit into the hole in the resistance.
One or more apertures are drilled at least partway through the casting at the circumference of the void in the resistance and at least partway through the interior element at the circumference of the interior element. Pins are then press fit into the complementary apertures to form a weight. One or more weights are placed over each end of a central handle. Each end of the handle has a geometric shape complementary to the shape of the central void of the interior element and a central bore at least partway through the interior of the handle. The weight is then secured to the handle. Preferably, the bore has threads through it, and a locking bolt including threads which correspond with the central bore threads secures the weight to the handle. It is also preferred that a material to prevent slippage is introduced between the locking bolt and the bore, and that a washer is placed between the bolt and the interior element.
The instant invention has been shown and described herein in what is considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiment. It is recognized, however, that departures may be made therefrom within the scope of the invention and that obvious modifications will occur to a person skilled in the art.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1270034 *||Mar 9, 1918||Jun 18, 1918||Donald G Krudop||Bar-bell.|
|US1326013 *||Jun 18, 1919||Dec 23, 1919||Exeecising device|
|US2452458 *||May 23, 1945||Oct 26, 1948||Worthington Pump & Mach Corp||Hub structure|
|US3022073 *||Jan 16, 1959||Feb 20, 1962||Miller Raphael W||Weight lifting construction|
|US3488051||Jan 9, 1967||Jan 6, 1970||Bertha Papistas Scherer||Variable weight exercising device|
|US4529197||Oct 5, 1983||Jul 16, 1985||Gogarty Brian J||Dumbbell, adjustable, and locking means|
|US4566690||May 10, 1984||Jan 28, 1986||Schook Michael N||Dumbell and barbell exercise equipment|
|US4900017||Jul 20, 1984||Feb 13, 1990||Bold Jr Thomas P||Inertial force, accommodating resistance exercise device and method|
|US5102124||Oct 25, 1990||Apr 7, 1992||Diodati Joseph M||Barbell|
|US5266069 *||Oct 19, 1992||Nov 30, 1993||Excel Sports Science, Inc.||Flotation barbell for water exercise|
|US5484367||Dec 8, 1994||Jan 16, 1996||Martinez; Ralph E.||Weight set having means to prevent rotation of the weights on the bar|
|US5628716 *||Dec 22, 1995||May 13, 1997||Brice; John P.||Adjustable weight exercise device|
|US6099443 *||Jul 16, 1999||Aug 8, 2000||Hampton Fitness Products, Ltd.||Fixed-head dumbbell|
|US6120420||Mar 16, 1999||Sep 19, 2000||Mass Production, Inc.||Exercise device|
|US6224520 *||May 17, 2000||May 1, 2001||Wen-Chung Hsu||Dumbbell|
|US6261211 *||Jan 12, 1999||Jul 17, 2001||Suarez Corporation Industries||Dumbbell assembly|
|US6336894 *||Dec 2, 1999||Jan 8, 2002||W. David Kestila||Convergent vector resistance device|
|US20030232704 *||Jun 14, 2002||Dec 18, 2003||Maryellen Bowman||Quick release ratcheting apparatus for a weight lift bar system|
|US20040072662 *||Oct 7, 2003||Apr 15, 2004||Landfair Craig D.||Stackable weight system|
|USD444516||Jul 13, 2000||Jul 3, 2001||Mass Production, Inc.||Dumbbell|
|FR1263930A *||Title not available|
|FR2459056A1 *||Title not available|
|FR2600541A1 *||Title not available|
|GB2397254A *||Title not available|
|JPH09299505A *||Title not available|
|KR20020078531A *||Title not available|
|1||*||Iron Grip brochure, First We Reinvented The Wheel. Now, We've Perfected It. Introducing Urethane Coated Weight Plates From Iron Grip. 1998.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7527582 *||Jan 26, 2007||May 5, 2009||Escape Fitness Limited||Exercise device|
|US7731641 *||Jan 22, 2009||Jun 8, 2010||Paul Chen||Adjustable dumbbell|
|US7775948 *||Aug 17, 2010||Hung-Lung Chen||Dumbbell structure|
|US7811213 *||Oct 12, 2010||Paul Chen||Adjustable dumbbell|
|US7922633 *||Apr 12, 2011||Escape Fitness Limited||Exercise device|
|US7927264||Jul 24, 2009||Apr 19, 2011||Fitness Iq Llc||Low-impact inertial exercise device|
|US9005088 *||Mar 27, 2014||Apr 14, 2015||Richard D. Sides, Jr.||Barbell assembly having impact absorbing weights and swivel end|
|US20060073950 *||Sep 30, 2004||Apr 6, 2006||Ivanko Barbell Company||Dumbbell assembly system|
|US20070142188 *||Feb 26, 2007||Jun 21, 2007||Usa Sports, Inc.||Method of manufacturing a weight plate for interlocking and weight adjustment|
|US20070197354 *||Jan 26, 2007||Aug 23, 2007||Escape Fitness Limited||Exercise device|
|US20070249475 *||Apr 24, 2006||Oct 25, 2007||Guofang Cao||Fixed Weight Dumbbell Assembly|
|US20070287611 *||Feb 26, 2007||Dec 13, 2007||Escape Fitness Limited||Exercise device|
|US20080176724 *||Jan 17, 2008||Jul 24, 2008||Philip Chrysanthus||Adjustable - sold dumbbells|
|US20080214368 *||Mar 1, 2007||Sep 4, 2008||Guofang Cao||Dumbbell Head Impact Protection Structure|
|US20080220952 *||Mar 6, 2008||Sep 11, 2008||Technical Knockout, Inc.||Dumbbell having secured assembly|
|US20090131232 *||Nov 20, 2007||May 21, 2009||Hung-Lung Chen||Dumbbell structure|
|US20100190618 *||Jan 28, 2009||Jul 29, 2010||Paul Chen||Adjustable dumbbell|
|US20100218905 *||Apr 23, 2010||Sep 2, 2010||Marilyn Stern||Method and apparatus for producing pleats in curtains and pleated curtains and hanging said curtains using said apparatus|
|US20110021327 *||Jul 22, 2009||Jan 27, 2011||Usa Sports, Inc.||Locknut secured dumbbell assembly|
|US20110021328 *||Jul 24, 2009||Jan 27, 2011||Verheem Johann B||Low-impact inertial exercise device|
|US20140200119 *||Mar 27, 2014||Jul 17, 2014||Richard D. Sides, Jr.||Barbell assembly having impact absorbing weights and swivel end|
|WO2008109754A2 *||Mar 6, 2008||Sep 12, 2008||Steve Yang||Improved dumbbell having secured assembly|
|U.S. Classification||482/107, 482/98, 482/108|
|International Classification||A63B21/075, A63B21/072|
|Sep 27, 2002||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: TECHNICAL KNOCKOUT, INC. A DELAWARE CORPORATION, F
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HARMS, ROBERT E.;SEGOVIA JR., EUGENIO;REEL/FRAME:013334/0360
Effective date: 20020926
|Dec 28, 2009||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|May 23, 2010||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jul 13, 2010||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20100523