US 705110 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
m1055110. Patented Juilyzz. 1902. E. Momz, L. N. FRYMIRE @L s. Konus.
. (Appucaciog med Aug. e, 1901.)
JIS M -@965W UNITED STATES ATENT Fries.
EMIL MORITZ, LOUIS N. FRYMIRE, ANI) SANFORD KOONS, OF WATSON- TOVN, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 705,110, dated July 22, 1902.
V Application filed August, 1901. Serial No. 71,099. (No model.)
fo all whom it may concern,.-
Be it known that we, EMIL MORITZ, LOUIS N. FRYMIRE, and SANFORD KoONs, citizens of the United States, residing at Vatsontown, in the county of Northumberland and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Radiator, of which the following is a speciiication.
This invention relates to radiators; and the object of the same is to provide a simple and effective device of this class adapted for ap-` plication to thesmoke pipe or iiue of a stove or heater and so constructed as to cause the hot air to pass into the lower end thereof and as it becomes heated by the products of combustion passinginto the radiator from the smoke pipe or iiue will naturally rise and pass out of the upper end of the device and be iinmediately replaced by an incoming charge of cold air, special means being provided for varying the direction of circulation of the products of combustion, so as to obtain the heat distribution as desired, whereby an economy in the use of fuel will result and an apartment or inclosure become more quickly heated.
The invention consists in the construction and arrangement of the several parts, which will be more fully hereinafter described and claimed.
In the drawings, Figure l isa side elevation of the improved radiator, showing the legs thereof broken through. Fig. 2 is a transverse vertical section of the same. Fig. 3 is a horizontal section taken in a plane about centrally of the radiator.
Similar numerals of reference are employed to indicate corresponding parts in the several views.
The numeral l designates an outer cylindrical shell or casing having upper and lower removable heads 2 and 3, which are normally tied by bonding-rods 4, supplied with removable nuts 5. The heads are formed Owith a series of openings incircular alinement and having thimbles 6 fitted in and projecting inwardly from the two heads. These thimbles form inner collars, and removably engaging the same are the upper and lower extremities of vertically-disposed tubular ducts 7, which are gradually converged from their lower ends uppermost fully to the upper ends, the thimbles of the opposite heads being proportionately sized to suit or compensate for the difference in dimension of the opposite ends of the ducts. The latter are fully open at both eX- tremities and have no communication whatever with the interior of the radiator, and centrally disposed in the latter and extending vertically therethrough is a large pipe 8 to receive the smoke and products of combustion. The head2 hasa central collar 9, which iits into the upper end of the said pipe-section and also projects above the head for attachment or engagement with the smoke pipe or flue of a stove or heater to which the device may be applied. The lower end of the pipen section projects below the cap 3 for securement to the smoke pipe or iiue of the stove or furnace, and at a suitable distance above the lower end of the said pipe-section, but close to the lower cap or head, said section is formed with diametrically-opposed openings l0,which communicate with the interior of the radiator, and cooperating with these .openings is oval damper ll, secured to a damper-rod l2, which is exteriorly operative. The said damper is of such shape that when arranged in either one of two oblique positions it will shut out the one opening l0 and permit the smoke` and products of combustion to pass into the radiator through the other opening to thus vary the circulation, or if an unobstructed outlet of the smoke and products of combustion from the stove or furnace be desired the said damper will be arranged vertically in the pipe-section 8. In planes at right angles to the opposed diametric position of the openings l0 arev opposite diametrically-arranged partitions 13, which extend from the bottom to a point well up in the radiator, said partitions being disposed between the section 8 and the casing l and serve as a bafiie means for causing the smoke and products of combustion to iiow upwardly through one half of the .radiator around the pipes in said half and then downwardly through the other half around the pipes or ducts in the latter and out through the opening l0, which communicates with the section 8 above the damper which shuts said opening out of communication with. the portion of the section below the IOO said damper. A thorough circulation of the smoke and products of combustion is thus set up, and the caloric thereof is best and most 'economically utilized to heat the ducts and the air contained therein, and when escape of the smoke and products of combustion is finally permitted very little, if any, heat will remain therein. To take the weight strain oft` the smoke pipe or iiue to which the radiator is applied and to hold the radiator in stable position, legs 14 depend from the lower head or cap 3 and contact with any suitable rest below.
By having the ducts regularly converged froln their lower to their upper ends the cold air will be drawn into said ducts in greater quantities at the inlet-points of the latter by the greater or less amount of suction created by the hot air iiowing upwardly through and escaping from the upper reduced ends of the said ducts, the said hot air being the previous charge of cold entering the ducts and heated by the smoke and products of combustion iiowing therearound Within the radiator. The adjustment of the damper in either one of its two oblique positions will permit the device to be arranged to concentrate the heat more in one half than in the other in the event that one half of the radiator is disposed to receive a much colder air at one side than the other, as it is obvious that the half of the radiator that the smoke and products of cornbustion first enter will be more rapidly heated than the other half. The removability of the ducts is also an important feature, as in the event of wear or injury any one or more of the same may be easily removed and replaced by new ones without trouble or material delay and also without impairing the radiator as a whole. The number of d nots may be increased or decreased in proportion to the radiator structure as an entirety, and other changes in the minor details may be made without departing from the principle involved.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is- 1. In a radiator, the combination of an outer casing, upper and lower heads removably mounted therein and provided with circular lines of openings, the openings of the upper head being smaller than those of the lower head, thimbles fitted in and projecting inwardly from the openings of the said heads, vertically-disposed ducts removably engaging the inwardly-projecting thimbles and regularly converged their full lengths from the lower ends thereof to the top ends, an enlarged pipe-section vertically disposed in the center of the radiator and fully open at both ends, the lower portion of the said pipe-section having opposite diametrically-disposed, enlarged openings, an oval damper adjustably coacting with said openings, and diametrically-disposed partitions in the radiator between the pipe-section and the casing, said partitions extending upwardly almost the full length of the radiator and dividing the latter into two halves.
2. In aradiator, the combination of an outer casing, upper and lower heads removably mounted therein, a centrally-disposed pipesection opening through the heads and having lower openings therein and a damper, ducts vertically disposed in the casing and fully opening through the said heads, the said ducts being regularly converged their full lengths from the lower to the top ends thereof, all the ducts converging in the same direction and removably attached to said heads, and dividing-partitions in the device between the pipe-section and the casing.
3. In a radiator, the combination of an outer casing, a smoke-pipe extending through said casing and having oppositely-disposed openings in the lower end thereof, a damper disposed 'obliquely in the lower end of said pipe between said openings, and dividing-partitions disposed in said casing at diametrically opposite points, said partitions extending from the bottom to a point near the top of said casing.
4. In a radiator, the combination of an outer casing provided with a series of openings at its opposite ends, vertical pipes or fines-disposed in said casing and adapted to register at their opposite ends with the openings in the end of said casing, dividing-partitions disposed in said casing between said pipes at diametrically opposite points, said partitions extending to a point near the top of said casing, a smoke-pipe extending through said casing and having oppositely-disposed openings in the lower end thereof, and a damper disposed obliquely in the lower end of said smoke-pipe between said openings, whereby the smoke-pipe may be alternately placed in communication with the casing on opposite sides thereof.
In testimony that we claim the foregoing as our own we have hereto affixed our signatures in the presence of two witnesses.
EMIL MORITZ.v LOUIS N. FRYMIRE. SANFORD KOONS. Witnesses:
MARTIN YEAGLE, O. T. SNoDDY.