|Publication number||US7076908 B2|
|Application number||US 10/889,768|
|Publication date||Jul 18, 2006|
|Filing date||Jul 12, 2004|
|Priority date||Nov 13, 2003|
|Also published as||US20050115142, US20070068060|
|Publication number||10889768, 889768, US 7076908 B2, US 7076908B2, US-B2-7076908, US7076908 B2, US7076908B2|
|Inventors||Paul Y. Kim|
|Original Assignee||Surefire, Llc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (32), Referenced by (11), Classifications (14), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/520,106, filed Nov. 13, 2003, which application is incorporated herein by reference.
This invention relates to accessory mounts for mounting an accessory to a firearm, and more particularly to a mount or interface adapter for securing a light beam generator apparatus to a firearm including a handgun.
Light beam generator apparatus, such as flashlights and laser aiming devices, have long been adapted for being secured to firearms as target illuminators and laser sights. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,777,754, issued to Edward C. Reynolds, Jr. and assigned to the assignee of the present invention, teaches a light beam generator assembly mounted to a firearm below the firearm's barrel and forwardly of the firearm's trigger guard. As applied to a handgun having a longitudinally moveable slide and a slide stop which causes the slide to lock open automatically after the last round has been fired and ejected, or which may be manually actuated at other times, the Reynolds light beam generating apparatus is pivotably secured to the handgun's slide stop pin transversely secured to the handgun frame. Positional stabilization of the secured light beam generator device on the handgun is facilitated by an adjustable set screw extending from the rear of the light beam generator housing and abutting the front surface of the handgun's trigger guard. Reynolds U.S. Pat. No. 4,777,754 is incorporated herein by reference.
U.S. Pat. No. 6,378,237, issued to John W. Matthews and Paul Y. Kim and assigned to the assignee of the present invention, discloses an accessory mount or interface adapter clamped to the front of the handgun's trigger guard and longitudinally extending beneath the handgun's barrel. The accessory mount includes a rail having a pair of longitudinal grooves, one along each side of the rail, and the light beam generator apparatus includes a pair of longitudinal tongues for slidably mating with the mount's longitudinal grooves for being slidably held along the rail. A latch on the light beam generator housing co-acts with a transverse slot in the rail to releasably prevent further longitudinal movement of the light beam generator apparatus when such apparatus is at a predetermined position along the rail. Matthews et al. U.S. Pat. No. 6,378,237 is incorporated herein by reference.
By the present invention, there is provided an accessory mount or interface adapter having a rail for mounting a rail mountable accessory (in particular a light beam generator apparatus) to a firearm, which rail mount is removably secured to the firearm through utilization of an improved slide stop and pin combination, and which rail mount is positionally stabilized by utilization of a shock absorbing trigger guard bumper.
According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, there is provided an accessory mount for mounting an accessory device to a firearm, the firearm including a longitudinal barrel, a frame having a transverse bore and a trigger guard, the accessory device comprising the combination of: a longitudinal rail adapted for removably securing the accessory device thereto; structural members upwardly projecting from the respective sides of the rail and adapted to straddle the frame with the rail beneath the barrel and forwardly of the trigger guard, the structural members including respective bores situated for being transversely aligned with the bore in the frame when the accessory mount is applied to the frame; a pin configured for being received by the bores in the longitudinal members and the bore in the frame when the accessory mount is applied to the firearm; an appendage downwardly projecting from the rail in the vicinity of the rear end of the rail; and a rearwardly biased bumper carried by the appendage for being rearwardly urged against the trigger guard when the accessory mount is applied to the firearm with the pin received by the bores in the structural members and the bore in the frame.
The preferred embodiment of the present invention is of particular application with a handgun including a slide and a slide stop, wherein the pin is secured to the slide stop for pivotally securing the slide stop to the frame of the firearm. The slide stop is preferably pivotable about the pin, such as by being rotatably secured to the pin.
In the accessory mount of the preferred embodiment, the appendage includes a front wall depending from the rail, and the rearwardly biased bumper includes a bumper (preferably resilient) and a spring secured between the bumper and the front wall. Lateral walls may rearwardly extend from the front wall, for straddling a front portion of the trigger guard when the accessory mount is applied to the firearm. A spacer (such as a resilient pad) may be carried by the rail for engaging a lower surface of the frame of the firearm.
According to an aspect of the present invention, firearm and accessory mount apparatus comprises in combination: a firearm including a longitudinal barrel, a frame having a transverse bore, a slide movable along the frame, and a trigger guard; a longitudinal rail adapted for removably securing an accessory device thereto; structural members upwardly projecting from the respective sides of the rail and straddling the frame with the rail beneath the barrel and forwardly of the trigger guard, the structural members including respective bores transversely aligned with the bore in the frame; a pin received by the bores in the structural members and the bore in the frame; a slide stop secured to the pin; an appendage downwardly projecting from the rail in the vicinity of the rear end of the rail; and a rearwardly biased bumper carried by the appendage and rearwardly urged against the trigger guard. The slide stop is preferably pivotally secured about the pin, and the appendage preferably includes a front wall depending from the rail, with a spring securing the preferably resilient bumper to the front wall. The appendage may include lateral walls rearwardly extending from the front wall and straddling a front portion of the trigger guard, as well as a spacer on the rail engaging a lower surface of the frame.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided firearm apparatus comprising in combination: a firearm including a longitudinal barrel, a frame having a transverse bore, and a slide movable along the frame; a pin received by the bore in the frame; and a slide stop pivotally secured to (preferably rotatable about) the pin.
In accordance with a further aspect of the present invention, there is provided apparatus for a firearm including a longitudinal barrel, a frame having a transverse bore, and a slide longitudinally movable along the frame, such apparatus comprising: a pin adapted to be received by the transverse bore; and a slide stop pivotally secured to the pin, such as the slide stop being rotatable about the pin.
The novel features believed to be characteristic of the invention, together with further advantages thereof, will be better understood from the following description considered in connection with the accompanying drawings in which a preferred embodiment of the present invention is illustrated by way of example. It is to be expressly understood, however, that the drawings are for the purpose of illustration and description only and are not intended as a definition of the limits of the invention.
Turning to the drawings, there is illustrated in
As used herein, the word “longitudinal” describes a direction parallel to the axis a; “transverse” describes a horizontal direction perpendicular to the axis a when the barrel 18 is horizontally positioned; “above” means vertically above when the handgun 12 is held with its barrel 18 horizontal; “below” or “beneath” means vertically below when the handgun 12 is held with the barrel 18 horizontal; “front” or “forward” describes the direction toward the muzzle of the barrel 18 (i.e., to the left as shown in
As is well known in handguns of this type, upon firing of the handgun the slide moves rearwardly with respect to the frame, extracting the fired cartridge case for ejection by the ejector, cocks the hammer and compresses the recoil spring, after which the slide moves forwardly feeding the next cartridge into the chamber and locking the breech. After the last round has been fired and ejected, a slide stop 28 is rotatably urged by the magazine follower to pivot about the axis of a transverse pin 30 supported by the frame 20, such that a projection 32—slidably retained along a longitudinal edge of the slide 22—of the slide stop 28 (see also
The accessory mount 14 includes a longitudinal rail 36 (parallel to longitudinal axis a' which is beneath and parallel to the axis a when the accessory mount 14 is installed on the handgun 12) having two longitudinal grooves 38, one along each side of the rail 36. Two structural members or uprights 40 upwardly project from the rail 36 and longitudinally extend along the respective sides of the rail 36. Two transversely aligned bores 42 extend through the uprights 40 in the vicinity of the rear ends 44 of the structural members 40. An appendage 46 projects downwardly from the rail 36, and is preferably positioned toward the rear of the rail 36 and forwardly of the transverse bores 42.
The accessory mount 14 is dimensioned such that it may be placed to the handgun 12 with the structural members 40 straddling the handgun's frame 20 beneath the barrel 18, and with the appendage 46 just forward of the trigger guard 24 when the structural members' rear bores 42 are transversely aligned with a transverse bore 48 (
The appendage 46 houses a rearwardly biased bumper 50 that is rearwardly urged against the trigger guard 24 when the accessory mount 14 is installed on the handgun 12. In its preferred embodiment, the appendage 46 is generally U-shaped in cross-section, and includes a vertical front wall 52 depending from the rail 36 and having a rearwardly extending post 54 surrounded by an annular groove 56, to which is secured the forward end of a helical spring 58. The bumper 50 is secured to the rearward end of the spring 58, such as by fitting the rearward end of the spring 58 into a front-opening annular cavity in the bumper 50. The spring 58 urges the rearward surface 62 of the bumper 50 against the trigger guard 24 when the accessory mount 14 is installed on the handgun 12 as described herein, providing a shock absorbing function between the accessory mount 14 (and the mounted light module 16) and the trigger guard 24 when the handgun 12 is fired. The bumper 50 is preferably of a resilient material such as neoprene.
The appendage 46 may include lateral walls 61 rearwardly extending from the front wall 52, for straddling a front portion of the trigger guard 24 as shown in
A spacer 64, for example a pad of preferably resilient material such as neoprene, may be secured to the upper surface of the rail 36 for engaging the lower surface of the handgun frame 20, for spacing such frame surface from the upper surface of the rail 36 and for providing a cushion therebetween.
When securing the accessory mount 14 to the handgun 12, the slide stop pin originally supplied with the handgun 12 may be removed from the frame bore 48. The accessory mount 14 is then placed to the handgun 12 with the bores 42 of uprights 40 aligned with the frame transverse bore 48, with the rail 36 longitudinally extending beneath the barrel 18 and with the accessory mount 14 rearwardly manipulated for rearwardly urging the biased bumper 62 against the trigger guard 24, whereupon the slide stop pin is inserted through the transverse bores 42 and 48.
The accessory mount 14 of the present invention is preferably utilized in combination with a slide stop and pin combination where the slide stop projection 32 is slidably retained along the edge of the slide 22. One prior art slide stop and pin combination is shown in
The accessory mount body of the present invention may be made using fabrication methods well known in the art, of well-known materials typically used in the art of making firearm accessory mounts including rigid and durable materials such as polymeric materials as well as lightweight aluminum alloys.
After the accessory mount 14 has been installed on the handgun 12, an accessory such as a light beam generator apparatus may be mounted to the accessory mount 14. For example, as shown in
Thus, there has been described a preferred embodiment of an accessory mount for removably mounting an accessory to a firearm. The accessory mount of the preferred embodiment is removably secured to the firearm through utilization of an improved slide stop and pin combination, in which the slide stop is pivotally secured to the pin. The accessory mount preferred embodiment is positionally stabilized with respect to the firearm by means of a shock-absorbing trigger guard bumper. Other embodiments of the present invention and of its various aspects, and variations of the embodiment and its aspects described herein, may be developed without departing from the essential characteristics thereof. Accordingly, the invention should be limited only by the scope of the claims listed below.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1338239||Jul 20, 1917||Apr 27, 1920||Joseph Matys||Searchlight-firearm|
|US2450584||Apr 16, 1947||Oct 5, 1948||Dodge Lysander H||Flashlight attachment for small arms|
|US3584533||Jan 21, 1969||Jun 15, 1971||Allyn Harold D||Autoloading firearm of the blowback type|
|US3901125||Mar 21, 1973||Aug 26, 1975||Raville Clarence A||Handgun apparatus|
|US4313272||Apr 25, 1979||Feb 2, 1982||Laser Products Corporation||Laser beam firearm aim assisting methods and apparatus|
|US4344246||Feb 14, 1980||Aug 17, 1982||Remington Arms Company, Inc.||Firing pin block for firearm having a reciprocating breech bolt|
|US4418487 *||Feb 2, 1982||Dec 6, 1983||Strahan Travis R||Mounting bracket for gunsight|
|US4542447||May 18, 1984||Sep 17, 1985||Quakenbush Timothy L||Flashlight attachment for firearms|
|US4777754||Dec 12, 1986||Oct 18, 1988||Laser Products Corporation||Light beam assisted aiming of firearms|
|US4856218||Aug 17, 1988||Aug 15, 1989||Laser Products Corporation||Light beam assisted aiming of firearms|
|US5107612||Jun 4, 1990||Apr 28, 1992||Bechtel Daniel L||Mount for attaching a sighting aid to a pistol|
|US5208826||Jan 6, 1992||May 4, 1993||Applied Laser Systems||Aimable laser module mount|
|US5299375||Apr 21, 1993||Apr 5, 1994||Laser Devices, Inc.||Laser diode alignment mechanism|
|US5323555||Oct 19, 1992||Jun 28, 1994||Jehn E F||Adjustable laser sight|
|US5388364 *||Jun 14, 1993||Feb 14, 1995||Paldino; Arthur||Internally mounted laser gunsight|
|US5430967||Dec 16, 1993||Jul 11, 1995||Insight Technology, Inc.||Aiming assistance device for a weapon|
|US5457901||Jan 12, 1994||Oct 17, 1995||Gernstein; Terry M.||Recoil absorption means for a shotgun|
|US5471777||Nov 18, 1993||Dec 5, 1995||Mcdonald; Kenneth E.||Firearm sighting device|
|US5522167||Dec 5, 1994||Jun 4, 1996||Teetzel; James W.||Switch apparatus|
|US5581898||Jul 30, 1993||Dec 10, 1996||Laser Devices, Inc.||Modular sighting laser for a firearm|
|US5584137||Sep 9, 1994||Dec 17, 1996||Teetzel; James W.||Modular laser apparatus|
|US5621999||Aug 8, 1995||Apr 22, 1997||Tac Star Industries, Inc.||Externally mountable laser sight with slide switch|
|US5628555||Apr 22, 1996||May 13, 1997||Streamlight, Inc.||Switch actuation mechanism for a firearm-mounted flashlight|
|US5654594||Feb 27, 1996||Aug 5, 1997||Laser Products Ltd.||Ergonomic electrical current switching systems|
|US5669174||Jun 8, 1995||Sep 23, 1997||Teetzel; James W.||Laser range finding apparatus|
|US5758448||Jan 2, 1997||Jun 2, 1998||Laser Devices, Inc.||Laser system mounting device|
|US5768819||Mar 14, 1997||Jun 23, 1998||Gbg Corporation||Gun guard|
|US5816683||Mar 7, 1997||Oct 6, 1998||Christiansen; Ned F.||Flashlight adapter for a handgun|
|US5930935 *||Sep 11, 1998||Aug 3, 1999||R/M Equipment, Inc.||Method and apparatus for attaching a supplemental device to an unaltered host firearm|
|US6023875||Oct 16, 1995||Feb 15, 2000||Fell; Mark Kevin||Tactically advanced combat mount (TACM III ™) illuminating devices and illuminating mounting systems for firearms and other applications|
|US6378237||Nov 24, 1999||Apr 30, 2002||Surefire, Llc||Firearms with target illuminators|
|US6591536 *||Jun 4, 2002||Jul 15, 2003||Lasermax Inc.||Method and apparatus for side of frame positioning of laser sights and LED illuminators|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7334366 *||Oct 5, 2005||Feb 26, 2008||Surefire, Llc||Accessory mount for a firearm|
|US7421817 *||Feb 25, 2003||Sep 9, 2008||Surefire, Llc||Gun accessory mounting device|
|US7926218||Aug 20, 2007||Apr 19, 2011||Surefire, Llc||Laser aiming apparatus using a rocker|
|US8584392||May 13, 2011||Nov 19, 2013||CQ Innovations, Inc.||Weapon mounted light|
|US8631602||Jan 10, 2011||Jan 21, 2014||Todd Chupp||Non-invasive accessory mount for a firearm|
|US20050204603 *||Feb 25, 2003||Sep 22, 2005||Sven-Erik Larsson||Gun accessory mounting device|
|US20070074443 *||Oct 5, 2005||Apr 5, 2007||Surefire, Llc||Accessory mount for a firearm|
|US20080202010 *||Aug 20, 2007||Aug 28, 2008||Surefire, Llc||Laser aiming apparatus|
|US20110126699 *||Oct 20, 2008||Jun 2, 2011||Mabon Briola||Universal weapon stabilizer|
|US20110167704 *||Jan 10, 2011||Jul 14, 2011||Todd Chupp||Non-Invasive Accessory Mount for a Firearm|
|US20120124881 *||Nov 20, 2010||May 24, 2012||Castaneda Michael A||Firearm accessory mount|
|U.S. Classification||42/146, 42/148, 42/117, 42/115|
|International Classification||F41G1/00, F41C27/00, F41G1/387, F41G1/35|
|Cooperative Classification||F41C27/00, F41G11/003, F41G1/35|
|European Classification||F41C27/00, F41G1/35, F41G11/00B4|
|Jul 12, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SUREFIRE, LLC, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KIM, PAUL Y.;REEL/FRAME:015575/0237
Effective date: 20040707
|Jan 8, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jan 14, 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8