US 709257 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
I A Patented Sept I6, |902 C. E. CIJTTRELL, `(IONSTRUGTION (IF BUILDINGS. (Applxcatmn tiled Dec B8 1901 (No nadat.)
,Nrrnn STATES CHARLES E. OOTTRFLL, OF MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA.
CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N o. 709,257, dated September 16, 1902.
Application filed December 23,1901.. Serial No. 86,916. (No model.)
lo a/ZZ whom, 231'; 1nafyconcern:
Be it known that 1, CHARLES E'. COTTRELL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Minneapolis,in the county of Hennepin and State of Minnesota, have invented certain new and useful Improvements inthe Construction of Buildings, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact specification.
My invention relates to the construction of frame buildings, and more particularly to improvements in the lining usually placed between the weather-boarding and the studding vor other uprights to which the Weatherboarding is secured for excluding air-drafts; and my invention has for its primary object to provide an improved form of lining which will be capable of expanding and contracting with the woodwork and of yielding to the degree necessary for preventing it from tearing or splitting during such expansion or contraction and during the extra strain to which it is subjected from currents of air.
A further object of my invention is to provide alining of the described character which shall contain in itself a deadair space.
With these ends in view my invention consists in certain features of novelty in the construction, combination, and arrangement of parts by which the said objects and certain other objects hereinafter appearing are attained, all as fully described with reference to the accompanying drawings and more particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the said drawings, Figure lis aperspec-l tive view of a part of a building construction embodying my improvements, the weatherooarding being broken away to disclose the lining. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the lining, on an enlarged scale, showing the manner of lapping the ends of the sections thereof. side of the structure, showing amodiiication hereinafter described. Fig. 4 is an enlarged horizontal section of the form of lining shown in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a face view of a still further modied form of lining, showing the creases or crinkling extending both horizontally and longitudinally; andFig. 6 is a view similar to Fig.` 3, showing a still further modiflcation.
In carrying out my invention I employ a Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view of the lining composed of crinkled or corrugated paper l, which may be secured to the studding or uprights 2in any suitable manner, as by means vof tacks 3 and large fiat washers 4. In the form of theinvention shown in Fig. l the paper is of a corrugated character,with the corrugations extending vertically,so that as the studding or uprights 2 move or work relatively to each other, either as a result of vibration or contraction and expansion, the paper lining will be sufficiently elastic to go and come with them, and thus avoid tearing. This lining, if desired, may be made of thin tissue-paper or paper of any other weight or quality, and, if desired, may be rendered waterproof by the application of paraffin or other suitable substance. When paper corrugated in one direction is employed, the sheets may be lapped in the manner shown in Fig. 2 where they come together, so that the corrugations will match with more or less accuracy, and thus make the lining tight at the joints. After the lining has been secured to the studding the weather-boarding 5 will be secured over it in the usual or any suitable way. It is of course obvious also that if desired the lining may be secured to the studding 2 at the opposite side or between the studding and the lathing 6 without departing from the spirit of my invention.
In the form of my invention shown in Figs. 3 and 4 the sheets of corrugated paper are doubled, so that the two irregular surfaces coming together will form air-spaces 7 between them, as shown in Fig. 4, and thus greatly enhance the efficiency of the `lining as a means of preventing the radiation of heat both from within and without.
In the form shown in Fig. 5 the paper la is subjected to any of the well-known processes for crinkling or corrugating it in both directions or, more properly speaking, in all directions, so that it will be capable of expanding and will possess a considerable degree of elasticity when subjected to strain in any direction.
In the form shown in Fig. 6 the corrugated or crinkled paper lining l is backed up by a thicker lining of pasteboard, tar-paper, or other suitable material usually employed as a lining in frame buildings, as shown at 8,
andthe Weather-boarding is placed over the Whole, so that the corrugated-paper lining 1 Will come between the thickerl paper 8 and the boarding, thus rmly supporting or sustaining the lining l on both sides and making the building draft-proof and avoiding damage to the thin lining 1 from sudden aix-currents from Without. If desired, also, one or more of the sheets may be extended from the inner opposed sides of the studding and secured midway between the outer boarding and the lathing in any suitable Way, as by means of thin strips of Wood or other Lnaterial tacked to the studding vertically at the edges of and through the lining.
Having thus described my invention, what Iclaiin as new therein, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. In a building construction the combination With the boarding, 0f a lining arranged at the inner side thereof and consisting of crinkled or corrugated paper, substantially as set forth.
2. In a building construction the combination with the boarding, of a paper lining arranged at the inner side thereof and consisting of paper crinkled or corrugated longitudinally and transversely, substantially as set forth.
3. In a building construction the combination with the boarding, of a lining arranged at the inner side thereof and consisting of a plurality of layers of paper at least one of which is crinkled or corrugated, whereby it is rendered expansible and a dead-air space is formed between the layers of paper, substantially as set forth.
CHARLES E. COTTRELL.
MARY T. SMITH, CLARENCE P. COLBY.