|Publication number||US7096939 B2|
|Application number||US 10/507,031|
|Publication date||Aug 29, 2006|
|Filing date||Mar 11, 2003|
|Priority date||Mar 16, 2002|
|Also published as||DE60305175D1, DE60305175T2, EP1495209A1, EP1495209B1, US20050150654, WO2003078789A1|
|Publication number||10507031, 507031, PCT/2003/1022, PCT/GB/2003/001022, PCT/GB/2003/01022, PCT/GB/3/001022, PCT/GB/3/01022, PCT/GB2003/001022, PCT/GB2003/01022, PCT/GB2003001022, PCT/GB200301022, PCT/GB3/001022, PCT/GB3/01022, PCT/GB3001022, PCT/GB301022, US 7096939 B2, US 7096939B2, US-B2-7096939, US7096939 B2, US7096939B2|
|Inventors||Ian Alastair Kirk, William Barron, Alistair Bertram Clark|
|Original Assignee||Downhole Products Plc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (22), Classifications (9), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This Application is the U.S. National Phase Application of PCT International Application No PCT/GB03/01022 filed Mar. 11, 2003.
This Application relates to a centraliser for an oil well tubular.
Expandable centralisers are known, such as the bow-spring centraliser, which employs resilient bow-springs that are biased into an expanded configuration, and forced into a narrower bore so that the springs deform between the body of the centraliser and the borehole to space the centraliser body apart from the borehole.
According to the present invention there is provided a slotted expandable centralizer.
Typically the centraliser has a body with a bore to accept a tubular, and is radially expandable to an expanded configuration on application of a force in a radial direction.
Preferably, the centraliser has blades that can project radially outward from the body of the centraliser in a non-expanded configuration.
Preferably, the blades and the centraliser are made from a metal such as steel, and can be of the same thickness.
Optionally, the blades can project outwardly from the body of the centraliser in the expanded configuration. Alternatively, the blades can change configuration during expansion of the centraliser so that the expanded configuration can have a more uniform radius.
Preferably, the centraliser has at least two slots. Preferably, the slots are longitudinal in the non-expanded configuration, and open to generally diamond-shaped apertures in the expanded configuration. Typically, slots are arranged in longitudinally aligned rows with slots in adjacent rows being axially offset with respect to one another, so that the ends of circumferentially adjacent slots overlap. The rows and the slots themselves need not be axially aligned; this is merely a preferred option.
Alternatively, the slots are C-shaped in the non-expanded configuration. Other shapes of slots are possible, such as Z-shapes.
Preferably, the slots are of uniform dimension, but this is not necessary.
Optionally, slots are uniformly distributed over the body and the blades. Alternatively, the centraliser has slotted portions circumferentially adjacent to non-slotted portions.
Optionally, the non-slotted portions include at least one blade.
Optionally, all of the blades are located in non-slotted portions.
Typically, the centraliser is made from a material which is capable of plastic and/or elastic deformation.
Typically the centraliser is adapted to receive an expandable tubular within its bore and is adapted to deform radially with the expandable tubular during expansion.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a centraliser assembly comprising a slotted expandable centraliser which has a body with a bore to accept a tubular, and is radially expandable on application of a force in a radial direction to an expanded configuration; and an expandable tubular, located in the bore of the centraliser.
The tubular can comprise production tubing, casing, liner, drill pipe, screen, perforation guns or any other kind of downhole tubular.
Preferably, the force to expand the centraliser is provided by an expander device such as an expansion cone being pushed or pulled through the tubular.
The slots can have a typical length of between 1 and 5 cm, but this is only optional, and other lengths of slot can be used.
An embodiment of the invention will now be described by way of example only and with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Referring now to the drawings,
The centraliser 10 comprises a body 14 and blades 16 which project radially outwards from the body 14 in the non-expanded configuration shown in
The slots 18 are typically between 1–5 cm in length and are arranged in parallel rows that are aligned with the axis of the tubular 12 and the centraliser 10. Slots in circumferentially adjacent rows are axially offset with respect to one another, so that the ends of the circumferentially adjacent slots overlap, leaving a web of metal between the ends of axially adjacent slots, and their circumferentially adjacent neighbours. Each slot 18 has a much shorter length than the axial length of the centraliser 10. The slots 18 cover both the body 14 and the blades 16.
All of the slots 18 may be of uniform size and shape, or alternatively, the slots on the blades 16 could be differently shaped to the slots on the body 14.
In use, an unexpanded centraliser 10 is fitted onto a string of expandable tubulars 12, with the tubular 12 received within the bore of the centraliser as shown in
The largest end of the cone has a greater cross-sectional area than that of the non-expanded centraliser, so as the cone passes the centraliser 10, the centraliser 10 experiences a radial expansion force from the expander cone (transmitted via the expandable tubular 12). The two sides of each slot on the centraliser 10 are pushed apart from each other, which widens the slot to the extent permitted by the web of metal between adjacent slots. Thus, the slots change shape; from being long and thin, they become shorter, fatter diamond-shaped apertures. The centraliser radially expands to the size of the widest part of the expander cone. The shape of the final aperture in the expanded centraliser 10 is determined by the size, shape and strength of the web between the slots.
The blades 16 do not need to expand as much as the body 14 of the centraliser 10 in order to accommodate the expander cone, as they have already been pressed out of the body of the centraliser 10. Thus, the slots of the outer faces 16A may adopt a different shape (e.g. narrower) on expansion as compared with the slots on the body of the centraliser 10. Likewise, parts of the side walls 16B and end walls 16C need to expand more than other parts, so there can optionally be a non-uniform pattern of apertures on the expanded centraliser, which can be used to influence the shape and strength characteristics of the expanded centraliser 10. After the cone has passed the centraliser 10, the whole centraliser 10 adopts approximately the same inner diameter as the outer diameter of the tubular 12.
This embodiment is useful for inserting expandable tubulars such as screens into a borehole, where the blades 16 of the centraliser 10 are required to ease entry of the string into the hole but are not required after expansion of the screen against the borehole wall. With slotted blades as in this embodiment, the centraliser can ease the passage of the string into the hole, reducing friction between the screen and the hole, and spacing the screen from the wall to enhance insertion, and after expansion of the string can virtually disappear against the borehole wall.
In this embodiment the pattern of the slots on the blades and the body are substantially the same and this can give rise to a non-uniform pattern of apertures on the expanded centraliser. In other embodiments, the pattern or shape of the slots on the blades 16 can differ from the pattern or shape of the slots on the body of the centraliser 10, so as to adopt a more uniform pattern of apertures after expansion of the centraliser 10.
Slots 28 are aligned axially in rows, as in the embodiment of
In use, the centraliser 10A is attached to a portion of slotted pipe and expanded in the same way as the centraliser 10 of
The non-slotted strips 20 do not substantially expand (apart from possibly some plastic/elastic deformation). Thus, the non-slotted strips 20 do not change their shape substantially, and the blades 25 remain protruding from the expanded body 24. They may become further circumferentially spaced apart from each other, due to the expansion of the slotted parts of the body 24 between the blades 25.
This embodiment is suitable for expandable casing strings that still require a centraliser function after expansion, for example to provide an annulus for cement, or to wash out debris or other material from the well after insertion of the casing.
It should be noted that it is possible to provide some embodiments with intermediate properties, for example a slotted body and blades with comparatively fewer slots, so that the blades can expand less than the body, and a small blade structure is left after expansion.
Modifications and improvements can be incorporated without departing from the scope of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5358040||Jul 17, 1992||Oct 25, 1994||The Kinley Corporation||Method and apparatus for running a mechanical roller arm centralizer through restricted well pipe|
|US5785125 *||Oct 21, 1996||Jul 28, 1998||Tiw Corporation||Mechanical thru-tubing centralizer|
|US6065500||Dec 12, 1997||May 23, 2000||Petroline Wellsystems Limited||Expandable tubing|
|US6098717||Oct 8, 1997||Aug 8, 2000||Formlock, Inc.||Method and apparatus for hanging tubulars in wells|
|US6662876 *||Mar 27, 2001||Dec 16, 2003||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Method and apparatus for downhole tubular expansion|
|US6789622 *||Sep 6, 2000||Sep 14, 2004||Ez Tech Limited||Apparatus for and a method of anchoring an expandable conduit|
|US6896052 *||May 15, 2002||May 24, 2005||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Expanding tubing|
|US6899181 *||Jan 22, 2003||May 31, 2005||Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for expanding a tubular within another tubular|
|US20020112853 *||Feb 20, 2001||Aug 22, 2002||Buytaert Jean P.||Expandable centralizer|
|US20040173349 *||Jul 10, 2002||Sep 9, 2004||Pointing Michael Edward||Expandable wellbore stabiliser|
|WO2003006789A1||Jul 10, 2002||Jan 23, 2003||Shell Internationale Research Maatschappij B.V.||Expandable wellbore stabiliser|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7775272||Aug 17, 2010||Schlumberger Technology Corporation||Passive centralizer|
|US7845061||May 16, 2007||Dec 7, 2010||Frank's International, Inc.||Low clearance centralizer and method of making centralizer|
|US7878241||Feb 1, 2011||Frank's International, Inc.||Expandable centralizer for expandable pipe string|
|US8061423 *||Oct 1, 2004||Nov 22, 2011||Shell Oil Company||Expandable wellbore assembly|
|US8360161||Sep 29, 2009||Jan 29, 2013||Frank's International, Inc.||Downhole device actuator and method|
|US8662166||Oct 27, 2010||Mar 4, 2014||Antelope Oil Tool & Mfg. Co., Llc||Low clearance centralizer|
|US8701783||Jul 26, 2007||Apr 22, 2014||Antelope Oil Tool & Mfg. Co., Llc||Apparatus for and method of deploying a centralizer installed on an expandable casing string|
|US8770280||May 21, 2012||Jul 8, 2014||Antelope Oil Tool & Mfg. Co., Llc||Expandable centralizer for expandable pipe string|
|US9057230||Jul 2, 2014||Jun 16, 2015||Ronald C. Parsons||Expandable tubular with integral centralizers|
|US9062501||Oct 17, 2011||Jun 23, 2015||Matrix Composites & Engineering Limited||Downhole centraliser|
|US9234409||May 8, 2015||Jan 12, 2016||Ronald C. Parsons and Denise M. Parsons||Expandable tubular with integral centralizers|
|US20070068671 *||Oct 1, 2004||Mar 29, 2007||Shell Oil Companyu||Expandable wellbore assembly|
|US20080283253 *||Mar 5, 2008||Nov 20, 2008||Frank's International, Inc.||Expandable Centralizer For Expandable Pipe String|
|US20090025929 *||Jul 26, 2007||Jan 29, 2009||Frank's International, Inc.||Apparatus for and Method of Deploying a Centralizer Installed on an Expandable Casing String|
|US20090308615 *||Jun 11, 2008||Dec 17, 2009||Frank's International, Inc.||Modular Low-Clearance Centralizer and Method of Making Modular Low-Clearance Centralizer|
|US20100078173 *||Apr 1, 2010||Frank's International, Inc.||Downhole device actuator and method|
|US20110042102 *||Aug 18, 2009||Feb 24, 2011||Frank's International, Inc.||Method of and kit for installing a centralizer on a pipe segment|
|US20110146971 *||Jun 23, 2011||Frank's International, Inc.||Low Clearance Centralizer and Method of Making Centralizer|
|USD665824 *||Aug 21, 2012||Top-Co Cementing Products Inc.||Casing centralizer|
|USD665825 *||Aug 21, 2012||Top-Co Cementing Products Inc.||Casing centralizer|
|USD674817||Jan 22, 2013||Top-Co Cementing Products Inc.||Casing centralizer|
|USD674818||Jan 22, 2013||Top-Co Cementing Products Inc.||Casing centralizer|
|U.S. Classification||166/241.6, 166/206, 166/207|
|International Classification||E21B17/10, E21B43/10|
|Cooperative Classification||E21B43/103, E21B17/1078|
|European Classification||E21B17/10T, E21B43/10F|
|Sep 8, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DOWNHOLE PRODUCTS PLC, GREAT BRITAIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:KIRK, IAN ALASTAIR;BARRON, WILLIAM;CLARK, ALISTAIR BERTRAM;REEL/FRAME:016437/0020
Effective date: 20040902
|Jan 22, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 16, 2011||AS||Assignment|
Effective date: 20080328
Owner name: DOWNHOLE PRODUCTS LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:DOWNHOLE PRODUCTS PLC;REEL/FRAME:026926/0457
|Feb 19, 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8