US 710611 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patent'ad Oct: 7, |902.
(Application led June 1Q 1902.)
- (no Igual.)
mi Houma PErERs co., Frio'ruumc.. WASHINGTON. n c
No. 7IU,6|I,. Patented Oct. 7, l902.
A. RAY. cHuTE wAGoN.
(Application :mav June 14, 1902.; (nu Model.)
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UrviTnn STATES PATENT FFICE.
ALEXANDER RAY, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO EDlVARD S. LOVRY, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 710,611, dated October 7, 1902. Application filed June 14, IQZ. Serial No. 111,729. (No model.)
.l'o all whom, t may concern:
Beit known that I, ALEXANDER RAY, of the city and county of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, have invented an Improvement in Chute-lVagons, of which the following is a speciiication.
My invention has reference to chute-wagons; and it consists of certain improvements fully set forth in the following specification and shown in the accompanying drawings, which form a part thereof.
In cases where the coal or other material is discharged from wagons by means of gravity and the employment of chutes it has been difficult to secure the discharge to a great distance, such as the conveyance of coal from the wagon at the curb to the cellar of a house sitting back from the pavement or across a very wide pavement, because it is practically impossible to elevate the body of the wagon and its load sufficiently high to secure the movement of the coal by gravity. To elevate the body above the running-gear introduces many elements of danger, in that it raises the center of gravity so high as to cause the wagon to upset unless care is taken that it is standing upon proper foundation and not upon an inclined road. Moreover, the use ot' elevating means for the wagonbody causes great strain and wear and tear upon the wagon as a whole and soon renders it unsuited for use until repaired.
The object of my invention is to overcome the above existing objections, and this l secure by retaining the Wagon-body as a xed element upon the running-gear and elevating the coal or materials from the bottom of the wagon-body to the requisite height by a suitable conveyerand from which it is discharged into a chute on sufticient incline to convey the coal or material by gravity to the place of deposit.
In carrying out my invention I provide the body of the wagon with a. discharge-gate at the bottom and combine therewith an adjustable conveyer into position and extending from the side of the wagon, so that the conveyer receives the coal or material and conveys it to the chute. The conveyer is preferably jointed, so as to extend laterally from under the body and then upward at its side lto the requisite height to secure the proper The chute is con- A fall ofthe coal or material. nected with the top of the conveyer, and, being supported on an incline, it conveys the coal or material under the action of gravity. The conveyer is adapted to be positively operated and preferably by hand.
My inventionalso comprehends many details of construction, which, together with the above features, will be better understood by reference to the accompanying drawings, in Which Figure l is a side elevation of a Wagon embodying my improvements. Fig. 2 is a crosssection of the same on line 2 2 with the chute extended in position for discharging the materials. Fig. 3 is a side elevation of a chute and conveyer structure in condensed form. Fig. 4 is a cross-section of same on line 4 4c, and Fig. 5 is an end view of the chute.
A is the body of the Wagon and may be formed with an inclined bottom A', terminating in a discharge-aperture B, having a controlling-gate l) to control the discharge, and which is provided with means extending to the side of the wagon for operating it. This Wagon-body A is supported in an elevated position upon the truck-frame C by means of suitable supports D and D' of any convenient construction. The supports D may extend nearly to the middle of the wagon-body, as shown in Fig. 2, Whereas the supports D are preferably corner-pedestals, or may, if desii-ed, extend transversely across the free end of the wagon and truck. By this arrangement there are formed apertures O between the Wagon-body and the truck-frame on the one hand and between the supports D and pedestals D on the other, the said openings constituting spaces from which' the conveyer and chute may be withdrawn or inserted. The
`truck-frame C is supported upon wheels in any well-known manner.
Arranged upon the truck-frames C and extending longitudinally under the Wagon-body are guides E, which are preferably formed of angle-iron. Arranged upon these guides is the carriage E, of any suitable construction, adapted to be moved upon the guides so as to be brought directly under the dischargeopening B of the body or pushed longitudi- ICO nally on the guides. Pivoted on the carriage at H is a frame G, which is of sufficient length to extend transversely to a little beyond the side of the wagon-body, as shown in Fig. 2. Jointed to this frame G is a second frame N. These parts G and N are provided with a snitable conveyer I, preferably formed of a iiexible material, such as canvas, with transverse slats t' and with chains Il at its sides. These chains and conveyers are guided and supported by the lateral projecting guides L and the transverse supports L", of metal, connecting the two sides of the frames G and N. The conveyer I is endless and is guided by a roller J at one end of the frame Gand bya roller J' at the distant end of the frame N. It is fur- -ther guided by a roller K at the hinge between the frames G and N, and this roller is provided with sprocket-teeth K for driving the chains of the conveyers and may be driven by a crank Zt or otherwise, as desired. The upper guides L of the frame G, adjacent to the roller K, may be curved, as at Z, to properly guide the chains when the conveyer is adjusted, as shown in Fig. 2. When the conveyer is out of use, the parts G N are arranged in alinement, as in Fig. 3, and pushed longitudinallyunder the wagon-body, as shown in Fig. l. When arranged for use, they are drawn through the opening O into the position shown in Fig. 2 and are held in that position by links P, connected t0 the top of the Wagon.
M is a suitable chute of ordinary construction, the parts telescoping. The upper end of the chute M is connected with the free end of the frame N by means of lugs m on the chute and side guides n on the frame N, the upper ends of which are bent so as to sustain the chute M when brought to the position shown in Fig. 2. Any other suitable inode of connection may be had between these two parts M and N, it' so desired.
By myinvention it is evident that all the objection to lifting heavily-laden Wagon-bodies upon the truck-frame is avoided and that the necessary elevation of the coal to travel over the chutes M M/ by gravity may be secured by the expedient of the hand-driven elevator. It furthermore provides a clear passage-way underthe parts Nand M, by which pedestrians may readily pass the wagon during the act of unloading. By my invention the wagon may be arranged parallel to the sidewalk, and thereby discharge sidewise to avoid the possibility of blocking narrow streets.
I do not confine myself to any particular construction of conveyer or elevating devices, as these parts may be made in any convenient and practical manner, the construction shown being merely illustrative of one manner of constructionsuitableforthepurpose. Therefore while I prefer the construction shown I do not limit myself to the details thereof, as they may be modified without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Having now described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. In a Wagon, the combination of the running-gear and the wagon-body normally supported thereon in any fixed manner having a discharge-opening in the bottom between its ends, with an adjustable conveyer arranged under the Wagon-body and adapted to be extended therefrom and the end elevated to lift the coal discharged upon the conveyer from the body, and a gravity conveying chute adapted to connect with the free end of the conveyer when in use for guiding the coal under the action of gravity to the distant place.
2. In a wagon, the combination of the running-gear and the wagon-body normally supported thereon in any xed manner and having a discharge-opening in the bottom between its ends, with an adjustable conveyer arranged under the wagon-body and adapted to be extended therefrom and the end elevated for lifting the coal discharged upon the conveyer from the body, a gravity conveyingchute adapted to connect with the free end of the conveyer when in use for guiding the coal under the action of gravity to the distant place, and means for supporting the gravitychutel from the conveyer when the same is in collapsed form for adjustment under the wagon-body during transportation.
3. In a wagon, the combination of a Wagonbody having a discharge-opening in the bottom, longitudinal guides under the wagonbody, a jointed conveyer having one part piv- IOO,
oted to the carriage and the other part adapted to be extended obliquely outward and upward beyond the wagon-body at the side, means to support the conveyer in position,
and a gravity-acting chute extending from the elevated end of the conveyer.
4. In a wagon, the combination of a wagonbody having a discharge-opening in the bottom, longitudinal guides under the wagonbody, a jointed conveyer having one part pivoted to the carriage and the other part adapted to be extended obliquely outward and upward beyond the wagon-body at the side, means to support the conveyer in position, a gravity-acting chute extending from the elevated end of the conveyer, and hand-operated means adjacent to the jointed part of the conveyer for operating it.
5. In a wagon, the combination of a Wagonbody having a discharge-opening in the bottom, a truck-frame upon which the wagonbody is supported so as to form transverse openings between the Wagonbody and the truck-frame on the sides and extending beyond the center and nearer to one end than the other, longitudinal guides under the wagon-body, a carriage movable upon the guides, a jointed conveyer having one part pivoted to the carriage and the other part adapted to be extended obliquely through the side openings outward and upward beyond the wagon-body at the side, means to support IIO the eonveyer in position, and a gravity-aoting chute extending from the elevated end of the oonveyer. I
6. In a Wagon, the combination of a Wagonbody having a disehargeopening in the bottom, longitudinal guides under the Wagonbody, a carriage movable upon the guides, a jointed conveyer-body having one part pivoted to the carriage and the other part adapted to be extended obliquely outward and upward beyond the Wagon-body at the side and having gnideways on the sides, means to support the eonveyer-body in position, eonveyerchains running in the guideways, a exible connection between the eonveyer-ehains provided With transverse slats or projections, rollers to guide the eonveyer and sprocket- Wheels for driving the chains of the oonveyer and a gravity-acting chute extending from the elevated end of the conveyer-body.
7. In awagon, the combination of a Wagonbody having a discharge-opening at the bottom, a laterally and upwardly extending adjustable lifting-oonveyer extending from the side of the Wagon from a point belowr the discharge-opening to a Considerable elevation above the bottom of the Wagon, and a gravity-acting chute leading from the elevated end of the eonveyer to the place of discharge.
In testimony of which invention I have hereunto set my hand.
R. M. HUNTER, R. M. KELLY.