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Publication numberUS711177 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 14, 1902
Filing dateJun 12, 1902
Priority dateJun 12, 1902
Publication numberUS 711177 A, US 711177A, US-A-711177, US711177 A, US711177A
InventorsFrancis H Richards
Original AssigneeKempshall Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Playing-ball.
US 711177 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. mm. Patented Oct. l4, I902.

' F. l-l.- manna.

PLAYING BALL.

, (Application filed. Jul 1Q 12, 1902.)

(In ow.)

7?}265565 Ewen #07 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

FRANCIS H. RICHARDS, OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT, ASSIGNOR TO THE KEMPSHALL MANUFACTURING COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.

PLAYING-BALL.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 71 1,177, dated October 14, 1902.

Application filed June 12, 1902. Serial No.111,263. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern.-

Beit known that I, FRANCIS H. RICHARDS, a citizen of the United States, residing'at Hartford, in the county of Hartford and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Playing-Balls,-

of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to playing-balls, especially those used in the game of golf; and its IO object is to produce at low cost a ball having exceptional flying power under a hard blow, but inactive under a light blow.

Iuthe drawings forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a view of a ball made in accordance with my present improvements and shown partly in section, and Fig. 2 is a view of my improved filling.

The interior of the ball preferably oomprises a sphere 1, which in this instance forms the body or main portion of the entire ball,

although it may be made of smaller proportion, if desired. This sphere preferably consists of soft rubber under tension, preferably molded solid rubber, the tension being produced by the injection thereinto of a center piece 2 of gutta-percha or other material, substantially in the manner set forth in the patent granted to me March 25, 1902, No. 696,353. If desired, an untensioned molded o rubber sphere may be used in place of the tensioned sphere 1. Upon said sphere I flex or bend continuously in miscellaneous directions one or more lengths of a spring-tempered wire 3, thereby forming a tense metal- 3 5 lic casing or lattice-work A, Fig. 2,which thus consists of a series of irregularly arranged tense bands or hoops. The wire is preferably fiat or oblong in cross-section and wound fiatwise upon the rubber sphere 1,and the number 0 of the windings may be varied to suit the ball to different games or to give it different qualities. The spring-wire before winding may be substantially straight and flexed or constrained at'each winding, thereby making a tension in the wire, so that each hoop or band tends constantly to recover its normal straight condition, and hence every portion of the casingAis in a state of high initial tension,which is a feature of great importance. Moreover, so since the wire is wound upon the rubber sphere 1 under great longitudinal tension it holds said sphere under high compression. The structure hence comprises a sphere of soft rubber, which is bound tightly within windings of longitudinally unyielding wire, said wire itself being highly tensioned by the bending and shows enormous activity when given a heavy blow. Upon said filling A, I form a shell 4 of gutta-peroha or other plastic mate- 'rial, and preferably provide an intermediate lining 5 of fabric to prevent cutting of the gutta-pcrcha by the wire and also to dead'en the ball somewhat, so that it may not be too active under a light blow, while at the same time calling into action more of the Wire hoops or springs 3 than would otherwise be the case, and hence improving the flying quality of the ball under a heavy blow. It will be understood also that the metallic casing A is so rigid as not to be sprung by a light blow, such as given in putting.

It will be perceived that since the wire casing A holds the rubbersphere 1 in a powerful grip the tendency upon the part of both the rubber sphere and the casing is to preserve a spherical form, and therefore great resistance is ofiered to any distortive tendency, or, in other words, a blow in order to distort the wound sphere must overcome the powerful tendency thereof to preserve its spherical form, and must do this against the great opposition offered by the highly-tensioned springs which compose the casing. The reaction of the device isinstantaneous and powerful, and hence an enormous amount of power may be imparted to the ball, thus prolonging its flight. Wire having other cross-sections and of any suitable spring-tempered. metal may be used, and other variations may be resorted to within the scope of my improvements.

Having described my invention, I claim-- 1. In a playing-ball, the combination with a sphere of yielding material, of a series of spring-tempered metallic hoops binding upon said sphere and forming a lattice-work casing thereon. 1

2. In a playing-ball, the combination with asphere of soft rubber, of spring-tempered wire wound in miscellaneous directions in a tense condition and forming a casing thereon;

said sphere being held under compression by said casing.

3. In a playing-ball, the combination with a cover, of a series of spring-tempered metal springs confined within said cover and in a tense condition. 1

4. In a playing-ball, the combination with a sphere of yielding material, of a series of spring-tempered metal springs in a tense condition thereon, and a cover iuclosing said springs.

5. In a playing-ball, the combination with a sphere of yielding material, of a series of spring-tempered metal springs in a tense condition thereon, and ashell of plastic material inclosing said springs.

6. In a playing-ball, the combination with a sphere of yielding material, of a series of spring-tempered metal springs in a tense condition thereon, and a shell of plastic material holding said springs under compression.

7. In a playing-ball, the combination with a sphere of soft rubber, of spring-tempered wire wound tightly in miscellaneous directions and forming a casing thereon; said I sphere being held under compression by said casing; a cover of plastic material upon said casing, and an intervening layer of flexible material.

8. In a playing-ball, the combination with a sphere of soft rubber, of spring-tempered wire wound in miscellaneous directions thereon; a cover of plastic material upon said winda sphere of soft rubber of a spring-tempered flat wire spring wound flatwise and under tension in miscellaneous directions and forming a casing thereon, and a yielding cover upon said casing.

12. In a playing-ball, the combination with a cover, of a series of spring-tempered flat circular metal springs confined within said cover and in a tense condition.

13. In a playing-ball, the combination with a sphere of yielding material, of a series of spring-tempered metal springs in a tense condition thereon, and a fabric-lined shell of plastic material holding said springs and sphere under compression.

14:. In a playing-ball, the combination with a sphere of yieldingmaterial and a hard center piece therein, of a series of spring-tempered metallic hoops binding 11 pon said sphere and forming a lattice-work casing thereon.

15. In a playing-ball, the combination with a sphere of tensioned soft rubber having a hard center piece, of spring-tempered wire" wound in a tense condition in miscellaneous directions and forming a casing thereon; and a cover upon said windings.

16. In a playing-ball, the combination with a cover, of a series of circular spring-tempered metal springs confined within said cover and in a tense condition and forming 'a lat tice-work sphere.

17. In a playing-ball, the combination with a shell of yielding material, of a series of spring-tempered metal springs in a tense condition and supporting said shell.

- 18. In a playing-ball, the combination with a tensioned sphere of soft rubber having a hard center piece, of a spring-tempered fiat wire spring wound tightly in miscellaneous directions and forming a casing thereon; and a cover of gutta-percha and fabric upon said casing.

FRANCIS H. RICHARDS.

Witnesses:

B. C. STICKNEY, JOHN O. SEIFERT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5713801 *Jun 7, 1995Feb 3, 1998Acushnet CompanyGolf ball with wound hoop-stress layer
US5913736 *Jun 10, 1997Jun 22, 1999Bridgestone Sports Co., LtdGolf ball
US6120393 *Feb 11, 1999Sep 19, 2000Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Low spin golf ball comprising a mantle having a hollow interior
US6142887 *Feb 20, 1998Nov 7, 2000Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Golf ball comprising a metal, ceramic, or composite mantle or inner layer
US6193618Feb 11, 1999Feb 27, 2001Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Low spin golf ball comprising a mantle with a cellular or liquid core
US6244977Nov 12, 1997Jun 12, 2001Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Golf ball comprising a metal mantle with a cellular or liquid core
US6309312Nov 7, 1997Oct 30, 2001Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Golf ball comprising a metal mantle having a hollow interior
US6432000Mar 13, 2000Aug 13, 2002Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Multilayer golf ball with filled inner layer having dual core, liquid core, or wound core
US6435985Nov 9, 2000Aug 20, 2002Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Low spin golf ball comprising a mantle with a cellular or liquid core
US6500076May 1, 2001Dec 31, 2002Acushnet CompanyWound golf balls with high specific gravity centers
US6561927Nov 9, 2000May 13, 2003Spalding Sports Worldwide, Inc.Methods of making low spin golf ball utilizing a mantle and a cellular or liquid core
US6612939Sep 14, 2000Sep 2, 2003The Top Flite Golf CompanyGolf ball comprising a metal, ceramic, or composite mantle or inner layer
US6663509Aug 13, 2002Dec 16, 2003Callaway Golf CompanyMultilayer golf ball with filled inner layer having dual core, liquid core, or wound core
US6986717Sep 30, 2002Jan 17, 2006Acushnet CompanyWound golf balls with high specific gravity centers
US20140194233 *Jul 26, 2012Jul 10, 2014The Yokohama Rubber Co., LtdBall for Ball Game
WO1996040381A1 *May 28, 1996Dec 19, 1996Acushnet CoGolf ball with wound hoop-stress layer
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA63B37/0003