US 712240 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Oct. 28, |902.
(E. BARNES & FQMAWEB.
(Application led Jan. 31, 1902.)
vUNITED STATESI PATENT OFFICE.
CHARLES BARNES AND FRED MAWER, OF LINCOLN, ENGLAND.
SPECFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 712,240, dated October 28, 1902.
Application filed January 31, 1902. Serial No. 92,046. (No model.)
To all whom t lmay concern:
Be it known that we, CHARLES BARNEs and FRED MAWER, subjects of the King of Great Britain, residing at Lincoln, in the county ofV Lincoln, England, (whose full postal addresses are Hamilton House, St. Catherines road, Lincoln, and 3 Bank street, Lincoln, respec tively,) have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Draft-Preventers, (for which application has been made in Great Britain, No. 23,859,datedNovember25, 1901,)of which the following is a specification.
This invention has for its object a simple and cheap draft-excluder for the bottoms, sides, and tops of doors and other like places. It is best described by aid of ythe accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a perspective view of the bottom of a door with our appliance attached thereto in operation; Fig. 2, a view of the device stretched out flat; Figs. 2?, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 6, transverse sections of modifications of our device, showing the door.
Like letters refer fo like parts in all the drawings.
In the drawings, Ais the strip of any tough flexible material. It can be formed of rubber, woolen cloth, horsehair cloth, felt, leather, or other material of a tough fiexible character.
B is a beading of timber ormetal cemented to each edge of the strip. This beading of timber or metal can, however, be riveted or tacked or otherwise fixed to each 'edge of the strip instead. Fig. 2a shows Vthe metal beading folded with the strip and havingholes punched through both, as shown, so as to fasten the iiexible material within the folds.
C is a series of nails attaching the strip to the door. We may sell the strips with the holes for these nails bored, so that any person can at once apply the nails, placing them in the holes. In place of nails, screws or other material, such as glue, can be used to x the strip in place. D is the woodwork of the door, the bottom of which is usually about onequarter to three-eighths of an inch from the Hoor. Fig. 3 shows the three of these strips united. This is j ust to show that any number of strips can be used, so as to make the article a Fig. 4 shows the strip thickened This thickening can be formed little stiffer. in the center.
as shown in the sketch or by a second piece being cemented or solutioned to the main piece, or the material in weaving can be formed thicker in or near the center than at other points. i We may alsoform the wearing part with a thick coating F,of rubber, flexible varnish, or other composition,as set forth in Fig. 6, permeating or firmly xed by solution to the cloth. Where rubber or leather is used, we may varnish it on the outside with any smooth slipper varnish, so as to enable the material to slide easily over the lioor. In some instances, as in Fig. 5, we may fill the hollowr space E with down, sand, or other material, so as to cause the cloth to normally press against the ground, each end of the space E being suitably closed whenthe strip is fixed. In Fig. fL We have shown the same structure as in Fig. 6, with the hollow space E illed with the same class of material as in Fig. 5. We have described it only for the bottoms of doors; but it is obvious that by simply placing the drawing on one side it is shown for the side of doors or by turning it upside down it shows the invention as applied to the top of a door.
We declare that what we claim is- 1. As a new article of manufacture a draftexcluder consisting of two bars B, a eXible strip between them of greater width than the distance between them when in normal position, anda smooth elastic composition rmly adhering to the flexible material at its wearing part whereby there is less friction on the floor or jambs of the door and less wear on the material.
2. As a new article of manufacture,a draftexcluder comprising a strip of material ilexible near each edge and thickened for a space intermediate its edges, and two bars secured at the edges of the strips, said bars being arranged for attachment to the edges of a door with the portion of the iiexible edges and all of the intermediate thickened portion projecting beyond the edges of the door, with the flexible edges in place to permit of the bending laterally of the projecting portion, and the thickened portion bearing against the frame and taking all of the wear.
3. A draft-excluder comprising a .exible strip of material of a width greater than the IOO our names, this 17th day of January, 1902, in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.
CHARLES BARNES. FRED MAWER.
THOMAS CHARLES BOURNE, JAMES EDWARD HEWITT.