US 7125315 B2 Abstract When a forming a bevel on a lens, the value of the bevel curve is calculated based on the value of the curve of the concave face, a reference axis of the bevel curve is determined to be in the same direction as the curvature of the concave face, a reference position on the peripheral edge of the lens in the first portion having the minimum thickness is determined based on the thickness of the first portion, a correction for the initial reference axis of the bevel curve is obtained, an angle of inclination from the direction of the initial reference axis of the bevel curve is obtained based on the correction and the locus of the bevel is determined based on the value of the bevel curve, the reference position and the angle of inclination.
Claims(8) 1. A method for determining a bevel curve in a high power minus lens, comprising the steps of:
inputting a value of a curve of a convex face of the high power minus lens; and
calculating a value of the bevel curve based on the inputted value of the curve of the convex face of the high power minus lens, wherein the value of the bevel curve is calculated as follows,
when the value of the curve of the convex face is 2.0 or smaller, then
K1=3.0; when the value of the curve of the convex face is 2.0˜4.0. then
K1=(C−2.0)/2+3.0; when the value of the curve of the convex face is 4.0˜7.0. then
K1=C; when the value of the curve of the convex face is 7.0 or greater, then
K1=7.0, wherein K
1 represents the value of the bevel curve, and C is the value of the curve of the convex face of the high power minus lens.2. A method for determining a locus of a bevel in a high power minus lens comprising the steps of:
calculating a value of a bevel curve based on a value of the curve of a convex face of the high power minus lens;
determining a location of a first reference position, which is decided to be on a peripheral edge of the high power minus lens in a first portion having a minimum thickness of the high power minus lens, wherein this first portion having the minimum thickness is on a side of the lens that is closest to a wearer's nose, wherein the location of the first reference position is based on a thickness of this first portion having the minimum thickness;
calculating a location of a second reference position on a peripheral edge of the high power minus lens in a second portion having a maximum thickness of the high power minus lens, wherein this second portion having the maximum thickness is on the side of the lens that is closest to a wearer's nose, wherein the calculation of the second reference position is based on a ratio of a thickness of the second portion having a maximum thickness to the thickness of the first portion having a minimum thickness;
calculating an angle of inclination relative to the direction of an initial reference axis of the high power minus lens, wherein the angle of inclination calculation is based on data describing a shape of the high power minus lens to be obtained by processing; and,
determining the locus of the bevel based on the value of the bevel curve, the first reference position and the second reference position.
3. A method for determining a locus of a bevel in a high power minus lens as recited in
when t
1=2.4 mm or smaller, then P1=1/2;when t
1=2.4˜4.0 mm, then P1=1.2;when t
1=4.0 mm or greater, then P1=3×t1/10,wherein t
1 represents the thickness of the portion of the high power minus lens having the minimum thickness at the nose side of the lens, and P1 represents the distance from the first reference position to the end of the peripheral edge at the side of the convex fase of the lens in the portion having the minimum thickness.4. A method for determining a locus of a bevel in a high power minus lens as recited in
H=P1×a×(t2/t1)−P1,wherein a represents an adjusting coefficient and t
2 represents the thickness of the portion of the lens that has the maximum thickness at the ear side of the high power minus lens.5. A method for determining a locus of a bevel in a high power minus lens as recited in
θ=arctan (H/A),
wherein θ represents the angle of inclination, and A represents A size of the high power minus lens.
6. A method for processing a high power minus lens comprising the step of forming a bevel along a locus of a bevel, wherein the locus of the bevel is determined in accordance with the method for determining a locus of a bevel recited in
7. A method for determining a locus of a bevel in a high power minus lens comprising the steps of:
calculating a value of a bevel curve based on a value of the curve of a convex face of the high power minus lens;
determining an orientation of an initial reference axis of a bevel curve to be in the same direction as a direction of the curvature of the convex face of the high power minus lens;
determining a location of a first reference position of the bevel on a peripheral edge of the high power minus lens in a first portion having a minimum thickness of the high power minus lens, wherein the first portion having the minimum thickness is on a side of the lens that is closest to a wearer's nose, wherein the location of the first reference position is based on a thickness of the first portion having the minimum thickness;
calculating a correction value for the initial reference axis of the bevel curve, wherein the correction value calculation is based on a ratio of a thickness of a second portion having a maximum thickness of the high power minus lens to the thickness of the first portion having the minimum thickness, wherein the second portion having the maximum thickness is on the side of the lens that is closest to a wearer's nose;
calculating an angle of inclination of a reference axis of the bevel curve from a direction of the initial reference axis of the bevel curve, wherein the angle of inclination calculation is based on the correction value for the initial reference axis of the bevel curve and data describing a shape of the high power minus lens to be obtained by processing; and,
determining the locus of the bevel based on the value of the bevel curve, the reference position of the bevel and the angle of inclination of the reference axis.
8. A method for processing a high power minus lens comprising the step of forming a bevel along a locus of a bevel, wherein the locus of the bevel is determined in accordance with the method for determining a locus of a bevel recited in
Description This application is a divisional of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/406,580 filed Apr. 4, 2003 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,935,924 which claims priority from Japanese Patent Application No. 2002-105229, filed Apr. 8, 2002. The entire disclosures of the above patent applications are hereby incorporated by reference. The present invention relates to a method for determining a bevel curve, a method for determining a locus of a bevel, a method for processing a lens and an apparatus for processing a lens that is used for conducting these methods. Previously in the art of processing lenses for eyeglass spectacles and the like, apparatuses for processing a lens have been used to process an uncut lens to fit the shape of a lens frame of a spectacle frame. Various prior art apparatuses for processing a lens are known; although certain lens processing apparatuses having the so-called “function of automatic beveled processing” have been provided. When a regular lens is used as the uncut lens and processed using this type of lens processing apparatus with the automatic beveled processing feature, specific additional information is required to process the lens besides the conventional data required. Specifically, data describing the shape of the frame is necessary in addition to the conventional information required for processing the uncut lens. When all of this information is provided to the apparatus having the automatic beveled processing feature, the apparatus automatically calculates a locus of a bevel most suitable for the lens undergoing processing and the bevel is formed along this calculated locus. On the other hand, when the uncut lens is a special lens, such as a high power minus lens, a high power plus lens, an EX lens or a lenticular lens, the prior art lens processing apparatuses having the automatic beveled processing feature have certain drawbacks. Specifically, when processing a special lens using a prior art apparatus, the position of the apex of the bevel and the bevel curve, or the bevel ratio, must be manually set by an operator who watches a computerized simulation display. Therefore, adjustment of the position of the apex of the bevel and the bevel curve, or the bevel ratio, must be performed intentionally by the operator. However, the manual setting of the locus of a bevel depends to a great degree on the skill and the experience of the operator. Therefore, it is difficult that the bevel is formed at a suitable position without a skilled operator. In particular, it is difficult to achieve formation of the most suitable bevel having an excellent balance in these special lenses, such as the high power minus lens, the high power plus lens, the EX lens and the lenticular lens. Occasionally, as a result of manually setting the locus of the bevel, when the processing of the special lens is completed and the special lens is fitted into the intended lens frame, peripheral edges of the processed special lens protrudes unevenly from the rim, and the appearance of the entire spectacle glass is poor. In recent years, the number of the skilled operators, who are able to accurately set the locus of the bevel while processing a special lens, is decreasing. Under these circumstances, there is a need for technology, which enables even persons not skilled in the art of lens processing to form a suitable bevel in the special lenses. The present invention has, as an object, enabling persons not skilled in the art of lens processing to form a suitable bevel in special lenses using an improved apparatus having an automatic bevel processing feature. According to a first method embodiment, the present invention provides a method for determining a locus of a bevel in an EX lens comprising: determining the value of the bevel curve based on a value of a curve of a concave face of the EX lens; determining a first reference position on a peripheral edge in a portion having a minimum thickness at a lower side in a vertical direction of the EX lens based on a thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness; determining a second reference position on a peripheral edge in a portion having a maximum thickness at an upper side in a vertical direction of the EX lens based on a ratio of a thickness of the portion having a maximum thickness to the thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness and data of a shape of the EX lens to be obtained by the processing; and, determining a locus of the bevel based on the value of the bevel curve, the first reference position and the second reference position. As the second aspect, the present invention provides a method for determining a locus of a bevel in an EX lens comprising: determining the value of the bevel curve based on a value of a curve of a concave face of the EX lens; determining an initial reference axis of the bevel curve in a same direction as a direction of a curvature of the concave face of the EX lens; determining a reference position of the bevel on a peripheral edge in a portion having a minimum thickness at a lower side in a vertical direction of the EX lens based on a thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness; obtaining the value of correction for the initial reference axis of the bevel curve based on a ratio of a thickness of a portion having a maximum thickness at an upper side in a vertical direction of the EX lens to a thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness; obtaining an angle of inclination of a reference axis of the bevel curve from a direction of the initial reference axis of the bevel curve based on the value of correction for the initial reference axis of the bevel curve and data of a shape of the EX lens to be obtained by the processing; and, determining the locus of the bevel based on the value of the bevel curve, the reference position of the bevel and the angle of inclination of the axis. As the third aspect, the present invention provides a method for determining a locus of a bevel in a high power minus lens comprising: determining the value of the bevel curve based on a value of a curve of a convex face of the high power minus lens; determining a reference position on a peripheral edge in a portion having a minimum thickness of the high power minus lens at a side of a nose of a person wearing the high power minus lens based on a thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness; determining a second reference position on a peripheral edge in a portion having a maximum thickness of the high power minus lens at a side of an ear of a person wearing the high power minus lens based on a ratio of a thickness of the portion having a maximum thickness to the thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness and data of a shape of the high power minus lens to be obtained by the processing; and, determining the locus of the bevel based on the value of the bevel curve, the first reference position and the second reference position. As the fourth aspect, the present invention provides a method for determining a locus of a bevel in a high power minus lens comprising: determining the value of the bevel curve based on a value of a curve of a convex face of the high power minus lens; determining an initial reference axis of a bevel curve in a same direction as a direction of a curvature of the convex face of the high power minus lens; determining a reference position of the bevel on a peripheral edge in a portion having a minimum thickness of the high power minus lens at a side of a nose of a person wearing the high power minus lens based on a thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness; calculating a value of correction for the initial reference axis of the bevel curve based on a ratio of a thickness of a portion having a maximum thickness of the high power minus lens at a side of an ear of a person wearing the high power minus lens and a thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness; calculating an angle of inclination of a reference axis of the bevel curve from a direction of the initial reference axis of the bevel curve based on the value of correction for the initial reference axis of the bevel curve and data of a shape of the high power minus lens to be obtained by the processing; and, determining the locus of the bevel based on the value of the bevel curve, the reference position of the bevel and the angle of inclination of the axis. As the fifth aspect, the present invention provides a method for determining a locus of a bevel in a lenticular lens comprising: determining the value of the bevel curve based on a value of a curve of a concave face of the lenticular lens; determining the reference position of the bevel on a peripheral edge in a portion having a minimum thickness at a side of a nose or a ear of a person wearing the lenticular lens based on a thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness; determining a correction for a value of a curve based on a ratio of the thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness of the lenticular lens at a side of a nose or an ear to a thickness of a portion having a maximum thickness of the lenticular lens in a vertical direction; and, determining the locus of the bevel by adding the correction for a value of a curve to the value of the bevel curve and passes through the reference position of the bevel. As the sixth aspect, the present invention provides a method for determining a locus of a bevel in a high power plus lens comprising: determining the value of the bevel curve based on a value of a curve of a concave face of the high power plus lens; determining the reference position of the bevel on a peripheral edge in a portion having a minimum thickness of the high power plus lens based on a thickness of the portion having a minimum thickness; determining a correction for a value of a curve based on a ratio of the value of a curve of the concave face to a value of a curve of a convex face of the high power plus lens or based on the value of a curve of a convex face alone of the high power plus lens; and, determining the locus of the bevel by adding the correction for a value of a curve to the value of the bevel curve and passes through the reference position of the bevel. The present invention includes both apparatus and method embodiments for processing a special lens, such as a high power plus lens, a high power minus lens, a lenticular lens and an EX lens, wherein the apparatus and method include an automatic beveled lens processing feature. The various apparatus and method embodiments are described below in detail with reference to the figures, wherein like character references indicate like parts or features. The lens-processing portion The lens-holding unit The lens-measuring portion The rough processing portion The bevel and flat grinding portion The polishing portion These grinders The grooving portion The chamfering portion The operation panel The control portion The memory portion In The workings of the apparatus In the second step S In the third step S At this time, the operator may select, using the input portion Examples of other data corresponding to the prescription of an eyeglass spectacle include the “pupillary distance” (PD), information on the eye point including the height of the eye point relative to the geometrical center of the frame and data expressing the cylinder axis (AX). Examples of data corresponding to the distance between geometrical centers include: (a) the “frame pupillary distance” (FPD) expressing the distance between the geometrical centers of the lens frames, and (b) the “distance between lenses” (DBL) expressing the distance between the peripheries of the right and left lenses (the so called “nose width”). In the fourth step S Examples of the lens data include: (a) the value of a curve, or the value of a curve for every axial direction of the convex face, of the uncut lens, (b) the value of a curve, or the value of a curve for every axial direction of the concave face, of the uncut lens, (c) the thickness of the center (i.e., the optical center or the geometrical center) of the uncut lens, (d) the diameter of the lens (including A size and B size), (e) the shape of the lens (the shape of the near optical center), and (f) the distance between the optical center and the geometrical center. The above values of a curve may be approximate values. In addition, when processing an uncut lens, all these lens data inputs are not always necessary. The necessary data may be selected and included depending upon choices made by the operator. Furthermore, the lens data may be provided directly to the apparatus In the fifth step S When the operator indicates the lens type of the uncut lens to be processed, by using the input portion For the purposes of this disclosure, the following are defined. The high power minus lens and the high power plus lens are meant to include lenses having a maximum thickness of the peripheral lens edge of about 5 mm or greater after the lens is processed. Since the size of the protruding portion of these lenses is great when fitted into frames, it is desirable that the bevel be accurately formed at a suitable position. In the sixth step S In the seventh step S Step S In the eighth step S In the ninth step S In the tenth step S When the lens for the right eye has been fully processed in accordance with the above steps S As mentioned above, step S Special Lens Processing When the Lens is an EX Lens In the case where an EX lens is indicated, step S In step S In the case of a plus-power lens:
In the case of a minus-power lens:
When the refractive index of the lens material is 1.523, the computed value of the bevel curve K In step S Step S When t When t When t Step S Step S Step S In accordance with the above procedures, a suitable locus of the bevel having an excellent balance can be calculated that avoids marked protrusion of the front face of the EX lens beyond the rim of the frame when the EX lens is fitted into the frame. Special Lens Processing When the Lens is a High Power Minus Lens In the case where a high power minus lens is indicated, step S In step S When the value of the curve C of the convex face is 2.0 or smaller,
When the refractive index of the lens material is 1.523, the computed value of a bevel curve K In step S Step S When t When t When t Step S Step S Step S In accordance with the above procedures, a suitable locus of the bevel having an excellent balance can be calculated that avoids marked protrusion of the back face of the high power minus lens beyond the rim of the frame when the high power minus lens is fitted into the frame. Special Lens Processing when the Lens is a Lenticular Lens In the case where a lenticular lens is indicated, step S In step S When the refractive index of the lens material is 1.523, the computed value of the bevel curve K In step S When t When t When t Step S Step S In accordance with the above procedures, a suitable locus of the bevel having an excellent balance can be calculated that avoids marked protrusion of the segment in front of the lens when the lenticular lens is fitted into the frame. Special lens processing when the lens is a high power plus lens In the case where a high power plus lens is indicated, step S In step S When the refractive index of the lens material is 1.523, the computed value of the bevel curve K In step S When t When t When t Step S Step S In accordance with the above procedures, a suitable locus of the bevel having an excellent balance can be calculated that avoids marked protrusion of the convex face of the high power plus lens in front of the lens when the high power plus lens is fitted into the frame. Incidentally, “an EX lens” is well known to a person skilled in the arts and is sometimes called “an E line multifocal lens” In accordance with the present invention, the locus of the bevel, which has heretofore been determined by the skill and the experience of a skilled operator, can be obtained in accordance with the prescribed procedures. Therefore, the suitable bevel can be formed even by a person not skilled in the art. Patent Citations
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