|Publication number||US7133793 B2|
|Application number||US 10/896,917|
|Publication date||Nov 7, 2006|
|Filing date||Jul 23, 2004|
|Priority date||Jul 24, 2003|
|Also published as||US20050021269|
|Publication number||10896917, 896917, US 7133793 B2, US 7133793B2, US-B2-7133793, US7133793 B2, US7133793B2|
|Inventors||David Ely, Gareth McCaughan|
|Original Assignee||Synaptics (Uk) Limited|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (104), Non-Patent Citations (14), Referenced by (84), Classifications (9), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to a calibration system for use in generating calibrating data for position sensing devices. The invention has particular although not exclusive relevance to systems for generating calibration data for inductive digitising tablets used in tablet PCs, PDAs, mobile telephones etc.
Calibration systems for providing calibration data for use in improving the accuracy of inductive two dimensional digitiser systems are known. The calibration data that is generated normally includes a “correction map” which is usually a set of numbers stored in the digitiser that can be combined with measured sensor data to obtain improved position estimates of a position indicator (e.g. stylus pen). By applying the appropriate correction values for the sensed position, it is possible to calibrate out non-linearities inherent in the inductive digitising system. This correction map is usually generated mathematically from a set of position error data taken from a reference system. That position error data is, in turn, normally generated from a test system that uses a robot to move a test stylus across the reference system's digitiser in two or more dimensions.
One problem with this prior art technique is that it takes a relatively long time to obtain the position error data from an adequate number of positions across the digitiser working area. For example, a digitising system designed for use with a 30 cm diagonal display might typically require position error data points on a 4 mm grid, resulting in several thousand data points being required. Therefore, even if the calibration system can measure appropriate position error data for several data points per second, the data capture for the entire correction map will take a number of hours. As a result, it is impractical, for manufacturing cost reasons, to calibrate each digitiser system produced in a production line. It is therefore impractical to eliminate device to device errors caused by manufacturing tolerances in the sensor system's electronic and magnetic components or errors caused by small mechanical differences in each device, including the position of conductive or ferromagnetic materials.
One aim of the present invention is to provide an alternative calibration system which is simpler and which alleviates one or more of the above problems.
One embodiment of the invention provides an alternative calibration system which allows the rapid generation of position error data at high signal to noise ratio and low cost by using an alignment head having an array of test styluses or their equivalent. This allows a correction map to be generated for each digitiser system that is integrated into a host product as part of the production process, resulting in improved accuracy and higher quality of product.
A number of exemplary embodiments will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
The calibration system that will be described below can be used to determine calibration data for any product employing an X-Y inductive digitising tablet. Typical products include tablet PCs, Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs), mobile telephones etc. Any type of inductive X-Y digitising tablet may be used such as those described in WO 00/33244, U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,878,533, U.S. 5,130,500, U.S. 5,214,427 etc.
As shown in
As shown, the switching circuitry includes a set of row select switches 9 i which are controlled by a respective row select signal received from the calibration computer 6.
The switching circuitry also includes column select switches 11(i,j), one for each coil 7. As shown, the column select switches 11 for the coils 7 in one column are controlled by a respective column select signal (received from the calibration computer 6) and are used to connect the other end of the coils 7 in the same column to ground (0V). As a result, the calibration computer 6 can control which one of the coils 7 receives the drive signal through the appropriate choice of row select and column select signals.
In this embodiment, the column select switches used are MOSFET type switches which are low cost and low power devices. One characteristic of these and similar devices is that they are unipolar and have undesirable behaviour in the presence of reverse bias.
Therefore, in this embodiment, the drive signal includes two components—an AC component for interacting with the X-Y digitiser 1 of the tablet PC 3 and a DC component to ensure that the AC drive component does not reverse bias the column select switches 11. Matched resistors R are also connected in circuit with the coils 7 to ensure that a known current flows when the drive signal is applied to the coil 7.
In this embodiment, the coils 7 are formed from conductor tracks on a printed circuit board for high accuracy, low cost and simplicity. The switching circuitry and the resistors (R) are also mounted on this printed circuit board.
Finally, as shown in
The calibration computer 6 also includes calibration array drive and select circuitry 29 which operates to generate the drive signal and the row and column select signals discussed above. In this embodiment, the calibration array drive and select circuitry 29 is controlled by a calibration data generator 31. In particular, the calibration data generator 31 controls the calibration array drive and select circuitry 29 in order to select and to energise each of the coils 7 of the alignment head 5 in turn.
The calibration data generator 31 also communicates with the tablet PC 3 via the tablet PC interface 21 in order to inform the tablet PC 3 when a coil 7 is about to be energised and in order to receive the corresponding X-Y digitiser position output by the tablet PC 3. The calibration data generator 31 then uses: i) the known position of each of the coils 7 on the alignment head 5 (obtained from the alignment head data 27), ii) the corresponding X-Y position measurement output by the tablet PC 3 for each of the coils 7; and iii) the alignment information defining the alignment between the alignment head 5 and the display 2 of the tablet PC 3 (determined by the display to alignment head referencing circuit 25), to determine calibration data for the X-Y digitiser 1 which it outputs to the tablet PC 3 via the tablet PC interface 21.
Display to Alignment Head Referencing Circuit
As discussed above, the function of the display to alignment head referencing circuit 25 is to determine the approximate alignment between the alignment head 5 and the display 2 of the tablet PC 3. This is achieved through image processing of the images generated by the two cameras 13-1 and 13-2 mounted on the alignment head 5.
Calibration Data Generator
The function of the calibration data generator 31 is to determine the appropriate calibration data for the current tablet PC 3 under test. To do this, the calibration data generator 31 uses the mapping determined by the display to alignment head referencing circuit 25 in order to map the alignment head X-Y position of each coil 7 into the pixel coordinate system of the display 2, thereby identifying the respective pixel adjacent to which each coil 7 is located. In the following description, these pixel positions will be referred to as the “optical” X-Y pixel position for the coil 7.
The calibration data generator 31 then causes each of the coils 7 to be energised in turn and stores the corresponding digitiser X-Y position information received back from the tablet PC 3 in response. In this embodiment, the sensed X-Y position received from the tablet PC 3 is also defined in terms of the pixel coordinate system of the display 2. The calibration data generator 31 can then generate (for the X-Y position corresponding to each coil 7) position error data representing the difference between the optical X-Y pixel position for the coil 7 and the corresponding sensed X-Y pixel position. This error may be defined, for example, either as an offset in the X and Y directions or as a magnitude and direction error. The calibration data generator 31 then uses the position error data generated for all of the coils 7 in the array to generate the above described correction map. This correction map is then downloaded back into a non volatile memory (not shown) of the X-Y digitiser 1 in the tablet PC 3.
This correction map is then used during normal use of the tablet PC 3 in order to correct for the non-linearities of the digitiser 1 and to correct for any misalignment between the X-Y digitiser 1 and the display 2 of the tablet PC 3. In particular, when the X-Y position of a stylus (not shown) is detected above the display 2, the digitiser 1 uses the sensed X-Y position to address the correction map data generated by the calibration generator 31, to determine, for example, appropriate X and Y offset values to be applied to the sensed X and Y position values. Since the calibration data will only be provided for discrete points on the display (corresponding to the positions of the coils 7 in the array of the alignment head 5), the digitiser 1 will have to interpolate the correction values in the correction map for positions between those corresponding to the coils 7.
Various different calibration methods may be used to determine the calibration data for the current tablet PC 3. The particular method used in this embodiment is illustrated in the flow chart shown in
As shown, in step S1, the calibration computer 6 uses the jig (not shown) to place the alignment head 5 over the host (tablet PC 3) display 2. The calibration computer 6 then reads, in step S3, control data for the current host system. This control data will include, among other things, the X-Y pixel positions of the pixels that will be illuminated on the screen which are used to determine the alignment between the alignment head 5 and the display 2. Then, in step S5, the calibration computer 6 determines the position and orientation of the alignment head 5 relative to the display 2 in the manner discussed above.
The processing then proceeds to step S7 where the calibration computer 6 signals to the digitiser 1 that it is about to start the scanning of the coils 7 on the alignment head 5. The processing then proceeds to step S9 where the calibration computer 6 signals to the digitiser 1 that it is about to power the next coil 7 in the array. In step S11, the calibration computer 6 powers the selected coil 7 and then in step S13 the calibration computer 6 captures and stores the X-Y position data output from the X-Y digitiser 1 for that coil 7. The processing then proceeds to step S15 where the calibration computer 6 signals to the digitiser 1 that it has completed processing for that coil 7. In step S17, the calibration computer 6 checks to see if all of the coils 7 in the array have been processed in the above manner. If they have not, then the processing returns to step S9.
Once all of the coils 7 of the array have been processed in the above way, the calibration computer 6 determines, in step S19, the correction map for the current host system. The processing then proceeds to step S21 where the calibration computer 6 programs the digitiser 1 of the current host system with the generated correction map. Finally, the calibration computer generates, in step S23, a report on the digitiser performance. This report can be used, for example, to assess the quality of the assembly procedure used to assemble the host system. Further, by analysing the reports for one or more different host devices, the system can identify problems in the assembly procedure used to assemble the host device, problems with the integration of the digitiser with the host device and possible problems with the build of the digitiser. These reports can also be used to identify and diagnose problems resulting from changes to the design of the host hardware with which the digitiser is integrated. The reports can also be used for quality control purposes, for instance by comparing the calibration data generated for the digitiser with predefined limits and warning if they lie outside those limits. The reports, or some less-detailed information derived from them, may be useful as a certification of the accuracy of the assembled device.
For an array having several thousand coils, this calibration procedure can be completed in a few tens of seconds since mechanical movement of a robot is not required. The limiting factor for speed is now dependent on the number of coils 7 in the array and the speed at which the digitiser 1 can determine a position measurement for each coil 7 when it is energised. This may typically be over 100 samples per second. In some embodiments, electromagnetic background noise may reduce the ability of the digitiser 1 to accurately sample the position of each coil 7 when it is energised. In this case, it may be necessary to cause the digitiser 1 to sense the X-Y position of each coil 7 a number of times and to average the result. Alternatively or in addition, the AC drive current applied to the coil 7 may be increased so that the signal detected by the digitiser 1 is well above those normally sensed by a stylus, so that any noise has less impact.
A calibration system has been described above which uses an array of magnetic field generators (coils 7) to determine a correction map for an X-Y digitiser 1 forming part of a tablet PC 3. The correction map is used by the digitiser 1 to reduce errors caused by any misalignment between the X-Y digitiser 1 and the display 2 of the tablet PC 3. The correction map will also correct for the non-linearities of the X-Y digitiser 1.
Further, since a two dimensional array of magnetic field generators is provided, it is not necessary to use a robotic arm to mechanically move a test stylus over the display. It is therefore possible to determine the calibration data for a host product more rapidly than with the robotic arm type prior art system. This therefore makes it possible to test and to generate calibration data for each host product in a production line.
Further, the accuracy of the calibration system described above depends only on the accuracy with which the conductors of the coils 7 can be placed on the printed circuit board. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, this is much simpler than a robotic arm system, in which achieving accurate calibration requires a complex robotic arm which is expensive to make and troublesome to maintain.
In addition to the above, the alignment head 9 is relatively cheap and quick to manufacture due to the use of conventional printed circuit board techniques and the use of simple transistors and resistors to control the switching of the coils 7.
With the above calibration system, it is possible to eliminate the need for “user calibration” (e.g. as used in Microsoft's V1.0 Windows XP for tablet PC), because the purpose of this user calibration is largely to align (with software correction) the X-Y digitiser and the display pixels.
Alternative Embodiments and Modifications
In the above embodiment, a planar array of coils 7 was provided on the alignment head 5. Each coil 7 was designed to emulate the magnetic field generated by a position indicator, such as a stylus typically used with the type of host devices described above. These styluses usually include a ferrite core and a coil wound around the core. Although the single coils 7 can generate magnetic fields similar to those of the actual stylus, it is preferable, for greater accuracy, to use a larger number of coils (ie 2 or more coils).
As those skilled in the art will appreciate, in an embodiment using the three coil structure shown in
In the above embodiments, the test coils 7, 57 used in the alignment head 5 have had their magnetic axes perpendicular to the display 2 of the host device 3. Alternatively, or in addition, the coils 7, 57 may be tilted so that the calibration computer 6 can capture “tilted pen” data in order to provide improved accuracy with a tilted stylus. This may be achieved, for example, by mounting the alignment head 5 shown in
In an embodiment where calibration data is generated for different tilts, a separate correction map could be generated for each different tilt. In use, the system would then determine the tilt of the stylus and then use the stored correction map for that tilt. Alternatively, the calibration data that is generated could simply be a set of calibration data obtained for different test x,y,z positions and tilts, with the appropriate correction data for a measured x,y,z position and a measured tilt then being determined by interpolating the set of calibration data.
In the above embodiment, current was applied to a selected coil in an array of coils. Two conductors were provided spaced closely together between each row of coils 7 in order to carry this current. These conductors are spaced as close together as possible in order to minimise stray electromagnetic emissions. Where these conductors are provided by wires, these stray emissions may be further suppressed by using twisted wire pairs or by magnetically shielding them as appropriate. Where these conductors are provided as conductors on a PCB, a similar effect to the twisted pair can be achieved by using both sides of the PCB and by crossing the conductors over each other.
In the above embodiment, the calibration computer 6 was arranged to generate a correction map for the tablet PC under test using the position error data obtained from each coil 7 in the array. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, this correction map may take a wide variety of different forms. For instance, it may comprise the position error data itself, to be used by interpolation. Alternatively, it may comprise the coefficients of a multivariate polynomial that transforms measured coordinates (X and Y, and perhaps also Z and tilt) to corrected coordinates. Alternatively still, it may comprise a set of parameters to be used in the process of calculating those measured coordinates. The correction map may also include all of the above. Many other possibilities will be apparent to those skilled in the art.
In the above embodiment, a two dimensional array of air cored coils 7 was used to simulate a position designating device (such as a stylus) that would be used with the tablet PC during normal use. It is also possible to insert magnetic core materials inside the coils 7 or to use pre-wound coils which may, for example, then be soldered on to the printed circuit board. Alternatively, each of the coils 7 in the array may be replaced by a stylus similar to the one that will be used with the host device during normal use. In such an embodiment, connections would have to be made to the magnetic field generator (e.g. resonator) in each stylus to be able to open circuit the magnetic field generator so that each stylus in the array of styluses can be individually selected to cooperate with the X-Y digitiser. Alternatively, where styluses are used that employ resonant circuits, the resonant frequency of each stylus may be different so that the “selection” can be done by the X-Y digitiser 1 selecting the appropriate excitation frequency to transmit for energising the selected stylus. However, such an embodiment is not preferred as it would require the X-Y digitiser to be able to operate over a relatively large range of frequencies to be able to energise and detect all the styluses at the different operating frequencies.
In the above embodiment, the calibration computer 6 determined calibration data for a digitiser 1 under test. In an alternative embodiment, the digitiser 1 or the host device 3 may be arranged to carry out the calibration function itself. In this case, the calibration computer 6 would form part of the digitiser 1 or host device 3, although the image processing circuits used to determine the alignment between the alignment head 5 and the display 2 would probably be provided by some external processing device in order to minimise the complexity of the digitiser 1 or host device 3. The digitiser 1 or the host device 3 can then determine the above described “optical” X-Y position of each of the coils 7 which it can then compare with the corresponding sensed X-Y position when that coil 7 is energised. In such an embodiment, the energising of the coils 7 may be controlled either by the X-Y digitiser 1 or the host device 3 or by the external processing device.
In the above embodiment, the calibration computer 6 determined calibration data when the alignment head 5 was at a fixed height above the display 2. Alternatively, the calibration computer 6 may be arranged to vary the height of the alignment head 5 above the display 2 and to capture calibration data for the system at more than one height. In such an embodiment, mechanical movement of the alignment head 5 can be avoided by employing further alignment head PCB's at different heights above the display 2 or by applying different weighted drive signals to simulate a stylus at a different heights.
In the embodiment described above, the calibration procedure included the transmission of hand shaking and status signals between the calibration computer 6 and the digitiser 1. In some circumstances, it may be possible to simplify this scheme. For example, the calibration computer 6 may simply switch current from coil to coil with appropriate timing, and the X-Y digitiser would then parse the data accordingly, using an algorithm to spot when the different coils 7 are switched.
In the above embodiment, the coils 7 were arranged on the alignment head 5 in two dimensions across the area of interest. It is convenient to arrange these coils in an X-Y grid pattern as illustrated in
In the above embodiments, the coils 7 in the array were individually addressed using column select and row select signals with appropriate switches. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, it is not essential to use such row select and column select signals and switches. Instead, dedicated signal lines may be provided to each coil 7 in the array. However, as those skilled in the art will appreciate, such an embodiment is not preferred in view of the number of signal lines required for a given array.
As discussed above, the calibration system described in the main embodiment can be used for any type of inductive X-Y digitiser. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, there are generally two types of inductive X-Y digitiser systems—those employing a passive type position indicator (e.g. a resonant stylus) and those employing an active type position indicator (e.g. a powered stylus). With the passive type position indicator, the digitiser must energise the position indicator and then receive the magnetic field transmitted back from the position indicator. For these types of systems, the calibration computer 6 preferably synchronises the driving of the selected coil 7 with the digitiser 1. This can be achieved, for example, by using the digitiser 1 to directly generate the AC drive signal which is supplied to the selected coil 7 via the calibration computer 6 (or via some other device) through an appropriate electrical or inductive connection between the digitiser 1 and the calibration computer 6. Alternatively, the calibration computer 6 may detect the digitiser's standard interrogation signal and then synthesise an appropriately timed AC reference signal in response. For active type position indicator systems, for example one where the position indicator emits a continuous AC field whose frequency depends on its status (such as the pressure applied to the tip), a continuous sine wave may be appropriate for the AC component of the drive signal. In this case, there is no need for synchronisation between the calibration computer 6 and the digitiser 1.
In the above embodiment, the calibration computer 6 included a tablet PC interface 21 for interfacing with the tablet PC 3. This allowed the calibration computer 6 to be able to communicate with the digitiser 1 of the tablet PC 3. This interface may be implemented using a direct electrical connection. Alternatively, this interface 21 may be implemented inductively using the coils 7 on the alignment head 5 and coils (not shown) of the digitiser 1. For example, it is possible for the calibration computer 6 to send data to the digitiser 1 by modulating the AC component of the drive signal applied to the selected coil 7 and/or by varying the coil that is powered, in what pattern and with what timing. The modulation of the AC drive component may be achieved using frequency, amplitude or phase modulation as will be apparent to those skilled in the art of communications. Where a digitiser is used which transmits an interrogation signal for energising or for communicating with the stylus, a reverse communications link can be implemented by modulating the stylus interrogation signal. For example, the rate, frequency, amplitude or phase of this interrogation signal can be varied in order to transmit data back from the digitiser 1 to the calibration computer 6. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, the above techniques add little complexity to the existing digitiser hardware and do not require a separate dedicated interface on the tablet PC that is used solely for calibration purposes.
As those skilled in the art will appreciate, in the above embodiment, there is a minimum practical spacing between the coils 7 on the alignment head 5, thereby limiting the ability of the system to generate a correction map describing errors that change rapidly with position. This problem may be overcome by attaching the array of coils 7 to a precise X-Y actuator which can move the array of coils 7 in the X and Y directions. In this case, the actuator need only have a small travel (less than the coil repeat distance) so that its speed and complexity are much smaller issues than for a robot covering the whole area of interest. Where such an actuator is used, it could also be used to align the array of coils 7 with the display pixels, thereby simplifying other aspects of the calibration process.
In the above embodiment, the calibration computer was arranged to determine calibration data for each host device that is assembled in a production line. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, it is not essential to generate the calibration data for each host product. For example, calibration data may be generated for a selection of test host devices, with the resulting calibration data then being processed (analysed) to generate representative calibration data that will be stored in all non-test host devices. The representative calibration data may represent the average of the calibration data that is generated for the test host devices or it may represent some more statistically meaningful representation. For example, if one of the test host devices generates calibration data which is significantly different from the calibration data generated for the other host devices, then that calibration data may simply be ignored and not used to generate the representative calibration data.
In the above embodiment, the alignment head 5 included two cameras 13 which were used to determine the relative position and orientation of the alignment head 5 and the display 2 of the host device. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, it is not essential to provide such cameras 13 on the alignment head 5. Other techniques can be used to determine the alignment between the alignment head 5 and the display 2. For example, the alignment head 5 may include a bracket which is designed to fix on to the display 2 or on to the housing of the host device in a rigid manner. In such an embodiment the alignment between the alignment head 5 and the display 2 will be known in advance and will depend upon the design of the bracket. In such an embodiment, since the mapping between the alignment head 5 and the display 2 will be known in advance, it is possible to store the X-Y positions of the magnetic field generators in terms of the pixel coordinate system rather than in terms of the alignment head coordinate system. However, such an embodiment is not preferred as it complicates the design of the alignment head 5 and the bracket may cause damage to the host device during testing. Alternatively, some other mechanical mechanism may be provided to locate the alignment head and the host device in predetermined relative positions.
Alternatively still, some other type of sensor may be provided on the alignment head 5 which can sense features of the host device. For example, an LVDT sensor may be provided on the alignment head which is designed to sense the position of a feature on the host device. However, cameras are preferred because of their sensing resolution and availability.
In the above embodiment, two cameras were used to determine the relative position and orientation of the alignment head 5 and the display 2 of the host device. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, it is not essential to use two cameras. Any number of cameras could be used. For example, the alignment head may only include a single camera, in which case, the image processing would have to identify the relative position of at least two features on the host device from the single image of the camera. For example, if two pixels are illuminated within the field of view of the single camera, a determination of the relative positions of those pixels within the field of view can be used to determine the mapping between the coordinate system of the alignment head 5 and the coordinate system of the display 2. Alternatively still, if the resolution of the camera is high enough the image processing can also determine the relative orientation between the alignment head 5 and the display 2 from the orientation of the pixel grid in the field of view.
In the above embodiment, the calibration data generator 31 converted the known X-Y positions of each of the magnetic field generators into the corresponding pixel positions on the display 2. The X-Y digitiser 1 was also arranged to output the sensed position in terms of the corresponding pixel position. However, as those skilled in the art will appreciate, the X-Y digitiser can usually sense position at a resolution that is greater than the resolution of the pixels. Therefore, provided the camera 13 on the alignment head 5 also has a resolution greater than the resolution of the pixels, the mapping between the known X-Y positions of the magnetic field generators and the optical X-Y positions can also be made at a higher resolution, thereby allowing the calculation of more accurate calibration data.
In the above embodiment, the calibration data that was stored (the correction map) was for use in correcting the position (and tilt) determined by the digitiser. However, as those skilled in the art will appreciate, the calibration data that is generated may be for use at any stage before, during or after the position measurement calculations that are made by the digitiser. For example, the correction map may determine scaling factors to be applied to the signal levels returned from the digitiser's hardware, or parameters in some formula used in the middle of the position calculations. In some cases, a rough position may be needed before the correction can be applied. This may be obtained by a preliminary calculation or from a previously calculated position.
In the above embodiments, it was assumed that the digitiser calculated position measurements when each of the magnetic field generators was energised. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, some or all of those calculations may be carried out by the host device. Equivalently, the host system's processing resources may from time to time be considered as part of the digitiser.
In the above embodiment, the drive circuitry used to generate the appropriate drive signal for application to the selected magnetic field generator was provided in the calibration computer 6. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, this drive circuitry may be provided on the alignment head 5, with appropriate control signals for controlling the drive circuitry being provided by the calibration computer 6. Preferably, such drive circuitry would be mounted on the same printed circuit board as the magnetic field generators and the switching circuitry used to select each magnetic field generator in turn.
In the above embodiment, the calibration system was used to calibrate a host device having a display and a digitiser located under the display. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, it is not essential for the host device to have such a display. For example, the host device may be an X-Y digitiser tablet.
Further, where a display is provided, the digitiser may be provided over the display provided its sensor coils are made of a transparent material. Still other arrangements are possible: for example, part of the digitiser may lie above the display and part below.
In the above embodiments, only one magnetic field generator was energised at any one time. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, with some digitiser designs it is possible to obtain usable data for more than one position indicator at once. For such digitisers, it may be appropriate to enable multiple magnetic field generators at the same time, thus obtaining a larger amount of calibration data at each measurement.
In the above embodiment, the operation of the calibration computer was described in terms of hardware circuits. As those skilled in the art will appreciate, these circuits can be provided by dedicated circuits or by programmable circuits that are programmed by suitable software. This software can be loaded into the calibration computer via a CD ROM or the like or it may be downloaded as a signal over a computer network.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2145742||Sep 14, 1936||Jan 31, 1939||Gen Electric||Band filtering device with variable band breadth|
|US2867783||Dec 29, 1953||Jan 6, 1959||Edward G Martin||Measuring device|
|US2942212||Jan 29, 1957||Jun 21, 1960||British Thomson Houston Co Ltd||Position sensing devices|
|US3219956||Sep 22, 1961||Nov 23, 1965||Sperry Rand Corp Ford Instr Co||Brushless rotary inductive devices|
|US3297940||Jun 1, 1962||Jan 10, 1967||Internat Instr Inc||Means for reproducing a pattern as a d. c. output|
|US3482242||May 25, 1966||Dec 2, 1969||Computing Devices Canada||Synchro to digital converter using storage capacitors and sampling circuits|
|US3647963||Mar 10, 1969||Mar 7, 1972||Bendix Corp||Automatic coordinate determining device|
|US3772587||Mar 15, 1972||Nov 13, 1973||Inductosyn Corp||Position measuring transformer|
|US3812481||Nov 27, 1972||May 21, 1974||Bosch Gmbh Robert||Non-contacting electrical rotary position and rotation transducer|
|US3851242||Jun 27, 1972||Nov 26, 1974||Ellis J||Frequency-modulated eddy-current proximity gage|
|US3873770||Mar 21, 1974||Mar 25, 1975||Bendix Corp||Digital position measurement system with stylus tilt error compensation|
|US3895356||Oct 10, 1973||Jul 15, 1975||Kraus Instr Inc||Automatic digital height gauge|
|US3898635||Dec 20, 1973||Aug 5, 1975||Ibm||Position measuring transformer|
|US3906436||Feb 6, 1974||Sep 16, 1975||Sumitomo Electric Industries||Detection system for the location of moving objects|
|US3962663||Apr 5, 1974||Jun 8, 1976||U.S. Philips Corporation||Inductive position determining device|
|US4005396||Nov 18, 1974||Jan 25, 1977||Hitachi, Ltd.||Digital displacement sensor with zigzag coils|
|US4014015||May 5, 1975||Mar 22, 1977||Devtron Corporation||Absolute digital position measurement system|
|US4065850||Aug 13, 1975||Jan 3, 1978||Kollmorgen Technologies Corporation||Method of making multi-wire electrical interconnecting member having a multi-wire matrix of insulated wires mechanically terminated thereon|
|US4081603||Mar 7, 1977||Mar 28, 1978||Summagraphics Corporation||Position coordinate determination device|
|US4092852||Mar 21, 1977||Jun 6, 1978||Hughes Microelectronics Limited||Multiplexed transducer|
|US4094572||Jan 24, 1977||Jun 13, 1978||Kollmorgen Technologies, Inc.||Multi-wire electrical interconnecting member having a multi-wire matrix of insulated wires mechanically terminated thereon|
|US4097684||Oct 8, 1974||Jun 27, 1978||Kollmorgen Technologies Inc.||Electric wiring assemblies|
|US4150352||Apr 14, 1977||Apr 17, 1979||Ing. C. Olivetti & C., S.P.A.||Precision transducer for position measurements|
|US4156192||Aug 11, 1977||May 22, 1979||Moskovskoe Nauchno-Proizvodstvennoe Obiedinenie Po Stroitelstvu I Dorozhnomu Mashinostroeniju||Inductive displacement transducer using plural magnetic screens rotatable about different axis to modify an inductance proportional to the displacement|
|US4210775||Jul 3, 1978||Jul 1, 1980||Talos Systems, Inc.||Method and apparatus for digitizing the location of an instrument relative to a grid|
|US4223300||Feb 16, 1978||Sep 16, 1980||Aga Aktiebolag||Electro mechanical position indicator using relatively moveable coils|
|US4255617||Aug 27, 1979||Mar 10, 1981||Hewlett-Packard Company||Travelling wave digitizer|
|US4341385||Jan 24, 1980||Jul 27, 1982||Doyle Holly Thomis||Electronic board game apparatus|
|US4358723||Aug 29, 1980||Nov 9, 1982||Scholl Jule A||Method and apparatus for measuring the rotation of a work table|
|US4387509||Aug 17, 1981||Jun 14, 1983||Amp Incorporated||Method of manufacturing an electrical interconnection assembly|
|US4423286||Jul 21, 1982||Dec 27, 1983||Talos Systems, Inc.||Apparatus and method for determining the position of a driven coil within a grid of spaced conductors|
|US4425511||Feb 9, 1981||Jan 10, 1984||Amnon Brosh||Planar coil apparatus employing a stationary and a movable board|
|US4482784||Feb 1, 1982||Nov 13, 1984||Summagraphics Corporation||Position determination device|
|US4504832||Feb 28, 1980||Mar 12, 1985||Selca S.P.A.||Absolute precision transducer for linear or angular position measurements|
|US4507638||Dec 10, 1981||Mar 26, 1985||Amnon Brosh||Rotary position sensors employing planar coils|
|US4514688 *||Jun 23, 1980||Apr 30, 1985||Summagraphics Corporation||Digital tablet system with calibration means|
|US4532376||Jul 29, 1983||Jul 30, 1985||Sanders Associates, Inc.||Electronic pen with switching mechanism for selectively providing tactile or non-tactile feel|
|US4577057||Mar 2, 1984||Mar 18, 1986||Pencept, Inc.||Digitizing tablet system having stylus tilt correction|
|US4577058||Apr 16, 1984||Mar 18, 1986||Collins Robert J||Current-ratio digitizers|
|US4593245||Dec 12, 1983||Jun 3, 1986||General Electric Company||Eddy current method for detecting a flaw in semi-conductive material|
|US4609776||Jan 7, 1985||Sep 2, 1986||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Coordinate input device with display|
|US4642321||Jul 19, 1985||Feb 10, 1987||Kollmorgen Technologies Corporation||Heat activatable adhesive for wire scribed circuits|
|US4672154||Apr 3, 1985||Jun 9, 1987||Kurta Corporation||Low power, high resolution digitizing system with cordless pen/mouse|
|US4686501||Oct 11, 1984||Aug 11, 1987||Equipements Automobiles Marchal||Electromagnetic actuator comprising at least two distinct magnetic circuits|
|US4693778||Jul 19, 1985||Sep 15, 1987||Kollmorgen Technologies Corporation||Apparatus for making scribed circuit boards and circuit board modifications|
|US4697050||Jul 8, 1986||Sep 29, 1987||Alain Farel||Device for digitalizing graphical data|
|US4697144||Apr 10, 1985||Sep 29, 1987||Verify Electronics Limited||Position sensing apparatus|
|US4697244||Jan 22, 1985||Sep 29, 1987||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Coordinate input device with display and printer|
|US4704501||Dec 26, 1985||Nov 3, 1987||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Position detecting device|
|US4709209||May 14, 1986||Nov 24, 1987||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Magnetostrictive vibration wave position detecting apparatus with variable threshold detecting valves|
|US4711026||Jul 19, 1985||Dec 8, 1987||Kollmorgen Technologies Corporation||Method of making wires scribed circuit boards|
|US4711977||Jan 9, 1987||Dec 8, 1987||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Electronic blackboard apparatus|
|US4723446||Mar 28, 1986||Feb 9, 1988||Kanto Seiki Co., Ltd.||Device for measuring displacement|
|US4734546||Mar 16, 1987||Mar 29, 1988||Calcomp, Inc.||Digitizer system with loopback conductor grid|
|US4737698||Oct 18, 1985||Apr 12, 1988||Kollmorgan Technologies Corporation||Position and speed sensors|
|US4748295||Jan 23, 1987||May 31, 1988||Kurta Corporation||Four button cursor and method for digitizing tablet|
|US4752655||Nov 14, 1985||Jun 21, 1988||Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Corporation||Coordinate input device|
|US4786765||Jul 23, 1987||Nov 22, 1988||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Coordinates input system|
|US4820961||Apr 29, 1988||Apr 11, 1989||Kollmorgen Corporation||Linear motion screened inductance sensors|
|US4821002||Apr 7, 1988||Apr 11, 1989||Luly Robert A||Ku band polarizer|
|US4848496||Jun 14, 1988||Jul 18, 1989||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Coordinates input apparatus|
|US4868443||Apr 15, 1988||Sep 19, 1989||Lothar Rossi||Tachogenerator for electric machines|
|US4878553||Sep 14, 1987||Nov 7, 1989||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Position detecting apparatus|
|US4891590||Jun 8, 1988||Jan 2, 1990||Unico, Inc.||Linear resolver utilizing plural nulled coil sets|
|US4893077||Mar 31, 1988||Jan 9, 1990||Auchterlonie Richard C||Absolute position sensor having multi-layer windings of different pitches providing respective indications of phase proportional to displacement|
|US4902858||Nov 10, 1988||Feb 20, 1990||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Coordinates input apparatus|
|US4963703||Jul 18, 1989||Oct 16, 1990||Numonics Corporation||Coordinate determining device using spatial filters|
|US4975546||Sep 5, 1989||Dec 4, 1990||Craig Timothy R||Rotation and displacement sensing apparatus|
|US4985691||Oct 11, 1988||Jan 15, 1991||University Of Pittsburgh||Contactless motion sensor|
|US4988837||Apr 30, 1990||Jan 29, 1991||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Position detecting device|
|US4999461||May 19, 1989||Mar 12, 1991||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Coordinates input apparatus|
|US5004872||Nov 14, 1989||Apr 2, 1991||Summagraphics Corporation||Digitizer tablet with pressure stylus|
|US5013047||Mar 12, 1987||May 7, 1991||Dr. Schwab Gesellschaft fur Technologieberatung mbH||Apparatus for determining the identity and position of game objects|
|US5023408||Jun 13, 1989||Jun 11, 1991||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Electronic blackboard and accessories such as writing tools|
|US5028745||Sep 28, 1989||Jul 2, 1991||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Position detecting apparatus|
|US5041785||Mar 28, 1990||Aug 20, 1991||U.S. Philips Corporation||Device for measuring a relative displacement of two objects, including a magnetic scale and two mutually perpendicular magnetic sensors which produce two independent phase displaced signals|
|US5045645||May 22, 1990||Sep 3, 1991||Calcomp Inc.||Digitizer system with passive pointer|
|US5059180||Nov 21, 1989||Oct 22, 1991||Mclees Donald J||Automatic needle tip guard|
|US5066833||Nov 13, 1990||Nov 19, 1991||Summagraphics Corporation||Low power sensing apparatus for digitizer tablets|
|US5082286||Sep 6, 1990||Jan 21, 1992||Saitek Limited||Sensory games|
|US5088928||Mar 16, 1990||Feb 18, 1992||Chan James K||Educational/board game apparatus|
|US5122623||Mar 8, 1991||Jun 16, 1992||Gazelle Graphic Systems Inc.||Electromagnetic position transducer having active transmitting stylus|
|US5129654||Jan 3, 1991||Jul 14, 1992||Brehn Corporation||Electronic game apparatus|
|US5134689||Aug 24, 1988||Jul 28, 1992||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Coordinate input system and input implement used in the system|
|US5136125||May 6, 1991||Aug 4, 1992||International Business Machines Corporation||Sensor grid for an electromagnetic digitizer tablet|
|US5177389||Dec 18, 1990||Jan 5, 1993||Deutsche Thomson-Brandt Gmbh||Tacho generator|
|US5188368||Oct 25, 1990||Feb 23, 1993||Saitek Limited||Electronic game apparatus|
|US5206785||Aug 6, 1991||Apr 27, 1993||Wacom Co., Ltd.||Variable capacitor and position indicator employing variable capacitor|
|US5218174||Oct 1, 1991||Jun 8, 1993||Kurta Corporation||Low power cordless magnetic field digitizer with differential grid sensing and synchronous position demodulation|
|US5225637||Oct 1, 1991||Jul 6, 1993||Kurta Corporation||Position resolving system|
|US5239489||May 6, 1991||Aug 24, 1993||International Business Machines Corporation||Pen position and tilt estimators for a digitizer tablet|
|US5245336||Jul 5, 1991||Sep 14, 1993||Wintime Technology Inc.||Digitizer with overlapped loop pattern and peak phase recognizer|
|US5247137||Oct 25, 1991||Sep 21, 1993||Mark Epperson||Autonomous computer input device and marking instrument|
|US5247138||Nov 8, 1991||Sep 21, 1993||Calcomp Inc.||Cordless digitizer stylus status encoding and transmission scheme|
|US5274198||Dec 26, 1991||Dec 28, 1993||Cal Comp Inc.||Printed conductive ink electrostatic shield for electromagnetic digitizers|
|US5342136||May 17, 1993||Aug 30, 1994||Kabushiki Kaisha Allco||Writing instrument with exchangeable ink refill|
|US5349139||Oct 30, 1992||Sep 20, 1994||International Business Machines||Architecture for communication of remote devices to a digitizing display|
|US5357062||Jan 28, 1993||Oct 18, 1994||Calcomp Inc.||Pressure sensing apparatus for digitizer pen tip|
|US5369227||Jul 22, 1992||Nov 29, 1994||Summagraphics Corporation||Stylus switch status determination in a digitizer tablet having a cordless stylus|
|US5381091||Dec 30, 1992||Jan 10, 1995||Techno Excel Kabushiki Kaisha||Sensor having mutually perpendicular sections using zigzag coils for detecting displacement|
|US6727896 *||Aug 1, 2001||Apr 27, 2004||Microsoft Corporation||Correction of alignment and linearity errors in a stylus input system|
|JPH02275314A||Title not available|
|JPS60165512A||Title not available|
|JPS60189231A||Title not available|
|1||"Physics 2CL Lab Manual" Online! 1999, XP002327778, Retrieved from the Internet: URL:http://hep.ucsd.edu/dbmacf/1998-1999/2cl/manual/experiment3.pdf, Retrieved on May 11, 2005, pp. 51-61.|
|2||British Examination Report for British Patent Application No. GB0422091.9 dated Jun. 1, 2005.|
|3||Electronics Letters, vol. 11, No. 1, Jan. 9, 1975, pp. 5-6, Gordon, "Digital xy Position Indicator Using Walsh Functions".|
|4||International Search Report for International Patent Application No. PCT/GB02/02387 dated Jan. 8, 2004.|
|5||International Search Report for International Patent Application No. PCT/GB02/05247 dated May 23, 2005.|
|6||Klatt, "Phase of Digital Data Fixes Shaft Angle", Electrical Design News, vol. 16, No. 12, Jun. 15, 1971, pp. 53-56. XP002045871.|
|7||McDonnel, "The Use of Inductosyn to Digital Converters in Linear Control Systems", AUTOMATION, vol. 10, No. 11-12, Nov. 1975-Dec. 1975, pp. 31-32.|
|8||Patent Abstracts of Japan, vol. 010, No. 009, (P-420), Jan. 14, 1986 & JP 60 165512 A (Toshiba KK), Aug. 28, 1985.|
|9||Patent Abstracts of Japan, vol. 10, No. 32 (E-379), Feb. 7, 1986 & JP 60 189231 A (Matsushita Denki Sangyo KK), Sep. 26, 1985.|
|10||Patent Abstracts of Japan, vol. 15, No. 37, (P-1159), Jan. 29, 1991 & JP 02 275314 A (Omron Tateisi Electron Co), Nov. 9, 1990.|
|11||Pulle et al., "A New Magnetoresistive Based Sensor for Switched Reluctance Drives", Proceedings of the Annual Power Electronics Specialists Conference (PECS), Toledo, Jun. 29-Jul. 3, 1992, vol. 2, No. Conf, 23. Jun. 29, 1992. pp. 839-843, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.|
|12||Search Report for PCT Application No. PCT/GB 03/02432 (published as WO 2003/105072 A3) dated May 11, 2004.|
|13||Search Report for PCT Application No. PCT/GB 99/03989 (published as WO 00/33244 A3) dated Aug. 23, 2000.|
|14||Search Report for UK Application No. GB0416614.6 dated Oct. 22, 2004.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7254506 *||Jul 4, 2003||Aug 7, 2007||Renishaw, Plc||Method of calibrating a scanning system|
|US7590902 *||Sep 12, 2006||Sep 15, 2009||Virage Logic Corporation||Methods and apparatuses for external delay test of input-output circuits|
|US7721609||Mar 31, 2006||May 25, 2010||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Method and apparatus for sensing the force with which a button is pressed|
|US7737724||Dec 27, 2007||Jun 15, 2010||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Universal digital block interconnection and channel routing|
|US7761845||Sep 9, 2002||Jul 20, 2010||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Method for parameterizing a user module|
|US7765095||Nov 1, 2001||Jul 27, 2010||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Conditional branching in an in-circuit emulation system|
|US7770113||Nov 19, 2001||Aug 3, 2010||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||System and method for dynamically generating a configuration datasheet|
|US7774190||Nov 19, 2001||Aug 10, 2010||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Sleep and stall in an in-circuit emulation system|
|US7779319||Sep 12, 2006||Aug 17, 2010||Virage Logic Corporation||Input-output device testing including delay tests|
|US7825688||Apr 30, 2007||Nov 2, 2010||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Programmable microcontroller architecture(mixed analog/digital)|
|US7844437||Nov 19, 2001||Nov 30, 2010||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||System and method for performing next placements and pruning of disallowed placements for programming an integrated circuit|
|US7856581||Sep 12, 2006||Dec 21, 2010||Synopsys, Inc.||Methods and apparatuses for external test methodology and initialization of input-output circuits|
|US7893724||Nov 13, 2007||Feb 22, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Method and circuit for rapid alignment of signals|
|US8022317||Sep 1, 2010||Sep 20, 2011||Synaptics (Uk) Limited||Digitizer system|
|US8026739||Dec 27, 2007||Sep 27, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||System level interconnect with programmable switching|
|US8032805||Sep 12, 2006||Oct 4, 2011||Synopsys, Inc.||Input-output device testing including voltage tests|
|US8032806||Sep 12, 2006||Oct 4, 2011||Synopsys, Inc.||Input-output device testing including initializing and leakage testing input-output devices|
|US8040266||Mar 31, 2008||Oct 18, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Programmable sigma-delta analog-to-digital converter|
|US8040321||Jul 10, 2006||Oct 18, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Touch-sensor with shared capacitive sensors|
|US8049569||Sep 5, 2007||Nov 1, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Circuit and method for improving the accuracy of a crystal-less oscillator having dual-frequency modes|
|US8058937||Jan 30, 2007||Nov 15, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Setting a discharge rate and a charge rate of a relaxation oscillator circuit|
|US8067948||Feb 21, 2007||Nov 29, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Input/output multiplexer bus|
|US8069405||Nov 19, 2001||Nov 29, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||User interface for efficiently browsing an electronic document using data-driven tabs|
|US8069428||Jun 12, 2007||Nov 29, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Techniques for generating microcontroller configuration information|
|US8069436||Aug 10, 2005||Nov 29, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Providing hardware independence to automate code generation of processing device firmware|
|US8078894||Mar 27, 2008||Dec 13, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Power management architecture, method and configuration system|
|US8078970||Nov 9, 2001||Dec 13, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Graphical user interface with user-selectable list-box|
|US8085067||Dec 21, 2006||Dec 27, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Differential-to-single ended signal converter circuit and method|
|US8085100||Feb 19, 2008||Dec 27, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Poly-phase frequency synthesis oscillator|
|US8086417||Jul 3, 2008||Dec 27, 2011||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Normalizing capacitive sensor array signals|
|US8089288||Nov 16, 2006||Jan 3, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Charge accumulation capacitance sensor with linear transfer characteristic|
|US8089461||Jun 23, 2005||Jan 3, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Touch wake for electronic devices|
|US8089472||May 26, 2006||Jan 3, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Bidirectional slider with delete function|
|US8092083||Oct 1, 2007||Jan 10, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Temperature sensor with digital bandgap|
|US8103496||Nov 1, 2001||Jan 24, 2012||Cypress Semicondutor Corporation||Breakpoint control in an in-circuit emulation system|
|US8103497||Mar 28, 2002||Jan 24, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||External interface for event architecture|
|US8120408||Jul 14, 2008||Feb 21, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Voltage controlled oscillator delay cell and method|
|US8130025||Apr 17, 2008||Mar 6, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Numerical band gap|
|US8144126||May 7, 2007||Mar 27, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Reducing sleep current in a capacitance sensing system|
|US8149048||Aug 29, 2001||Apr 3, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Apparatus and method for programmable power management in a programmable analog circuit block|
|US8160864||Nov 1, 2001||Apr 17, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||In-circuit emulator and pod synchronized boot|
|US8176296||Oct 22, 2001||May 8, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Programmable microcontroller architecture|
|US8225156||Nov 24, 2010||Jul 17, 2012||Synopsys, Inc.||Methods and apparatuses for external voltage test methodology of input-output circuits|
|US8286125||Aug 10, 2005||Oct 9, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Model for a hardware device-independent method of defining embedded firmware for programmable systems|
|US8315832||Jun 8, 2011||Nov 20, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Normalizing capacitive sensor array signals|
|US8321174||Sep 26, 2008||Nov 27, 2012||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||System and method to measure capacitance of capacitive sensor array|
|US8358142||Feb 27, 2009||Jan 22, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Methods and circuits for measuring mutual and self capacitance|
|US8358150||Oct 11, 2010||Jan 22, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Programmable microcontroller architecture(mixed analog/digital)|
|US8370791||Jun 3, 2008||Feb 5, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||System and method for performing next placements and pruning of disallowed placements for programming an integrated circuit|
|US8402313||Nov 20, 2007||Mar 19, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Reconfigurable testing system and method|
|US8476928||Aug 3, 2011||Jul 2, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||System level interconnect with programmable switching|
|US8487639||Nov 23, 2009||Jul 16, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Receive demodulator for capacitive sensing|
|US8493351||Mar 14, 2011||Jul 23, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Apparatus and method for reducing average scan rate to detect a conductive object on a sensing device|
|US8525798||Feb 29, 2008||Sep 3, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Touch sensing|
|US8533677||Sep 27, 2002||Sep 10, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Graphical user interface for dynamically reconfiguring a programmable device|
|US8536902||Nov 21, 2011||Sep 17, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Capacitance to frequency converter|
|US8537121||May 26, 2006||Sep 17, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Multi-function slider in touchpad|
|US8555032||Jun 27, 2011||Oct 8, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Microcontroller programmable system on a chip with programmable interconnect|
|US8570052||Oct 31, 2012||Oct 29, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Methods and circuits for measuring mutual and self capacitance|
|US8570053||Feb 23, 2009||Oct 29, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Capacitive field sensor with sigma-delta modulator|
|US8575947||Jan 11, 2013||Nov 5, 2013||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Receive demodulator for capacitive sensing|
|US8635043||Jun 29, 2010||Jan 21, 2014||SeeScan, Inc.||Locator and transmitter calibration system|
|US8692563||Dec 19, 2012||Apr 8, 2014||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Methods and circuits for measuring mutual and self capacitance|
|US8692777 *||Sep 25, 2008||Apr 8, 2014||Apple Inc.||Method for rapidly testing capacitance sensing array fault conditions using a floating conductor|
|US8723509 *||May 21, 2013||May 13, 2014||Brown University||Electromagnetic position and orientation sensing system|
|US8736303||Dec 16, 2011||May 27, 2014||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||PSOC architecture|
|US8866500||Jul 22, 2009||Oct 21, 2014||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Multi-functional capacitance sensing circuit with a current conveyor|
|US8976124||Mar 16, 2011||Mar 10, 2015||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Reducing sleep current in a capacitance sensing system|
|US9104273||Mar 2, 2009||Aug 11, 2015||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Multi-touch sensing method|
|US9152284||Jul 23, 2013||Oct 6, 2015||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Apparatus and method for reducing average scan rate to detect a conductive object on a sensing device|
|US9154160||Mar 16, 2011||Oct 6, 2015||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Capacitance to code converter with sigma-delta modulator|
|US9166621||Jun 13, 2013||Oct 20, 2015||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Capacitance to code converter with sigma-delta modulator|
|US9268441||Sep 30, 2011||Feb 23, 2016||Parade Technologies, Ltd.||Active integrator for a capacitive sense array|
|US9286254||Aug 13, 2013||Mar 15, 2016||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Microcontroller programmable system on a chip with programmable interconnect|
|US9411066||Jan 23, 2012||Aug 9, 2016||SeeScan, Inc.||Sondes and methods for use with buried line locator systems|
|US9417728||May 12, 2014||Aug 16, 2016||Parade Technologies, Ltd.||Predictive touch surface scanning|
|US9423427||Mar 10, 2014||Aug 23, 2016||Parade Technologies, Ltd.||Methods and circuits for measuring mutual and self capacitance|
|US9442146||Oct 14, 2014||Sep 13, 2016||Parade Technologies, Ltd.||Multi-mode capacitive sensing device and method with current conveyor|
|US9448964||Apr 22, 2010||Sep 20, 2016||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Autonomous control in a programmable system|
|US9494628||Sep 25, 2013||Nov 15, 2016||Parade Technologies, Ltd.||Methods and circuits for measuring mutual and self capacitance|
|US9564902||Dec 31, 2007||Feb 7, 2017||Cypress Semiconductor Corporation||Dynamically configurable and re-configurable data path|
|US20050213108 *||Jul 4, 2003||Sep 29, 2005||Renishaw Plc||Method of calibrating a scanning system|
|US20090250268 *||Sep 25, 2008||Oct 8, 2009||Staton Kenneth L||Method for rapidly testing capacitance sensing array fault conditions|
|USRE46317||Feb 3, 2014||Feb 21, 2017||Monterey Research, Llc||Normalizing capacitive sensor array signals|
|U.S. Classification||702/104, 702/95, 702/150|
|International Classification||G06F19/00, G06F3/033, G06F3/046, G01C19/00|
|Jul 23, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SYNAPTICS (UK) LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ELY, DAVID;MCCAUGHAN, GARETH;REEL/FRAME:015614/0851
Effective date: 20040719
|Mar 24, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 8, 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|May 8, 2014||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
Year of fee payment: 7