|Publication number||US7137711 B1|
|Application number||US 10/203,735|
|Publication date||Nov 21, 2006|
|Filing date||Mar 21, 2000|
|Priority date||Mar 21, 2000|
|Publication number||10203735, 203735, PCT/2000/7538, PCT/US/0/007538, PCT/US/0/07538, PCT/US/2000/007538, PCT/US/2000/07538, PCT/US0/007538, PCT/US0/07538, PCT/US0007538, PCT/US007538, PCT/US2000/007538, PCT/US2000/07538, PCT/US2000007538, PCT/US200007538, US 7137711 B1, US 7137711B1, US-B1-7137711, US7137711 B1, US7137711B1|
|Original Assignee||Leonard Reiffel|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (93), Referenced by (3), Classifications (9), Legal Events (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention uses retro-reflected light having a fixed component and a variable component varied by a person, from a retro reflector connected to a person to input data to an information system and does this for each of several persons in the same time interval.
Limits of data input via retro-reflected light—for example by Honey in U.S. Pat. No. 5,912,700 and by Stuart in U.S. Pat. No. 4,998,441—are surmounted by the discovery shown here.
Light retro-reflected by a retro reflector connected to a person has a fixed component and a variable component and is detected by an imager which inputs data to an information system.
Other forms and objects of the invention will be comprehended in the drawings and description, which will make further equivalent forms and objects obvious hereafter to persons skilled in the art.
The data input apparatus is used with an information system indicated by the display device 13 in FIG. 1. The data input apparatus comprises an imager indicated by a lens 11, a light source indicated by a ring light 12, and a retro reflector indicated by a retro-reflecting disc 31 on a hand portion of a person.
Though the retro reflector is on the person in the example of
Throughout use for data input, the retro reflector remains connected to the person. This is distinct from the case where retro-reflecting material is attached to an object—such as a thrown ball—which moves independently of the person.
Ideal retro-reflecting objects retro-reflect all incident light back coaxially along the path of the incident light. Thus, an imager adjacent to the light source will detect retro-reflected light—which is light from the light source retro-reflected by the retro reflector to the imager—with a high signal to noise ratio between the retro-reflected light and any other light detected by the imager. The signal to noise ratio becomes greater and smaller as retro-reflecting objects are more and less ideal.
“Adjacent” here means that the retro-reflected light is within the field of view of the imager. A light beam from the source and the retro-reflected light beam incident on the imager can be made precisely coaxial by using beam splitting devices, and this also is included in the meaning of “adjacent” here.
“Detect” here means that the imager locates the retro reflected light relative to the imager field of view—for example, as exposing specific pixels of a charge coupled device.
The retro-reflected light has a fixed component indicated for example by 41 in
One example of the variable component is indicated by the path 37 along which the person moves the retro reflector. Another example of the variable component is indicated by a second retro reflector part 35 being first positioned to be seen 45 by the imager and later being positioned to be not visible to the imager.
A multiplicity of distinct variations of the variable component—comprising data—can be generated by the person varying positions of a retro reflector and varying configurations of more than one retro reflector part. This meaning of a variable component is distinct from the case where a person moves a bar-coded object so that an imager can read the fixed bar code.
When, in a time interval, the imager detects the variable component, the imager inputs a signal to the information system.
In the example depicted in
Also in the example depicted in
Start and stop signals to start the trace and to stop the trace could also be input by other means such as key strokes, mouse clicks, and speech.
The information system need not visually display the trace, as the trace could be data used or stored by the information system. The trace could be in three spatial dimensions, and in time, in data used or stored by the information system. A second imager with light source, and more, could be used to help generate three dimensional data. Also, a wand-like retro reflector with two distal points separated by a known distance can be used to facilitate three dimensional data.
When, in the time interval, the imager detects the fixed component, 41 for example, the imager inputs an identity signal to the information system.
In the example depicted in
When, in the time interval, the imager detects the sequent fixed component 71 the imager inputs a sequent identity signal to the information system. The fixed components 41 and 71 are distinct and thus the sequent identity signal is distinct from the identity signal.
The sequent retro-reflected light also has a sequent variable component varied by the sequent person. One example of the sequent variable component is indicated by the path 67 along which the sequent person moves the sequent retro reflector 61. Another example of the sequent variable component is indicated by a sequent second retro reflector part 65 being first positioned to be seen 75 by the imager and later being positioned to be not visible to the imager.
When, in the time interval, the imager detects the sequent variable component, the imager inputs a sequent signal to the information system.
In the example depicted in
The retro reflector and the sequent retro reflector function interchangeably. The contents of the fixed component and the sequent fixed component are distinct. The contents of the variable component and the sequent variable component are varied by distinct persons and can be distinct.
An imager can distinguish retro-reflected light—45 and 41 for example—retro-reflected by a person from retro-reflected light—75 and 71 for example—retro-reflected by a sequent person because of the distinct fixed components and because distances between retro-reflected light retro-reflected by one person—45 and 41 for example—are smaller than distances between retro-reflected light retro-reflected light not retro-reflected from by one person—45 and 75 for example.
While 71 is shown to have bar code like configurations, other properties—such as shape and color—can also be used alone and in combinations to comprise fixed components.
A retro reflector on a card 87 which can be held by a person is depicted in
A retro reflector can be attached to a persons gear—head gear for example—so that positions of the person can be imaged from above to identify the person and trace the positions. An information system can attach an identifying label to a displayed image of the person. When many persons are so imaged, only selected traces can be displayed and can be color coded. Paths of players in a sporting event can be traced.
A retro reflector can be attached to a first aircraft transporting a person so that a light source and imager on a second aircraft can detect the presence and motion of the first aircraft.
In as much as a finger tip reflects light from the light source back to the imager with a signal to noise ratio greater than one, the finger tip—31A depicted in
The signal to noise ratio provided by a retro reflector can be increased. For example, a retro reflector can reflect a first electromagnetic radiation spectrum portion greater than other electromagnetic radiation spectrum portions, and the imager can be more sensitive to the first electromagnetic radiation spectrum portion than to other electromagnetic radiation spectrum portions.
Also, the light source can be modulated at a first frequency and the imager can be more sensitive to light modulated at the first frequency than to light modulated at other frequencies. With a modulated light source the distance between a retro reflector and the imager can be determined by time of flight measurement.
A scanner can be added. The scanner can be an imager scanner scanning the imager over a light source illuminated; can be a light scanner scanning the light source over an imager viewed solid angle; and can be a combined scanner scanning the imager and the light source together over a solid angle. Combinations of all the several signal to noise ratio improvement methods can be used.
Information processing capacity needed to detect the retro reflectors and generate inputted data can be incorporated in the imager itself so that the imager can input data to the information system in forms similar to forms provided by keystrokes and mouse devices. Information processing capacity of the information system can be used to detect retro reflectors and generate inputted data, in which case the information system is part of the imager while it is helping generate input data.
Variations of the variable component—such as range and speed of motion and relative configurations and motions of retro reflector parts—can be defined to execute members of a roster of signal components similarly to defining keystroke combinations.
The apparatus can be utilized interactively. For example, in response to a query communicated by the information system, a plurality of persons can input responses. Also, for each of a plurality of persons navigating a territory, the information system can communicate to each of the persons a person specific path from the location of each of the persons to a part of the territory sought by each of the persons.
The data processor can locate the retro reflector relative to a target object. The target object position can be determined by another retro reflector data input apparatus. The target object could be a game animal and this would enable realistic bloodless hunting. The target object could be another person and this would enable bloodless combat training and sport.
Other equivalent forms for the imager, the light source, the retro reflector, the fixed component, the variable component, the identity signal, and the signal; and other equivalent ways of using a retro reflector to input data to an information system will be obvious hereafter to persons skilled in the art. Therefore this invention is not limited to the particular examples shown and described here.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4053233||Mar 15, 1976||Oct 11, 1977||Aerodyne Research, Inc.||Retroreflectors|
|US4099050||Jul 10, 1970||Jul 4, 1978||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force||Codable optical transponder|
|US4228430||Dec 13, 1977||Oct 14, 1980||Hitachi, Ltd.||CRT Display apparatus with changeable cursor indicia|
|US4439672||Jul 29, 1982||Mar 27, 1984||Lord Electric Company, Inc.||Control system for automated manipulator device|
|US4603231||Mar 31, 1983||Jul 29, 1986||Interand Corporation||System for sensing spatial coordinates|
|US4637797||Jan 11, 1985||Jan 20, 1987||Access Learning Technology Corporation||Software training system|
|US4650334||Oct 18, 1985||Mar 17, 1987||Caterpillar Inc.||Optical straightness gauge and method|
|US4684349||Jul 28, 1986||Aug 4, 1987||Frank Ferguson||Audio-visual teaching system and method|
|US4945914||Jul 18, 1988||Aug 7, 1990||Allen George S||Method and apparatus for providing related images over time of a portion of the anatomy using at least four fiducial implants|
|US4998441||Jul 11, 1989||Mar 12, 1991||Aura Systems, Inc.||Force and torque measurement system|
|US5107350||Jun 19, 1990||Apr 21, 1992||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Image reading apparatus for optically reading the contents of a conveyed document and obtaining image signal information|
|US5111410||Jun 25, 1990||May 5, 1992||Kabushiki Kaisha Oh-Yoh Keisoku Kenkyusho||Motion analyzing/advising system|
|US5181015||Nov 9, 1990||Jan 19, 1993||Proxima Corporation||Method and apparatus for calibrating an optical computer input system|
|US5214414||Apr 12, 1991||May 25, 1993||International Business Machines Corp.||Cursor for lcd displays|
|US5260556||Dec 20, 1989||Nov 9, 1993||Australian Meat & Live-Stock Research & Development Corp.||Optically readable coded target|
|US5282045||Apr 23, 1991||Jan 25, 1994||Hitachi, Ltd.||Depth-of-field control apparatus and image pickup apparatus having the same therein|
|US5415553||Nov 15, 1993||May 16, 1995||Szmidla; Andrew||Device for identifying an object using an omnidirectional bar code|
|US5448261||Jun 10, 1993||Sep 5, 1995||Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.||Cursor control device|
|US5453015||Oct 20, 1989||Sep 26, 1995||Vogel; Peter S.||Audience response system and method|
|US5507527||Feb 2, 1994||Apr 16, 1996||Tomioka; Makoto||Two dimensional code for processing data|
|US5537211||Jan 13, 1995||Jul 16, 1996||Triliance Corporation||Method and apparatus for selecting a wearable to match an object|
|US5563401||Jan 3, 1995||Oct 8, 1996||Lemelson; Jerome H.||Bar codes and methods|
|US5644126||May 19, 1995||Jul 1, 1997||Kabushikikaisha Wacom||Manual implement for inputting incremental information by attitude control|
|US5710416||Oct 5, 1995||Jan 20, 1998||Ncr Corporation||Price verifier|
|US5712658||Sep 6, 1994||Jan 27, 1998||Hitachi, Ltd.||Information presentation apparatus and information display apparatus|
|US5729220||Dec 29, 1995||Mar 17, 1998||Russell; David C.||Ergonomic customizable user/computer interface device|
|US5756981||Aug 1, 1996||May 26, 1998||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Optical scanner for reading and decoding one- and-two-dimensional symbologies at variable depths of field including memory efficient high speed image processing means and high accuracy image analysis means|
|US5789732||Jun 7, 1996||Aug 4, 1998||Mcmahon; Steven A.||Portable data module and system for consumer transactions|
|US5795161||Jun 7, 1995||Aug 18, 1998||Vogel; Peter S.||Apparatus and method for calculating an absolute time at which an event occurred|
|US5821523||Aug 27, 1996||Oct 13, 1998||Bunte; Alan G.||Combined code reader and digital camera using a common photodetector|
|US5822735||Oct 3, 1994||Oct 13, 1998||Ad Response Micromarketing Corporation||Focused coupon system|
|US5825045||Jul 28, 1997||Oct 20, 1998||Norand Corporation||Extended range highly selective low power consuming data tag and information display system|
|US5826578||May 26, 1994||Oct 27, 1998||Curchod; Donald B.||Motion measurement apparatus|
|US5835237||Apr 20, 1995||Nov 10, 1998||Sony Corporation||Video signal coding method and apparatus thereof, and video signal decoding apparatus|
|US5852211||Apr 17, 1997||Dec 22, 1998||Roche Vitamins Inc.||Process for the conversion of the sodium salt of 2-keto-L-gulonic acid to the free acid|
|US5867265||Apr 17, 1997||Feb 2, 1999||Ncr Corporation||Apparatus and method for spectroscopic product recognition and identification|
|US5912700||Jan 10, 1996||Jun 15, 1999||Fox Sports Productions, Inc.||System for enhancing the television presentation of an object at a sporting event|
|US5917472||May 15, 1997||Jun 29, 1999||International Computers Limited||Cursor control system with multiple pointing devices|
|US5917486||Nov 3, 1997||Jun 29, 1999||Prolexia Reading Education Software Corporation||System and method for client program control of a computer display cursor|
|US5963145||Feb 26, 1996||Oct 5, 1999||Universal Electronics Inc.||System for providing wireless pointer control|
|US5982352||Jun 29, 1995||Nov 9, 1999||Pryor; Timothy R.||Method for providing human input to a computer|
|US5988505||Jun 3, 1997||Nov 23, 1999||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Omnidirectional reading of two-dimensional symbols|
|US6000612||Oct 10, 1997||Dec 14, 1999||Metanetics Corporation||Portable data collection device having optical character recognition|
|US6047893||Dec 30, 1997||Apr 11, 2000||Datalogic S.P.A.||Method of locating an object-applied optical code|
|US6048117||May 8, 1998||Apr 11, 2000||Xerox Corporation||Network-based system for color calibration of printers|
|US6056199||Apr 20, 1998||May 2, 2000||Intermec Ip Corporation||Method and apparatus for storing and reading data|
|US6082619||Dec 16, 1998||Jul 4, 2000||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Method for locating and reading a two-dimensional barcode|
|US6118848||Jan 6, 1999||Sep 12, 2000||Reiffel; Leonard||System to stabilize an irradiated internal target|
|US6121953||Feb 6, 1997||Sep 19, 2000||Modern Cartoons, Ltd.||Virtual reality system for sensing facial movements|
|US6155489||Nov 10, 1998||Dec 5, 2000||Ncr Corporation||Item checkout device including a bar code data collector and a produce data collector|
|US6163946||Jun 6, 1995||Dec 26, 2000||Great Lakes Intellectual Property||Vision target based assembly|
|US6167607||Jun 7, 1995||Jan 2, 2001||Great Lakes Intellectual Property||Vision target based assembly|
|US6301763||Jun 6, 1995||Oct 16, 2001||Great Lakes Intellectual Property Ltd.||Determining position or orientation of object in three dimensions|
|US6311214||Jun 29, 1999||Oct 30, 2001||Digimarc Corporation||Linking of computers based on optical sensing of digital data|
|US6314631||Jun 5, 1995||Nov 13, 2001||Great Lakes Intellectual Property||Vision target based assembly|
|US6317188||Apr 19, 2000||Nov 13, 2001||Nec Corporation||LCD having particular spacing between spacers|
|US6317953||Apr 29, 1992||Nov 20, 2001||Lmi-Diffracto||Vision target based assembly|
|US6330973||May 6, 1999||Dec 18, 2001||Symbol Technologies, Inc.||Integrated code reading systems including tunnel scanners|
|US6335685||Mar 9, 2000||Jan 1, 2002||International Business Machines Corporation||Apparatus and method for locating containers and contents of containers using radio frequency tags|
|US6542083||Nov 23, 1999||Apr 1, 2003||Xerox Corporation||Electronic tag position detection using radio broadcast|
|US6545670||May 11, 2000||Apr 8, 2003||Timothy R. Pryor||Methods and apparatus for man machine interfaces and related activity|
|US6708885||Apr 30, 2001||Mar 23, 2004||Leonard Reiffel||Dual mode data imaging product|
|US6720949||Aug 21, 1998||Apr 13, 2004||Timothy R. Pryor||Man machine interfaces and applications|
|US6750848||Nov 3, 1999||Jun 15, 2004||Timothy R. Pryor||More useful man machine interfaces and applications|
|US6766036||Jul 7, 2000||Jul 20, 2004||Timothy R. Pryor||Camera based man machine interfaces|
|US20020036617||Aug 21, 1998||Mar 28, 2002||Timothy R. Pryor||Novel man machine interfaces and applications|
|US20020183961||Jul 17, 2002||Dec 5, 2002||French Barry J.||System and method for tracking and assessing movement skills in multidimensional space|
|US20030222145||Apr 30, 2001||Dec 4, 2003||Leonard Reiffel||Dual mode imaging product|
|US20040027455||Dec 10, 2001||Feb 12, 2004||Leonard Reiffel||Imaged coded data source tracking product|
|US20040041027||Dec 10, 2001||Mar 4, 2004||Leonard Reiffel||Imaged coded data source transducer product|
|US20040125224||Aug 15, 2001||Jul 1, 2004||Leonard Reiffel||Annotating imaged data product|
|US20040135766||Aug 15, 2001||Jul 15, 2004||Leonard Reiffel||Imaged toggled data input product|
|US20040188525||Mar 18, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Leonard Reiffel||Dual mode data imaging product|
|US20040195327||Apr 11, 2002||Oct 7, 2004||Leonard Reiffel||Combined imaging coded data source data acquisition|
|EP0062473A2||Mar 29, 1982||Oct 13, 1982||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Method and apparatus for sensing and identifying information within a large interrogation zone|
|EP0840248A2||Sep 27, 1994||May 6, 1998||Dataquill Limited||Data entry systems|
|EP1020810A2||Nov 2, 1999||Jul 19, 2000||Symbol Technologies Inc.||Improved integrated code reading systems including tunnel scanners|
|FR2694827A1||Title not available|
|JPH11143629A||Title not available|
|WO1987007106A1||Oct 23, 1986||Nov 19, 1987||Clinicom Inc||Portable handheld terminal including optical bar code reader and electromagnetic transceiver means for interactive wireless communication with a base communications station|
|WO1993018478A1||Mar 10, 1993||Sep 16, 1993||Norand Corp||Reader for decoding two-dimensional optical information|
|WO1996032690A1||Apr 9, 1996||Oct 17, 1996||United Parcel Service Inc||Method for locating the position and orientation of a fiduciary mark|
|WO1999035836A2||Jan 8, 1999||Jul 15, 1999||Koninkl Philips Electronics Nv||Embedding and detecting a watermark in images|
|WO1999066441A1||Jun 16, 1999||Dec 23, 1999||Atx Int Inc||Method and apparatus for storing reference codes in a writing instrument and for retrieving information identified by the reference codes|
|WO2001071397A1||Mar 21, 2000||Sep 27, 2001||Leonard Reiffel||Multi-user retro reflector data input|
|WO2001084475A1||Apr 30, 2001||Nov 8, 2001||Leonard Reiffel||Dual mode data imaging product|
|WO2002017037A2||Aug 15, 2001||Feb 28, 2002||Leonard Reiffel||Annotating imaged data product|
|WO2002017291A1||Sep 19, 2000||Feb 28, 2002||Leonard Reiffel||Cursor display privacy product|
|WO2002017293A1||Aug 15, 2001||Feb 28, 2002||Leonard Reiffel||Imaged toggled data input product|
|WO2002048947A1||Dec 10, 2001||Jun 20, 2002||Leonard Reiffel||Imaged coded data source transducer product|
|WO2002049340A1||Dec 10, 2001||Jun 20, 2002||Leonard Reiffel||Multi-imager multi-source multi-use coded data source data input product|
|WO2002049344A1||Dec 10, 2001||Jun 20, 2002||Leonard Reiffel||Imaged coded data source tracking product|
|WO2002086807A1||Apr 11, 2002||Oct 31, 2002||Leonard Reiffel||Combined imaging coded data source data acquisition|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7976387 *||Apr 11, 2006||Jul 12, 2011||Avago Technologies General Ip (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.||Free-standing input device|
|US20140111428 *||Nov 16, 2012||Apr 24, 2014||Ten-Chen Ho||Remote control system and method for computer|
|USD671542 *||Nov 13, 2010||Nov 27, 2012||Lexmark International, Inc.||Imaging device|
|U.S. Classification||359/516, 359/517, 356/152.3|
|Cooperative Classification||G06F3/0304, G02B5/124, G02B5/12, G06F2203/0331|
|Oct 9, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: REIFFEL TECHNOLOGIES, LLC,ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:REIFFEL, LEONARD;REEL/FRAME:020064/0941
Effective date: 20070703
|Feb 24, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jul 3, 2014||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Nov 21, 2014||REIN||Reinstatement after maintenance fee payment confirmed|
|Nov 21, 2014||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jan 13, 2015||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20141121
|Feb 16, 2015||PRDP||Patent reinstated due to the acceptance of a late maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20150220
|Feb 20, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8