Improvement in bee-hives
US 71381 A
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,41, having a double pitch top, as shownvclearlyin iig. 1. This `'oaseA rests upon a`bottomboard,-B,` thc Ve being made in the ends of the cap a, (seeltigs. l and VVB'yythisvnieans, it will be seen, a free circulationof tates @strat @fitta l l i i ARTHUR GRAY, 0F REILEY, entre.
Letters Patent No. 71,381, dated Novemier 26, 1867; f l i IMPROVEMENT IN BEE-RIVES. l
@In Segnale etant n' in time tetten @that ma uniting pnt nt tige-.nite
To ALL WHoM 1T MAYeoNenRN:
' Be it known that I, ARTHUR Gantz, of Reiley, in the county of Butler,`,and State of Ohio, have .invented I l a new and improved Bce-Hive; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact descrip-` tion thereofwhich will enable others skilled in the art to make and usc the same, reference being had to the t; t l
accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification.
This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in the construction of bee-hives, wherebyhthe temperature of 'the hive may he `rendered uniform, or-nearly so, that is to say, cool in'` summer` and warm in wint-er; the hive also lcept in a eleanstate, and the bee-entrances rendered capable lot' being varied in dimens sions, so as to preventthe egress of the bees,iand still admit air for ventilation, and alsocontrol 4the escape of t ,l the drones, and admit ofthe free egress andingress of the i workers, as may be desired. In the accompanyi C ing sheet of drawings- Figure 1 is a side view of a bec-hive constructed according-to my inventionT Figure 2, a vertical sectionof the same, taken in the line :v z, tig. 1. l
`Figure 3, a horizontal section ofthe same, taken `in the liney y, tigQv-2.
` Figure 4, a vertical section of the lower portionot' the same, taken in the line z z.
Figure 5, a detached view of one ot' the entranee-slides.
Similar letters of reference indicate like parts. 4 g t A represents'tho exterior caso of the hive, which may be ot' qnadrilateral form, and provided with acap, x
upper surface of which is inclined two ways, from' the' centre downward, `as'shown in ig.42. i Within the case A there is 4placed another case, C,`which contains the` comb-frames D, a space, e, being allowed between the d two casos, which communicates with the external aiib'ymcansof holes ,iu the bottom board B, vent-openings air is admitted through the space c, and the hiveke'pt in a cool` state in summer, `while in winter the hive may y, be kept in a warm state by lilling the space e with any suitablelnonLcondueting material, such. as' straw, etc. The comb-frames D rest upon a strip, E, which is secured-to the-:uppersurface of the bottolnboardB, and i extends entirely across its two 'inclined'surfacea the upper edgeotf-,thehstrip being in a horizontal plane, so that thc comb-frames may all be retained at-the sameiieigha, andfin. a proper relative position `with each other. This will be fully understood by referring to iigs.'2 and 3.14 ',lli e st;rip alsolxfserves as a-.means` to allow the 1 bees to reach theeomb-frames with facility from the bottoinbeard- BL yInhives provided withsuspended frames, the bottoms rot' which are above the bottom boardthey are compelled to form steps ofwax to effect this end. l The inclined surfaces ofthe bottom board B renderl thestripE neccssary,ns the frames would otherwise require t to besuspended or rest at irregular heights on lsaid surfaces, which wouldprovent .the escape `of filth from the ,l hive. The two sides of the hive, at their lowerends, have notchesfmade in them, atequal; distances apart, and over these notches a metal slide, F, is fitted in suitable guides g. These slides are notched alt one`edge, t as shown at h; the notches h corresponding in size to the notchosfin the hive. Y l i It will be seen by moving the slide F longitudinallthe notchesfmay be virtually enlarged or diminished, contracted sulici-ently to prevent Vtho-bees from passing out from the hive, and atzthe Sametime admit i air for ventilation. The opposite edges ofthe slides have one long notch, z', made in them, as shownclearly in i ,t
fig. 5, and by inserting the slidces so that `the notches Will be in line with the notchesj', in the sides of the hive', tho drones will he kept in the hive, while the workers will be allowed to pass `freelyin and out, thenotches z' being of such a depthas to admit of that result, which is an `important one during the time of,` t
What l claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, iS i 1. Thecase` C, when placed within the case A, and resting upon the inclined bottom B, to formthc chamt ber e, vsurrounding said case C, through which chamberf the air passes from the openings d in theV bottom B to l thc openings e in the top a, nlfording constant ventilation, ae herein shown and described. ,2. The adjustable slides F, fitted in the guide g, constructed as described, having notches hrupontheir lower sides, and the long notch 1,' upon their upper sides, registering with ythe Vnotchesfin the hive, as herein t p, described for the purpose specified, i i I V I ARTHUR GRAY, Witnesses: i i
JOHN W. Devis4 J. W. FRAY'JL.