US 714415 A
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'iuwhim A Patented Nov. 25, 1902:." J. TBAFFORD. 'O'HA'MPAGNE FREEZER.
(Appliation filed Feb. 12, 1902.)
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' No. 7l4,4l5 Patented Nov. 25, I902.v
- J-. TRAFFURD.
} CHAMPAGNE FREEZER.
(Application filed Feb. 12, 1902.) (No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 3:.
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JOSEPH TRAFFORD, OF BOSTON,- MASSACHUSETTS.
SPEGIFIGATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 714,415, dated November 25, 1902.
Application filed February 12, 1902. Serial No. 931747. (No model.)
chusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Champagne-Freezers, of which a the following is a specification.
The object of this invention is to provide a cooler for champagne, wine, or other beverages, and particularly a cooler in which a number of bottles may be placed and rotated at one time and which shall be strong, durable, convenient, and easily and quickly cperated.
The invention consists, in a champagnefreezer, of an ice-cooler, a gear-frame pivoted thereto, a clamp to lock said gear-frame to said ice-cooler, a main vertical rotary shaft journaled in said gear-frame,a main spurgear fast to said shaft, a series of vertical shafts journaled in said gear-frame and concentric With said main vertical shaft, a pinion spur-gear fast to each of said vertical shafts and meshing into said main spur-gear, and a bottle-clamp fast to the lower end of each of said vertical shafts.
The invention again consists in specific means for clamping the gear-frame to the icecooler.
The invention again consists in the specific form of clamp by means of which the bottle is connected to and rotated by said vertical.
in the following specification, and particularly pointed out in the claims thereof.
Referringto the drawings, Figure 1 is a central vertical section, partly in elevation, of my improved champagne-freezer. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the gear-frame with the gears thereon. Fig. 3 is a detail section of the bottle-clamp, taken on line 3 3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is an enlarged side elevation, taken from the left of Fig. 1, of the end of the gearframe, together with the clamp lever by which said gear-frame is locked to the icecooler. Fig. 5 is a plan view of a champagnefreezer constructed in accordance with my invention adapted to contain six bottles at one time. Fig. 6 is a vertical section, partly in elevation, taken on line 6 6 of Fig. 5.
Like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views of the drawings.
In the drawings, 10 is an ice-cooler divided into an upper compartment 11 and a lower compartment 12 by a perforated partition 13. A gear-frame 14 is pivoted at 15 to a bracket 16, fast to the inner face of rim of the icecooler 10. Said gear-frame has two downwardly-depending ears 17 lZ, Figs. 1 and 4, at the left-hand. end thereof. Each of the cars 17 is provided with a vertical slot 18, through which a clamp-bolt 19 projects, said clamp-bolt being fast to said cooler 10 and provided with a clamp-handle 20, pivoted thereon. and clamp-bolts 19 the gear-frame 14 is held firmly locked to the ice-cooler 10, as is shown in Fig. 1.
The gear-frame 14 is provided with two vertical rotatory shafts 21, journaled therein, each of said shafts having a bevel-gear 22 fast to the upper end thereof, and each of said bevel-gears 22 meshing into a bevel-gear 23, fast to a horizontal shaft 24, journaled in bearings 25 25, projecting upwardly from the gear-frame 14. The horizontal shaft 24 is rotated by means of a handle 44. The vertical shafts 21 project downwardly below the gearframe 14, and each shaft has attached thereto a clamp 30, formed in two parts. One of said parts 26 is fast to the lower end of the vertical shaft 21 by a cross-pin 27. The other of said parts 28 is pivoted to a horizontal screw 29, fast to the part 26, and projects downwardly from said screw, as shown in Fig. 1.
By mcansof the clamp-handles 2Q,W/
The bottles 31 31, filled with the wine which ter of the rotatory shaft 21 so that as the bottle is rotated, as hereinafter described, the two ends thereof will be held in line.
As seen in Fig. 3, the part 26 of the clamp 30 partially encircles the upper end or neck of the bottle 31, while the part 28 clamps and holds said bottle against said part 26. The upper compartment 11 is filled to any desired height with ice 34, and as said ice melts the water flows through the perforated partition into the lower compartment 12 and is drawn out of said lower compartment by a wastecock 35.
The general operation of my improved champagne-cooler, as illustrated in Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 4, is as follows: The bottles 31 are placed in position upon the centering-supports 33. The gear-frame 14 is turned upon the pivot 15 and brought down to the horizontal position (shown in Fig. l) and clamped in position by means of the clamp-bolts and handles 19 and 20, respectively, this operation bringing the part 26 of the clamp 30 into contact with one side of the neck of the bottle 31. The second part 28 of said clamp 30 is then brought down into the position shown in Fig. 1, thus firmly holding the neck of the bottle in position against the part 26, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3. The ice having been packed in the cooler, as shown in Fig. 1, the shaft 24 is rotated by means of thehandle 44, thusimparting arotary movement to the gears 23 and 22, the vertical shafts 21, the clamps 30, and the bottles 31, held by said clamps. When the wine in the bottles has been sufficiently chilled, the clamp-handles 20 are thrown upwardly, disengaging the bottle from the clamp 30. The clam p-handle 20 is released to allow the gear-frame 14 to be raised. Said gearframe is tipped upon its pivot 15, and thus the bottles are entirely uncovered and easily removed from the ice-cooler, as Well as the ice which is contained in said ice-cooler, if it is desired to remove the same. It will be seen that the bottles are firmly held during this operation by the clamps 30 and by the centering-supports 33. It will also be seen that the machine is easily operated and that the gear-frame by its construction and arrangement can be entirely disconnected and thrown over to leave the interior of the ice cooler open at the top and easy of access.
In Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive, Ihave shown my invention adapted to a freezer containing only two bottles; but the same may be increased to any desired number of bottles by arranging the bottle-clamps in connection 7 with gearing, as shown in Figs. 5 and 6, in
which the ice-cooler, bottle-centering support, and bottle-clamps are substantially the same as in the form hereinbefore described; but the clamps 30 are six in number, and the vertical shafts 21 each have a spur-gear 36 fast to the upperend thereof, meshing into a spurgear 37, fast toa main vertical rotary shaft 38, to the lower end of which is attached one of the bottle-clamps 30 and to the upper end of which is fastened a bevel-gear 39. The bevelgear 39 meshes into a bevel-gear 40, fast to a horizontal shaft 41, which is journaled in bearings 42 42 upon the upper surface of the gear-frame 43. In this form of my invention the shaft 41 is rotated by means of a handle, thus imparting rotary movement to the bevelgear 40, bevel-gear 39, main spur-gear 37, and, through the spur-gear 37, to the pinion spur-gears 36,each of which being fast to a vertical shaft 21, concentric with the main vertical shaft 38, rotates the clamps 30 on the bottles 31, fast to said clamps. The gearframe 43 is clamped to the ice-cooler in this form as in the form hereinbefore described, and the operation of tipping the said gearframe backwardly upon its pivot to obtain free access to the interior of the cooler is the same as in the form hereinbefore referred to.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and desire byLetters Patent to secure, 1s
1. In a champagne-freezer, an ice-cooler, a gear-frame pivoted thereto, a clamp to lock said gear-frame to said ice-cooler, a main vertical rotary shaft journaled in said gearframe, a main spur-gearfast to said shaft, a series of vertical shafts journaled in said gear-frame and concentric with said main vertical shaft, a pinion spur-gear fast to each of said vertical shafts and meshing into said main spur-gear, and a bottle-clamp fast to the lower end of each of said vertical shafts.
2. In a champagne-freezer, an ice-cooler, a gear-frame pivoted thereto, a clamp to lock said gear-frame to said ice-cooler, a horizontal shaft journaled upon said gear-frame, a bevel pinion-gear fast thereto, a main vertical rotary shaft journaled in said gear-frame, a bevel-gear fast thereto and meshing into said bevel pinion-gear, a main spur-gear fast to said main vertical shaft, a series of vertical shafts journaled in said gear-frame and concentric with said main vertical shaft, a pinion spur-gear fast to each of said vertical shafts and meshing into said main spur-gear, and a bottle-clamp fast to the lower end of each of said vertical shafts.
3. In a champagne-freezer, an ice-cooler, a gear-frame pivoted thereto,a vertical rotatory shaft journaled to said gear-frame, and a bottle-clamp fast to the lower end of said vertical shaft, said bottle-clamp consisting of two parts, one of said parts formed to partially encircle the neck of a bottle and rigidly fastened to said vertical shaft, the other part pivoted to said first-named part and adapted to engage the neck of said bottle and clamp the same against said first-named part.
4. In a champagne-freezer, an ice-cooler, a bracket fast to the inner face of the rim of said cooler, a gear-frame pivoted to said bracket, a downwardly-depending ear upon said gear-frame located inside the rim of said ice-cooler, provided with a vertical slot, a horizontal clamp-bolt fast to said cooler and projecting through said slot, and a clam p-handle pivoted upon said bolt and adapted to engage said ear and clamp said gear-frame to said cooler.
5. Ina champagne-freezer, an ice-cooler, a
gear-frame pivoted thereto, a clamp to lock said gear-frame to said ice-cooler, a vertical rotary shaft journaled in said gear-frame, a bottle-clamp in two parts, one of said parts formed to partially encircle the neck of a bottle and rigidly fastened to said vertical shaft, a horizontal pivot fast to said first-named part, the other part pivoted to rotate upon said horizontal pivot and adapted to engage the neck of said bottle and clamp the same i 5 against said first-named part.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing Witmesses.
CHARLES S. GOODING, ANNIE J. DAILEY.