|Publication number||US7154859 B2|
|Application number||US 10/000,563|
|Publication date||Dec 26, 2006|
|Filing date||Oct 24, 2001|
|Priority date||Oct 24, 2001|
|Also published as||CN1330150C, CN1575571A, EP1438813A2, EP1438813B1, US20030076785, WO2003036870A2, WO2003036870A3|
|Publication number||000563, 10000563, US 7154859 B2, US 7154859B2, US-B2-7154859, US7154859 B2, US7154859B2|
|Inventors||William J. Purpura|
|Original Assignee||The Boeing Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Non-Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (10), Classifications (12), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates in general to computer networks, and more particularly to a method for improving bandwidth performance of a mobile computer network.
Computer networks provide a relatively convenient and reliable means for individuals to communicate with one another, as well as the ability to access and/or transfer large quantities of information to or from remote locations. Computer networks come in an infinite variety of sizes and configurations, ranging from local area networks (LANs) that span relatively small geographic areas and may consist of only a few computers to large wide-area networks (WANs) that span a large geographical area and may be comprised of millions of computers. A WAN typically consists of two or more LANs. The largest WAN in existence is the Internet.
Networked computers can be connected using various media, such as twisted-pair wire, coaxial cables, or fiber optic cables. Some networks, however, do not use any connecting media, but instead use radio waves as the communication medium. Computers attached to a WAN are often connected through public networks, such as the telephone system, or through leased lines (i.e., T-1 lines) or satellites. Indeed, the variety of available connection methods makes it possible to establish network connections under a variety of conditions, including for example, on board an airplane.
The overall performance (i.e., data throughput) of a given network may vary significantly depending on multiple factors. Such factors may include the transport media used to connect the data links, the type of data being sent, the hardware being used by the user, and the type of technology accessed along the network. The user typically has little or no control over many of these factors. However, it may be possible for a user to realize significant improvements in network throughput by adjusting one or more of the user controlled hardware and software parameter settings (operational parameters) on the user's PC. Depending on the type of data the user intends to send or receive and the configuration of the network, it is possible to adjust the size of the data packets and the system operational parameter settings on the user's PC in order to maximize data throughput. Preferably these adjustments would be performed automatically when the user's PC is connected to the mobile LAN, with little or no input from the user. Accordingly, it is desirable to develop a method for determining the hardware and software settings of a PC connected to the mobile LAN, and automatically adjust, if necessary, the packet size and certain operational parameter settings on the PC in order to achieve the maximum possible network data throughput.
In accordance with the present invention, a preferred method and system is disclosed for improving data throughput over a local area network (LAN) adapted for use onboard an aircraft (mobile LAN). The mobile LAN may be connected to a wide area network (WAN), such as the Internet, through the use of satellite transponders. When a user onboard the aircraft connects a PC to the mobile LAN, the mobile LAN's system software automatically determines which network connection types are present on the user's PC. If more than one connection type is available, the system software asks the user to select a primary connection type. The software then proceeds to evaluate and modify, if necessary, the operation parameters on the user's PC based on the primary connection type. The system software may make further adjustments to the hardware and software settings on the user's PC based on the type of activity the user will primarily be performing, such as accessing on-board services or sending and retrieving graphics files across the Internet. The operational parameters are set to predetermined values that will likely result in the maximum network data throughput for the type of activity the user will be performing. Once the necessary adjustments are completed the user is logged onto the mobile LAN.
While connected to the mobile LAN, the user has the option of having the software perform a real-time throughput optimization procedure. The procedure consists of sending a predetermined number of series of sample file types, for example, graphics, text, and data files, to a ground-based recipient. The system software varies the operational parameter settings on the user's PC for each series of files sent. The actual time it takes for each series of files to reach the recipient is measured and recorded. After all of the file series have been sent, the software will change the operational parameters on the users PC to coincide with the operational parameter settings that resulted in the fastest throughput for the file type associated with the user's primary activity. The user may run the real-time throughput optimization procedure as often as desired.
Further areas of applicability of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description provided hereinafter. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the preferred embodiment of the invention, are intended for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
The present invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description and the accompanying drawings, wherein:
The following description of the preferred embodiment(s) is merely exemplary in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses.
Continuing to refer to
The initial optimization procedure 24 commences when the network server 22 senses that a connection has been established between the user's PC 12 and the mobile LAN 14. The procedure 24 consists of first determining which connection types are present on the user's PC 12 (step 26). If more than one connection type is present (step 28), the procedure 24 proceeds to step 30, which requires the user to select a primary connection type from the available connection types (i.e., Ethernet, USB, Wireless LAN). However, if the user's PC 12 only has one connection type, step 30 is bypassed and the connection type is automatically set as the primary connection type without requiring any further input from the user (step 32).
Once the primary connection type has been established, the initial optimization procedure 24 proceeds to step 34 where the current operational parameter and data packet size settings on the user's PC 12 are evaluated. Using conventional means, the network server 22 records the current operational parameter and data packet settings so that they may be returned to their original settings when the user logs off the airborne LAN 14 (see method 70 shown in
Referring now to
The user has the option of changing the primary connection type at any time while connected to the mobile LAN 14. This can be accomplished without having to have the user logoff the mobile LAN 14. Referring to
When the user first connects their PC 12 to the mobile LAN 14, the network system performs the previously described initial optimization procedure 24 (see
After the user selects a primary activity, the procedure 56 proceeds to step 60, which is the starting point for an iterative process that the real-time optimization procedure 56 uses to determine the proper operational parameter settings for the user's PC 12. In step 60, the procedure 56 sets the operational parameters on the user's PC 12 to some predetermined values. Samples of various file types, such as a graphics file, text file and a basic data file, are then transmitted to a ground control station 21 (see
The present invention provides an effective means for improving the bandwidth performance a mobile computer network. The method requires very little input from the user and is capable of achieving improvements in bandwidth performance across multiple interconnected networks that may be utilizing vastly differing technologies.
The description of the invention is merely exemplary in nature and, thus, variations that do not depart from the gist of the invention are intended to be within the scope of the invention. Such variations are not to be regarded as a departure from the spirit and scope of the invention.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5596575||May 5, 1995||Jan 21, 1997||Digital Equipment Corporation||Automatic network speed adapter|
|US5922052||Aug 18, 1997||Jul 13, 1999||Conexant Systems, Inc.||Fast Ethernet combination chaining of auto-negotiations for multiple physical layer capability|
|US5968126 *||Apr 2, 1997||Oct 19, 1999||Switchsoft Systems, Inc.||User-based binding of network stations to broadcast domains|
|US6061562||Oct 30, 1997||May 9, 2000||Raytheon Company||Wireless communication using an airborne switching node|
|US6167239||Jun 25, 1999||Dec 26, 2000||Harris Corporation||Wireless spread spectrum ground link-based aircraft data communication system with airborne airline packet communications|
|US6253067||Jun 25, 1998||Jun 26, 2001||Nec Corporation||Transmitter/receiver having an antenna failure detection system|
|US6477152 *||Dec 30, 1998||Nov 5, 2002||Honeywell Inc.||Apparatus and method for data communications|
|US6714985 *||Apr 28, 2000||Mar 30, 2004||Cisco Technology, Inc.||Method and apparatus for efficiently reassembling fragments received at an intermediate station in a computer network|
|US6859463 *||Nov 8, 2000||Feb 22, 2005||Itt Manufacturing Enterprises, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for organizing selection of operational parameters in a communication system|
|US20020077144 *||Aug 8, 2001||Jun 20, 2002||Ralf Keller||Mobile terminal with zone-dependent operational parameter settings|
|US20020093982 *||Aug 18, 1998||Jul 18, 2002||George Joy||Dynamic sizing of data packets|
|US20030016630 *||Jan 22, 2002||Jan 23, 2003||Microsoft Corporation||Method and system for providing adaptive bandwidth control for real-time communication|
|US20030053433 *||Sep 19, 2001||Mar 20, 2003||Chun Anthony L.||System and method for communicating between an automobile computer and a remote computer via a short range, high bandwidth communication link|
|US20030060210 *||Sep 17, 2002||Mar 27, 2003||Channasandra Ravishankar||System and method for providing real-time and non-real-time services over a communications system|
|US20050174973 *||Jul 31, 2003||Aug 11, 2005||Sharp Labrotories Of America||System and method for controlling wireless lan bandwidth allocation|
|1||Crayford I: Fast Ethernet Gets Plug-and-Play, Weston Conference, IEEE Center, Hoes Lane, US, pp. 354-359; XP000586593.|
|2||WO 00 14987 A (Gresham Simon Isaac; Bastian Fabio (AU); Tenzing Inc (US); Lemme P; Mar. 16, 2000.|
|3||WO 00 56021 A (Vocaltec Communications Ltd; Caster Noam (IL); Pogrebinsky Vladimi; Sep. 21, 2000.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7817536||Feb 6, 2007||Oct 19, 2010||The Boeing Company||Supporting application effectiveness in a network environment|
|US7894357||Feb 6, 2007||Feb 22, 2011||The Boeing Company||Capability-based testing and evaluation of network performance|
|US7921442||Dec 19, 2002||Apr 5, 2011||The Boeing Company||Method and apparatus for simultaneous live television and data services using single beam antennas|
|US7969879||Feb 6, 2007||Jun 28, 2011||The Boeing Company||Supporting network self-healing and optimization|
|US8520503||Sep 14, 2010||Aug 27, 2013||The Boeing Company||Supporting application effectiveness in a network environment|
|US8578018||Jun 29, 2008||Nov 5, 2013||Microsoft Corporation||User-based wide area network optimization|
|US20070206511 *||Feb 6, 2007||Sep 6, 2007||The Boeing Company||Capability-based testing and evaluation of network performance|
|US20070274337 *||Feb 6, 2007||Nov 29, 2007||The Boeing Company||Supporting network self-healing and optimization|
|US20070297447 *||Feb 6, 2007||Dec 27, 2007||The Boeing Company||Supporting application effectiveness in a network environment|
|US20110004686 *||Sep 14, 2010||Jan 6, 2011||The Boeing Company||Supporting application effectiveness in a network environment|
|U.S. Classification||370/252, 370/248, 370/338, 370/395.21|
|International Classification||H04L12/26, H04L12/28, H04L12/56|
|Cooperative Classification||H04W84/06, H04W28/18, H04W84/12, H04W84/005|
|Oct 24, 2001||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BOEING COMPANY, THE, ILLINOIS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:PURPURA, WILLIAM J.;REEL/FRAME:012347/0049
Effective date: 20011019
|May 27, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jun 26, 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8