Improvement in cartridge-boxes
US 71633 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
NEWCOMB & LYON.
Patented Dec. 3-, 1867.
l @Q05 @QQ OGG@ @@@mw Q96@ @@@MQU d" [7u/6705093 M W m being set down in this socket' in an upright position, while a lnitrb tatee giatwt @time A LBERTC. NEWCOUB AND BENJAMIN LYON, OF SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNORS l`'I'O 'lllEh'lSELVESAND SAMUEL W. PORTER, OF TI-IE SAME PLACE.
i Letters Patent No..71,638, dated December 3, 1867.
IMPROVEMENT IN CARTRIDGE-BOXES.
TO ALL WI'IOM IT MAY CONCERN:
Be it known that we, ALBERT C. Nnwooiun and BENJAMIN LYON, both of' Springfield, in the county of Hampden, and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have. invented a new and useful Improvement in Cartridge- Boxes; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full and exact description cf-the construction and operation of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings making a part of this specification, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, in which* v Figure 1 is a perspective view of our improved cartridge-box.
Figure 2 is'a plan of a full-sized block or cartridge-holder, removed from the cartridge-box.
Figure 3 is a vertical section through line C D of tig.- 2.
Figure 4 is a vertical section through line E F, iig. 2, showing a cartridge in place.
Figure 5 is aplan view, showing different modifications of our invention.
Figure 6 is a vertical section through line H I of fig. 5, showing details of construction of said modifications.
Figure 'T is a. side view of the movable bottom Zot' a box, and i Figure 8 is a plan view of said bottom.
The nature of oui-'invention consists in constructing a cartridge-box in such a manner that the cartridge,
when placed in its chamber or receptacle in the cartridge-box, shall rest upon an elastic .bed or support, so that.
the fiange and head of the cartridge shall be elevated above the top of the block which contains the'l cartridges suibcicntly to be easily and quickly seized and drawn out whenY required for use, said elastic support also serving to preserve the cartridge from injury during transportation in the box.
It is well known that, as cartridge-boxes are-now constructed, more or less difficulty is experienced by the soldier in withdrawingrthe cartridges from the box, especially when in haste, and the difficulty is increased if his hands are benumbcd with cold. Our invention entirely obviates this difficulty, as, if thengers, somewhat spread apart, be pressed down slightly upon the cartridges when the-latter are in place in the chambersof the cartridge-box, and the fingers then brought together, they arey sure to grasp some one of the cartridges v not pressed down. Y 1 Y The construction of our invention is as follows In the drawings, B represents the block or holder, in which I are formed the cylindrical chambers b b, made of suiiicient diameter and de pth to receive a cartridge. At the bottom of this chamber 6 a smaller hole, e, is made as a. socket for the sp iral spring a, the end of the spring portion of the spring projects upward into the chamber b. A tack, i', having a head sufficiently largo, is driven down through the interior of the spiral spring a into the wood, thus holding the spring firmly in place. The spring projects into the chamber Z su elevato the iiange s of the-'cartridge d a short distance above the upper surface uv of the block B iig. 4, so that the head of the cartridge d may be readil i, 1'
from the box. Fig. 6 shows the details of construction of different modifications of o'ur invention, in which No. 1 is the same as has been above described. No. 2 has thehole e made in, the bottom of the block B, Lcommunicating with the chamber in which case a. movable bottom, Z, is attached to the block B, and kept invplace by the ears m m, or by any other suitable means, andthe spring a is attached to the movable bottom lat r', in such position that when the bottom Zis attached to the block'B, the spring a extends up through the holee into the chamber Z1. In No. 3,' iig. 6, the chambery extends from the bottom of the block B up to the point t, and is of'larger diameter than the chamber 6, and into this chamberf which is also of larger diameter than the chamber Z1, andA of such the chambcrf. The small cavity n is made in the bottom of the piece t to receive the upper end of the spring 1., said spring a being attached to the movable bottom Z at 7c. No. 4' represents a modification similar in form and construction to that of No. 3, except that :t circular piece, a', made to fit the chamberftightly, andhaving the cavity o in the-top for the insertion of one end of the spring a, is inserted inthe lowerpart of said chamberf and fastened in securely, the lower end of the spring a resting in the cavity o, and the upper end of said spring a being inserted in the cavity n, said cavities n o serving to keep' the spring a in its propcrvertical posid iciently to as shown in size and form as to move freely vertically in tion. This circular piece :v may also represent a separate bottomA attached, as the chamber f could be made inserting all the ypieces It and springs a a, a bottom, of the under-all the chambers b I, in a block, and after is inserted, through its bottom, the piece 71,
thickness x, could beA glued or secured to the bottom of the block B. We prefer, however', the method of construction shown in No. 1 of g. 5, as being cheap, durable, and practical. No. 5 of fig. 6 represents a modiication similar in construction to that of No. 4, but witlra spring, g, made of rubber or caoutchouc, substituted for thc metallic spiral spring a. .fWe prefer, however, the metallic spring a, as more durableand elastic.
The operation of our invention is as follows: When it is desired to remove a cartridge from the box, the thumb and fingers are spread, as shown in red in iig. 1, and pressed down upon the heads of the cartridges, so that the cartridges are depressed intothcir chambers, their ila-nges, 6 and 7, coming in contact with the iop ot' the block B, as shown at r t". If the thumb and fingers be new brought together, some one of the cartridges which areremaining elevated above the surface of the block B, between the thumb and fingers, as 8, will be grasped, and can easily and quickly be removed from their chambers.
The block B may be made of pressed paper, metal, or of any other suitable material, that being of no consequence as regards the application of our invention to said block B. The cavity in the bottom ofthe chamber b, for'the reception ofthe bottom of the spring a, might be omitted in the construction of the cartridge-box, as the said spring a might rest upon and he secured tothe bottom of the chamber b by the nail t', but we prefer to use the cavity e, as it greatly assists in keeping the spring a in an upright or vertical position.
It is evidentthat any form or kindof spring may be used, and that it may be attached by many diierent methods, as may suit the taste, any and all of which we consider as equivalent to eachother, and to the methods we have shown, the object of our 'inventionbeing to provide thc bottom of the chamber Invith a suitable elastic support for the cartridge While in its place in its chamber b. If the cartridge rests upon the solid bottom of a chamber, there is danger of explosion iii a metallic cartridge--there being fulminatcs in the heads of such eartridgcs-if the cartridge-box or the cartridges were struck upon the top by accident. It by oversight any ball were not properly secured to its shell, any violenteoncussion or jar might entirely loosen and remove the ball and powder from the shell. All of the above diiiculties and objections are removed byour invention, as the cartridges rest upon an elastic bed or support, and they cannot receive the full force of any concussion.
It is evident that our invention is equally applicable vin the construction of cartridge-boxes te contain ,cartridges made of paper, or of any other suitable material, as those, made of metal. y
We are aware that devices have been used to renderv the removal of cartridgesfrom their chambers free of diiliculty, but never, to our knowledge, has an elastic support in the cartridge-chamber of the box been constructed or used for that purpose. i p l l Having thus described our invention, what we c laim as new, and'desirc to secure by Letters Patent, iss
A cartridge-box, having an elastic bed or support in thc bottom ofthe chamber b, upon which the cartridge may rest while in place, substantially as herein described and for the purposes specified.
ALBERT C. NEWCOMB, BENJAMIN LYON.
T. A. CURTIS, M. E. BROWN.