|Publication number||US7169042 B2|
|Application number||US 10/191,197|
|Publication date||Jan 30, 2007|
|Filing date||Jul 9, 2002|
|Priority date||Apr 30, 2002|
|Also published as||EP1509891A2, US20030203753, WO2003094120A2, WO2003094120A8|
|Publication number||10191197, 191197, US 7169042 B2, US 7169042B2, US-B2-7169042, US7169042 B2, US7169042B2|
|Inventors||David H. Muir, Gregg J. Palmer, Joseph E. Kaminkow|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (65), Non-Patent Citations (25), Referenced by (44), Classifications (28), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims priority to and the benefits of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 60/376,920, filed April 30, 2002.
This application relates to the following co-pending commonly owned applications: “GAMING DEVICE HAVING DUAL EVALUATION SCHEME,” Ser. No. 09/687,689, “GAMING DEVICE HAVING TRANSFORMABLE WILD SYMBOLS OR CARDS WITH WILD SIGNAL INDICATORS,” Ser. No. 09/957,305, “GAMING DEVICE HAVING WILD INDICATORS,” Ser. No. 09/960,883, “GAMING DEVICE WITH WILD ACTIVATION SYMBOLS AND WILD TERMINATION SYMBOLS,” Ser. No. 09/964,102, “GAMING DEVICE HAVING A VARIED WILD SYMBOL IN A BONUS GAME,” Ser. No. 10/243,512, “GAMING DEVICE HAVING SYMBOLS WITH TRANSFORMATION PROBABILITIES,” Ser. No. 10/255,880, and “GAMING DEVICE HAVING RESULTANT WILD SYMBOLS,” Ser. No. 10/191,154.
Gaming devices are well known. Many known gaming devices provide wild symbols or wild cards. Wild symbols provide a player with an additional opportunity to obtain winning combinations. Wild symbols, wild cards and wild indicators in gaming devices also provide additional excitement and entertainment for players.
In a slot machine having reels, a wild symbol can enable the matching of symbols along a payline to achieve a combination. For example, in a three reel slot machine, the symbols along a payline on the first, second and third reels may be, respectively, a heart, a heart and a wild symbol. If, in the gaming scheme, the gaming device awards a player for a three heart combination, the wild symbol substitutes for a heart and provides the player with that combination.
In another example, the gaming scheme is a video poker game. The gaming device displays five cards. The cards are a ten, Jack, Queen, King and wild card. The wild card substitutes as an Ace and provides the player with a winning combination.
Wild cards have been employed in gaming devices in other manners. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 5,431,408 discloses a gaming device having a video poker gaming scheme. A player is dealt a hand consisting of five cards. The player is also given a wild card. The wild card is separate from the dealt hand. The player can reserve the wild card for use with a subsequent hand. Thus, the player can use the wild card in a hand in which it is most advantageous to do so.
In another example, U.S. Pat. No. 6,089,977 discloses a gaming device having a set of virtual reels. The reels display a set of symbols. Certain symbol combinations serve as triggering events. When one of these combinations occur on the reels, a wild card symbol appears on the reels in the form of a graphical image and appears at different locations on the reels. When the wild card symbol appears at each location, the symbol at that location transforms into the wild card symbol. After each activation of the wild symbol, the gaming device determines and pays the player for any winning combination which is the result of the transformation. When the wild symbol appears at the next symbol, the symbol previously transformed is in its original state.
To increase player enjoyment and excitement, it is desirable to provide gaming devices having new and different wild symbols, wild indicators and wild card schemes.
The present invention in one embodiment provides a gaming device having resultant wild symbols on a set of reels, on a set of cards or on another set of symbols. The resultant wild symbols are formed from at least two complimentary wild symbols on adjacent or related reels, cards or symbols. The resultant wild symbols act as wild symbols or transform other symbols or cards into wild symbols or wild cards.
In one embodiment of the present invention, the gaming device includes a set of reels having a plurality of symbols displayed within a display device. The plurality of symbols includes at least one resultant wild symbol. The resultant wild symbol includes first and second complimentary wild symbols on adjacent reels. The complimentary wild symbols are positioned on different reels adjacent to one or more symbols on the reels. The complimentary wild symbols are displayed on either side of such symbols. Each complimentary wild symbol is in this embodiment represented by a portion of an image. In one example of this embodiment, the complimentary wild symbols are in the form of left and right halves of a star. In another example of this embodiment, the complimentary wild symbols are in the form of left and right halves of a square. It should be appreciated that any indicia or image could be used to represent the complimentary wild symbols.
In this embodiment, when the complimentary wild symbols are in alignment along a payline of the display device, they combine to create the resultant wild symbol. For example, when a first reel displays a complimentary wild symbol in the form of a left half of a star on the payline, and the adjacent or second reel displays a complimentary wild symbol in the form of a right half of a star on the payline, the processor of the gaming device combines the complimentary wild symbols to create the resultant wild symbol. In this case, the resultant wild symbol is in the form of a complete star. The resultant wild symbol functions as a wild symbol which substitutes for any symbol or a limited group of symbols used in the game to maximize the award.
In one embodiment, when the resultant wild symbol is created within the display device, the processor transforms one or more of the symbols on the reels adjacent to the complimentary wild symbols into a wild symbol. These wild symbols can then substitute for any other symbols or a limited group of symbols used by the gaming device.
In one embodiment, the display device displays a set of cards in a video poker game. At least two cards include a resultant wild symbol. The resultant wild symbol includes a first and second complimentary wild symbol displayed on a first and second card, respectively, which are adjacent or related to each other. In one example, a first card displays a first complimentary wild symbol which is represented by a left half of a square. An adjacent or second card displays a second complimentary wild symbol which is represented by a right half of a square. Because the left half and the right half of the square are complimentary, the processor combines the complimentary wild symbols to create a resultant wild symbol. The resultant wild symbol is played with the rest of the cards, or one or both cards displaying the resultant wild symbol are transformed into wild cards.
In one embodiment, there is a plurality of resultant wild symbols on a set of reels within a display device. In this embodiment, the processor can substitute each resultant wild symbol for symbols or a limited group of symbols used by the gaming device. This can be performed simultaneously, successively or in any combination thereof. In an alternative embodiment, there is a plurality of resultant wild symbols displayed within the display device and the processor transforms symbols adjacent to the resultant wild symbols into wild symbols. The processor transforms the adjacent symbols into wild symbols simultaneously, successively, or in any combination thereof.
In one embodiment, there is a plurality of resultant wild symbols on a set of cards displayed on the display device. The processor transforms those cards displaying the resultant wild symbols into wild cards either simultaneously, successively, or in any combination thereof.
In an alternative embodiment, at least one extender symbol is included on one or more of the reels displayed to a player. The extender symbol extends one or more symbols horizontally, vertically, diagonally or in any other manner across the reels when the extender symbol occurs on one or more reels. The extender symbol may extend a symbol or symbols across a predetermined number of cells or a random number of cells. In one embodiment, the extender symbol acts as a wild symbol. In another embodiment, the extender symbol is included on one or more cards in a set of cards. In this embodiment, the extender symbol extends one or more of the card symbols across at least one card in the set.
It is therefore an advantage of the present invention to provide a gaming device having resultant wild symbols that provide a player with an additional opportunity to obtain a winning combination in a game.
It is another advantage to provide a gaming device having at least one extender symbol that extends symbols and provides a player with an additional opportunity to obtain a winning combination in a game.
Other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed disclosure, taken in conjunction with the accompanying sheets of drawings, wherein like numerals refer to like parts, elements, components, steps and processes.
Referring now to the drawings, and in particular to
The base games of the gaming device 10 may include slot, poker, or blackjack, among others. The gaming device 10 may also include any bonus triggering events, bonus games as well as any progressive game coordinating with these games. The symbols and indicia used for any of the base, bonus and progressive games include mechanical, electrical, electronic, or video symbols and indicia.
In a stand alone or a bonus embodiment, the gaming device 10 includes monetary input devices.
As shown in
Gaming device 10 also includes one or more display devices. The embodiment shown in
The slot machine base game of gaming device 10 displays a plurality of reels 34, such as three to five reels 34, in mechanical or video form on one or more of the display devices. Each reel 34 displays a plurality of indicia such as bells, hearts, fruits, numbers, letters, bars or other images which preferably correspond to a theme associated with the gaming device 10. If the reels 34 are in video form, the display device displaying the video reels 34 is preferably a video monitor. Each base game, especially in the slot machine base game of the gaming device 10, includes speakers 36 for making sounds or playing music.
Referring now to
As illustrated in
It should be appreciated that although a processor 38 and memory device 40 are preferable implementations of the present invention, the present invention also includes being implemented via one or more application-specific integrated circuits (ASIC's), one or more hard-wired devices, or one or more mechanical devices (collectively or alternatively referred to herein as a “processor”). Furthermore, although the processor 38 and memory device 40 preferably reside in each gaming device 10 unit, the present invention includes providing some or all of their functions at a central location such as a network server for communication to a playing station such as over a local area network (LAN), wide area network (WAN), Internet connection, microwave link, and the like.
With reference to the slot machine base game of
In one embodiment of the present invention, the display device 30 displays three reels 34 a, 34 b and 34 c, as illustrated in
In the illustrated embodiment of
In one embodiment, the gaming device provides a signal to the player that the complimentary wild symbols 64 a and 64 b have combined to create a resultant wild symbol 62. In this embodiment, the signal is the displaying of the word “WILD” through symbols 65 a and 65 b. The signal may also be a sound or message emitted by a speaker. Other suitable audio or visual methods of notifying a player are contemplated by the present invention.
In another example, a first reel 34 a includes a “BAR” symbol 60 d and a complimentary wild symbol 64 c in the form of a left half of a star along a payline 57, as illustrated in
In one embodiment, the processor transforms one or more symbols adjacent to resultant wild symbol into wild symbols. For example, within the display device, a first reel includes the “7” symbol 60 a and a complimentary wild symbol 64 a in the form of a left half of a star along payline 56, as illustrated in
In one embodiment, the processor creates a resultant wild symbol by combining complimentary wild symbols on non-adjacent reels. For example, in a gaming device having three reels, complimentary wild symbols 64 a and 64 b are present along a payline 56 on the first and third reels, respectively, as illustrated in
In an alternative embodiment, the symbols adjacent to the resultant symbol become wild symbols as a result of the complimentary wild symbol combination. The “BAR” symbols 60 d and 60 e on the payline 56 of the first and third reels become wild symbols 69 a and 69 c, respectively, as illustrated in
In a further embodiment, the gaming device provides the player with a plurality of spins at the beginning of the game. The player or the processor spins the reels until there are no spins remaining in the game.
In still a further embodiment, a probability of occurring on the reels is associated with each resultant wild symbol such that the probability of one resultant wild symbol occurring on the reels is greater than the probability of two or more resultant wild symbols occurring on the reels.
In one alternative embodiment, the resultant wild symbols are displayed within a display device on a set of cards such as in a video poker game. The resultant wild symbols include complimentary wild symbols displayed on separate cards. For example, a player uses the control features of the gaming device to have the processor deal a set of cards 70 a through 70 e, as illustrated in
In another embodiment, a resultant wild symbol is formed from the combination of complimentary wild symbols on related but non-adjacent cards. In one example, five cards 70 a through 70 e are displayed within a display device as illustrated in
The resultant wild symbols can function as wild symbols either simultaneously or successively. In one example, a display device displays four reels, as illustrated in
In this example, the processor combines complimentary wild symbols 64 a and 64 b to create resultant wild symbol 62 a. In addition, the processor combines complimentary wild symbols 64 c and 64 d to create resultant wild symbol 62 b. If the processor transforms the symbols along the payline 56 adjacent to the resultant wild symbols into wild symbols 69 a, 69 b and 69 c simultaneously, as illustrated in
However, if the processor transforms the symbols adjacent to the resultant wild symbols into wild symbols successively, as illustrated in
If the processor transforms the resultant wild symbols 62 a and 62 b into wild symbols, the player obtains four “7” symbols, as illustrated in
In one alternative embodiment, a plurality of resultant wild symbols 74 a and 74 b are included on a set of five cards 70 a through 70 e displayed in a video poker game, as shown in
If the cards including the resultant wild symbols are transformed into wild cards 80 a, 80 b, 80 d and 80 e simultaneously, as illustrated in
Other alternative embodiments are illustrated in
Referring now specifically to
Referring now to
In another alternative embodiment illustrated in
Referring now to
In this example, the resultant combination on payline 56 does not provide a winning combination of three or more symbols unless the resultant wild symbol 62 acts like a wild symbol. If the resultant wild symbol acts as a wild symbol, the resultant wild symbol 62 forms the combination of three “7” symbols on the payline 56. In another embodiment, the processor employs a scatter pay combination where any three symbols across the paylines provides a winning combination. Therefore, any of the three “7” symbols on reels 34 a and 34 b provides a winning combination. It should be appreciated that vertically extending one or more symbols on the reels may create a winning combination of symbols or may eliminate a winning combination of symbols, depending on which symbol or symbols are being extended on the reels.
In an alternative embodiment, the extender symbol only extends a symbol on the reels to improve the award or payout to the player in a particular activation of the reels. If an award is eliminated, decreased or remains the same based on the extension of a symbol on the reels by the extender symbol, the symbol is not extended on the reels. For example in a particular game, the extender symbol extends a symbol across one reel and also acts as a wild symbol. In addition, three “BAR” symbols provide a larger award to the player than three cherry symbols in the game. The player activates the reels and obtains a cherry symbol, an extender symbol, and three “BAR” symbols on a payline associated with the reels. If the cherry symbol is extended by the extender symbol, there will be three cherry symbols instead of three “BAR” symbols indicated on the payline, which decreases the award in that activation. Therefore, the extender symbol does not extend the cherry symbol across the reels because extending the cherry symbol decreases the award provided to the player.
Referring now to
While the present invention is described in connection with what is presently considered to be the most practical and preferred embodiments it should be appreciated that the invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments, and is intended to cover various modifications and equivalent arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the claims. Modifications and variations in the present invention may be made without departing from the novel aspects of the invention as defined in the claims, and this application is limited only by the scope of the claims.
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|US20050049035 *||Oct 15, 2004||Mar 3, 2005||Baerlocher Anthony J.||Gaming device with wild activation symbols and wild termination symbols|
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|U.S. Classification||463/16, 463/40, 463/21, 463/11, 463/20, 273/139, 273/138.1, 463/42, 273/292, 463/12|
|International Classification||G07D7/00, G07F17/32, G06F19/00, A63F13/00, G06F17/00, G06K9/00, A63F9/24, G07F17/34|
|Cooperative Classification||G07F17/34, G07F17/3293, G07F17/32, G07F17/3211, G07F17/3244|
|European Classification||G07F17/32C2F, G07F17/32K, G07F17/32P6, G07F17/34, G07F17/32|
|Jul 9, 2002||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: IGT, NEVADA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:MUIR, DAVID H.;PALMER, GREGG J.;KAMINKOW, JOSEPH E.;REEL/FRAME:013092/0575;SIGNING DATES FROM 20020701 TO 20020706
|Jul 30, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jul 30, 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8