|Publication number||US7176895 B2|
|Application number||US 09/751,076|
|Publication date||Feb 13, 2007|
|Filing date||Dec 29, 2000|
|Priority date||Dec 29, 2000|
|Also published as||US20020084989|
|Publication number||09751076, 751076, US 7176895 B2, US 7176895B2, US-B2-7176895, US7176895 B2, US7176895B2|
|Original Assignee||International Business Machines Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (6), Classifications (10), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Technical Field
The present invention relates generally to an improved data processing system, and in particular to an apparatus for facilitating user input. Still more particularly, the present invention provides an apparatus for receiving user inputs using a wearable keyboard.
2. Description of Related Art
Wearable computers are becoming tools in a user's environment much like a pencil or a reference book. A wearable computer is a computer that is subsumed or integrated into the personal space of a user and controlled by the user. The wearable computer provides automatic, portable access to information. Furthermore, the information can be automatically accumulated by the system as the user interacts with or modifies the environment thereby eliminating the costly and error-prone process of information acquisition.
Advances in semiconductor technology have made possible high performance microprocessors requiring less power and less space. Further, miniature heads up displays have recently been introduced in which these displays weigh less than a few ounces. These advances along with those in wireless communications technology make possible the shift from computers at a desk to wearable computers.
Challenges still exist in designing wearable computers. Optimally, wearable computers should offer seamless integration of information processing tools with the user. It is desirable to offer functionality in a natural and unintrusive manner. Conventional methods of interaction, such as the use of a conventional keyboard or mouse reduce the functionality of wearable computer system. One solution is to integrate the keyboard within the clothing of a user. Keyboard switches have been imbedded within fabric to create a wearable keyboard. One problem with this type of keyboard is that a user is unable to determine where a particular key or switch is located by feel alone. The user is required to look at the fabric to see the symbols identifying the keys. As a result, the user is unable to focus on other items.
Therefore, it would be advantageous to have an improved apparatus for facilitating user input.
The present invention provides a keyboard apparatus, which includes a fabric and switch units coupled to the fabric. Each switch unit includes a capsule containing an electrically responsive liquid, wherein the electrically responsive liquid causes the capsule to increase in rigidity in response to application of an electric field to the electrically responsive liquid. Each switch unit also includes a switch coupled to the capsule; wherein a selected pressure applied to the capsule activates the switch. The keyboard apparatus also contains electrical conducting lines connected to the switch units.
The novel features believed characteristic of the invention are set forth in the appended claims. The invention itself, however, as well as a preferred mode of use, further objectives and advantages thereof, will best be understood by reference to the following detailed description of an illustrative embodiment when read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
With reference now to the figures, and in particular with reference to
Alternatively, the keys may be set up in a chording keyboard arrangement in which a chord combination may represent letters, numbers, words, commands, or other strings. Chording keyboard systems are smaller and have fewer keys than a traditional keyboard. Instead of the typical sequential, one-at-a-time key presses, chording requires simultaneous key presses for each character typed, similar to playing a musical chord on a piano. The mechanism of the present invention may be implemented using any type of keyboard system.
The present invention provides a keyboard with metallic fibers or conductors connected to sealed keyboard switches coupled to a fabric. These switches may be coupled to the fabric by being embedded within the fabric, glued to the fabric, or sewn to the fabric. The metallic fibers terminate at an output configured for connection to an output. This output is configured to communication with a data processing system. The output may take the form of a physical connector, such as, for example, a universal serial bus (USB), or a wireless communications unit. Further, section 102 may be a single unit with multiple switches that are selectively activated by a user applying pressure to the section. the pressure may be applied using a finger or a stylus. The selective activation of switches generates signals that may control a pointer on a display.
With reference now to
Turning now to
Turning next to
Turning next to
The top portion of capsule 502 is covered or embedded within a fabric. Switch unit 500 also includes a switch 506, which takes the form of a piezoelectric-sensitive component. When switch unit 500 is in the unpowered mode, this component generates no current preventing a spurious keystroke input. In this example, wire 508 connects switch unit 500 to a power source, while wire 510 leads to a keyboard sensing unit. These wires are embedded within the fabric.
The description of the present invention has been presented for purposes of illustration and description, and is not intended to be exhaustive or limited to the invention in the form disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art. The embodiment was chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention, the practical application, and to enable others of ordinary skill in the art to understand the invention for various embodiments with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US8932061 *||Jul 6, 2007||Jan 13, 2015||International Business Machines Corporation||Facilitating tactile identification of a document attribute|
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|US20070146313 *||Nov 17, 2006||Jun 28, 2007||Andrew Newman||Providing input data|
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|US20110140870 *||Jun 16, 2011||Immersion Corporation||Haptic Feedback Device Using Standing Waves|
|U.S. Classification||345/169, 434/112|
|International Classification||G06F3/02, G09G5/00, G06F1/16, G09B21/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G06F1/163, G06F3/0202|
|European Classification||G06F1/16P5, G06F3/02A|
|Dec 29, 2000||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION, NEW Y
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HARIF, SHLOMI;REEL/FRAME:011422/0456
Effective date: 20001228
|Jul 16, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 26, 2014||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 13, 2015||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 7, 2015||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20150213