|Publication number||US7178952 B2|
|Application number||US 10/947,524|
|Publication date||Feb 20, 2007|
|Filing date||Sep 21, 2004|
|Priority date||Nov 28, 2000|
|Also published as||US20020190859, US20050117344|
|Publication number||10947524, 947524, US 7178952 B2, US 7178952B2, US-B2-7178952, US7178952 B2, US7178952B2|
|Inventors||John C. Bucher, Charles E. Bucher|
|Original Assignee||King Of Fans, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (19), Referenced by (18), Classifications (18), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation of application Ser. No. 10/147,330, filed May 15, 2002 now abandoned, which is a continuation-in-part of application Ser. No. 09/724,767, filed Nov. 28, 2000, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,392,541, the disclosures of which are incorporated by reference herein.
1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to outdoor lighting, and in particular, to theft-deterrent outdoor lighting.
2. Description of the Background Art
Outdoor lighting devices are well known. In the outdoor lighting and landscaping arts, it is customary to illuminate and delineate pathways, driveways, sidewalks, patios, plant beds, and lawns with outdoor lighting. Such lighting is typically used to provide illumination for practical as well as decorative purposes, including highlighting landscaping and various architectural features of various improvements. Presently, there exists a variety of outdoor lighting devices that use a variety of embodiments and power sources.
Unfortunately, the ease of installation of outdoor lighting also renders the lighting susceptible to theft. Moreover, in regard to outdoor lighting that is solar powered, there is no wiring to cut or other deterrents to theft. Thus, the risk of theft is significantly increased.
Therefore, it is an object of this invention to provide an improvement which overcomes the aforementioned inadequacies of the prior art outdoor lighting and provides an improvement which is a significant contribution to the advancement of the outdoor lightning art.
Another object of this invention is to provide outdoor lighting that comprises a theft-deterrent design that reduces the risk of being stolen.
Another object of this invention is to provide theft-deterrent outdoor lighting that includes a base that allows easy installation but difficult removal, thereby significantly deterring theft.
Another object of this invention is to provide theft-deterrent outdoor lighting that includes a motion detector for detecting movement, and an alarm that is actuated once movement is detected to thereby draw attention to the lighting once stolen.
Another object of this invention is to provide theft-deterrent outdoor lighting that includes a wiring harness that is severed if the lighting is improperly removed from the ground as in the case of a theft, such that the functionality of the lighting is destroyed if stolen.
The foregoing has outlined some of the pertinent objects of the invention. These objects should be construed to be merely illustrative of some of the more prominent features and applications of the intended invention. Many other beneficial results can be attained by applying the disclosed invention in a different manner or modifying the invention within the scope of the disclosure. Accordingly, other objects and a fuller understanding of the invention are set forth in the detailed description of the preferred embodiment in addition to the scope of the invention defined by the claims taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
For the purpose of summarizing this invention, this invention comprises outdoor lighting that has a theft-deterrent design. More particularly, in one embodiment of the theft deterrent outdoor lighting of the invention, the outdoor lighting includes a mechanical design that allows easy installation but difficult removal. In another embodiment, the theft deterrent outdoor lighting of the invention includes an electronic design that detects movement representative of theft and sounds an alarm to draw attention to the theft while in progress in anticipation of the thief would then simply drop the outdoor lighting and run off leaving the outdoor lighting behind. In a combined mechanical and electrical embodiment, the theft deterrent outdoor lighting of the invention includes a wiring harness that is destructively severed should the lighting be pulled from the ground, thereby rendering the lighting inoperable in the case of theft.
The mechanical and the electrical embodiments of the outdoor lighting of the invention may be incorporated into many types and styles of outdoor lighting. Thus there presently exists many varieties of outdoor lighting in which the theft deterrent outdoor lighting of the invention may be incorporated into within the intended scope of this invention. Furthermore, the theft deterrent outdoor lighting of the invention is particularly useful and desirable for use in connection with implementations that are most susceptible to theft. One example includes low-powered landscape outdoor lighting that is customarily only staked into the ground around the landscaping to be illuminated. Such landscaping outdoor lighting is particularly susceptible of theft because it can be simply pulled from the ground, the external supply wires cut without the fear of electrical shock, and then stolen. Moreover, solar-powered outdoor lighting is even more susceptible of being stolen as there are no external supply wires that require cutting. An example of solar-powered outdoor lighting is that described in our patent application entitled “Solar Powered Light Assembly” filed Nov. 28, 2000, Ser. No. 09/724,952, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference herein.
The foregoing has outlined rather broadly the more pertinent and important features of the present invention in order that the detailed description of the invention that follows may be better understood so that the present contribution to the art can be more fully appreciated. Additional features of the invention will be described hereinafter which form the subject of the claims of the invention. It should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the conception and the specific embodiment disclosed may be readily utilized as a basis for modifying or designing other structures for carrying out the same purposes of the present invention. It should also be realized by those skilled in the art that such equivalent constructions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
For a fuller understanding of the nature and objects of the invention, reference should be had to the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
Similar reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the several views of the drawings.
As shown in
As shown in
The one-way clutch mechanism 18 may comprise any design that engages or locks the auger 16 with the elongated support 12 when turned in the same direction of the thread of the auger 16 but free-wheels in the reverse direction. For example, in the case of an auger 16 having a right-handed thread, the one-way clutch 18 locks the elongated support 12 to the auger 16 when turned in a clockwise direction to allow the auger 16 to be screwed or augered into the ground but, when turned in a counter-clockwise direction, the one-way clutch 18 disengages the elongated support 12 from the auger 16 and allows it to free-wheel. The auger 16 therefore cannot simply be unscrewed from the ground in the counter-clockwise direction. Rather, in order to remove the theft deterrent outdoor lighting 20 from the ground, it must be firmly grasped and forcibly pulled with enough force to dislodge the auger 16 and the ground surrounding its threads. As the amount of force is substantial, removal is not easy and theft of the theft deterrent outdoor lighting 20 of the invention is therefore significantly deterred.
It is noted that the auger 16 depicted in
It is noted that the theft deterrent outdoor lighting 20 of the invention cannot be easily removed from the ground due to the free-wheeling of the one-way clutch 18, and therefore deters theft. However, during re-landscaping, it also deters repositioning of the outdoor lighting 20 to another desired location around the landscaping to be illuminated. In order to bypass the operation of the one-way clutch 18, the theft deterrent outdoor lighting 20 of the invention may be sold with a tool 36, as shown in
As shown in
The auger collar 64 includes one or more auger blades 64 that are configured (e.g., right-handed) to auger into the ground upon rotation. The upper end 72 of the auger collar 64 comprises a pair of diametrically-opposing sloped slots 74. The sloped notches 74 are sloped in a direction to engage the stop pin 68 when the auger collar 64 is forced upwardly and rotated in the direction of its thread a “lock” position and to release when rotated in a direction counter to the direction of its thread. For example, as shown in
If the auger 16 is counter rotated in a reverse direction, the protruding ends of the stop pins 68 would simply run out of the slots 74, thereby allowing the auger 16 to freewheel in such reverse direction. Removal of the auger 16 from the ground would therefore be precluded.
As shown in
For added attention-grabbing, the theft deterrent outdoor lighting of the invention may further include a strobe light 86 electrically connected to the motion detector 80. Upon detecting motion, electrical energy is supplied to the strobe light 86 causing it to strobe. As shown in
As noted above, the theft deterrent outdoor lighting 20 of this invention may be incorporated into our “Solar Powered Light Assembly” invention described in our patent application filed concurrently herewith.
As shown in
It is noted that in many of the above-described embodiments, a ground anchor having a mushroom configuration may be employed in lieu of the auger 16. One exemplary type of ground anchor 110 is shown in
The present disclosure includes that contained in the appended claims, as well as that of the foregoing description. Although this invention has been described in its preferred form with a certain degree of particularity, it is understood that the present disclosure of the preferred form has been made only by way of example and that numerous changes in the details of construction and the combination and arrangement of parts may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
Now that the invention has been described,
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|U.S. Classification||362/431, 362/414|
|International Classification||F21S8/08, F21V21/06, F21S8/00, F21V21/116, F21V15/00|
|Cooperative Classification||F21W2131/10, F21V15/00, F21V21/06, F21V21/0824, Y02B20/72, F21V21/116, F21W2131/109|
|European Classification||F21V21/08S, F21V15/00, F21V21/06, F21V21/116|
|Dec 29, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: KING OF FANS, INC., FLORIDA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BUCHER, JOHN C.;BUCHER, CHARLES E.;REEL/FRAME:016121/0808
Effective date: 20041118
|Aug 29, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CHIEN LUEN INDUSTRIES CO., LTD., INC., FLORIDA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KING OF FANS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:021462/0062
Effective date: 20080825
|Sep 27, 2010||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Feb 20, 2011||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Apr 12, 2011||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20110220