US 719200 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 719,200. PATENTED JAN. 27, 1903.
APPLIOATION PILED AUQ. 29, 1902.
v HO MODBL.
A TTOHNE Y S.
`ATENT FFICE FRANK DEAN, OF ORANGE, NEW JERSEY.
SPECIFIGATION forming part of Letters Patent No. '719,200, dated January 27, 1903.
Application filed August 29, 1902. Serial No. 121,46 7. (No model.) i
To all whom it may conccrn:
Be it known that I, FRANK DEAN, a citizen of the United S tates,and a resident of Orange, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented a new and Improved Toy, of which the following is a full, clear, and eX- act description.
This invention has for its object to produce a toy representing the well-known vertical loop-railways-such, for example, as have been known as loop-the-loop apparatus.
The invention therefore consists in certain novel features of Construction which make it possible for me to embody this principle in toy form.
This specification is a specific description of one form of the invention, while the claims define the actual scope thereof.
Reference is to be had to the accompanyin g drawings, forminga part of, this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in both the figures.
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the device, and Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2 2 of Fig. l.
a indicates the base, which has at one end an elevated support Z for the head of the track and at the other end a support c for the The track is formed of two paral-lel rods d, preferably round in cross-sectional form and connected by U -shaped ties e, so as to hold the rails properly disposed with respect to each other.
findicates a bracket attached to the headsupportband terminating in a U-shaped tie f', joined to the rails. At the foot of the track the ends of the rails d are turned upward to form buffers (I, which stop the car.
The loop is indicated at g and is essentially the same as that commonly employed. In order, however, quickly to arrest the movement ot the car after the loop is traversed, I form the track with an abruptly-raised portion or grade h, which reduces the momentum of the car and causes it to strike gently against the buffers d', thus preventing the passengers from being dislodged from the car.
i indicates the car, which has axles i" fastened to the bottom thereof. These aXles are formed with elongated journals i and on said journals wheels 75 are mounted, these wheels being curved to receive the rails d and being free not only to turn on the axles, but to move longitudinally of the axles. This arrangement allows the wheels to accommodate themselves to the inequalities in the track and to the twisting strain incident to passing the loop.
In order that the theory of centrifngal force be clearly impressed by the toy, it is necessary that the figures in the carrage be separate therefrom and readily removable. l indicates the figures, and these are for-med integral with or fastened rigidly to' a heavilyweighted seat m, (see Fig. 2,) which seats are removably placed in the car, so that ordinarly the seats and figures will fall from the car when it is inverted. When, howeve', the car is traveling through the loop, the weights m, being wholly within the car, will insure that the figures l are kept in place, since the centrifngal force of the weights greatly preponderates any tendency which the figures might have to topple or swerve.
In using the invention the car is lifted and placed at the top of the track and started on the descent. The loop is made and then the car strikes the incline h, which 'arrests the movement of the car and causes it to strike gently against the buffers d',which completely 4 stops the movement of the car.
Various changes in the form, proportions, and minor details of my invention may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope thereof. Hence I consider myself entitled to all such variations as may lie within the scope of my claims.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patentl. A toy comprising a track with an incline and a Vertical loop, a car adapted to run on the track, said car comprising a body, an axle having axially-elongated journals,and wheels arranged to turn on the journals and to move sidewise thereon, for the purpose specified.
2. Atoy'comprising an inclined track, and a vertical loop thei-ein, a car arranged to run on the track and loop, and a figure removably placed in the car,'said figure having the preponderance of its weight within the car.
3. A toy comprising the combination of an inclined track having a vertical loop therein, a car running on the track and loop, a figure adapted to be placed loosely within the car,
:a I V ?19,200
and a weighted seat on which the figure isi fastened, said seat being loosely fitted in the car and removable With the figure.
4. A toy, comprisinga base, a head-support at one end thereof, a foot-support at the other end thereof, a track, the head of which is mounted on the head-support,said track slantv ing down from the head-support and having a vertical loop just above the base, the lower end of the track being fastened to the footsupport, a car adapted to run on the track, and a figure placed removably in said car.
5. A toy, comprising a track having an incline and also having a vertical loop therein,
a car adapted to run on said track, and a figure renovably placed in said car.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
HANNAH S. V. B. DEAN, EMMA J. VAN BENSCHOTEN.