|Publication number||US7198642 B2|
|Application number||US 10/952,581|
|Publication date||Apr 3, 2007|
|Filing date||Sep 24, 2004|
|Priority date||Mar 31, 2003|
|Also published as||DE602005003183D1, DE602005003183T2, EP1639963A1, EP1639963B1, US20050107794|
|Publication number||10952581, 952581, US 7198642 B2, US 7198642B2, US-B2-7198642, US7198642 B2, US7198642B2|
|Inventors||Stephen A. Hazebrouck, Scott C. Brown|
|Original Assignee||Depuy Products, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (63), Non-Patent Citations (21), Referenced by (18), Classifications (52), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/403,612, entitled “Dovetailed Intercalary Segmental Implant” filed on Mar. 31, 2003, by Stephen A. Hazebrouck, which is incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.
The present invention relates to prosthetic systems for replacement of parts of bones, and more particularly to prosthetic systems having components that can be connected and disconnected in situ without damaging soft tissue through distraction of bone segments.
Severe trauma and disease can lead to significant amounts of bone loss. In some instances, it is necessary to excise intercalary bone from a long bone, that is, part of the diaphysis or bone shaft between the ends of the long bone, but it is not necessary to excise the ends of the long bone. Thus, for example, a portion of the shaft of the femur may need to be excised to remove a malignancy, while the ends of the femur defining parts of the hip and knee joint may be healthy. Similarly, it may be necessary to excise part of the shaft of the tibia or humerus while the ends of these bones are healthy. Rather than remove the healthy ends of the bone, it may be desirable to leave the healthy portions of the bone in place and remove the damaged or diseased bone. In these circumstances, the empty span between the ends of the bone must be replaced with some type of mid-shaft prosthesis that spans the distance between the native bone ends. The mid-shaft prosthesis can include stems that fit into the intramedullary canals of the native bone ends and a body that extends between these stems. However, it may be difficult to implant such a mid-shaft prosthesis. Implantation can require that the native bone ends be distracted proximally and distally in order to fit the mid-shaft prosthesis into position. Since the native bone ends are surrounded by and connected to soft tissue, distraction of the native bone ends can damage the soft tissue and the connections between the soft tissue and the native bone ends.
During surgical procedures to replace part of a bone with a prosthesis, orthopaedic trials are typically used. A surgeon uses an orthopaedic trial to ensure that the proper implant size will be used, to make the appropriate cuts and reams in the bone, and to ensure a proper alignment and component thickness prior to implanting the prosthetic components.
For orthopaedic trials to be most useful, it is desirable that they replicate the sizes and shapes of the final implant components to be used. Therefore, it is desirable that orthopaedic trials offer the same flexibility as offered by the final implants. To optimize the utility of such orthopaedic trials, it is also desirable that these orthopaedic trials also be easily and quickly assembled or connected and disassembled or disconnected.
For orthopaedic trials that are sized and shaped to mimic final intercalary implant components, the mid-shaft trials can include stems that fit into the intramedullary canals of the native bone ends and a trial body that extends between these stems. However, as described above with respect to intercalary implants, it may be difficult to insert such a mid-shaft trial without damaging the soft tissue at the native bone ends.
The present invention addresses the need for orthopaedic components, such as trials and implants, that offer flexibility, that can be easily and quickly assembled or connected and disassembled or disconnected, and that can be temporarily inserted or implanted while minimizing damage to the soft tissue at the remaining portions of native bone.
In one aspect the present invention addresses these needs by providing an orthopaedic system comprising a set of implant components sized and shaped to replace a portion of a bone, a set of trial components sized and shaped to replicate or duplicate at least one feature of the implant components and a set of instruments for use in preparing the bone to receive the implant components. At least one of the sets includes a first member having a longitudinal axis, a second member having a longitudinal axis, and a retainer. One of the members has a male portion and the other of the members has wall sections defining a female portion. The female portion is capable of receiving the male portion to connect the first and second members together. The female portion and the male portion are sized and shaped so that the male portion can be moved into the female portion through relative movement in a direction other than longitudinal. The retainer is movable between an unlocked position wherein relative movement between the male portion and female portion is possible and a locked position wherein relative movement between the male portion and female portion is restricted.
In another aspect, the present invention addresses these needs by providing an intercalary orthopaedic system to span a space in the shaft of a long bone between native proximal and distal ends of the long bone. The system comprises a first spacer segment, a second spacer segment and a retaining ring. The first spacer segment is to be secured to the native proximal end of the long bone and has a longitudinal axis. The second spacer segment is to be secured to the native distal end of the long bone and has a longitudinal axis. One of the spacer segments has a male portion and the other of the spacer segments has surfaces defining a female portion. The female portion is capable of receiving the male portion to connect the first and second spacer segments together to span the space in the shaft of the long bone. The male and female portions may comprise a T-shaped projection and a mating T-slot, mating dovetails, or tongues and grooves, for example. The female portion has a threaded exterior surface. The female portion and the male portion are sized and shaped so that the male portion can be moved into the female portion through relative movement in a direction other than longitudinal. The retaining ring has a threaded interior surface sized and shaped to be capable of being threaded onto the threaded exterior surface of the female portion to retain the first and second spacer segments together when the male portion is received in the female portion.
In another aspect, the present invention provides an intercalary orthopaedic system spanning a space in the shaft of a long bone between native proximal and distal ends of the long bone comprising a first spacer segment, a segment spacer segment and a retaining ring. The first spacer segment is secured to the native proximal end of the long bone. The second spacer segment is secured to the native distal end of the long bone. One of the spacer segments has a male portion and the other of the spacer segments has surfaces defining a female portion. The female portion receives the male portion to connect the first and second spacer segments together to span the space in the shaft of the long bone. The female portion has a threaded exterior surface. The retaining ring has a threaded interior surface threaded onto the threaded exterior surface of the female portion to retain the first and second spacer segments together.
Additional features of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon consideration of the following detailed description of preferred embodiments exemplifying the best mode of carrying out the invention as presently perceived.
The mid-shaft prosthetic trial system 18 illustrated in
As shown in
To avert the potential for soft tissue damage, the present invention obviates the need for proximal-distal distraction of the native bone ends 12, 14 during trialing while retaining the advantages of the system disclosed in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/135,610. As shown in
An intercalary orthopaedic system including the three-part spacer of the present invention could include stem components 20, 22 like those shown in
The intercalary orthopaedic system would typically include surgical instruments for resecting and preparing the bone, intercalary implants and intercalary trials. The intercalary implants may have features such as those disclosed in the following U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/403,612, entitled “Dovetailed Intercalary Segmental Implant” filed on Mar. 31, 2003, by Stephen A. Hazebrouck (incorporated by reference herein in its entirety); Ser. No. 10/403,357 entitled “Intercalary Segmental Implant,” filed on Mar. 31, 2003 by Natalie Heck and Michael C. Jones (incorporated by reference herein in its entirety); and Ser. No. 10/135,791 entitled “Modular Limb Preservation System,” filed on Apr. 30, 2002 by Stephen A. Hazebrouck, Nick A. Deeter, Mark E. Ruhling, Mark B. Lester, and Joe William Ferguson (incorporated by reference herein in its entirety).
It should be understood that the principles of the present invention could also be applicable to other intercalary systems and to other orthopaedic systems (such as systems for replacing portions of bone at a joint such as the knee or hip, for example). Accordingly, the present invention should not be limited to the features of any trial, implant, instrument, system or kit unless expressly called for in the claims.
As used herein, “trial” means a device that replicates one or more features of an implant component and that is intended to be temporarily placed in the patient's body to allow intraoperative assessment of the effects of using that implant component, and to be removed from the patient's body and replaced with an implant component during the same surgical procedure. Typically the trial replicates one or more dimensional features of the implant component to allow for assessment of the size of the implant component. In the case of orthopaedic systems, several trials are usually included in the system, corresponding with the sized of implants available in the system. Many orthopaedic trials come in contact with native bone, or a resected surface of native bone.
It should also be understood that references herein to the first spacer segment 32, second spacer segment 34, proximal stem component and distal stem component are intended to be generic terms including both trial spacer segments or stem components and implant spacer segments or stem components unless expressly limited to one or the other type of segment or component. For example, the expression “first spacer segment” includes both trial spacer segments and implant spacer segments unless expressly limited to one or the other type of spacer segment. Thus, although the system illustrated in
Referring now to
Each bore 42 can receive the post 28 of one of the stem components 20, 22. The interior bores 42 and interior grooves 44 of both trial segments 32, 34 are similar to those described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/135,610 so that each bore 42 can also receive and temporarily lock with a post 28 of one of male ends of one of the other trial system components described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/135,610. The depth of the bore 42 of the first trial segment 32 is calibrated to the length of the posts so that any trial component of the system having a post like that described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/135,610 can mate with the first trial segment 32. A garter-type canted-coil spring of the type illustrated in
It should be understood that the interiors of the first and second spacer segments 32, 34 may vary from those illustrated if the first and second spacer segments are intended to complement a components of a trial system having shapes and retention mechanisms different from those illustrated for the proximal and distal stem trials 20, 22. The present invention is not limited to any particular interior structure for the first and second spacer segments and is not limited to the use of canted-coil springs unless expressly called for in the claims. Moreover, if the segments are to be used as orthopaedic implants instead of trials, it is expected that some connection mechanism, such as Morse tapers, would be used instead of the canted-coil spring and groove system illustrated.
Both the first spacer segment 32 and the second spacer segment 34 have diametrically opposed tabs 29 like those described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/135,791 and U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/135,610. Each tab 29 can be received in one of the notches 27 of one of the stem components 20, 22. However, it should be understood that the invention is not limited to the use of such tabs and notches unless expressly called for in the claims. Other anti-rotation features can be used, or, it may not be necessary to include anti-rotation features in every case.
As shown in
As can be seen in
A second spacer segment 34 with a male portion 70 complementary to the female portion 50 is illustrated in
The transverse male portion or projection 70 and female transverse slot 69 are sized and shaped so that the first and second spacer segments 32, 34 can be connected together by sliding the transverse male portion or projection 70 into the female transverse slot 69 as shown in
When the male and female portions 70, 69 of the two spacer segments 32, 34 have been slid together in a medial-lateral or anterior-posterior direction into their mating relationship, the ends of the male portion or projection 70 do not extend outward beyond the threads of the threaded outer surface 66 of the first spacer segment 32. To secure the first and second intercalary spacer segments 32, 34 together, the illustrated embodiment of the invention also includes the retaining ring 36 shown in
As shown in
The unlocked position of the retaining ring 36 on the first spacer segment 32 is illustrated in
The locked position of the retaining ring 36 on the first spacer segment 32 is illustrated in
It should be understood that the lengths of intercalary bone segments 16 needing replacement will vary substantially, depending on many factors, such as the extent of disease or injury or the age or size of the patient. Accordingly, an intercalary system or kit will desirably include first and second spacer segments 32, 34 that yield a variety of combined lengths. For maximum versatility with minimal costs, a surgical kit or trial system utilizing the teachings of the present invention could include the first spacer segment 32 of one length along with a plurality of second spacer segments 34 of various lengths to accommodate the need for different spans of bone loss and different lengths of bone. Alternatively, multiple lengths of either one or both of the spacer segments 50, 32 or 34 could be included in a surgical kit.
The three-part spacer and other components can be made of any standard medical grade material for implants and trials. For example, the spacer segments 32, 34, 36, retaining ring 36 and stem components 20, 22 for use as trials could all be made of a wrought cobalt chrome ccm+ alloy (co-cr-mo MS-100002-1083) or surgical grade stainless steel. For use as implants, these components 32, 34, 36 could be made of titanium or a co-cr-mo alloy, for example.
It should also be understood that the illustrated mating T-shaped male portion 70 and T-shaped female slot 69 represent one example of an interface that can be used in the present invention, and that other interfaces could be used. For example, as shown in
To use the illustrated intercalary spacer segments 32, 34 and system, the surgeon can prepare the long bone (e.g. the femur, tibia, humerus, etc.) to remove the diseased portion of the diaphyses or to remove bone fragments produced by some injury. The surgeon can then ream the intramedullary canals of the healthy proximal and distal bone portions 12, 14 in a standard manner to receive the stems of the stem trials 20, 22. The inner ends 100, 102 (see
The surgeon can assemble the illustrated stem component 20 with the illustrated first spacer segment 32 by inserting the male post 28 of the stem component 20 into the bore 42 of the first spacer segment 32 until the appropriate temporary lock is created between the two components 20, 32. The temporary lock can be accomplished through use of the illustrated canted-coil spring 46 in combination with the groove 44 in the first trial segment and groove in the male post 28 of the stem trial. The retaining ring 36 can be assembled with the first spacer segment 32 by threading it onto the threaded outer surface 66 of the first spacer segment until the retaining ring is in the unlocked position, creating a first trial sub-assembly, shown at 104 in
Once both sub-assemblies 104, 106 have been inserted, the two sub-assemblies 104, 106 can be connected as shown in
It should be understood that the above-described surgical technique is provided by way of example only, and that the present invention is not limited to that technique unless expressly called for in the claims. Variations are possible; for example, the surgeon could opt to connect the trial segments 32, 34 and the stem trials 20, 22 after the stem trials have been inserted in the native bone portions 12, 14. Moreover, it should be understood that the above-described surgical technique can be modified for use of the three-part spacer in implants, instruments and other types of systems.
As can be appreciated from the above description, the principles of the invention can also be used outside of the orthopaedic and medical fields. In any field where it is desirable to join two components through transverse rather than longitudinal movement, mating male projections and female slots and retainers similar to those illustrated could be used.
While only specific embodiments of the invention have been described and shown, it is apparent that various alternatives and modifications can be made thereto. Those skilled in the art will also recognize that certain additions can be made to the illustrative embodiment. It is, therefore, the intention in the appended claims to cover all such alternatives, modifications and additions as may fall within the true scope of the invention.
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|U.S. Classification||623/16.11, 606/62, 623/23.44, 623/23.47|
|International Classification||A61B17/56, A61F2/00, A61F2/36, A61F2/28, A61F2/30, A61F2/46, A61F2/38|
|Cooperative Classification||A61F2002/30604, A61F2002/30224, A61F2002/30385, A61F2/4684, A61F2/389, A61F2002/2825, A61F2002/30599, A61F2220/0033, A61F2002/30143, A61F2002/4638, A61F2002/30492, A61F2002/30789, A61F2/3859, A61F2002/30382, A61F2002/30616, A61F2230/0017, A61F2250/0063, A61F2/36, A61F2002/30332, A61F2/30721, A61F2310/00029, A61F2002/30795, A61F2002/30329, A61F2002/30405, A61F2002/2892, A61F2002/30507, A61F2002/30383, A61F2310/00023, A61F2220/0025, A61F2230/0069, A61F2002/2853, A61F2/28, A61F2002/4642, A61F2002/3082, A61F2002/30772, A61F2002/30774, A61F2002/30387, A61F2002/30878|
|European Classification||A61F2/46T, A61F2/28, A61F2/30B|
|Sep 24, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DEPUY PRODUCTS, INC., INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HAZEBROUCK, STEPHEN A.;REEL/FRAME:015844/0448
Effective date: 20040924
|Jun 2, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DEPUY PRODUCTS, INC., INDIANA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BROWN, SCOTT C.;REEL/FRAME:018141/0543
Effective date: 20060530
|Sep 1, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Nov 14, 2014||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 3, 2015||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|May 26, 2015||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20150403