Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS720014 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 10, 1903
Filing dateMar 6, 1902
Priority dateMar 6, 1902
Publication numberUS 720014 A, US 720014A, US-A-720014, US720014 A, US720014A
InventorsThomas Folks
Original AssigneeThomas Folks
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Amusement apparatus.
US 720014 A
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

T. IoLKs.

AMUSEMENT APPARATUS. APPLICATION IILBD MAR. 6, 1902.

N0 MODES 2 SHEETS-SHEET l.

PAT'ENTED PEB. 1o, 1903.

www3? wim A TTU/NVE PATENTED PEBl 10, 1903.

T'. POLKS. AMUSBMBNT APPARATUS.

APPLICATION FILED MAR. 6. 1902.

2 SHEETS-SHEET Z.-

30 MODEL.

s .Qzw-- BY 6) Jim1 of ,t E SSES QU/WMM.

A TTOHN Nrrnn STATES PATENT OFFICE.

THOMAS FOLKS, OF BROOKLYN, NEVV'YORK.

AM U'SEIVI ENT APPARATUS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. '7 20,0 14, dated iFebruary. 10, 1903.

Application filed March 6, 1902.

To all whom 7225 may concern:

Be it known that I, THOMAS FoLKs, a citi- Zen of the United States, residing at Coney Island, in the borough of Brooklyn, city of New York, county of Kings, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Amusement Apparatus, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.

My invention relates to amusement apparatus wherein persons seeking recreation and entertainment are transported in boats under the influence of an induced current over a course of water iiowing in an artificial chan` nel or flume amidst a diversity of novel and pleasing scenic effects.

The object of the invention is to provide an apparatus of this character wherein the channel or flume will present in its course portions of varying pitch to accelerate the speed of the boat at predetermined points, wherein the level of the bulk of the flowing water will be maintained irrespective of the natural tendency to accumulate at the lowest point of the course, and wherein the means for so maintaining it is capable of automatic action to permit the unobstructed passage of the boat over the entire course.

A further object is to provide an apparatus which will be so compact in its arrangement as to admit of the use of an extended course on a comparatively small ground-space and which can be operated economically.

The invention consists in the novel features of construction hereinafter set forth and described, and more particularly pointed out in the claims hereto appended.

Referring to the drawings, Figure lis a side elevation of an amusement apparatus embodying my invention, portions of the housing therefor being broken away. Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation showing the relation of the diierent sections of the same continuous channel or flume. Fig. Bis a front elevation of one of the automatic lock-gates. Fig. 4 is a side elevation of the upper lock-gate; and Fig. 5 is a similar view of the lower lock-gate,

showing the position assumed by the various serai No. 96,892. or@ man parts thereof during the passage of a boat thereover.

Like letters refer to like parts throughout the several views.

In the practice of my invention I provide an outer housing A, inclosing the galleries B, wherein is an artificial channel Vor flume et. The inner walls of said galleries on each side of the said flume are equipped with such scenery or decorations as may be desired. A continuous current of flowing water is maintained in said fiume by means of the feed-pipe D, discharging into the section of the fiume occupying the highest elevation, the necessary water being drawn from any suitable source of supply, as the basin or tank C, into which the channel or fiume empties, and being forced through said pipe by any well-known means as a force-pump. (Not shown.)

The iume a, is comprised of sections occupying planes of relatively different elevations, which from their highest points descend gradually, the pitch preferably being from one-half to one inch to the hundred feet. The water discharged thereinto will therefore flow in a moderately-swift current only. These sections are connected by intermediate sections, as c c, the pitch of inclination of which is relatively greater than that of the adjoining sections to vary the speed of the boats at these points. To maintain the head of water above these intermediate sections c c, I provide the gates l) b, to be more fully described in detail hereinafter, which gates are spaced apart to form a lock between them. To prevent the backing up of water above said gates and the consequent interference with the current, these gates are so arranged (preferably by submerging to a limited extent) as to permit the continuous discharge of a portion of water therethrough or thereover. By this ar- .rangement of gates the pitch of the intermediate sections c c may be any desired degree, and thus enable the different sections of the fiume d to occupy planes of different elevation, the galleries when so desired being arranged one above the other to any desired number.

p in the'upper section may be used.

Each of the intermediate sections c is provided with rollers or Ways d, upon which the boat may glide, as it is apparent that a volume of water sufficient to oat the boat cannotl be economically maintained, although enough will pass continuously thereover, and

particularly so With the passage of the boatv from the lock, to create the effect of rapids and conceal the said ways or rollers CZ.

The gates l) each com prise aframeb, hinged to the bed of the fiume ct, and a similar frame b2, hinged to said first-mentioned frame or united therewith by means of a toggle-joint c. The frame h2 is provided with a suitable facing. Mounted in bearings on the upper side of these frames, respectively, are rollers F F, which are adapted to facilitate the passage of a boat thereover. To control more perfectly the movement of the said gates, I provide each with rollers G G,'carried by the frame b2, which move in ways formed by the bed ofthe fiume a and the guide f, suitable play being provided for to permit the free longitudinal movement ofsaid trame. A cleat, as g, is secured to each side of the flume a, which presents an extended contact-surface to engage the frame h and reinforce it, thus relieving the various hinges from undue strain when the gate is closed. A counterbalance, as h, serves in conjunction with the force exerted by the current of water against the facing of the frame b2 to normally close said gate.

To prevent the continuous flow of water from one inclined section to another occupying a lower plane when the apparatus is closed down, I provide a supplemental gate J, adjoining the lock formed between the gates b b, respectively.

Any desired means of transporting the boats and their loads from the lower sections to the starting-point or source of the fiume a In the drawings I have shown an ordinary lift E, although an inclined plane may be substituted therefor when the space to be occupied will admit of such a construction.

The galleries B and their contained flume may take any desired course-direct and return, circular, or tortuous-to conform to the limitations imposed by the space to be occupied or other arbitrary requirements.

The operation of my amusement apparatus, in so far as it has not already been described, is as follows: The flume a is filled withywater by means of the feed-pipe D and pump, (not shown,) which discharges into the section thereof occupying the highest plane and contiguous to the point of greatest elevation of said section. As this section of the flume ills a portion of the water passes over or through the gates b b, over the intermediate sections c c to the section occupying the next lower plane, thus'inducing a continuous current of water, which action is repeated until the water traverses the entire length of the fiume and empties into the basin or tank `parts to their normal position.

C. -The arrangement of the said tank relative to the lower section being such as to prevent the complete discharge of said section thereinto, this current is maintained throughout the entire flume solely by the continued discharge of water from said feed-pipe and the withdrawal of a corresponding volume of water from said tank. A suitable current having been set up, a boat and its occupants are elevated by means of the lift E or its equivalen t--an inclined plane-to the section of the flume occupying the highest plane and introduced thereinto. As the boat enters the fiume it descends with the current in the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 4 until it contacts with the roller F on the upper folding gate b. The acquired momentum of the boat augmented by the force of the current thereon tends to force the boat upon said roller and over the crest of the said gate. The vertical pressure occasioned by the weight of the boat and the contour of its stem or bow, however, depresses said gate, the rollers G G moving longitudinally in their ways to permit said depression. As the boat passes over the upper gate, as shown in Fig. l, which movement is facilitated by the rollers F F, with which it contacts, sufficient water enters the lock' with the boat to fill it. As the boat passes from said gate and prior to the actuation of the lower gate in a similar manner the upper gate is automatically closed by the action of the current on the facing of the frame h2, the counterbalancef roo serving to start and aid in the return of the As the boat leaves the lock after actuating the lower gate it descends theintermediate section c with the whole volume of Water contained in the lock and continues its course through the flume from section to section in this manner until the main basin C is reached.

It will be observed that by the construction hereiubefore described any number of inclined sections occupying planes of relatively different elevation may be utilized and that said sections may be disposed one'directly above the other, if desired, care being taken to render the flume Water-tight. The volume of water to maintain the necessary level throughout these sections and induce a continuous current, by reason of the gates h b or either of them, is reduced to a minimum and the 'maintenance of the apparatus thus made economical. The vertically-depressible gates not only serve to prevent waste of water, but also increase the capacity of a plant and prevent the necessity of obstructing the upper portion of the galleries B. Furthermore, the said construction renders practicable the use of sections on different elevations and of variable pitch.

It is apparent that therev may be many deviations from the construction herein shown and described Without departing from the spirit of my invention, both as to the exact IIO arrangement of the gates and their number and in the minor details of their construction. It is not my intention, therefore, to limit the invention to the precise construction herein shown and described.

The course of the flume is immaterial, and no claim is made as to such.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to have protected by Letters Patent, is

l. In an amusement apparatus, a continu` ons channel or flume comprised of a plurality of sections disposed in planes of relatively different elevation and intermediate sections connecting said first-mentioned sections respectively, means for feeding water to said fiume and means whereby the water-level in `the various sections is maintained Vand a boat is permitted to pass successively from one section to another over said intermediate sections, in combination with means for transporting a boat to the starting-point of said fiume, substantially as described.

2. In an amusement apparatus, a continuous channel or fiume comprised of a plurality of inclined sections occupying planes of relatively diiferent elevation and inclined intermediate sections of relatively greater pitch connecting said first-mentioned sections respectively, means for feeding water to said flume and means whereby the water-level is maintainedin the varioussectionsandaboatis permitted to pass successively from one section 1o another over said intermediate section, in combination with means for transporting a boat to the starting-point of said fiume, substantially as described.

3. In an amusement apparatus, a continuous channel or Hume comprised of a plurality of inclined sections disposed in planes of relatively different elevation and inclined intermediate sections of relatively greater pitch connecting said rst-mentioned sections respectively, means for feeding water to said flume anda depressible gate above said intermediate sections respectively whereby the water-level in the various sections is maintained and a boat is permitted to pass Successively from one section to another over said intermediate sections, in combination with means for transporting a boat to the startingpoint of the flume, substantially as described.

4. In an amusement apparatus, a continuous channel or fiume comprised of a plurality of sections disposed in planes of relatively diderent elevation and intermediate sections connecting said iirst-mentioned sections respectively, means for feeding water to said flume, an upper depressible gate and a lower depressible gate above said intermediate sections respectively and spaced apart to form an intermediate lock, whereby the waterlevel in the various sections is maintained and a boat is permitted to pass successively from one section to another over said intermediate sections, in combination with means for transporting a boat to the starting-point of the flume, substantially as described.

5. In an amusement apparatus, a continuons channel or flume comprised of a plurality of inclined sections disposed in planes of relatively ,different elevation and intermediate inclined sections of relatively greater pitch connecting said first-mentioned sections respectively, means for feeding water to said flume, an upper depressible gate anda lower depressible gate above said intermediate sections respectively and spaced apart to form an intermediate lock, whereby the water-level in the various sections is maintained and a boat is permitted to pass successively from one section to the other over said intermediate sections, in combinationwith means for transporting a boat to the starting-point of the flu me, substantially as described.

6. In an amusement apparatus, a continuous channel or flume comprised of a plurality of inclined sections disposed in planes of relatively different elevation and inclined intermediate sections of relatively greater pitch connecting said first-mentioned sections respectively, means for `feeding water to said fiume and a pair of gates above said intermediate sections respectively, said gates being spaced apart to forman intermediate lock and adapted to be automatically and successively actuated by a passing boat, whereby the water-level in the various sections is maintained and a boat is permitted to pass successively from one section to another over said intermediate sections, in combination with means for transporting a boat to the starting-point of the flume, substantially as described.

V7. In an amusement apparatus, a continuous channel or flume comprised of a plurality of inclined sections disposed in planes of relatively different elevation and inclined intermediate sections of relatively greater pitch connecting said first-mentioned sections respectively, means for feeding water to said nume, a pair of gates above saidintermediate sections respectively, said gates being spaced apart to form an intermediate lock and adapted to be automatically and successively actuated by a passing boat, whereby the waterlevel in. the various sections is maintained and a boat is permitted to pass successively from one section to another over said intermediate sections, and rollers or ways on said intermediate sections, in combination with means for transporting a boat to the starting-point of said flume, substantially as described.

8. In an amusement apparatus,- a continuous channel or fiume in combination with an automatic gate comprised of two frames united by a toggle-joint, a pivotal connection between one of said frames and said channel or fiume, a'facing on the other of said frames, the said last-mentioned frame being capable of longitudinal movement to permit said gate ICO IIO

'to'be depressed by a passing boat and guides or ways whereby said longitudinal movement is controlled, substantially as described.

9. In an amusementJ apparatus, a continuous channel or ume, in combination with an automatic gate comprised of two frames united bya toggle-joint, a pivotal connection between one of said frames and said channel or flume, a facing on the other of said frames, the said last-mentioned frame being capable of longitudinalmovement to permit said gate to be depressed by a passing boat, substantially as described.

10 In an amusement apparatus, a continuous channel or flume in combination with an automatic gate comprising two framesnnited by a toggle-joint, a pivotal connection between one of said frames and said channel or flume, a facing on the other of said frames, the said last-mentioned frame being capable of longitudinal movement to permit said gate to be depressed by a passing boat, guides or ways whereby said longitudinal movement is controlled and side braces adapted to engage said first-mentioned frame and reinforce said gate when closed, substantially as described.

ll. In an amusement apparatus, a continuo us channel or flume in combination with an automatic gate comprising two frames united by a toggle-joint, a pivotal connection between one of said frames and said channelor flume, a facing on the other of said frames, the said last-mentioned frame being capable of longitudinal movement to permit said gate to be depressed bya passing boat, side braces adapted to engage said first-mentioned frame and reinforce said gate when closed, guides or ways whereby the longitudinal movement of saidframe is controlled and rollers carried by said gate whereby the passage of a boat thereoveris facilitated, substantially as de scribed.

l2. In an amusement apparatus, a continuous channel or flume in combination with an automatic gate comprising two frames united by a toggle-joint, a ivotal connection between lone of said frames and said channel or flume, a facing for the other ofsaid frames, the said last-mentioned frame being capable of longitudinal movement to permit said gate to be depressed by a passing boat, guides or Ways whereby said longitudinal movement is controlled, side braces adapted to engage said first-mentioned frame and reinforce said gate when closed, rollers carried by said gate whereby the passage of a boat thereover is facilitated, and a counterweight to aid in starting and returning said gate to the closed position, substantially as described.

In Witness whereof I have hereunto affixed my signature, this 4th day of March, 1902, in the presence of two witnesses.

THOMAS FOLKS.

Witnesses:

F. T. WENTWORTH, M. OBRIEN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7229359Oct 24, 2003Jun 12, 2007Henry, Schooley & Associates, L.L.C.Continuous water ride
US7285053Sep 11, 2001Oct 23, 2007Nbgs International, Inc.Water amusement system and method
US7371182Nov 12, 2004May 13, 2008Nbgs International, Inc.Conveyor control system and method for water amusement parks
US7371183Aug 30, 2005May 13, 2008Henry, Schooley & Associates, L.L.C.Water amusement park conveyors
US7491128Nov 12, 2004Feb 17, 2009Nbgs International, Inc.Conveyor system and method for water amusement parks
US7497784Nov 24, 2004Mar 3, 2009Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Rollable carrier ride
US7597630Nov 24, 2004Oct 6, 2009Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement park conveyors
US7727077Oct 6, 2005Jun 1, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement park water channel flow system
US7740542Nov 12, 2004Jun 22, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement method
US7758435Aug 30, 2006Jul 20, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Amusement water rides involving interactive user environments
US7762899Aug 30, 2005Jul 27, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement park conveyor support elements
US7762900Mar 14, 2006Jul 27, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Method and system of positionable covers for water amusement parks
US7766753Aug 30, 2006Aug 3, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Methods and systems for modular self-contained floating marine parks
US7775894Nov 12, 2004Aug 17, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Method and system of participant identifiers for water amusement parks
US7775895Oct 6, 2005Aug 17, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement park water channel and adjustable flow controller
US7775896Aug 30, 2006Aug 17, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Methods and systems for self-contained floating marine parks
US7780536Aug 30, 2006Aug 24, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Methods and systems for positionable screen for self-contained floating marine parks
US7785207Apr 20, 2006Aug 31, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement system with elevated structure
US7811177Aug 30, 2006Oct 12, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement system and method including a self-contained floating marine park
US7815514Aug 30, 2005Oct 19, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement park conveyor barriers
US7828667Aug 30, 2006Nov 9, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Methods and systems for active filtration of portions of self-contained floating marine parks
US7857704Sep 15, 2006Dec 28, 2010Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Amusement water rides involving games of chance
US7921601Apr 20, 2006Apr 12, 2011Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement system with trees
US7942752Oct 6, 2005May 17, 2011Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement park multiple path conveyors
US8070615Nov 18, 2005Dec 6, 2011Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Methods and systems for water amusement conveyor
US8075413Dec 8, 2006Dec 13, 2011Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Continuous water ride method and system for water amusement parks
US8079916Dec 18, 2008Dec 20, 2011Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Themed amusement river ride system
US8096892Feb 20, 2007Jan 17, 2012Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Control system for water amusement devices
US8162769Oct 6, 2005Apr 24, 2012Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Water amusement park conveyor roller belts
US8197352Sep 1, 2005Jun 12, 2012Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Methods and systems for amusement park conveyor belt systems
US8210954Aug 30, 2006Jul 3, 2012Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Amusement water rides involving exercise circuits
US8251832Jul 16, 2010Aug 28, 2012Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Method and system of positionable covers for water amusement parks
US8282497Aug 30, 2005Oct 9, 2012Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Modular water amusement park conveyors
US8663023Nov 8, 2010Mar 4, 2014Water Ride Concepts, Inc.Methods and systems for viewing marine life from self-contained floating marine parks
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA63G3/00