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Publication numberUS7204364 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 10/073,472
Publication dateApr 17, 2007
Filing dateFeb 11, 2002
Priority dateFeb 10, 2001
Fee statusPaid
Also published asDE10106193A1, DE10106193B4, US20020150455
Publication number073472, 10073472, US 7204364 B2, US 7204364B2, US-B2-7204364, US7204364 B2, US7204364B2
InventorsBernhard Allgaier
Original AssigneeStein Automation Gmbh
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lifting device
US 7204364 B2
Abstract
Lift device for lifting or, as the case may be, lowering of a support device (2, 3B, 5) of a transport track segment of a transport device for work pieces or the like, which are deposited upon plates, pallets or framework like work piece carriers (58) and upon which the work piece carrier (58) is seated translationally displaceably, with a force producing device (35, 72, 73) for producing a force for lifting or as the case may be lowering the support device (2, 3B, 5) and with a force transmission device for transmitting the force from the force producing device to the support device, the force transmission device includes at least one lever (25 a, 25 b), which on one side (29 a, 29 b) is coupled to be essentially horizontally displaceably guided with the force producing device (35, 72, 73) and on the other side (30 a, 30 b) is coupled with the support device (2, 3B, 5) and is guided for essentially vertical displacement.
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Claims(18)
1. A lift device for lifting and lowering a support device (2, 3B, 5) of a transport track segment of a transport device for work pieces, the lift device comprising:
a work piece carrier (58), wherein the work pieces are deposited on the work piece carrier;
a force producing device (35, 72, 73), wherein the force producing device produces a force for lifting or lowering the support device (2, 3B, 5);
a force transmission device, wherein the force transmission device transmits the force from the force producing device to the support device; and
wherein the force transmission device includes at least on lever (25 a, 25 b) having a first end (29 a, 29 b) coupled to the force producing device (35, 72, 73), the first end (29 a, 29 b) guided for horizontal displacement, and having a second end (30 a, 30 b) coupled to the support device (2, 3B, 5), the second end (30 a, 30 b) guided for vertical displacement,
wherein the first end (29 a, 29 b) is linked to at least one slide bar (16 a, 16 b) oriented in the horizontal direction, wherein the second end (30 a, 30 b) is linked to at least one lift bar (17 a, 17 b) parallel to the at least one slide bar (16 a, 16 b), and
wherein the at least one lever includes two levers, and two slide bars (16 a, 16 b) are provided oriented parallel and bracketing the two levers (25 a, 25 b).
2. A lift device according to claim 1, wherein a connecting device (42) is provided on the side of the slide bar(s) (16 a, 16 b) opposite of the force transmission device, which is connected with a spring tensioning device (41) having a pressure spring (18) seated upon a spring abutment (40), which is rigidly connected with a guide bar (27 b).
3. A lift device according to claim 1, wherein the at least one lever (25 a, 25 b) includes two levers, and two lift bars (17 a, 17 b) are provided in parallel orientation and bracketing the two levers (25 a, 25 b).
4. A lift device according to claim 1, wherein the at least one slide bar includes two slide bars, and the slide bars (16 a, 16 b) are associated with rollers (22 a, 22 b) for horizontal guidance on guide bars (27, 27 a, 27 b).
5. A lift device according to claim 4, wherein the rollers (22 a, 22 b) are mounted rotatably in the slide bars (16 a, 16 b).
6. A lift device according to claim 4, wherein the rollers are mounted rotatably in the guide bars.
7. A lift device according to claim 1, wherein guide rollers (22 a, 22 b) are provided for vertical guidance of guide elements (13 a, 13 b).
8. A lift device according to claim 7, wherein the guide elements (13 a, 13 b) are connected with the lift bars (17 a, 17 b).
9. A lift device according to claim 1, wherein slide blocks (15 a, 15 b) are provided for guiding the force transmission device (16 a, 16 b, 17 a, 17 b, 25 a, 25 b) in a sideways direction.
10. A lift device according to claim 1, wherein the force transmission device includes at least one motor drive (35) and a conversion device for converting the rotational movement of the motor drive (35) into a horizontal linear movement.
11. A lift device according to claim 10, wherein an eccentric disk (38) is provided, which is drivable by a motor drive (35) and which is in operable association with one end (29 a, 29 b) of the lever (25 a, 25 b).
12. A lift device according to claim 11, wherein the eccentric disk (38) carries an eccentric pin (38 a) to the drive axis of the motor drive (35), which engages in a linkage mount (37 a) provided on the one side of a crank (20),
wherein a pin (36) provided on the one side of the slide bar(s) (16 a, 16 b) engages in a linkage mount (37 b) provided on the other side of the crank (20).
13. A lift device according to claim 11, wherein the motor drive (35) is provided with a pressure or pull spring (18), of which the spring effect supports the start-up of the motor drive (35) at least during lifting of the support device (2, 3B, 5).
14. A lift device according to claim 1, wherein two force transmission devices (16 a, 16 b, 17 a, 17 b, 25 a, 25 b, 18, 20) are provided in parallel arrangement to each other, which respectively carry segments of an outer roller track (2) or an inner roller track (3B) of the support device.
15. A lift device for lifting and lowering a support device (2, 3B, 5) of a transport track segment of a transport device for work pieces, the lift device comprising:
a work piece carrier (58), wherein the work pieces are deposited on the work piece carrier;
a force producing device (35, 72, 73), wherein the force producing device produces a force for lifting or lowering the support device (2, 3B, 5);
a force transmission device, wherein the force transmission device transmits the force from the force producing device to the support device; and
wherein the force transmission device includes at least one lever (25 a, 25 b) having a first end (29 a, 29 b) coupled to the force producing device (35, 72, 73), the first end (29 a, 29 b) guided for horizontal displacement, and having a second end (30 a, 30 b) coupled to the support device (2, 3B, 5), the second end (30 a, 30 b) guided for vertical displacement,
wherein the first end (29 a, 29 b) is linked to at least one slide bar (16 a, 16 b) oriented in the horizontal direction, wherein the second end (30 a, 30 b) is linked to at least one lift bar (17 a, 17 b) parallel to the at least one slide bar (16 a, 16 b), and
wherein the at least one lever (25 a, 25 b) includes two levers, and two lift bars (17 a, 17 b) are provided in parallel orientation and bracketing the two levers (25 a, 25 b).
16. A lift device for lifting and lowering a support device (2, 3B, 5) of a transport track segment of a transport device for work pieces, the lift device comprising:
a work piece carrier (58), wherein the work pieces are deposited on the work piece carrier;
a force producing device (35, 72, 73), wherein the force producing device produces a force for lifting or lowering the support device (2, 3B, 5);
a force transmission device, wherein the force transmission device transmits the force from the force producing device to the support device; and
wherein the force transmission device includes at least one lever (25 a, 25 b) having a first end (29 a, 29 b) coupled to the force producing device (35, 72, 73), the first end (29 a, 29 b) guided for horizontal displacement, and having a second end (30 a, 30 b) coupled to the support device (2, 3B, 5), the second end (30 a, 30 b) guided for vertical displacement,
wherein the first end (29 a, 29 b) is linked to at least one slide bar (16 a, 16 b) oriented in the horizontal direction, wherein the second end (30 a, 30 b) is linked to at least one lift bar (17 a, 17 b) parallel to the at least one slide bar (16 a, 16 b), and
wherein the at least one slide bar includes two slide bars, and the slide bars (16 a, 16 b) are associated with rollers (22 a, 22 b) for horizontal guidance on guide bars (27, 27 a, 27 b).
17. A lift device for lifting and lowering a support device (2, 3B, 5) of a transport track segment of a transport device for work pieces, the lift device comprising:
a work piece carrier (58), wherein the work pieces are deposited on the work piece carrier;
a force producing device (35, 72, 73), wherein the force producing device produces a force for lifting or lowering the support device (2, 3B, 5);
a force transmission device, wherein the force transmission device transmits the force from the force producing device to the support device; and
wherein the force transmission device includes at least one lever (25 a, 25 b) having a first end (29 a, 29 b) coupled to the force producing device (35, 72, 73), the first end (29 a, 29 b) guided for horizontal displacement, and having a second end (30 a, 30 b) coupled to the support device (2, 3B, 5), the second end (30 a, 30 b) guided for vertical displacement,
wherein the first end (29 a, 29 b) is linked to at least one slide bar (16 a, 16 b) oriented in the horizontal direction, wherein the second end (30 a, 30 b) is linked to at least one lift bar (17 a, 17 b) parallel to the at least one slide bar (16 a, 16 b), and
wherein guide rollers (22 a, 22 b) are provided for vertical guidance of guide elements (13 a, 13 b).
18. A lift device for lifting and lowering a support device (2, 3B, 5) of a transport track segment of a transport device for work pieces, the lift device comprising:
a work piece carrier (58), wherein the work pieces are deposited on the work piece carrier;
a force producing device (35, 72, 73), wherein the force producing device produces a force for lifting or lowering the support device (2, 3B, 5);
a force transmission device, wherein the force transmission device transmits the force from the force producing device to the support device; and
wherein the force transmission device includes at least one lever (25 a, 25 b) having a first end (29 a, 29 b) coupled to the force producing device (35, 72, 73), the first end (29 a, 29 b) guided for horizontal displacement, and having a second end (30 a, 30 b) coupled to the support device (2, 3B, 5), the second end (30 a, 30 b) guided for vertical displacement,
wherein the force transmission device includes at least one motor drive (35) and a conversion device for converting the rotational movement of the motor drive (35) into a horizontal linear movement, and
wherein an eccentric disk (38) is provided, which is drivable by a motor drive (35) and which is in operable association with one end (29 a, 29 b) of the lever (25 a, 25 b).
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The invention concerns a lift device for lifting or, as the case may be, lowering a support device of a transport track segment upon which work piece carriers are provided so as to be translationally displaceable.

2. Description of the Related Art

With known flexible transport and assembly systems, a number of transport tracks or assembly tracks are connected with each other along a parallel plan, using transverse conveyors provided at right angles thereto.

According to the state of the art it is known to use so-called push-overs to push the work piece carrier from a transport track onto a transverse conveyor extending at a right angle thereto. A pusher of this type is comprised of a hydraulic or pneumatic device provided on the side of the track, of which horizontally extending rams push the work piece or, as the case may be, the carrier from the transport track onto the transverse conveyor. The problem is the displacement of the work piece or, as the case may be, the carrier, from the transverse carrier onto the transport track, that is in the reverse direction. It is a further disadvantage, that the guidance of the work piece or, as the case may be, the work piece carrier, upon the respective transport tracks or transverse carrier devices is only limitedly possible, since this would otherwise impede the pushing-over.

A further type of (reversible) translation device is known for example from DE 30 12 355 A1, comprised of transport tracks provided transverse or parallel to each other. In this device for translation of work piece carriers, work pieces, or the like, there is provided in the free space between the bands of a double belt conveyor band device a translation device with at least one translation belt extending perpendicularly to the double belt conveyor belt. This translation device has been found advantageous for employment in crossing locations of conveyor belt devices running perpendicular to each other, and makes possible a problem-free transference of the work piece carrier from one transport band to another. A problem therewith is that the transport bands or, as the case may be, transport tracks, must be positioned immediately adjacent to each other.

From DE 36 01 699 A1 a conveyor device is known, in which the transverse conveyors simultaneously assume the function of (reversible) translation, wherein a transference from the one track as well also from the other longitudinal transport track is made possible thereby. For this purpose the transverse conveyor, which crosses the longitudinal transport track, can be raised and lowered with the aid of a lifting device. These lifting devices and similar lifting systems preferably have pneumatic or hydraulic assemblies as the lifting device, which have a vertically oriented cylinder and a piston guided therein displaceable in the vertical direction for production of the lift movement, of which the piston rod is connected rigidly or via a linkage with the support device which translationally displaceably supports work piece carrier. With this type of vertically moveably guided piston or, as the case may be, piston rod, high actuation forces are necessary in order to lift the support device inclusive of the work piece carrier.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention is thus concerned with the task, of providing a lift device for lifting or, as the case may be, lowering of a support device of a transport track segment, upon which the work piece carriers are placed translationally displaceable, which is so designed, that only small actuation forces are necessary.

This task is solved in accordance with the invention by a lifting device for lifting or, as the case may be, lowering a support device of a transport track segment of a transport device for work pieces or the like, upon which plate-, pallet- or frame-shaped work piece carriers are laid, and upon which the work piece carrier is introduced translationally slideable, with a force transmission device including at least one lever which on one side is coupled to be essentially horizontally displaceably guided with the force producing device and on the other side is coupled with the support device and is guided for essentially vertical displacement.

The essential concept of the invention is comprised therein, that a force transmission device is provided, which includes at least one lever, which on the one side is guided at least horizontally displaceable and is coupled with the force transmission device and which on the other side is guided displaceably in the essentially vertical direction and coupled with the support device. This lever which in the lowered condition of the support device is inclined against the horizontal, and is then displaced on the other side horizontally for lifting the support device, whereby the other side is lifted, until it finally in the lift condition of the support device is oriented essentially in the vertical direction. In this position the entire load of the support device and the work piece carrier provided upon this support device inclusive of the work piece situated thereupon rests upon the lever itself and upon the horizontal guide associated with the once side of the lever. In this position no actuation force is required from the force transmission device in order to maintain the support device in the raised condition. Also, in the lowered position the forces applied in the horizontal direction by the force transmission device are lower than with a lift device according to the state of the art.

In a first embodiment of the invention it is envisioned, that the force transmission device includes two levers, which in parallel arrangement respectively on one end are mounted rotatably on at least one horizontally slideably guided slide bar and on the other side are mounted on at least one parallel to the slide bar arranged vertically slideably guided lift bar. This illustrated embodiment has the advantage, in comparison to a force transmission device based upon a single lever, that not only a point-to-point supporting or, as the case may be, lifting of the support device is possible, but rather that a one dimensional lifting along the lift bar can occur.

One design of this embodiment envisions, that two slide bars or gibs are provided parallel in such a manner, that these enclose or include the two levers. In this manner a two-sided mounting of the lever on the respective slide bars is made possible, so that their stability can be significantly increased.

In similar manner the stability can be increased when two lift bars are provided in parallel arrangement encompassing the two levers.

In accordance with the invention a further embodiment is envisioned, wherein the slider bars are provided with rollers for the horizontal guidance upon the appropriate guide bars. Therein two alternatives are possible; on the one hand, that the rollers are mounted rotatably upon the slide bars, and on the other hand, that the rollers are mounted rotatably upon the guide bars. Both alternatives serve to ensure the moveability of the slide bar in the horizontal direction.

A further variation of the invention is comprised therein, that guide rolls are also provided to the lift bars for vertical guidance at appropriate guide elements. In accordance with the presently described principle, the guide rollers can be provided mounted rotatably upon the lift bars (or an element rigidly connected thereto) or on the respective guide elements themselves. Both variants ensure a low friction vertical moveability of the lift bar and the therewith associated support device.

In accordance with the invention it is further envisioned, that sliding blocks are provided, which secure the force transmission device preferably in its entirety against a sideways displacement. This means, that these glide blocks are provided in such a manner, that essentially a linear movement of the slide bars in the horizontal direction is made possible, as well as a vertical movement of the lift bars. A movement in a direction other than these two movement directions, the planes defined by the vertical movement direction and the horizontal movement direction, should be prevented by these slide blocks.

According to the invention it is further envisioned, that the force-producing device includes at least one pneumatic device or one hydraulic device. These pneumatic or, as the case may be, hydraulic devices are provided therefore, for producing the horizontal displacement movement of the slide bars. The cylinder as well as the therein guided piston and therewith their piston rod are thereby preferably arranged in horizontal direction, and in particular in the longitudinal direction of the slider bars. Introduction of parasitic forces are avoided in this mode and manner.

In similar manner it is also possible to accomplish a displacement movement with the aid of a linear motor arranged in the just described manner. Whichever variant is to be employed depends upon the respective intended use, in particular also from the presence or as the case may be absence of associated control possibilities.

A particularly advantageous embodiment of the invention envisions that the force transmission device includes at least one (rotation) motor drive, which is coupled with a conversion device for conversion of the rotation movement of the motor drive into a horizontal linear movement. This type of motorized drive is still economical to obtain in comparison to the above described force transmission devices, and associated devices for conversion or as the case may be translation for a rotation movement into a linear movement are well known in the state of the art in a variety of alternative embodiments.

A particular advantageous embodiment is comprised therein, that an eccentric disk, a cam disk or the like is provided, which can be driven by the motorized drive and which cooperates with the one side of the lever. A cooperation between the eccentric disk and the one side of the lever can be realized in particularly simple manner thereby, that the eccentric disk (cam disk or the like) carries a pin (cam pin or the like) arranged eccentric to the drive axis of the motorized drive, which engages in a linkage mounting provided on one side of the cam, and a pin provided on one side of the slide bar engages in a linkage mount provided on the other side of the cam. A system of this type is comparable with the transmission of force from piston (internal combustion) motor to the wheel of, for example, an automobile, wherein however in the present case the force transmission occurs in the opposite direction.

In accordance with the invention it is envisioned that the motorized drive is provided with a draw spring, preferably however a pressure spring, of which the spring force supports the actuation of the (electric) motor drive, at least during lifting of the support device. The direction of bias of the pressure spring (or for example the draw spring) is thereby preferably arranged just so, that for the running of the motor essentially only a half of the force is required, which would be required without the presence of a spring of this type.

A further embodiment of the invention envisions, that a connecting device is provided on the other side of the slide bar, which is rigidly connected with a spring tension device. A pressure spring is seated upon this spring tension device, which for its part on the other side is seated upon a spring abutment rigidly connected with the guide bar. An arrangement of this type brings about an even force transmission from both sides upon the slide bars.

In a further inventive embodiment two force transmission devices in essentially identical form are provided parallel to each other which respectively carry segments of an outer roller track or, as the case may be, an inner roller track of the support device. With an appropriate coupling it is possible with one level of this embodiment to evenly raise or lower a preferably associated support device.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

Three illustrative embodiments of the invention are shown in the drawings and will be described in greater detail in the following. There is shown:

FIG. 1 shows a perspective view of a transport device with multiple longitudinal conveyor tracks, as well as multiple transverse conveyor tracks, as well as a plurality of lift devices for translation of a work piece carrier, from a longitudinal track, to transverse conveyor tracks and the reverse.

FIG. 2 shows a perspective view of a segment from the transport device according to FIG. 1 with inventive lift unit and transverse segment.

FIG. 3 shows a perspective view of a first illustrative embodiment of an inventive lift device according to FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 shows a perspective view of the lift action of the inventive lift device according to FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 shows a perspective detail view of the lift action of the inventive lift device according to FIG. 3.

FIG. 6 shows a side view of the lift action of the inventive lift device according to FIG. 3.

FIG. 7 shows the lift action of the inventive lift device according to FIG. 3 showing aside view along the plane 77′ according to FIG. 6.

FIG. 8 shows a bottom view of the lift action of a second illustrative embodiment of an inventive lift device according to FIG. 2

FIG. 9 shows top view of the lift action according to FIG. 8

FIG. 10 shows a sectional view of the lift action according to FIG. 8 along the plane 1010′.

FIG. 11 shows a bottom view of the lift action of a third illustrative embodiment of an inventive lift device according to FIG. 2

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

FIG. 1 shows a transport device 59 with four longitudinal conveyor tracks 60 as well as ten transverse conveyor tracks 61. The overall transport device 59 rests in this example on twenty legs 7, which in this particular embodiment are provided at the respective crossing points of the longitudinal conveyor tracks 60 and the transverse conveyor tracks 61.

The longitudinal conveyor tracks 60 and transverse conveyor tracks 61 respectively exhibit support devices, upon which one or more work piece carriers 58 can be seated translationally displaceable or slideable.

The support device is comprised in this concrete illustrative embodiment respectively of two parallel-running roller tracks 2, 3, 52, 53, which are comprised of a plurality of sequentially provided support rollers 51.

Further, both the longitudinal conveyor tracks 60 as well also the transverse conveyor tracks 61 include drive devices, which are continuously drivable by a drive motor 4, 54 and can be brought into frictional contact with the work piece carrier 58. The drive device is comprised, as will be described in greater detail in the following, of a belt 5, 55 provided between the respective outer lying and inner lying roller tracks 2, 3 as well as 52 and 53.

At the respective crossing points, which connect the longitudinal conveyor tracks 60 and transverse conveyor tracks 61 with each other, there are provided in this example respectively one lift device 1. This lift device 1 serves for the respective raising or as the case may be lowering of a transport track segment of the transport device. In the example the respectively longitudinal conveyor track segments are exclusively lowered.

FIG. 2 shows the segment from the preceding described transport device shown in FIG. 1 and circled with a circular border and indicated with X. This segment represents the above described lift device 1 and a section of the transverse conveyor segment 61.

As can be seen from FIG. 2, the actual lift device 1 rests upon the support leg 7. As can further be seen from the figure, the roller tracks 52 and 53 of the transverse conveyor track 61 cross the inner lying track 3 of the longitudinal conveyor track 60. Thereby they bridge over the free space 9 between inner and outer roller track 2, 3 of the longitudinal conveyor track 60. The inner roller track 3 is thereby interrupted, so that the free space 56 between the roller tracks 52 and 53 of the transverse conveyor track 61 is bridged over by the middle roller track segment 3B of the inner roller track 3. The outer roller track segments of the roller track 3 which connect from the outside with the roller tracks 52 and 53 are referred with reference numbers 3A and 3C for purposes of explanation.

For the translational transport of a work piece carrier 58 guided translationally slideable upon the respective roller tracks 2, 3, 52, 53 drive devices are provided in the example for the respective outer roller tracks 2 and 52 of the longitudinal conveyor tracks 60 and transverse conveyor tracks 61. These drive devices are comprised respectively of a drive motor 4 or, as the case may be, 54 and a belt 5 or, as the case may be, 55 drivable thereby and guided parallel to the respective roller tracks 2, 52.

On the basis of FIGS. 3 through 7 there will be described in detail in the following a first illustrative embodiment of an inventive lift device 1. As can be seen from FIG. 3, the support device of the transport track segment to be raised or as the case may be to be lowered of the transport device 59 for work pieces or the like, which work pieces are placed upon plates, pallets or frame like work piece carriers 58, is comprised essentially of two parallel running roller systems, an outer roller track 2 comprised of rollers 51 and an inner roller track 3 likewise comprised of rollers 51. On the outer roller track 2 there is engaged an inner lying driven belt 5 engaged in parallel arrangement, which runs over a direction changing roller or the like, which are mounted in profile tracks having perpendicular cross section. As drive means in the present example a drive motor is employed.

The rollers 51 are mounted rotatably close to each other. The here not shown work piece carriers 58 lie upon the belt 5 as well as upon the rollers 51 of the parallel and in same elevation provided roller tracks 2 and 3 and are transported with a speed set by the advancement rate of the belt 5.

The total assembly of the support device, comprised of the two roller tracks 2 and 3 (as well as inner roller track comprised in the present described manner of the respective roller track segments 3A, 3B and 3C) and the belt 5 driven with the aide of the drive motor 4 rests upon U-shaped angular profiles 47 provided in the same elevation and parallel to each other, which function as carrier 2 a, 3 a, 3 b, 3 c of the respective roller track segments 2, 3A, 3B, 3C. The carrier of the outer roller track is referenced in the following with the reference number 2 a, the carrier of the outer roller track segment 3A is referenced with the reference number 3 a, the carrier of the central roller track segment 3B is referenced with the reference number 3 b and the carrier of the outer roller track segment 3C is referenced with the reference number 3 c.

In the present embodiment of the invention essentially the outer roller tracks 2 with the drive unit comprised of drive motor 4 and belt 5 as well as the central roller track segments 3B and the respective associated carriers 2 a and 3 b are raiseable (as well again lowerable) relative to the fixed outer roller track segments 3A and 3C. The lowerability or as the case may be raiseability (vertical movement/stroke movement) is indicated in the example by the double arrow referenced with reference symbol V. The coupling between the raiseable roller track segments 2 and 3B is realized by the two parallel oriented beams which also function as spacer 6.

The overall lift device 1 rests essentially upon the two legs 7 which carry a frame comprised of two parallel and in horizontal direction oriented transverse carriers 8 a and 8 b as well as two parallel longitudinal carriers 10 a and 10 b which are however oriented perpendicular to the previously mentioned transverse carriers 8 a and 8 b.

This frame, comprised of transverse carriers 8 a and 8 b as well as the longitudinal carriers 10 a and 10 b, serves on the one hand directly as rigid carrier for the roller track segments 3 a and 3 c as well as rigid carrier 52 a and 53 a of the two roller tracks 52 and 53 of the transverse conveyor track 61. On the other hand this frame comprised of transverse carriers 8 a and 8 b as well as longitudinal carriers 10 a and 10 b serves as carrier, against which carriers 2 a and 3 b of the outer roller track 2 which are moveable in the vertical direction, and the center roller track segment 3B are supported.

In the following on the basis of FIG. 4 through 7 the lift action of the inventive lift device 1 according to FIG. 3 is described. The core of the actual force transmission device of the lift device 1 are the levers 25 a and 25 b oriented vertically in the raised position of the support device. Both levers 25 a and 25 b respectively exhibit linkages 29 a, 29 b, 30 a and 30 b on their ends. The lower linkages 29 a and 29 b are linked with two slider bars 16 a and 16 b oriented in the horizontal direction on both sides of the lever 25 a and 25 b. On the other end of the lever 25 a and 25 b are linked likewise two horizontally oriented lift bars 17 a and 17 b linked via the linkage 30 a and 30 b in the above described manner.

The two lower slider bars 16 a and 16 b are guided longitudinally to be displaceable in the horizontal direction via rollers 22 a and 22 b on guide bars 27 a and 27 b connected rigidly with the longitudinal carrier 10 a or as the case may be 10 b. This longitudinal slide device is referenced in the drawing with a double arrow with the reference character H.

The lift bars 17 a and 17 b exhibit threaded bores 33 on their upper side, via which the lift bars 17 a and 17 b (via appropriate bores 33 a in the carrier 3 b or as the case may be 2 a of the center roller track segment 3B or as the case may be the outer roller track 2 engaging screws) can be screwed to carriers 2 a or as the case may be 3 b.

These carriers 3 b of the center roller track segment 3 b as well as 2 a of the outer roller track 2 exhibit further boreholes 32 a, via which the screwing together with two guide elements 13 a and 13 b provided respectively in spaced relation to the front surface of the lift bars 17 a and 17 b can be accomplished. These guide elements 13 a and 13 b exhibit for this purpose guide boreholes 32 corresponding to the boreholes 23 a, in which suitable screws can be engaged.

These guide elements 13 a and 13 b are guided displaceably in the vertical direction on the one hand via guide rollers 22 a and 23 b mounted rigidly on the longitudinal carrier 10 a (or 10 b) as well as via slide blocks 15 a and 15 b. For reduction of the frictional resistance there are provided slide pieces 12 a or as the case may be 12 b on the respective sides of the guide elements 13 a and 13 b facing the slide blocks 15 a and 15 b, which via balancing springs 14 a, 14 b, 14 c and 14 d press against the sides of the guide element 13 a and 13 b pressing sideways in the horizontal direction against the slide blocks 15 a and 15 b provided on the frame profile 11 of a respective longitudinal carrier 10 a, 10 b, (FIG. 7).

The horizontal slideable guidance of the one side of the respective lever 25 a and 25 b with the aid of the slide bars 16 a and 16 b as well as the vertical slideability V of the other side of the lever 25 a and 25 b with the aid of the lift bar 17 a and 17 b makes it possible to convert a horizontal displacement movement into a vertical lift movement. If in the concrete case a force transmission device is provided for example in the horizontal direction against the face of the slide bars 16 a and 16 b, then thereby the lift bars 17 a and 17 b are lifted (or, as the case may be, in the opposite case, they are lowered). The rigid connection of the lift bars 25 a and 25 b with the carriers 2 a, 3 b of the corresponding roller tracks 2, 3B with the roller tracks 2, 3B to be raised or, as the case may be, to be lowered, brings about a raising or as the case may be lowering thereof (vertical movement V) in the above described manner.

In the following three different embodiments for production of the vertical displacement movement are explained. In particular there is shown in FIGS. 3 through 6 the inventive arrangement of a force producing device based upon an electric-motor drive, FIGS. 8 through 10 show a appropriate force transmission device based upon two pneumatic units, and FIG. 11 shows a force transmission unit based upon a single pneumatic or hydraulic device.

Reference is made to FIGS. 3 through 6. These force transmission devices are based upon a drive motor 35, and a device for converting the rotation movement produced by the motor 35 into a horizontal linear movement H of the slide bars 16 a and 16 b.

As can be seen from the illustration according to FIG. 5, a drive wheel 31 is seated upon the drive shaft of the motor 35. Via this drive wheel 31 a toothed belt 26 is guided, which again for its part is guided over a drive wheel 28. This drive wheel 28 is seated upon a drive shaft 21, which has the form of a multi-sided profile. This drive shaft 21 having multiple sides is rotatably mounted on two mounting blocks or shoes rigidly connected with the two longitudinal carrier 10 a and 10 b.

On the end of this drive shaft 21 there is seated a crank disk 38, which carries an eccentric pin 38 a in eccentric arrangement.

This eccentric pin 38 a is rotatably guided in a linkage mount 37 a of a crank 20. The crank 20 carries on the other end a further linkage mount 37 b, in which a pin 36, which is rotatably mounted in the end face of the slide bars 16 a and 16 b, is likewise rotatably mounted.

A rotation movement of the motor axle of the motor 35 is thus transmitted to the crank disk 38 via the drive wheel 31, the toothed belt 26, the drive wheel 28 and the drive shaft 21. The rotatability of the crank disk 38 is indicated in the figure by the double arrow referenced with reference character D.

The conversion of a force acting in horizontal direction into a vertical lift movement and the therewith associated reduction of the force requirement has already been described above.

For recognition of the position of the support device the invention envisions that inductive proximity switches 19 a or as the case may be 19 b are provided at the direction changing points on the ends of the slide bars.

For reducing the start up torque of the motor 35 the invention envisions the following described spring device. Thus there is provided on the other sides of the slide bars 16 a and 16 b a connecting device 42, which is rigidly connected with a cylinder like spring tensioning device 41, upon which a compression spring 18 is seated on the one side and which again on the other side is seated upon a rigidly with the guide bar 27 b connected spring abutment 40.

The entire force transmission is preferably, as can be seen from the example of FIG. 5, in doubled parallel arrangement and in essentially identical shape. Both force transmission devices are, as can be seen from this figure, components of the two longitudinal carriers 10 a and 10 b.

In the following one further inventive embodiment of a force transmission device is disclosed. From FIGS. 8 through 10 a device of this type can be seen. From the figures one can see a frame like carrier 11 as described above. In particular, the two longitudinal carriers 10 a and 10 b as well as the two transverse carriers 8 a and 8 b spaced apart therefrom are shown. Above this one can see from the figures that the guide bar 27 extends over the entire length of the respective longitudinal carrier 10 a or as the case may be 10 b. In this guide bar 27 the slide bars 16 a and 16 b exhibiting the rollers 22 a and 22 b are guided displaceably along the horizontal direction. The lift bars 17 are coupled therewith in the above described mode and manner, which are likewise guided in the above described mode and manner (however here not illustrated) slideably in the vertical direction V.

In the present illustrative embodiment the slide bars 16 a and 16 b guided in the frame profile 11 of the longitudinal carrier 10 a and 10 b are connected with each other via an actuation rod 70.

In this actuation rod 70 there is provided, mirror symmetrically to the mirror plane BB′, securing means 78 and 79, with which rams 74 and 75 of two pneumatic devices 72 and 73 are rotatably associated.

The pneumatic cylinder 72 and 73 of the pneumatic devices are again associated by means of not in greater detail described securing devices 76 and 77 to a transverse carrier 8 b.

The two pneumatic cylinders 72 and 73 are connected by a balancing or equalization valve, which ensures an even pressure action of both cylinders of the pneumatic devices 72 or as the case may be 73.

With the aid of these two pneumatic devices 72 and 73 the actuation rod 70 can be displaced in the horizontal direction. The horizontal displaceability of the actuating rod and therewith (the not shown) slide bars is indicated as in the previous illustrated embodiment with the aid of a double arrow, which is provided with the reference character H.

FIG. 11 shows a lift device 1 based upon a single pneumatic device 72. Just as in the illustrative embodiment of a lift device described above in detail, so too does the present lift device 1 base itself upon a framework like carrier 11, which is comprised of two transverse carriers 8 a and 8 b as well as two longitudinal carriers 10 a and 10 b. Again in the above described mode and manner, slider bars 16 a and 16 b are guided horizontally displaceable in the longitudinal carriers 10 a and 10 b. The slide bars 16 a and 16 b guided in the respective longitudinal carriers 10 a and 10 b are connected with each other via an actuating rod 70. The actuating rod 70, just as in the previous example, passes through a right angle shaped recess 80 in the inner lying shank of the U-shaped longitudinal carrier 10 a and 10 b.

In contrast to the above described embodiment, the displacement of the actuating rod 70 occurs with the aid of a single pneumatic device 74 provided in the center of the actuating rod 70, oriented in the horizontal direction. The securing of the pneumatic cylinder 72 as well as the force transmitting rams 74 occurs analogously to the previously described embodiments with the aid of suitable securing means 78 and 76.

REFERENCE NUMBER LIST

  • 1 Lift device
  • 2 Outer roller track
  • 2 a Carrier for the outer roller track
  • 3 Inner roller track
  • 3 a Carrier for the outer roller track segment
  • 3 b Carrier for the center roller track segment
  • 3 c Carrier for the outer roller track segment
  • 3A Outer roller track segment
  • 3B Center roller track segment
  • 3C Outer roller track segment
  • 4 Drive motor
  • 5 Belt
  • 6 Spacer
  • 7 Leg
  • 8 a Transverse carrier
  • 8 b Transverse carrier
  • 9 Free space
  • 10 Longitudinal carrier
  • 10 a Longitudinal carrier
  • 10 b Longitudinal carrier
  • 11 Frame profile
  • 12 a Slide piece
  • 12 b Slide piece
  • 13 a Guide element
  • 13 b Guide element
  • 14 a Equalizing ring
  • 14 b Equalizing ring
  • 14 c Equalizing ring
  • 14 d Equalizing ring
  • 15 a Slide block
  • 15 b Slide block
  • 16 a Slide bar
  • 16 b Slide bar
  • 17 Lift bar
  • 17 a Lift bar
  • 17 b Lift bar
  • 18 Compression spring
  • 19 a Inductive proximity switch
  • 19 b Inductive proximity switch
  • 20 Crank
  • 21 Drive shaft
  • 22 a Rollers for horizontal guidance
  • 22 b Rollers for horizontal guidance
  • 23 a Guide rollers for vertical guidance
  • 23 b Guide rollers for vertical guidance
  • 24 Mounting block or shoe
  • 25 a Lever
  • 25 b Lever
  • 26 Toothed belt
  • 27 Guide bar
  • 27 a Guide bar
  • 27 b Guide bar
  • 28 Drive wheel
  • 29 a Linkage
  • 29 b Linkage
  • 30 a Linkage
  • 30 b Linkage
  • 31 Drive wheel
  • 32 Threaded borehole
  • 32 a Borehole
  • 33 Threaded borehole
  • 33 a Borehole
  • 34 Threaded borehole
  • 34 a Borehole
  • 35 Motor
  • 36 Pin
  • 37 a Linkage mount
  • 37 b Linkage mount
  • 38 Crank disk/eccentric disk
  • 38 a Eccentric pin
  • 39 Drive wheel
  • 40 Spring abutment
  • 41 Spring tension device
  • 42 Connecting device for connecting spring tension device with slide bar
  • 47 U-shaped angular profile
  • 51 Roll
  • 52 Outer roller track
  • 52 a Carrier for outer roller track
  • 53 Inner roller track
  • 53 a Carrier for the inner roller track
  • 54 Drive motor
  • 55 Belt
  • 56 Free space
  • 58 Work piece carrier
  • 59 Transport device
  • 60 Longitudinal conveyor segment
  • 61 Transverse carrier segment
  • 70 Actuation rod
  • 71 Valve
  • 72 Pneumatic device
  • 73 Pneumatic device
  • 74 Ram
  • 75 Ram
  • 76 Securing device
  • 77 Securing device
  • 78 Securing device
  • 79 Securing device
  • 80 Recess
  • 81 Recess
  • V Vertical movement/stroke movement
  • H Horizontal movement/displacement movement
  • D Rotational movement
  • S Tolerance
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7779985 *Aug 10, 2005Aug 24, 2010Soudronic AgMethod and device for conveying objects for processing
US8205736 *Aug 26, 2008Jun 26, 2012Mimaki Engineering Co., Ltd.Printing apparatus
US20090056569 *Aug 26, 2008Mar 5, 2009Mimaki Engineering Co., Ltd.Printing apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification198/465.1, 414/592
International ClassificationB65G29/00, B65G35/06, B66F9/06, B65G47/54
Cooperative ClassificationB65G35/06, B65G47/54
European ClassificationB65G35/06, B65G47/54
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 28, 2014REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Oct 7, 2010FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Aug 5, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: STEIN AUTOMATION GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ALLGAIER, BERNHARD;REEL/FRAME:013152/0936
Effective date: 20020214