US 720854 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 720,854. PATENTED FEB. 17, T903.
' P. J; SPIEGLER.
SPOUT FOR GANS.
APPLIOATIOH FILED m10. 2z, 1902 No mmm..
me xmms' mees co., wmoufna. marmeren, n. c.
UNITED STATES FREDERICK J. SPIEGLER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
SPOUT FOR CANS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 720,854, dated February 17', 1903.
Application iiled December 22,1902. Serial llo. 136,223. (No model.)
T0 @ZZ 1.072.012?, t may-concern:
Be it known that LFREDERICK J. SPIEGLER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Spout for Cans, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to spouts for oil-cans and other vessels; and my primary object is Figure l represents a broken sectional view-Y of a can equipped with my improved device, the spout being in the closedposition; and Fig. 2, a similar view, the spout being in the open position.
The preferredconstruction is as follows:
A represents a can or vessel provided at a with a suitable'opening; B, a combined neck and valve-seat having soldered connection with the top of the can at the opening a; C, a cup-shaped memberfltting within the memberB and having screw connection therewith; C', a top for the member O, having soldered connection therewith; D, a valvestem connected with the top and bottom of the member O and bearing lat its lower end a valve D', and E a spout passing through suitable perforations in the top and bottom of the member C and having soldered connections at said perforations. As thus described, the member B has an annular iiange at its lower portion, aording a valve-seat b, the upper surface of which is equipped with valveleather b'. The member C has a bottom c rovided withnan air-vento', and the to member O' has an air-vent c2. The valvestem D preferably passes centrally through the top C and the bottom c of the member C and has soldered connections at the perforations through which it passes. The valve D' is secured to thelower end of the valve-stem in any suitable manner, usually by soldering or riveting, although the connection may be made by means of a nnt,as shown. The upper surface of the valve is shown equipped with a valve-leather d, although in practice this may be omitted. The spout E has the lower end of its front or concave side stopping flush with the lower surface of the bottom c, while the rear portion'of the spout extends down into contact with the valve D', as shown at d'.A Thus the lower portion of the spout has a cut-away portion or space d2, through which oil may pass when the valve is in the depressed position.V (Shown in Fig. 2.) When the valve is in the raised position corresponding with the open position of the spout, the spout is turned over the body of the can, as shown in Fig. 1, and when the valve is in the depressed position corresponding with the open'position of the spout the spout projects over one edge of the can, as shown in Fig. 2.
The manner of use will be readily understood. When the can is to be filled, the member C is turned downwardly to the position shown in Fig. 2, thereby depressing the valve below its seat and bringing the circu mfereny tial margin of the bottom cinto firm Contact with the valve-leather b. The can may then be filled by hanging it beneath the supplyplied to the spout of the can. As the oil enters the can the air is allowed to vent freely, as is evident, while the" oil is guided by the llower portion of the spout, so that none of it, will escape through the veut.
When it is desired to pour out the oil, this maybe done in the usual manner,` assuming thevalve to be in the lposition indicated in Fig. 53, air passing freely in at the vents. In this position of the parts there is no possibility of the oil leaking through the thread joining the members B and C, inasmuch as the circumferential margin of the bottom o presses firmly upon the valve-leather b.
The spout E may be of any desired shape and cross-section, so that it will be necessary to apply the can to a tank equipped with a similarly-shaped spigot for the purpose of iilling the can. i
It may be stated that one use to which a can of this character is put by the oil-merchant is that'of presenting it to his custom- `tank, with the spigot of 'the supply-tank ap- ICO ers, whom he expects in return to purchase their oil from him. Usually the oil-merchant provides himself with a tank having a number of spigots or faucets, so that a number of cans can be filled at the same time, thereby removing the objection to the slowness of filling, which would prevent the use of the cans by a merchant not provided with the filling apparatus.
It will be noted that the passage through the spout E is entirely distinct from the chamber in the hollow member C, so that the oil will not enter the chamber C either in filling the can or pouring outthe oil.
Changes in details of construction within the spirit of the invention may be made. Hence no undue limitation is to be understood from the foregoing detailed description, which has been given for clearness of understanding only.
What I regard as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. The combination with a vessel having a threaded neck portion, of a hollow member provided with a vent-passage and threaded to work in said neck portion, a spoutextending through said hollowmeniber and having an open end beneath the same, and a valve carried by said hollow member and adapted to move therewith, for the purpose set forth.
2. The combination of a vessel provided with a threaded neck portion and a valve-seat at the base thereof,of a hollow member threaded to work in said neck portion and having vent-passages, a valvestem connected with said member and equipped beneath said valve-seat with a valve, and a spout extending through said hollow member and having its rear portion projecting beneath the bottom thereof, for the purpose set forth.
3. The combination with a vessel having a neck portion equipped at its base with a valveseat and provided with a thread, a member threaded to turn in s'aid neck portion and having a peripheral surface at its base adapted to bear upon said valve-seat, a valve-stem projecting downwardly from said lastnamed member and equipped beneath said valveseat with a valve, and a spout extending through said member and moving therewith, for the purpose set forth.
4. In combination, a vessel equipped with a neck portion having at its base a valve-seat, said neck portion being internally threaded, a hollow member threaded externally to work within said neck portion and provided at its bottom with a vent-perforation and at its upper portion with a vent-perforation, the peripheral portion of said bottom serving to bear upon said valve-seat in the open position ofv ed to work within the member B, a washer confined between the peripheral portion of the bottom of the member C and the iange b, a valve-stem connected with said hollow member to be moved thereby, a valve connected `with the lower extremity of said stem and lying beneath said iange b, and a spout extending through said hollow member and having liquid-tight connections therewith, said spout having at the base of its rear portion a downward extension b' extending below the bottom of the member C,lfor the purpose set forth. l
6. The combination of a can provided at its top with a perforation, of a neck portion applied to the can-top at its opening and having an inturned annular iange, a hollow member working within said neck portion and having threaded connection therewith and provided with vent-openings, a valve-stem extending through the top and bottom of said hollow member and projecting beneath said annular iiange, a valve connected with the lower end of said stem, and a spout extending through perforations in said hollow member and havingliquid-tight connections therewith, said spout having a downward extension at the rear portion of its base, for the purpose set forth.
FREDERICK J. SPIGLER.
In presencel of- L. HEIsLAR, ALBERT D. BACCI.