US 721854 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Y No. 721,854. PATENTED MAR. 3,-1903.
' I J. BE-ISER.
B OTTLING APPARATUS- APPLICATION FILED 82M. 22, 1902.
no MODEL. 4 2 sHP-P-Ts-snnm 1.
PATENTED MAR. 3, 1903;-
;r. BEISEIL. I BOTTLING APPARATUS.
I APPLICATION FILED SEPT. 22, 19024.
Attorneys) UNITE STATES PATENT OFFICE.
.TOHN BEISER, OF MONTREAL, CANADA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 721,854, dated March 3, 1903. Application filed September 22, 1902. $erial No. 124,384. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that 1, JOHN BEISER, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at 1996St. Catherine street, in the city of Montreal, county of Hochelaga, Province of Quebec, Canada, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottling Apparatus; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to the art of bottle filling and corking, and its object is to provide apparatus for this purpose constructed and arranged with a special View for bottling upon short notice and in an expeditious mannercarbonatedbeverages of different kinds.
My invention consists in a certain construction and combination of parts to be more fully described hereinafter, and definitely set forth I in the claims. In the drawings, which fully illustrate my invention, Figure 1 represents the same in side elevation. Fig. 2 represents particularly the corking apparatus in front elevation, the operating-lever being shown in section. Fig. 3 shows, upon an enlarged scale, a vertical section of the upper portion of the corking apparatus,this section being taken substantially upon the line 3 3 of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a horizontal cross-section taken on the line 4 4 of Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a plan of a portion of the bottling apparatus shown in Figs. 2 and 3. Fig. 6 is substantially a side elevation of an auxiliary filling-cap which I use in filling peculiarly-formed bottles. Fig. 7 is a plan view of a stand shown in Fig. 1 and carry ing cylinders containing different kinds of beverages intended for bottling.
The same numerals of reference denote like parts in all the figures of thedrawings. f
Referring more particularly to the parts, 1 represents a housing or guide provided below with a base-plate 2, supported upon front and rear standards, indicated, respectively, by 3 and 4, attached to the same by means of suitable bolts 5. As indicated most clearly in Fig. 2, the front standard 3 has an elongated upper portion provided with a vertical slot 6, through which passes an operatinglever, which will be described more fully hereinafter. The lower portion of this standard is formed into two legs 7, which may be formed substantially as shown in Fig. 2. The construction of the rear standard 4 is best illustrated'inFigl, and it should appear from the drawings that the construction and arran gement of these supports are such as to insure good stability for the apparatus resting upon them. Referring again to the housing 1, it may be said that it comprises substantially upright sidemembers 8, provided with cross members 9 near the upper and lower portions thereof. On their inner faces these side members are provided with vertical slots or grooves 10, extending from the upper extremity of the same to a point opposite the lower one of the cross members 9, below which point the side membersare reduced in thickness, as indicated at 11; A movable filling-head 12 is provided, which is adapted to be guided vertically by means of the aforesaid grooves 10. This head projects forwardly, as indicated, and is provided with a vertical opening 13, in which is mounted a suitable cork-chamber 14, which cork-chamber will be more fully described hereinafter. At its rear this filling-head is formed into a vertical rack 15, which cooperates with a segment 16, which segment is rigidly carried by an arbor 17 and operated by means of a lever 18, a suitable handle 19 being provided for this purpose, wherefore the filling-head 12 may be raised or lowered at the will of the operator. Above the filling head 12 is mounted in a similar manner a corking-head 20, to the lower-portion of which is attached a draw-rod 21, which hangs vertically downward, as indicated, and passes through an enlarged opening 22 in the aforesaid filling-head. This corking-head projects forwardly and carries a vertical corking-plunger 23, which is adjustable by means of the nuts 24, and this plunger is substantially in axial alinement with the bore 25 of the aforesaid cork-chamber, as will be readily understood. This cork chamber 14: is held in place by a suitable nut 26, mounted upon its threaded extremity, and its lower portion is formed into an enlarged chamber, in which is carried a sealing-washer 27, having a conical bore opening downwardly, as indicated, this washer being held in place by a cap-nut 28. As indicated, the upper portion of the bore 25 flares outwardly to facilitate the introduction of a cork. At a point above the sealingwasher 27 an inlet connection 29 is provided for admitting fluid to the cork-chamber, and a drip-cock 30 is provided,as indicated, suitable pipe connections 31 being provided for conducting fluid to the cork-chamber, which pipe connections should include a suitable valve or stop-cock 32. Referring again to the hand-lever 18, it will appear that the same is provided with a lip 33, which is adapted to codperate with a fixed quadrant 34, the teeth of which project downwardly, as indicated, wherefore when the filling-head has been depressed by means of the lever the same maybe maintained in this depressed position. The quadrant 34 may be secured to one of the side members 8, as indicated.
The cork-chamber shown in Fig. 3 is adapted for filling ordinary bottles.
The bottling operation is conducted sub stantially as follows: A block 35 (shown in Fig. 1) is placed upon the base-plate 2, which block is provided with a suitable recess conforming to the shape of the base of the bottle 36, whereupon the handle 19 is operated, depressing the filling-head in the manner described until the scaling-washer 27, which, by the way, is preferably formed of rubber, seats itself firmly over the mouth of the bottle. When the fillinghead has been depressed in this manner, it will enable a cork or stopper to be introduced in the flaring mouth of the cork-chamber, whereupon the corking-head 20 will be depressed by mechanism to be described later, forcing the cork well within the bore of the cork-chamber. \Vhen this has been done, the valve 32 may be opened to fill the bottle, whereupon a further depression of the corking-head 20 will pass the cork through the cork-chamber and into the neck of the bottle, as will be readily understood. The mechanism for operating the corking-head comprises an olfset foot 37, secured to the threaded extension of the aforesaid draw-rod 21 and having a bifurcated extremity attached to a corking-lever 38. As indicated in Fig. 1, this corking-lever has its fulcrum at 39 upon the standard 4 and projects well in front of the machine, as indicated, where it is adapted to have attached to it convenient means for depressing it, a spring 40 operating to return it to its normal position. This corking-lever may be operated by means of an offset handle 41, slidably mounted upon it, or a movable saddle 42 may be used, upon which the operator may sit, so as to apply his whole weight to move the lever, or a removable swinging stirrup 43 may be employed for this purpose.
An auxiliary filling-nipple 44 is provided, and it has a threaded opening 45, wherefore it may take the place of the removable cap 28. Its body constitutes a stop-cock 16, and its lower portion terminates in a short tubular extension 47, which is adapted to be introduced into the spout of the siphon-bottle or similar receptacle, as will be readily understood, asealing-washer 48 being employed, which is retained in position by a cap-nut 49.
Near the apparatus which has been described I provide a stand 50, upon which are mounted a plurality of cylinders 51 52, containing beverages of different kinds. The cylinders 51 are represented in use and arranged so as to surround a central cylinder 53 of large size, this central cylinder being intended to contain that beverage for which there is the greatest demand. Above these cylinders is mounted a spider 54, constructed of piping, as indicated, including pipe connections and individual valves 55, controlling communication between each of the cylinders 51 with the central pipe 56. This central pipe connects, by means of a suitable hose 57, with a pipe 58, leading to a gas-cylinder 59 of the common form used in commerce. The cylinder 59 may be surmounted by a suitable bleeder-valve 60,and the pipe 58 carries the gas from the cylinder 59 through a safety-valve 61, a pressure-gage 62, and avalve 63. A section of hose 6 1- is adapted to lead the beverages from the central pipe 56 to the cork-chamber, passing through the valve 32, which has already been referred to. Now by manipulating the valves between the gas-cylinder 59 and the cylinders 51 any one of the cylinders 51 may be charged to the desired pressure, and evidently by closing the valves leading from the cylinder 59 any one of the cylinders 51 may be brought into communication through the hose connection 64 with the bottling apparatus. From the arrangement and construction of this apparatus it should readily appear that the beverages in the cylinders 51 could be quickly charged from the cylinder 59, being suitably shaken during the charging operation to facilitate the absorption of the gas in a manner well understood. Furthermore,if the attendant had been engaged continuously in bottling a particular kind of beverage he could upon a few moments notice adapt the apparatus for bottling any other beverage contained in any of the cylinders 51 upon the stand, and it should also appear that from the nature and construction of this apparatus its portability becomes a marked feature, adapting it to be carried from place to place upon a wagon or other vehicle, so that the attendant could dispense bottled beverages in quantities to suit the demand.
In order to limit the downward movement of the corking-head 20, I provide a short section of chain 69, connecting the head with the housing 1, as indicated.
I do not limit myself to the precise form of my invention which I have described, and modifications thereof not departing from the spirit of the same should be considered within the scope of the following claims.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a bottling-machine, in combination,
a vertical guide, a filling-head mounted therein, a lever, a segment operated thereby, said filling-head comprising a rack meshing with said segment, a quadrant having teeth, and said lever having a lip adapted to engage therewith to maintain said filling-head in a depressed position.
2. In a bottling-machine, in combination, a vertical guide, a filling-head movable thereupon, said filling-head havinga vertical opening therethrough, a corking-head above said filling-head, a pull-rod passing through said openingand connecting with said corkinghead, and means for normally maintaining said corking-head in an elevated position.
3. In a bottling-machine, in combination, a filling-head, means forguiding the same vertically, a corkinghead above said fillinghead, said filling-head having an opening, a member passing therethrough and connecting with said corking-head, a lever adapted to control said filling-head, and means for normally maintaining said corking-head in an elevated position.
4. In a bottling-machine, in combination, a filling-head, a corking-head thereabove, means for guiding said head vertically, said filling-head having an opening therethrough, a member passing through said opening and connecting with said corking-head, a lever controlling said filling-head, a lever adapted to control said corking-head, and a spring constraining said corking-head. v
5. In a bottling-machine, in combination, a housing having a vertical groove therein constituting a guide, a filling-head guided by said groove, a corking-head thereabove guided by the same groove, means for depressing said filling-head, means for depressing said corking-head, and means for constraining said corking-head toward an elevated position.
6. In a bottling-machine, in combination, a housing having vertical guideways, a fillinghead guided thereby, a corking-head thereabove movable in the same guideways, said filling-head having an opening therethrough, a member passing through said opening and connecting with said corking-head, a lever controlling said-member, and a lever controlling said filling-head.
7. In a bottling-machine, in combination, a housing having substantially vertical guideways, a filling-head movably mounted therein, a corking-head thereabove and mounted in the same guideways, said filling-head having an opening therethrough, a member connected with said corking-head and passing through said opening, a lever adapted to depress said filling-head, and means for locking said filling-head against return.
8. In a bottling-machine, in combination, a housing having substantiallyvertical guideways, a filling-head movably mounted upon said guideways, a corking-head thereabove and mounted in the same guideways, said filling-head having an opening therethrough, a member passing through said opening and connected with said corking-head, a lever adapted to depress said filling-head, means for locking said lever against return, and a lever connected with said member.
9. In a bottling-machine, in combination, substantially vertical guideways, a fillinghead movable therein, a corking-head thereabove and mounted in the same guideways, said filling-head having an opening therethrough, a pull-rod passing through said opening and connected with said corking-head, a lever connected with said pull-rod, and a spring normally constraining said lever.
10. In a bottling-machine, in combination,
vertical guideways, a filling-head mounted on said guideways, a corking-head thereabove and mounted in the same guideways, said filling-head having an opening therethrough, a pull-rod passing through said opening and connecting with said corking-head, a lever adapted to depress said filling-head, means for locking said lever against return, a lever connected with said pull-rod, and a spring normally constraining said last lever.
11. In a bottling-machine, in combination, a substantially vertical guide, a filling-head mounted thereupon, a corking-head mounted upon said guide thereabove,na segment 00- operating with said filling-head, a lever controlling said segment and adapted to depress said filling-head, means for locking said lever against return, a pull-rod depending from said corking-head, a lever connected therewith, and a spring constraining said corkinghead upwardly.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two witnesses.
JOHN BEISER. Witnesses:
J. A. MARION, F. MYNARD.