US 721909 A
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No. 721,909. c PATENTED MAR. 3, 19.03.
F. W. NORRIS.
\ APPARATUS FOR APPLYING DISINPBGTAN TS T0 WATER CLOSETS.
v APPLIoATIoN FILED um. 1s, 1902. No MODEL, 4
ma sums mens ca. Pnoommm wAsNINuTuN. n. c
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRANK W. NORRIS, OF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO GEORGE S. GALLAGl-IER, HENRY GALLAGHER, AND ARCHER P. GALLAGHER, OF
NEW YORK, N. Y.
.. APPARATUS FOR rAPPLYING DlSl NFECTANTS IO WATER-CLOSEIS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Iatent No. l721,909, dated March 3, 1903.
Application filed March 19, 1902.
,To all?) whom it may concern,.-
Be it known that I, FRANK lV. NORRI'S, a citizen of the United States, residing in the borough of Brooklyn, city and State of New York, have invented an Improvement in Apparatus for Applying Disinfectants to Water- Closets, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to devices employed xo in connection with the bowls of water-closets, the said devices being adapted to contain a disinfectant and to be actuated to deliver the disinfectant into the bowl of the closet by the movement of the closet-seat. The disinfect- [5 ant may be conveniently used in the form of balls,which are delivered progressively to the closet-bowl by the movement imparted by the closet-seat to the devices controlling the progressive movement of the disinfectantzo balls, preferably one ball being delivered to the bowl with every complete downward movement of the closet-seat.
In carrying out my invention I provide a casing or receptacle adapted to contain the z5 disinfectant and which is secured to the wall back of the closet. The bottom of the receptacle is fitted with a disk, in which are a series of transverse holes arranged in a circle and adapted to receive one disinfectant-ball 3o at a time and which holes pass over the oriiiceof the delivery-pipe extending from the receptacle to the closet bowl. I employ means in connection with the closet-seat and operated thereby to cause a partial rotation of the said disk with every downward move ment of the closet-seat, so that one of the said holes in the disk passes over the orifice of the delivery-pipe and permits a disinfectant-ball to descend the pipe and be delivered 4o into the bowl with every said movement of the closet-seat, means being provided for closing the passage to other balls in the receptacle. I also prefer to employ in connection with these devices a perfume-atomizer simultaneously actuated by the said devices causing a swinging pressure-blade to bear forcefully upon a rubber air-bulb to effect the operation of the atomizer.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a general side Serial No. 98,889. (No model.)
elevation showing my improvements. Fig. so 2 is an enlarged transverse vertical section through the case. Fig. 3 is a sectional plan at was, Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is a sectional plan at y y, Fig. 2'; and Fig. 5 is an elevation of the operating mechanism, showing the case in v section.
a represents awater-closet bowl, b the seat, and c the cover for the same. To the wall d, adjacent to which the bowl a is situated, a bracket 2fis secured at a suitable height and 6o in any desirable manner. The seat b is fixed to and held by a rod 3, to which the cover c is hinged and which itself is pivoted to the bracket 2 at 4, the rod 3 preferably extending backward a short distance from the pivot 4. The seat and the cover are held in a normal position above the bowl, as shown in Fig.
1, by a spring 5, secured to the end of the rod 3 and to the wall d.
I employ a casing e, forming a receptacle 7o for the disinfectant-balls, which casing is fastened to the wall at some distance above the bracket 2. The casing e is preferably made of metal and is cylindrical in form. I also employ a second cylindrical casing f, fitting over and secured to the casing e. In the bottom of the casing e there is a disk 72, fitting the same and having a series of holes 6 of a diameter slightly larger than that of the disinfectant-balls 7, and the thickness of the disk 8o h is also somewhat greater than the diameter of the disinfectant-balls, so that the balls,l one at a time, may drop into and approximately ll each of the holes 6. The holes 6 are arranged in a circle, and as the disk h is revolved pass, one at a time, over the orice of the delivery-pipe i, which extends from the bottom of the casing e downward to the closet-bowl and beneath a bridge secured to the inside of the case e. The disk h is pro- 9o vided with a shaft 8, having suitable bearings 9 in the bottom of the casing e and which may be integral therewith. The shaft 8 is itted with a collar lO and carries the ratchet la, and between the ratchet and the collar there is an arm l, loose in the shaft. A pawl 11 is pivoted to the end of the arm l and is held in position in contact with the teeth of the ratchet 7c by means of the spring 12, the ends of which are secured, respectively, to the pawl 11 and the arm Z, and the arm lis held in its normal position by aspring 13,se cured to the end thereof and to the pin 14:. I also employ a pawl 15, pivoted to the pin 16 and made to engage with the teeth of the ratchet by a spring 17. The end of a chain n is secured to the arm l, and the chain 'n passes over a grooved pulley 18 in a hanger 19, down through the casingf, over a second grooved pulley 20, secured in the bracket 2, and then the other end of the chain is fastened to the end of the rod 3, connected to the seat. It will now be understood that with every complete downward movement of the seat b the chain will be drawn down, the arm Zdrawn over, and by the movement of the ratchet and pawl the disk h will be given a partial rotation, causing one of the holes 6 to pass over the orifice of the pipe z", whereby a disinfectant-ball will be dropped into the pipe t' and delivered to the closet-bowl. In order to prevent more than one disinfectant-ball being delivered at a time, I employ a bridge or bracket 21, secured to the wall of the casing and placed above the disk h and just over the orifice of the pipe i. In conjunction with these devices I may employ an atomizer 22, in which instance an air-bulb 23 is secured within the casingfand is connected with the atomizer by a tube 24. A pressure-blade 25 is pivoted to the standards 26, and a chain 27 connects the end of the pressure-blade with the chain n, so that when the chain n is pulled down the pressure-blade is brought forcefully into contact with the air-bulb, driving part of the air therefrom through the atomizer by way of the tube 24 and causing a spray to be ejected from the atomizer-orifice, the principle of which is well understood and need not here be further described.
The quantity of disinfectant delivered to the closet-bowl with every complete downward movement of the seat may be readily predetermined by the size of the balls and apertures and thickness of the disk or by the thickness of the disk providing apertures for two or more disinfectant-balls at a time, it being necessary to make the bracket-bridge 2l sufficiently large to cover any size of holes G. The parts are returned to their normal positions by the springs 5 and 13 and are then set for the next delivery.
I claim as my invention- 1. The combination with the hinged seat of a water-closet, of a receptacle for disinfectant, a delivery-pipe extending therefrom at one side to the bowl of the closet, a horizontally-disposed disk covering the bottom of said receptacle having a series of holes therein adapted to receive predetermined quantities of disinfectant and to pass over the ori- Iice of the said delivery-pipe, so that said holes successively aline therewith, means for rotating the said disk by a progressive stepby-step movement and devices connected with and for actuating the said means by the complete downward movement of the seat, whereby the disinfectant is progressively released and delivered to the bowl in predetermined quantities, substantially as specified.
2. The combination with the hinged seat of a water-closet, of a receptacle for disinfectant, a delivery-pipe extending therefrom to the bowl of the closet, a disk in the bottom of said receptacle having a series of holes therein adapted to receive disinfectant and to pass over the orifice of the said delivery-pipe, a shaft connected to the said disk and extending through the bottom of the said casing, an arm on said shaft, a ratchet carried by said shaft, a pawl pivoted to said arm and bearing on said ratchet, springs to keep said parts in their normal positions and relations, and a chain connected to said arm and with the movable seat whereby with each complete movement of the said seat the disinfectant is released and delivered into the bowl in predetermined quantities, su bstan tially as specified.
3. The combination with the hinged seat of a water-closet, of a receptacle for disinfectant, a delivery-pipe extending therefrom to the bowl of the closet, a disk in the bottom of said receptacle having a series of holes therein adapted to receive disinfectant and to pass over the orifice of the said delivery-pipe, a shaft connected to the said disk and extending through the bottom of the said casing, an arm on said shaft, a ratchet carried by said shaft, a pawl pivoted to said arm and bearing on said ratchet, springs to keep said parts in their normal positions and relations, a chain connected to said arm and with the movable seat whereby with each complete movement of the said seat the disinfectantis released and delivered into the bowl in predetermined quantities, an atomizer connected to said casing, an air-bulb in the casing, a pressure-blade adapted to bear upon the said air-bulb, connections between saidV atomizer and said bulb, and a chain connecting said pressure-blade and the said chain from the said arm, to operate the atomizer every time the disinfectant is delivered to the bowl, substantially as specified.
Signed by me this 15th day of March, 1902.'
F. W. NORRIS. Witnesses:
GEO. T.' PINCKNEY, BERTHA M. ALLEN.