US 722418 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED MAR. 10, 1903.
IN. EACH. BOOK AND BINDING THEREFOR.
APPLICATION FILED OCT. 27, 1902.
we noams Paris 00, wu'c-umo" WASHINGTON, u c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
NIELS BACH, OF N EENAH, WVISCONSIN, ASSIGNOR TO GEORGE BANTA PRINT- ING 00., OF MENASHA, WISCONSIN, A CORPORATION OF WISCONSIN.
BOOK AND BINDING THEREFOR.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 722,418, dated March 10, 1903.
Application filed October 27, 1902. Serial No. 128,955. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be itknown that I, NIELs BAOH, a citizen of i the United States, residing at the city of Neenah, in the county of Winnebago and State of Wisconsin, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Books and Bindings Therefor, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to improvements in bookbinding,and has, among other objects, to provide a book composed either of signatures or of separate loose sheets securely bound together in a desirable form capable of standing considerable wear and rough'usage and so sewed that the parting of the binding thread or threads in one or several places will not cause the book to separate or pull apart so long as the majority of the stitches hold.
My invention is peculiarly designed to be used on books which are subject to considerable wear and hard usagesuch, for example, as large art-books, check-books, and books of circulating 1ibrariesand also for resewing old books the leaves of which have become loosened by reason of the breaking of the threads at present commonly used in binding or by the tearing of the holes in the paper or from other causes, though the invention is equally adapted to binding new books.
The accompanying sheet of drawings,where in like letters and numbers denote like parts throughout the several figures, will illustrate my invention. I
Figure 1 shows a single section or signature A in perspective, the bands or bindingcords 4 in position in the saw-cuts 5, the figure illustrating the preferred manner in which the binding-thread is sewed through the first signature. Fig. 2 shows the first signature A and the second signature B in perspective, said signatures being spread apart to more clearly illustrate the manner in which these two are bound together. Fig. 3 shows in perspective the body of a book made up of any desired number of signa tures A B C D, &c., and illustrates the way in which the book is sewed together.
When the leaves have been arranged in order and separated into signatures, the openings or holes 6 are punched or otherwise made through the book at intervals along a line near the edge of the back at any desired distance apart, preferably about half an inch apart and about one-sixteenth of an inch from the edge of the paper. The holes in each signature or section register with the holes in every other signature or section. Some of the advantages of my invention may be obtained by omitting to punch the openings at this stage and making them with the needle or by stabbing or piercing with a thread-carrying device. The saw-cuts 5 are made in the back, and the bands or bindingcords 4 are inserted in them. I prefer to use three of these bands ordinarily, though it is obvious that a greater or less number may be used.
Referring to Fi 1, it will be observed that the sewing-thread 7 is first tied in the last hole of one of the ends of the first signature (A in Fig. 1) and then overcast from side to side over the back through each of the holes 6 of signature A in an ordinary whipstitch, sewing over the bands at, the thread 7 being drawn through the holes by a needle or other suitable means. After the first signature A has thus been whipstitched or overcast the free end of the thread 7 is drawn through that one of the holes 6 of the signature B which is in line with the last hole 6 through which the thread has passed in the signature A. Thread 7 passing through it is returned through the above-mentioned hole in the signature A. In this manner the thread is drawn twice through each of the holes 6. The thread 7 is passed from the end holes just described across the back of the signature and drawn through the second hole in the signature B, repassing through the second hole in the signature A, and so on until the last hole in the opposite end of the signature B is reached, when the thread is passed and repassed through the holes 6 of the signatures B and and repassed through it, thus making a double strand. The backs of the signatures I prefer to glue in the usual way, preferably by applying with a brush suitable adhesive cement. It will be observed that the bindin g-threads are drawn across the backs of the signatures, so that when the back of the book is covered with glue or other suitable cement each stitch exposed is stuck fast to the back. It will thus be seen that each stitch is separately secured through the book to the back and that this construction is firmer, stronger, and more durable than those now in use. A book constructed according to my invention will not readily pull apart or break, while the pages will open as freely as in the ordinary whipstitched book. The relative distance between the holes 6 may be changed to avoid coinciding with old holes or cuts in books which it is desired to rebind without materially weakening my construction.
While in the drawings I have shown only one thread 7, it is obvious that more than one thread may be used, and while I prefer to secure the thread at the end of the outermost signature many of the advantages of my invention may be had by securing one end of each of two threads to the two middle holes of the-outermost signature, overcasting each in opposite-direction to the other, and so on, carrying each thread through half the whole number of openings in each succeeding signature.
It will be seen that if the thread or threads The drawn through more thanone signature or ifthey be drawn through all the signatures atone stitch through carelessness on the part of the operator or for other reasons the construction of my book will still hold. So, also,
' by'securing each stitch to the back if the threads break in several places the book will not pull apart so long as a few stitches hold.
Having'thus described my invention in its preferred form,what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, }S-
'1. A'book composed ofsignatures provided with registering holes lengthwise the back near-the binding edge of each signature, the outermost-signature and the adjacent signature stitched together by a continuous thread orthreads through holes in each,said adjacent signature and the succeeding signature being similarly united, and so on through the holes in each succeeding signature of the book, substantially as described.
2. A-book composed of signatures provided with registering holes lengthwise the back near the binding edge of each signature, the outermost signature and the adjacent signature stitched together by a thread drawnthrough the holes in each and across the binding edge, said adjacent signature and the 811C.
ceed-ing signature being similarly united, and soon through the holes in each succeeding signature of the book, substantially as described.
3. A book composed of signatures or sections provided with registering holes lengthwise the back near the binding edge of each section, a thread stitched through each of the holes of one of the outermost sections from side to side across the back of it and extending from the first to the last of the series of holes, said thread stitched in reverse direction through the nearest end hole of the adjacent section and again through the corresponding hole of the first-mentioned section, thence from side to side across the backs of the two sections and successively through each of the holes in the adjacent section and each corresponding hole in the first mentioned section in turn, and so on, fastening together in like manner in succession one after the other all the adjacent sections of said book.
4. A book composed of signatures or sections provided with holes registering lengthwise the back near thebindingedge of each section, a thread or threads stitched through each of the holes of one of the outermost sections from side to side across the backof it and extending from end to endof the series of holes, said thread stitched in reverse directions through the nearest end hole of-the adjacent section and againthroughthe corresponding hole of the first-mentioned section, thence from side to side across the backs of the two sections and successively through each of the holes in the adjacent section and each corresponding hole in the first-mentioned section in turn, and so on, fastening together in like manner in succession, one-after the other, all the adjacent sections ofeach book, the portion of said threads exposed on the binding edges being glued or otherwise cemented thereto.
5. A book having its sections or signatures provided with a set of holes 'atintervals along a line near the binding edge, the holes of one signature in alinement with the holes of every other signature, a binding-thread drawn from side to side and over the back through each of the holes in the outside signature, beginning with the end hole and passing successively through the others, said thread being returned stitched through the end hole of the first-mentioned signature from side to side and across the backs of both signatures, and so on in thisorder through each of the holes in each succeeding signatureand the signature adjacent thereto, binding together suc cessively adjacent signatures throughout the book.
6. A book having a binding-thread stitched from side to side through the outermost section across the binding edge alonga line near said edge, saidthread at the end of the line being stitched in return direction back through one or more adjacent sections, each stitch passed therethrough and back through the nearest opening made to admit the thread in the outermost section first served, said IIO thread being stitched from side to side through said sections across their binding edges along a line near said edge in alinement with the opening in said outermost section, and so on through each of the succeeding sections, substantially as described.
7. A book composed of sections having a binding thread or threads stitched from side to side through the outermost section across the binding edge along a line near said edge, said thread at the end of the line being return-stitched through the adjacent section, each stitch passed therethrough and back through the nearest opening made to admit the threads in said outermost section, said threads being stitched from side to side through both sections across their binding edges along a line near said edge in alinement with the openings in said outermost section,
through said holes,substantially as described. 30
GERTRUDE WILLIs, EDWARD FUECHSEL.