Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS7226945 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 10/399,010
PCT numberPCT/SE2001/002223
Publication dateJun 5, 2007
Filing dateOct 10, 2001
Priority dateOct 13, 2000
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asEP1326593A1, US20040039015, US20050043350, WO2002030407A1
Publication number10399010, 399010, PCT/2001/2223, PCT/SE/1/002223, PCT/SE/1/02223, PCT/SE/2001/002223, PCT/SE/2001/02223, PCT/SE1/002223, PCT/SE1/02223, PCT/SE1002223, PCT/SE102223, PCT/SE2001/002223, PCT/SE2001/02223, PCT/SE2001002223, PCT/SE200102223, US 7226945 B2, US 7226945B2, US-B2-7226945, US7226945 B2, US7226945B2
InventorsBernard Barlaam, James J. Folmer, Timothy M. Piser
Original AssigneeAstrazeneca Ab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Estrogen receptor-β ligands
US 7226945 B2
Abstract
A method for treating a disease associated with the estrogen receptor-β, comprising the step of administiering a therapeutically-effective amount of a compound that satifies the equation: KiαA/KiβA>25, optionally having general structure (I).
Images(12)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(1)
1. A pharmaceutical composition comprising:
a therapeutically-effective amount of a ligand that satisfies the equation:

KiαA/KiβA>25,
wherein
KiαA is the Ki value for the ligand in ER-α
KiβA is the Ki value for the ligand in ER-β;
the ligand also having the structure
 or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
wherein
L1 is ═C(R6), CH(R6);
L2 is ═C or CH;
L3 is C(═O);
L4 is O;
wherein
when L1 is CH(R6), L2 15 CH;
Ra is independently at each occurrence H or (C1C5)alkyl;
R1 is phenyl;
R2 is SRa, NRaRa, NC(═O)Ra, NS(═O)Ra, NS(═O)2Ra, halogen, cyano, haloC1-6alkyl, CO2Ra, C(═O)Ra, C(═O)NHRa, nitro, S(═O)Ra or S(═O)2Ra;
R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from Ra, ORa, SRa, NRaRa, NC(═O)Ra, NS(═O)Ra, NS(═O)2Ra, halogen, cyano, haloC1-6alkyl, CO2Ra, C(═O)Ra, C(═O)NHRa, nitro, S(═O)Ra or S(═O)2R2; and
R6 is H, C1-5 alkyl, phenyl or haloC1-6alkyl.
Description

This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/239,964, filed Oct. 13, 2000 and U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/240,251, filed Oct. 13, 2000.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention is directed to a series of ligands, and more particularly to estrogen receptor-β ligands which have better selectivity than estrogen for the estrogen receptor-β over the estrogen receptor-α, as well as to methods for their production and use in the treatment of diseases related to the estrogen receptor-β, specifically, Alzheimer's disease, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis, or prostate cancer.

BACKGROUND

Estrogen-replacement therapy (ERT) reduces the incidence of Alzheimer's disease and improves cognitive function in Alzheimer's disease patients (Nikolov et al. Drugs of Today, 34(11), 927933 (1998)). ERT also exhibits beneficial effects in osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease, and may have anxiolytic and anti-depressant therapeutic properties. However, ERT shows detrimental uterine and breast side effects that limit its use.

The beneficial effects of ERT in post-menopausal human women is echoed by beneficial effects of estrogen in models relevant to cognitive function, anxiety, depression, bone loss, and cardiovascular damage in ovariectomized rats. Estrogen also produces uterine and breast hypertrophy in animal models reminiscent of its mitogenic effects on these tissues in humans.

The beneficial effects of ERT in post-menopausal human women is echoed by beneficial effects of estrogen in models relevant to cognitive function, anxiety, depression, bone loss, and cardiovascular damage in ovariectomized rats. Specifically, experimental studies have demonstrated that estrogen effects the central nervous system (CNS) by increasing cholinergic function, increasing neurotrophin/neurotrophin receptor expression, altering amyloid precursor protein processing, providing neuroprotection against a variety of insults, and increasing glutamatergic synaptic transmission, among other effects. The overall CNS profile of estrogen effects in pre-clinical studies is consistent with its clinical utility in improving cognitive function and delaying Alzheiner's disease progression. Estrogen also produces mitogenic effects in uterine and breast tissue indicative of its detrimental side effects on these tissues in humans.

The estrogen receptor (ER) in humans, rats, and mice exists as two subtypes, ER-α and ER-β, which share about a 50% identity in the ligand-binding domain (Kuiper et al. Endocrinology 139(10) 42524263 (1998)). The difference in the identity of the subtypes accounts for the fact that some small compounds have been shown to bind preferentially to one subtype over the other (Kuiper et al.).

In rats, ER-β is strongly expressed in brain, bone and vascular epithelium, but weakly expressed in uterus and breast, relative to ER-α. Furthermore, ER-α knockout (ERKO-α) mice are sterile and exhibit little or no evidence of hormone responsiveness of reproductive tissues. In contrast, ER-β knockout (ERKO-β) mice are fertile, and exhibit normal development and function of breast and uterine tissue. These observations suggest that selectively targeting ER-β over ER-α could confer beneficial effects in several important human diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease without the liability of reproductive system side effects. Selective effects on ER-β-expressing tissues (CNS, bone, etc.) over uterus and breast could be achieved by agents that selectively interact with ER-β over ER-α.

It is a purpose of this invention to identify ER-β-selective ligands that are useful in treating diseases in which ERT has therapeutic benefits.

It is another purpose of this invention to identify ER-β-selective ligands that mimic the beneficial effects of ERT on brain, bone and cardiovascular function.

It is another purpose of this invention to identify ER-β-selective ligands that increase cognitive function and delay Alzheimer's disease progression.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This present invention is directed to the use of ligands having the generic structure:


as ER-β-selective ligands, which mimic ERT, but lack undesirable side effects of ERT. These ligands particularly satisfy the formula:
KiαA/KiβA>25,
preferably:
KiαA/KiβA>50,
more preferably:
KiαA/KiβA>100,
wherein KiαA is the Ki value for the ligand in ER-α; KiβA is the Ki value for the ligand in ER-β.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The instant invention involves a method for the treatment or prophylaxis of a disease associated with the estrogen receptor-β, comprising the step of administering a therapeutically-effective amount of a ligand that satisfies the equation:
KiαA/KiβA>25,
wherein KiαA is the Ki value for the ligand in ER-α and KiβA is the Ki value for the ligand in ER-β. Preferably, KiαA/KiβA>50 and more preferably KiαA/KiβA>100.

Ligands suitable for the above use have the structure:


wherein: L1 is C(═O), ═C(R6), CH(R6), O, S, or NRa; L2 is ═C or CH; L3 is ═C(R6), CH(R6) or C(═O); L4 is C(═O), CH2, O, S, or NRa; wherein: when L1 is C(═O), L4 is CH2, O, S, or NRa; when L4 is C(═O), L1 is CH2, O, S, or NRa; when L3 is C(═O), L1 is ═C(R6) or CH(R6), and L4 is O or NRa; when L1 is ═C(R6), L2 is ═C; when L1 is CH(R6), L2 is CH; when L3 is ═C(R6), L2 is ═C; and when L3 is CH(R6), L2 is CH; Ra is, independently, at each occurrence, H or (C1C5)alkyl; R1 is phenyl, substituted phenyl or Het; R2 is selected from SRa, NRaRa, NC(═O)Ra, NS(═O)Ra, NS(═O)2Ra, halogen, cyano, haloC1-6alkyl, CO2Ra, C(═O)Ra, C(═O)NHRa, nitro, S(═O)Ra and S(═O)2Ra; R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from Ra, ORa, SRa, NRaRa, NC(═O)Ra, NS(═O)Ra, NS(═O)2Ra, halogen, cyano, haloC1-6alkyl, CO2Ra, C(═O)Ra, C(═O)NHRa, nitro, S(═O)Ra and S(═O)2Ra; R6 is H, C1-5alkyl, phenyl or haloC1-6alkyl.

In one embodiment of the previos method L1 is C(═O); and R1 has the structure:


wherein: R7 is H, Cl or methyl; R8 is Br, Cl, F, Ra, ORa or allyl; R9 is H, OH, NH2, Br or Cl; and R10 is H or methyl; or R8 and R9 combine to form OCH2O.

In another embodiment, R4 is OH.

In another embodiment, the ligand has the structure


wherein R2 is selected from SCH3, halogen, cyano and halo C1-3 alkyl; and R7 is selected from H, halogen and CH3.

In another embodiment, the disease to be treated is selected from Alzheimer's disease, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis and prostate cancer.

Another aspect of the invention relates to a composition for the treatment or prophylaxis of a disease associated with the estrogen receptor-β, comprising: a therapeutically-effective amount of a ligand that satisfies the equation:
KiαA/KiβA>25,
wherein KiαA the Ki value for the ligand in ER-α; KiβA is the Ki value for the ligand in ER-β; the ligand also having the structure


wherein: L1 is C(═O), ═C(R6), CH(R6), O, S, or NRa; L2 is ═C or CH; L3 is ═C(R6), CH(R6) or C(═O); L4 is C(═O), CH2, O, S, or NRa; wherein: when L1 is C(═O), L4 is CH2, O, S, or NRa; when L4 is C(═O), L1 is CH2, O, S, or NRa; when L3 is C(═O), L1 is ═C(R6) or CH(R6), and L4 is O or NRa; when L1 is ═C(R6), L2 is ═C; when L1 is CH(R6), L2 is CH; when L3 is ═C(R6), L2 is ═C; and when L3 is CH(R6), L2 is CH; Ra is, independently, at each occurrence, H or (C1C5)alkyl; R1 is phenyl, substituted phenyl or Het; R2 is selected from SRa, NRaRa, NC(═O)Ra, NS(═O)Ra, NS(═O)2Ra, halogen, cyano, haloC1-6alkyl, CO2Ra, C(═O)Ra, C(═O)NHRa, nitro, S(═O)Ra and S(═O)2Ra; R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from Ra, ORa, SRa, NRaRa, NC(═O)Ra, NS(═O)Ra, NS(═O)2Ra, halogen, cyano, haloC1-6alkyl, CO2Ra, C(═O)Ra, C(═O)NHRa, nitro, S(═O)Ra and S(═O)2Ra; R6 is H, C1-5alkyl, phenyl or haloC1-6alkyl; and any pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof; and a pharmaceutically-acceptable diluent or carrier.

In another embodiment of the composition L1 is C(═O); and R1 has the stucture:


wherein: R7 is H, Cl or methyl; R8 is Br, Cl, F, Ra, ORa or allyl; R9 is H, OH, NH2, Br or Cl; and R10 is H or methyl; or R8 and R9 combine to form OCH2O.

In another embodiment, R4 is OH.

In another embodiment, the ligand has the structure


wherein R2 is selected from SCH3, halogen, cyano and haloC1-3alkyl; and R7 is selected from H, halogen and CH3.

In another embodiment of the composition, the disease to be treated is selected from Alzheimer's disease, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis and prostate cancer.

Another aspect of the invention relates to the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment or prophylaxis of a disease associated with the estrogen receptor-β, comprising: a therapeutically-effective amount of a ligand that satisfies the equation:
KiαA/KiβA>25,
wherein KiαA is the Ki value for the ligand in ER-α; KiβA is the Ki value for the ligand in ER-β; the ligand also having the structure:


wherein:

  • L1 is C(═O), ═C(R6), CH(R6), O, S, or NRa; L2 is ═C or CH; L3 is ═C(R6), CH(R6) or C(═O); L4 is C(═O), CH2, O, S, or NRa; wherein: when L1 is C(═O), L4 is CH2, O, S, or NRa; when L4 is C(═O), L1 is CH2, O, S, or NRa; when L3 is C(═O), L1 is ═C(R6) or CH(R6), and L4 is O or NRa; when L1 is ═C(R6), L2 is ═C; when L1 is CH(R6), L2 is CH; when L3 is ═C(R6), L2 is ═C; and when L3 is CH(R6), L2 is CH; Ra is, independently, at each occurrence, H or (C1C5)alkyl; R1 is phenyl, substituted phenyl or Het; R2 is selected from SRa, NRaRa, NC(═O)Ra, NS(═O)Ra, NS(═O)2Ra, halogen, cyano, haloC1-6alkyl, CO2Ra, C(═O)Ra, C(═O)NHRa, nitro, S(═O)Ra and S(═O)2Ra; R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from Ra, ORa, SRa, NRaRa, NC(═O)Ra, NS(═O)Ra, NS(═O)2Ra, halogen, cyano, haloC1-6alkyl, CO2Ra, C(═O)Ra, C(═O)NHRa, nitro, S(═O)Ra and S(═O)2Ra; R6 is H, C1-5alkyl, phenyl or haloC1-6alkyl; and any pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof; and a pharmraceutically-acceptable duluent or carrier.

In another embodiment of the manufacture of a medicament L1 is C(═O); and R1 has the structure:


wherein: R7 is H, Cl or methyl; R8 is Br, Cl, F, Ra, ORa or allyl; R9 is H, OH, NH2, Br or Cl; and R10 is H or methyl; or R8 and R9 combine to form OCH2O.

In another embodiment, R4 is OH.

In another embodiment, the ligand has the structure


wherein R2 is selected from SCH3, halogen, cyano and haloC1-3alkyl; and R7 is selected from H, halogen and CH3.

In one embodiment of manufacture of a medicament the disease to be treated is selected from Alzheimer's disease, anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid artritis and prostate cancer.

Another aspect of the invention is novel compounds having the structure


wherein R2 is selected from SCH3, halogen, cyano and haloC1-3alkyl; and R7 is selected from H, halogen and CH3.

In one embodiment, R2 halogen; and R7 is H.

HaloC1-6alkyl means a branched, cyclic or strait-chain alkyl group having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, substituted with at least one halogen atom (Br, Cl, F, I). The alkyl group may contain mixed halogens, but the total number of halogen atoms shall not exceed the number of valences on the alkyl group that are normally occupied by hydrogens. One specific example is CF3.

Pharmaceutically-acceptable salts may be prepared from the corresponding acid in conventional manner. Non-pharmaceutically-acceptable salts may be useful as intermediates and as such are another aspect of the present invention.

Some of the compounds of the present invention are capable of forming salts with various inorganic and organic acids and bases and such salts are also within the scope of this invention. Examples of such acid addition salts include acetate, adipate, ascorbate, benzoate, benzenesulfonate, bisulfate, butyrate, camphorate, camphorsulfonate, citrate, cyclohexyl sulfamate, ethanesulfonate, fumarate, glutamate, glycolate, hemisulfate, 2-hydroxyethyl-sulfonate, heptanoate, hexanoate, hydrochloride, hydrobromide, hydroiodide, hydroxymaleate, lactate, malate, maleate, methanesulfonate, 2-naphthalenesulfonate, nitrate, oxalate, pamoate, persulfate, phenylacetate, phosphate, picrate, pivalate, propionate, quinate, salicylate, stearate, succinate, sulfamate, sulfanilate, sulfate, tartrate, tosylate (p-toluenesulfonate), and undecanoate. Base salts include ammonium salts, alkali metal salts such as sodium, lithium and potassium sales, alkaline earth metal salts such as aluminum, calcium and magnesium salts, salts with organic bases such as dicyclohexylamine salts, N-methyl-D-glucamine, and salts with amino acids such as arginine, lysine, ornithine, and so forth. Also, basic nitrogen-containing groups may be quaternized with such agents as: lower alkyl halides, such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butyl halides; dialkyl sulfates like dimethyl, diethyl, dibutyl; diamyl sulfates; long chain halides such as decyl, lauryl, myristyl and stearyl halides; aralkyl halides like benzyl bromide and others. Non-toxic physiologically-acceptable salts are preferred, although other salts are also useful, such as in isolating or purifying the product.

The salts may be formed by conventional means, such as by reacting the free base form of the product with one or more equivalents of the appropriate acid in a solvent or medium in which the salt is insoluble, or in a solvent such as water, which is removed in vacuo or by freeze drying or by exchanging the anions of an existing salt for another anion on a suitable ion-exchange resin.

Estrogen Receptor Binding Measurements

The ability of a compound to bind to ER was measured by its ability to compete for binding with the radio-labeled estrogen, [125I]-16α-iodo-3,17β-estradiol (NEN, Cat.#NEX-144). The radio-ligand is hereafter referred to as [125I]-estradiol.

ER-β (Gen Bank Accession #X99101) or ER-α (Gen Bank Accession #M12674) cDNAs were cloned into the expression vector pSG5 (Stratagene), transformed into e. coli strain DHαF′, and purified using anion-exchange resin columns (Qiagen Cat.#12125). Receptor protein was prepared by in vitro transcription and translation of these plasmids using the TNT T7 Quick-Coupled reticulocyte lysate system (Promega Cat.#L1170). Reticulocyte lysate (12.5 mL) was incubated for 90 min at 30 C. with 312.5 μg of ER-α and 625 μg of ER-β plasmids. Programmed lysate was then aliquotted and stored frozen at −80 C.

Compounds were tested in duplicate at half-log concentrations ranging from 10 pM to 3 μM. Compounds were prepared as 1 mM stocks in DMSO, then diluted in the binding-assay buffer (in mM: 20 HEPES, 150 NaCl, 1 EDTA, 6 monothioglycerol and 10 Na2MoO4,; 10% wt/vol glycerol, and pH=7.9) to a series of three-fold concentrated, 20 μL aliquots in a 96-well plate. Receptor aliquots were thawed on ice, and appropriately diluted (see below) in binding assay buffer. Diluted receptor (30 μL/each) was added to each well. [125I]-estradiol was diluted from the manufacturer's ethanol stock solution to a 900 pM working solution in binding-assay buffer. The final assay volume was 60 μL, consisting of 20 μL of a compound according to the instant invention, 30 μL of programmed reticulocyte lysate, and 10 μL of 900 pM [125I]-estradiol. The final concentration of [125I]-estradiol was 150 pM. Plates containing the final assay mixture were mixed on a shaker for 2 min and incubated overnight (16 h) at 4 C.

Receptor-bound and unbound radioligand was separated by filtration over sephadex columns. Columns (45 μL bed volume) were prepared by adding dry column media (Pharmacia Cat#G-25) to 96-well column templates (Millipore MultiScreen Plates Cat#MAHVN4510). Columns were then saturated with 300 μL of binding-assay buffer and stored at 4 C. Prior to use, stored columns were spun for 10 minutes at 2000 RPM, then washed twice with 200 μL of fresh binding buffer. The binding-assay mixtures (50 μL/each) were then applied to the columns, and an additional elution volume of 35 μL was immediately applied to the column. Receptor-bound radioligand was then eluted from the column by centrifugation for 10 minutes at 2000 RPM. A scintillation cocktail (145 μL) was added to the eluted radioligand/receptor complex, and radio-label was measured by liquid scintillation counting.

Non-specific binding was defined by competition with 150 nM diethylstilbesterol (DES). Binding affinities are expressed as Ki, calculated using the Cheng-Prushoff formula according to IC50 values generated by fitting the relationship of concentration to percent specific binding (SB) with the following equation:
% SB=Maximum−(Maximum−Minimum)/(1+10(logIC50-log[Compound]))
In this assay, standard estrogen receptor ligands estradiol and DES were detected as high-affinity (Ki<1 nM), non-selective ligands of ERP and ER-α.

The volume of receptor-programmed reticulocyte lysate to be added to the binding assay was determined independently from two measurements made on each batch of receptor prepared. First, Kis were determined for standard compounds using a series of dilutions of the receptor preparation. Scatchard analysis of ligand binding affinity was performed at the receptor dilutions that produced reported Kis for these compounds and an acceptable signal:noise ratio (10). These experiments indicated a KD for [125I]-estradiol of 0.11 nM, and a Bmax of 530 pmol.

Administration and Use

Compounds of the present invention are shown to have high selectivity for ER-β over ER-α, and may possess agonist activity on ER-β without undesired uterine effects. Thus, these compounds, and compositions containing them, may be used as therapeutic agents in the treatment of various CNS diseases related to ER-β, such as, for example, Alzheimer's disease.

The present invention also provides compositions comprising an effective amount of compounds of the present invention, including the nontoxic addition salts, amides and esters thereof, which may, serve to provide the above-recited therapeutic benefits. Such compositions may also be provided together with physiologically-tolerable liquid, gel or solid diluents, adjuvants and excipients. The compounds of the present invention may also be combined with other compounds known to be used as therapeutic agents for the above or other indications.

These compounds and compositions may be administered by qualified health care professionals to humans in a manner similar to other therapeutic agents and, additionally, to other mammals for veterinary use, such as with domestic animals. Typically, such compositions are prepared as injectables, either as liquid solutions or suspensions; solid forms suitable for solution in, or suspension in, liquid prior to injection may also be prepared. The preparation may also be emulsified. The active ingredient is often mixed with diluents or excipients which are physiologically tolerable and compatible with the active ingredient. Suitable diluents and excipients are, for example, water, saline, dextrose, glycerol, or the like, and combinations thereof. In addition, if desired the compositions may contain minor amounts of auxiliary substances such as wetting or emulsifying agents, stabilizing or pH-buffering agents, and the like.

The compositions are conventionally administered parenterally, by injection, for example, either subcutaneously or intravenously. Additional formulations which are suitable for other modes of administration include suppositories, intranasal aerosols, and, in some cases, oral formulations. For suppositories, traditional binders and excipients may include, for example, polyalkylene glycols or triglycerides; such suppositories may be formed from mixtures containing the active ingredient. Oral formulations include such normally employed excipients as, for example, pharmaceutical grades of mannitol, lactose, starch, magnesium stearate, sodium saccharin, cellulose, magnesium carbonate, and the like. These compositions take the form of solutions, suspensions, tablets, pills, capsules, sustained-release formulations, or powders.

The present compounds may be formulated into the compositions as neutral or salt forms. Pharmaceutically-acceptable nontoxic salts include the acid addition salts (formed with the free amino groups) and which are formed with inorganic acids such as, for example, hydrochloric or phosphoric acids, or organic acids such as acetic, oxalic, tartaric, mandelic, and the like. Salts formed with the free carboxyl groups may be derived from inorganic bases such as, for example, sodium, potassium, ammonium, calcium, or ferric hydroxides, and such organic bases as isopropylamine, trimethylamine, 2-ethylamino ethanol, histidine, procaine, and the like.

In addition to the compounds of the present invention that display ER-β activity, compounds of the present invention can also be employed as intermediates in the synthesis of such useful compounds.

Synthesis

Compounds within the scope of the present invention may be synthesized chemically by means well known in the art. The following Examples are meant to show general synthetic schemes, which may be used to produce many different variations by employing various commercially-available starting materials. These Examples are meant only as guides on how to make some compounds within the scope of the invention, and should not be interpreted as limiting the scope of the invention.

EXAMPLES

FP β-ER Ki FP α-ER Ki
Example R2 R7 (nM) (nM) Selectivity
1 Cl H 4.3 600 139
2 Cl Cl 16 300 19
3 Cl Me 50 900 18
4 F H 39 >2200 >56
5 Br H 2.8 251 90
6 I H 3.9 147 38
7 CN H 58 >1000 >39
8 SMe H 84 563 7

FP β-ER FP α-ER
Example Structure Ki (nM) Ki (nM) Selectivity
 9 1.8 62 35
10 2.0 13 6.4

The HPLC conditions used are the following unless stated otherwise: HPLC 2.150 mm C8 5 μm Zorbax Stablebond column; flow rate 1.4 mL/min, linear gradient from 15% B to 90% B over 4.0 mm; A=water, 0.05% TFA; B=90% acetonitrile, 10% water, 0.05% TFA, UV detection at 254 nm and positive ionization mass spectrometry detection.

  • DMF=N,N-dimethylformamide
  • THF=tetrahydrofuran
  • TFA=trifluoroacetic acid
  • DMSO=dimethylsulfoxide
Example 1 5-Chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1 benzopyran

1) Synthesis of 2-chloro-4,6-dihydroxyacetophenone

To a solution of 2-chloro-6-hydroxy-4 methoxyacetophenone [1] (23.7 g, contaminated with 4-chloro-2-hydroxy-6-methoxyacetophenone) in dichloromethane (100 mL) cooled at −78 C. was added boron tribromide (1M solution in dichloromethane, 200 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for two days, cooled at 0 C. and poured into ice water. Dichloromethane was evaporated in vacuo and the resulting solution was filtered. The solids were washed with ethyl acetate several times and discarded. The filtrates were extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine and dried over MgSO4 to give crude 2-chloro-4,6-dihydroxyacetophenone as a brown solid (19 g). 1H NMR (CDCl3): 13.38 (s, 1H), 6.52 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 5.63 (s br, 1H), 2.81 (s, 3H).

Ref. 1: made according to European Patent Application EP0248420

2) Synthesis of 2-chloro-6 hydroxy-4-(2-trimethysilylethoxymethoxy)acetophenone

To a solution of 2-chloro-4,6-dihydroxyacetophenone (10.27 g) in DMF (100 mL) at 0 C. was added diisopropylethylamine (20 mL) and trimethylsilylethoxymethyl chloride (12.8 mL) drop-wise. The mixture was stirred for three days, poured into water and extracted with hexane. The organic layer was washed with brine and dried over MgSO4. Chromatography on silica gel (eluant: 10% ether in hexane) gave the title compound (6 g) contaminated with an unknown material. MS: 315(M-H).

3) Synthesis of 1-[2-chloro-6-hydroxy-4-(2-trimethylsilylethoxymethoxy)phenyl]-3-dimethylamino-2-propen-1-one

A solution of the compound obtained above (6.56 g) in dimethylformamide dimethylacetal (9 mL) was heated under nitrogen at 70 C. for 2 h. The solvents were evaporated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (eluant: 3% ethyl acetate in dichloromethane) gave the title compound (2.1 g). MS: 372 (MH+); HPLC tR: 2.57 min.

4) Synthesis of 5-chloro-3-iodo-7-(2-trimethylsilylethoxymethoxy)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

To a solution of the above compound (2.1 g) in chloroform (50 mL) at room temperature was added a solution of iodine (3.02 g) in toluene (35 mL) drop-wise over 5 min. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 min. A 10% aqueous solution of sodium bisulfite was added and the mixture was stirred vigorously for 5 min. The mixture was extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was dried over MgSO4 and purified by chromatography on silica gel (eluant: ethyl acetate-dichloromethane-hexane 5:25:70) to afford the title compound (1.65 g) as a white solid. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 8.13 (s, 1H), 7.13 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.99 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 5.28 (s, 2H), 3.76 (t, 2H, J=8.2 Hz), 0.95 (t, 2H, J=8.2 Hz), 0.0 (s, 9H); MS: 475 (MNa+). Synthetic method A:

5) Synthesis of 5-chloro-3-(4-tert-butyldimethylsilyloxyphenyl)-7-(2-trimethylsilylethoxy-methoxy)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

To a solution of the above compound (300 mg), 4-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-phenylboronic acid (215 mg) [2] and silver oxide (243 mg) in THF (5 mL)-water (0.5 mL) under nitrogen were added triphenylarsine (22 mg) and bis(benzonitrile)dichloropalladium(II) (13 mg). The mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for two days, diluted with ethyl acetate and dried on MgSO4. After filtration and evaporation of the solvents, the residue was chromatographed on a 10 g Varian Bond Elute silica gel column (eluant: gradient from hexane to 2% ethyl acetate −40% dichloromethane-hexane) to give the title compound (200 mg) as a colorless oil. MS: 533 (MH+).

Ref. 2: UK patent GB2276162 (1994)

6) Synthesis of 5-chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

To methanol (10 mL) cooled at 0 C. was added acetyl chloride (0.7 mL) drop-wise. The mixture was stirred at 0 C. for 15 min. To this solution was added the above compound (300 mg) in dichloromethane (10 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 h. The solvents were evaporated in vacuo. The residue was triturated with ether-hexane to give the title compound as a white powder (119 mg). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 11.10 (s br, 1H), 9.49 (s br, 1H), 8.20 (s, 1H), 7.32 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.92 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.84 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.79 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz); MS: 289 (MH+).

Examples 2 and 3 5-Chloro-3-(2-chloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)-7-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran and 5-chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

Similarly, using method A, respectively from 4-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-2-chlorophenylboronic acid and 4-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-2-methylphenylboronic acid [obtained respectively from 4-bromo-3-chlorophenol and 4-bromo-3-methylphenol by a) silylation with tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride and triethylamine in DMF, b) lithium-halogen exchange with n-butyllithium (1 eq.) at −78 C. in THF and trapping of the anion with triisopropylborate according to ref. 2] were obtained: 5-chloro-3-(2-chloro-4-hydroxyphenyl)-7-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran; 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 11.18 (m, 1H), 9.98 (m, 1H), 8.16 (s, 1H), 7.15 (d, 1H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.94 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.91 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.87 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.78 (dd, 1H, J=8.4 Hz, J′=2.1 Hz); MS: 323 (MH+) and 5-chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran; 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 11.10 (s, 1H), 9.35 (s br, 1H), 8.05 (s, 1H), 6.92 (m, 2H), 6.85 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.66 (s br, 1H), 6.60 (d br, 1H, J=8.1 Hz), 2.05 (s, 3H); MS: 303 (MH+).

Example 4 5-Fluoro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

1) Synthetic method B: Synthesis of 1-(2-fluoro-6-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethanone

To 1,2-dichloroethane (40 mL) were added anhydrous aluminum chloride (4.27 g) and zinc chloride (436 mg), followed by stirring 15 min. Under ice-cooling, a solution of 1,3-dimethoxy-5-fluorobenzene (5 g) in 1,2-dichloroethane (15 mL) was added. The mixture was cooled to −10 C. and 4-methoxyphenylacetyl chloride (4.9 mL) in dichloroethane (10 mL) was added drop-wise. The mixture was stirred 30 min at −10 C., and 1 h at room temperature and then heated to reflux for 2 h. The mixture was cooled at 0 C., poured carefully into ice-water and extracted twice with dichloromethane. The dichloromethane layer was dried over MgSO4 and evaporated in vacuo to give the title compound (9.1 g); 1H NMR (CDCl3): 13.23 (s, 1H), 7.17 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.88 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.24 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.18 (dd, 1H, J=13.8 Hz, J′=2.1 Hz), 4.20 (d, 2H, J=3.9 Hz), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.80 (s, 3H); MS: 291 (MH+); containing 1-(4-fluoro-2-hydroxy-6-methoxyphenyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethanone as a by-product. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 13.62 (s, 1H), 7.26.0 (6H), 4.29 (s, 2H), 3.90 (s, 3H), 3.81 (s, 3H).

2) Synthetic method C: Synthesis of 5-fluoro-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

To a suspension of 1,1-carbonyldiimidazole (17.8 g) in THF (60 mL) cooled at 0 C. was added drop-wise formic acid (4.24 mL). After 10 min, a solution of the compound obtained above (6.42 g) in THF (60 mL) was added. The mixture was stirred 10 min at 0 C. and 72 h at room temperature. Part of the THF was evaporated and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was washed with brine and dried over MgSO4. Chromatography on silica gel (eluant: 2% ethyl acetate-chloroform) gave the title compound (2.87 g). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.47 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 7.03 (s br, 1H), 6.99 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.93 (d br, 1H, J=13.2 Hz), 3.91 (s, 3H), 3.79 (s, 3H); MS: 301 (MH+), HPLC tR: 2.45 min. Further elution gave the regioisomer 7-fluoro-5-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.80 (s, 1H), 7.47 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.94 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.71 (dd, 1H, J=8.7 Hz, J′=2.1 Hz), 6.56 (dd, 1H, J=11 Hz, J′=2.1 Hz), 3.97 (s, 3H), 3.83 (s, 3H).

3) Synthetic method D: Synthesis of 5-fluoro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

A mixture of 5-fluoro-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran (132 mg) and pyridine hydrochloride (2 g) in a test tube was heated in an oil bath (preheated at 200 C.). The mixture melted, was stirred at 200 C. for 40 min and cooled. The residue was poured into 1N hydrochloric acid. The solids were filtered, washed with water and ether, and dried under high vacuum to give the title compound as a beige powder (82 mg). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 11.19 (s br, 1H), 9.55 (s br, 1H); 8.22 (s, 1H), 7.33 (d, 2H, J=7.8 Hz), 6.80 (d, 2H, J=7.8 Hz), 6.71 (s br, 1H), 6.65 (d br, 1H, J=12.9 Hz); MS: 273 (MH+); HPLC tR: 1.66 min.

Example 5 5-Bromo-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

According to methods B, C and D, from 5-bromo-1,3-dimethoxybenzene [3] (5.42 g) was obtained: 1-(2-bromo-6-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethanone (0.91 g) after purification of the regioisomers by chromatography on silica gel (eluant: dichloromethane-hexane, gradient from 1:2 to 2:1). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 12.55 (s, 1H), 7.13 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.87 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.82 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.40 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 4.53 (s, 2H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.79 (s, 3H); MS: 351 (MH+); 5-bromo-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran (0.78 g); 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 8.35 (s, 1H), 7.47 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 7.33 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 7.20 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.98 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 3.91 (s, 3H), 3.79 (s, 3H); MS: 361 (MH+); and 5-bromo-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1 benzopyran (143 mg) after aqueous work-up, and extraction with ethyl acetate; 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 11.08 (s, 1H), 9.50 (s, 1H), 8.22 (s, 1H), 7.32 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 7.16 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.88 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.79 (d. 2H, J=8.4 Hz); MS: 333 (MH+); HPLC tR: 1.80 min.

Ref 3: Detty, M. R.; Murray, B. J.; J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1983, 883

Example 7-Hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5-iodo-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

1) Synthesis of 5-iodo-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran.

A suspension of 5-bromo-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran (95 mg), copper(I) iodide (250 mg) and potassium iodide (462 mg) in DMSO (6 mL) was heated at 115 C. for 2 h. The mixture was cooled, poured into 1M hydrochloric acid and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with 1M hydrochloric acid and brine and dried over MgSO4. Chromatography on silica gel (eluant: ethyl acetate-dichloromethane-hexane 1:10:20) afforded the title compound (95 mg). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 8.40 (s, 1H), 7.63 (d, 1H, J=2.7 Hz), 7.47 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 7.22 (d, 1H, J=2.7 Hz), 6.99 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 3.90 (s, 3H), 3.79 (s, 3H); MS: 409 (MH+); HPLC tR: 2.83 min.

2) According to method D, from 5-iodo-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran (95 mg) was obtained 7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5-iodo-4-oxo-4H-1 benzopyran (75 mg) after aqueous work-up, extraction with ethyl acetate and chromatography on silica gel (eluant: 3% methanol in dichloromethane). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 10.97 (s, 1H), 9.52 (s, 1H), 8.27 (s, 1H), 7.52 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 7.33 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.89 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.80 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz); MS: 381 (MH+); HPLC tR: 1.87 min.

Example 7 5-Cyano-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

1) Synthesis of 5-cyano-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran.

A suspension of 5-bromo-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1 benzopyran (150 mg), copper(I) cyanide (55.5 mg) in DMF (4 mL) was heated at 120 C. for 3 h. The mixture was cooled, poured into cold water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with 1M hydrochloric acid, saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine, and dried over MgSO4. Evaporation of the solvents afforded the title compound (126 mg) as a white solid. 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 8.52 (s, 1H), 7.67 (d, 1H, J=2.7 Hz), 7.54 (m, 3H), 7.01 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 3.97 (s, 3H), 3.80 (s, 3H); MS: 308 (MH+); HPLC tR: 2.29 min.

2) According to method D, from 5-cyano-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran (160 mg) was obtained 5-cyano-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1 benzopyran (140 mg). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 11.48 (s, 1H), 9.58 (s, 1H), 8.39 (s, 1H), 7.38 (m, 3H), 7.19 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.82 (d, 2H, J=6.9 Hz); MS: 280 (MH+); HPLC tR: 1.64 min.

Example 8 7-Hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5-methylthio-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

1) Synthesis of 7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-methylthio-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran.

Sodium thiomethoxide (600 mg) was added to a solution of 5-fluoro-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran (325 mg) in THF (10 mL). The mixture was refluxed for 1 h and cooled. The mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was washed with water and brine, and dried over MgSO4. Purification by chromatography on silica gel (eluant: ethyl acetate-chloroform, gradient from 0:100 to 5:95) gave the title compound (310 mg) as a pale yellow solid. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.81 (s, 1H), 7.50 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.95 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.67 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.59 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 3.91 (s, 3H), 3.83 (s, 3H); MS: 329 (MH+); HPLC tR: 2.68 min.

2) According to method D, from 7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-methylthio-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran (108 mg) was obtained 7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5-methylthio-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran (53 mg). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 10.76 (s, 1H), 9.51 (s, 1H), 8.16 (s, 1H), 7.33 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.80 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.64 (d, 1H, J=1.8 Hz), 6.58 (d, 1H, J=1.8 Hz), 2.34 (s, 3H); MS: 301 (MH+); HPLC tR: 1.85 min.

Example 9 5-Chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)coumarin

1) Synthesis of 2-chloro-6-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde.

To a solution of 2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxybenzaldehyde [4] (3.15 g) in dichloromethane (30 mL) cooled at −78 C. was added boron tribromide (1M solution in dichloromethane, 16 mL). The mixture was stirred at −78 C. for 30 min, warmed and stirred at room temperature for 18 h. The mixture was cooled to 0 C., poured into ice-water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine and dried over MgSO4. Evaporation of the solvent gave the title compound (2.85 g). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 12.15 (s, 1H), 10.14 (s, 1H), 6.74 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.53 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 3.86 (s, 3H).

Ref. 4: Sargent, M. V.; J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans 1, 1982, 1095

2) Synthesis of 5-chloro-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)coumarin

A solution of 2-chloro-6-hydroxymethoxybenzaldehyde (2.85 g), 4-methoxyphenylacetic acid (2.54 g) and sodium acetate (3 g) in acetic anhydride (25 mL) was refluxed for 18 h and cooled. Cold water (200 mL) was added. The solids were filtered, washed with water (three times) and ether-hexane (1:1), and dried under high vacuum to give the title compound (2.92 g). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.98 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.94 (d, 1H, J=1.8 Hz), 6.77 (d, 1H, J=1.8 Hz), 3.87 (s, 6H).

3) According to method D, from 5-chloro-7-methoxy-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)coumarin was obtained 5-chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)coumarin: 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 10.98 (s, 1H), 9.73 (s, 1H), 7.91 (s, 1H), 7.55 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.94 (d, 1H, J=1.8 Hz), 6.84 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.75 (d, 1H, J=1.8 Hz); MS: 289 (MH+); HPLC tR: 2.04 min.

Example 10 5-Chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4 hydroxyphenyl)chroman

1) Synthesis of 7-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-3-[4-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)phenyl]5-chlorocoumarin

To a solution of 5-chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)coumarin (1.15 g) in DMF (10 mL) at room temperature were added imidazole (800 mg) and tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride (1.6 g). The mixture was stirred for 18 h, poured into water and extracted with ether. The organic layer was washed with water and brine, and dried over MgSO4. Chromatography on silica gel (eluant: 10% ether in hexane) gave the title compound as a pale yellow oil (1.81 g) crystallizing on standing. MS: 517 (MH+).

2) Synthesis of 7-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-3-[4-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)phenyl]-5-chloro-2-hydroxy-2H-chromene

To a solution of the compound obtained above (1.60 g) in THF (20 mL) cooled at −78 C. was added diisobutylaluminum hydride (1M solution in toluene, 4.6 mL) drop-wise. The mixture was stirred at −78 C. for 1 h. Water (1 mL) was added drop-wise at −78 C. The mixture was warmed to 0 C. and anhydrous sodium sulfate was added. The mixture was vigorously stirred and then diluted with ethyl acetate. The solids were filtered and washed with ethyl acetate. The solvent of the filtrate was evaporated in vacuo and the residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant: 10% ether in hexane) to give the title compound (1.35 g) as an oil. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.50 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 7.21 (s, 1H), 6.87 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.60 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.48 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.23 (d, 1H, J=8.4 Hz), 2.99 (d, 1H, J=8.4 Hz), 0.99 (s, 18H), 0.22 (s, 12 H).

3) Synthesis of 7-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-3-[4-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)phenyl]-5-chloro-2H-chromene

In a flask equipped with a Dean-Stark condenser, a solution of the compound obtained above (1.17 g) and phenol (1.2 g) in toluene (30 mL) was heated under reflux for 3 h. The solution was cooled, partitioned between ether (50 mL) and 10% aqueous sodium carbonate. The organic layer was washed with 10% aqueous sodium carbonate, water and brine, and dried over sodium sulfate. After evaporation of ether in vacuo in a cold bath, the toluene solution of crude 7-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-3-[4-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)phenyl]-5-chloro-2-phenoxy-2H-chromene was cooled at −78 C. under nitrogen. Diisobutylaluminum hydride (1M solution in toluene, 7.5 mL) was added drop-wise. The mixture was stirred at −78 C. for 1 h. Water (1 mL) was added drop-wise at −78 C. The mixture was warmed to 0 C. and anhydrous sodium sulfate was added. The mixture was vigorously stirred and then diluted with ethyl acetate. The solids were filtered and washed with ethyl acetate. The solvent of filtrate was evaporated in vacuo and the residue was chromatographed on silica gel (eluant: 10% dichloromethane in hexane) to give the title compound (380 mg) as an oil. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.33 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.99 (s, 1H), 6.86 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.49 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 6.29 (d, 1H, J=2.1 Hz), 5.07 (s, 2H), 0.99 (s, 9H), 0.98 (s, 9H), 0.22 (s, 12 H); MS: 503 (MH+).

4) Synthesis of 5-chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4 hydroxyphenyl)-2H-chromene

To a solution of the compound obtained above (125 mg) in THF (2 mL) was added tetrabutylammonium fluoride (1M solution in THF, 1 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride, water and brine, and dried over MgSO4. Chromatography on a 10 g Varian Bond Elute silica gel column (eluant: ethyl acetate-hexane, gradient from 0:100 to 30:70) gave the title compound (70 mg). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 9.98 (s br, 1H), 9.64 (s br, 1H), 7.37 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.84 (s, 1H), 6.80 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.45 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.26 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 5.05 (s, 2H); MS: 273 (M-H).

5) Synthesis of 5-chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)chroman

To a solution of the compound obtained above (60 mg) in ethyl acetate (20 mL) was added 5% palladium on charcoal (80 mg). The suspension was stirred at room temperature under a 30 PSI atmosphere of hydrogen for 30 min. Filtration of the catalyst and evaporation of the solvent afforded the title compound after purification on a 10 g Varian Bond Elute silica gel column (eluant: ethyl acetate-hexane, gradient from 0:100 to 25:75). 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.12 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.83 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.53 (d, 1H, J=2.7 Hz), 6.30 (d, 1H, J=2.7 Hz), 4.83 (m, 2H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 3.92 (dd, 1H, J=J′=10.5 Hz), 3.13 (m, 1H), 3.07 (m, 1H), 2.75 (dd, 1H, J=16.2 Hz, J′=10.5 Hz); MS: 275 (M-H).

Example 11 5-Chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran

1) Synthesis of 1-(2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethanone.

To 1,2-dichloroethane (500 mL) were added anhydrous aluminum chloride (50.5 g) and zinc chloride (5.72 g), followed by stirring for 15 min. Under ice-cooling, a solution of 1,3-dimethoxy-5-chlorobenzene (55 g) in 1,2-dichloroethane (140 mL) was added. The mixture was cooled to −25 C. and 4-methoxyphenylacetyl chloride (53.9 mL) in 1,2-dichloroethane (250 mL) was added drop-wise. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was cooled to 0 C., quenched with 1.0 N HCl (300 mL), and the resulting suspension was filtered through Celite and silica gel using ethyl acetate. Chromatography on silica gel (eluant: 1040% ethyl acetate/hexane) provided the title compound (39 g). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 7.07 (d, 2H, J=8.77 Hz), 6.85 (d, 2H, J=8.77 Hz), 6.62 (m, 2H), 3.94 (s, 2H), 3.80 (s, 6H), 3.72 (s, 3H); MS: 321 (MH+).

2) Synthesis of 1-(2-chloro-4,6-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethanone.

Boron tribromide (1.0 M soultion in dichloromethane, 5 mL) was added drop-wise to a solution of 1-(2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethanone (1.34 g) in 1,2-dichloroethane (25 mL). The solution was heated to 70 C. for 24 h, cooled to room temperature and stirred for 90 h. Additional boron tribromide (1.0 M solution in dichloromethane, 5 mL) was added drop-wise, heating to 70 C. for 12 h. The solution was cooled to −45 C., quenched with methanol (45 mL) and concentrated in vacuo. The solids were redissolved in ethyl acetate (40 mL) and washed with saturated sodium bicarbonate (225 mL), 1.2 N HCl (225 mL) and brine (225 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting oil was triturated with dichloromethane (150 mL) to provide the title compound (866 mg). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 10.35 (s br, 1H), 10.02 (s br, 1H), 9.28 (s br, 1H), 6.94 (d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.65 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 6.27 (dd, 2H, J=10.2 Hz, 2.1 Hz), 3.92 (s, 2H); MS: 279 (MH+).

3) Synthesis of 5-chloro-7-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran.

A solution consisting of 1-(2-chloro-4,6-dihydroxyphenyl)-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-ethanone (50 mg), acetic anhydride (1.2 mL) and sodium acetate (44 mg) was prepared. The solution was heated at 140 C. for 50 min, cooled to room temperature and stirred for 70 h. The soution was quenched with saturated sodium bicarbonate (10 mL), water (1 mL) and methanol (10 mL). After stirring for 3 h the solution was acidified to pH 5 with saturated potassium diphosphate and extracted with ethyl acetate (315 mL). The organics were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting yellow oil was diluted with toluene and dehydrated for 1.5 h using a Dean-Starke trap. Chromatography using reverse phase preperative HPLC provided the title compound (18 mg). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6): 11.07 (s br, 1H), 9.46 (s br, 1H), 7.03 (d, 1H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.88 (d, 1H, J=2.4 Hz), 6.79 (s, 1H), 6.78 (d, 2H, J=8.7 Hz), 2.18 (s, 3H); MS: 303 (MH+).

Synthetic Scheme for Example 11:

FP ER-β Ki (nM) FP ER-α Ki
(LOQ = 0.01 nM, (nM) (LOQ =
upper limit 0.01 nM, upper FP Sel.
Example Structure 1000 nM) limit 1000 nM) Ratio
11 46.10 1000.00 32.8

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5733926Dec 13, 1996Mar 31, 1998Gorbach; Sherwood L.Isoflavonoids for treatment and prevention of alzheimer dementia and reduced cognitive functions
US6331562 *Jul 6, 2000Dec 18, 2001Signal Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Compounds and methods for modulation of estrogen receptors
US6518301 *Apr 11, 2000Feb 11, 2003Astrazeneca AbEstrogen receptor-β ligands
EP0135172A2Aug 22, 1984Mar 27, 1985Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd.Method for treatment of osteoporosis
WO1998044920A1Mar 25, 1998Oct 15, 1998Medina Jorge HoracioUse of halo and/or nitro-substituted flavonoids as anxyolitics
WO1998050026A1May 1, 1998Nov 12, 1998Novogen IncTreatment or prevention of menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis
WO2000062765A2Apr 11, 2000Oct 26, 2000Astrazeneca AbESTROGEN RECEPTOR-β LIGANDS
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1Ann Vincent et al, "Soy Isofavones: Are they useful in menopause?," Mayo Clinic Proc, p. 1174-1184, fig. 1.
2 *Anthony, M. et al 'What would be the properties of an ideal serm?' Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, (Dec. 2001) 949, 261-278.
3 *Barlaam, B et al, 'Estrogen receptor-Beta ligands for therapy' CA 133:317571 (2000).
4J. Huber, "Phytoostrogene und SERMs, Alternativen zur klassischen Hormontherapie?,"Therapeutische Umschau, p. 651-654.
5J.J.B. Anderson et al, "Biphasic Effects of Genistein on Bone Tissue in the Ovariectomized, Lactating Rat Model," Society of the Society for experimental biology and medicine, p. 345-350, fig. 1.
6Joe A. Vison et al, "Plant Flavonoids, Especially Tea Flavonols, Are Powerful Antioxidants Using an in Vitro Oxidation Model for Hearth Disease," J. Agric. Food Chem., p. 2800-2802, fig. 1.
7John JB Anderson et al, "Health potential of soy isoflavones for menopausal women," Public Health Nutration, vol. 2 (No. 4), p. 489-504, fig. 1.
8 *Kitagawa, M et al, 'Aryloxyacetic acid diuretics with uriosuric activity. II. Substituted [(4-oxo-4H-1-benzopyran-7-yl)oxy]acetic acids and the related compounds' CA 116:106034 (1992).
9Valerie L. Baker et al, "Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators in Reporductive Medicine and Biology," Obstetical and Gynecological Survey, vol. 55 (No. 7), p. 21-47, fig. 1.
10Y.T. Van Der Schouw et al, "Phytoestrogens and cardiovascular disease risk," Nutr. Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis., p. 154-157, fig. 1.
11Zhao Bian et al, "Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators and Coronary Heart Disease," Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine, vol. 11 (No. 2), p. 196-202, fig. 1.
Classifications
U.S. Classification514/456, 514/457, 549/289
International ClassificationA61P19/02, A61P25/28, A61P25/24, A61P19/10, C07D311/58, A61K31/353, C07D311/18, A61P35/00, A61P9/10, A61P25/22, A61P29/00, A61K31/37, A61P43/00, A61P13/08, A61P5/24, C07D311/36, A61K31/352, A61K31/35, A61K31/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61K31/00, A61K31/352, C07D311/36
European ClassificationC07D311/36, A61K31/00, A61K31/352
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 26, 2011FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20110605
Jun 5, 2011LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Jan 10, 2011REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Mar 24, 2009CCCertificate of correction
Apr 10, 2003ASAssignment
Owner name: ASTRAZENECA AB, SWEDEN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BARLAAM, BERNARD;FOLMER, JAMES;PISER, TIMOTHY;REEL/FRAME:015092/0675
Effective date: 20030306