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Publication numberUS7235 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 2, 1850
Publication numberUS 7235 A, US 7235A, US-A-7235, US7235 A, US7235A
InventorsAndrew Dietz
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 7235 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



sleciacation of Letters Patent 7,235, `dated April 2, 1850.

To all whom tft-may concern: d d

Be it known that l, ANDREW Dnrrz, of the city, county, and State `of New York, have@ invented certain new and useful Improve-1l ments in the Construction of` Hames fort Harness; and I do hereby declare that thei following is a full, clear, and exact descrip-g tion of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of.

this specification in which llames on a larger scale than Fig. l.

section of the hame through the center of the draught iron.

Similar letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in the several figures.

The nature of my invent-ion consists, firstly, in making the upper and lower parts of the back or drawing face of the hames, situate opposite the upper and lower parts of the shoulder blade which are points of motion, curved o fl' forward; and that part of the inner side between the points where the said curves commence, swelled so to t the shape of the horse, and so as to bring the pressure o-f the draught upon or in the sink of the neck which is comparatively a part of rest, leaving the parts, where there is much action, free from pressure; and applying the force of draught at the part, where there is least motion, and the greatest amount of muscle overlaying the shoulder blade and which is the part best' capable of sustaining it; rendering the displacement or disarrangement of the collar almost impossible; and avoiding much chaling, and in most cases all. Secondly, in an improved mode of securing the draft iron to the hame; and thirdly in passing the straps which hold together the upper ends of the pair of hames, under and between hook studs, instead of through slots cut in the Woodwork of the hames, so as to allow the straps to be removed without unbuckling them.

To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention, I will proceed to describe its construction and effect.l

A A are the hames which are formed of wood strapped on the outside with metal, having their back or drawing face curved orinclined 0E forward from the points a, w, shown in Figs. 2 and 3, to the upper and lower ends, and having that part of the inner edge'included between the said points swelled or curved to meet the sink inthe neck of the horse. Y 4 y f B, B, Bare hooked studs riveted to the hames, between any pair of which may be passed a strap `secured by a buckle for holding together the upper ends of the hames...

C, C, are loops through which a strap is d i passed for securingthe lower ends of the Figure l, is a front view of a. pair of haines. Fig. 2, is a front view of one of the Figi 3, is a view of the same looking toward the? under side. Fig. 4t, is an enlarged view ofi one of the jointed breast rings. Fig. 5, is a` hames together on the horse, similar loops C C are placed at the upper ends of the hames.

D,`D, are the rein terret's'.

E, E, are the draft irons having their stocks lc, 7c made so as partly to clasp the hames as seen in Fig. 5.

F, F, are the holdback or breast rings jointed in the manner of ringbolts to the Shanks f, f, which pass through holes of square or angular form in the stock /c 7c of the draft irons and through the hames, being riveted firmly so as to secure the draft irons to the hames; the breast rings F, F, have attached my patent cross bars g, g, extending across them and kept in position by concave recesses fitting to the inner edges of the rings and by hooks 71, t fitting to the outer edges; these cross bars are capable of sliding easily round the ring for the purpose of sustaining and holding the breast-straps, which are kept from slippino* oif, by the guards 27, z'. Rings provided with my sliding bars Sac. similar to those above described may also be applied to the draft irons in the manner represented by the dotted lines in Fig. 2, fo-r the purpose of receiving the ends of the traces for draft.

The advantage gained by constructing the hames as described is in allowing free action to the ends or working points ofthe shoulder blade of the horse and in bringing the entire weight of draft upon or in the sink of the neck which is the part best adapted to support and sustain it and which will bear against the portion of the hame inc-ludedbe- B, B, B, are inserted in the haines, the straps may be removed by merely doubling them and slipping them out, and may be placed between the next pair of studs higheror lower according as the horse (on which the hames are to be put) may be larger or smaller than the one by which they were last worn.

The use of mypatent breast rings F, F,

with movable cross bars g g over which the breast stras pass, will keep the said straps even, an causethem to wear equally on their bearing surfaces, and prevent them from turning up and wearing on their edges /as they do when bearing on the curved sur- Yfaces of-the rings, and will act in the same manner on the traces.

The manner of making the stocks c k of the draft irons to embrace the hames, and securing them b, the shanks f of the Vbreast rings will7 furnish 'a c eaper and easier mode of attachment, and as only one shank will be used for each stock the hame will be less weakened than in the old 'the shank f of the breast ring passing through the said stock la of the draft iron and riveted to the hame as described.

3. The hook studs B B B for receiving the straps which secure the upper ends of the hames together when on the horse, so as to allow the straps to be easily shifted, constructed in the manner described or in-any way substantially the same.

p ANDREW DIETZ. Witnesses:


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US5045058 *Jul 29, 1988Sep 3, 1991George DemetrakopoulosApparatus and method for the cleansing and antisepsis of the vagina
Cooperative ClassificationB68B5/02