|Publication number||US7236209 B2|
|Application number||US 10/389,018|
|Publication date||Jun 26, 2007|
|Filing date||Mar 14, 2003|
|Priority date||Nov 30, 1998|
|Also published as||US20030147013|
|Publication number||10389018, 389018, US 7236209 B2, US 7236209B2, US-B2-7236209, US7236209 B2, US7236209B2|
|Inventors||Demian T. Martin|
|Original Assignee||Monster Cable Products, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (38), Classifications (21), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present application claims benefit under 35 U.S.C. 120 to U.S. application Ser. No. 09/201,374 filed January Nov. 30, 1998.
The present invention relates generally to video receivers, and more particularly to methods and systems for selecting between incompatible video formats in a way that is transparent to the user.
To produce a color video image, the image from the camera is broken down into its component primary colors, namely, red, green, and blue, and then combined and transmitted to a receiver which essentially reverses the operation of the camera to render the image sought to be displayed. To reduce the amount of information that must be transmitted and thereby advantageously conserve transmission bandwidth, older video formats use transmission schemes, including so-called “composite” video and “S-video”, in which only one line (in the case of composite video) or two lines (in the case of S-video) are used to carry the color video signal to the receiver. Digital video has now arrived on the scene and has been declared the standard for High Definition Television (HDTV). The standard is the Digital Video Interface Standard (DVI). DVI signals are basically incompatible with analog systems of any type and must be decoded and subjected to conversion. Many large plasma displays are adapted for DVI input.
Unfortunately, however, while the first two of the above-mentioned formats conserve bandwidth, they do so at the expense of image resolution. Accordingly, a relatively new format, referred to herein as “component video”, has been introduced. In component video, the three primary color images are transmitted along respective lines, thereby increasing the resolution and, hence, quality of the video image that is output by the receiver. Many digital video disk (DVD) players that provide relatively large bandwidth and, thus, that facilitate the use of component video, accordingly employ the component video format.
To accommodate all three of the above-mentioned formats, many modern televisions can accept composite video inputs, S-video inputs, and component video inputs. HDTV sets and players have recently added a DVI input to the above mix. To select among the inputs, however, a user must manipulate the local or remote control of the television itself to cause a menu of selections to appear on screen, and then the user must select which input is desired to be presented. This can be comparatively cumbersome.
Moreover, many television sets receive their input from an audio video (AV) receiver such as, e.g., the AV receiver associated with a video cassette recorder (VCR). Because many if not most AV receivers are configured only for the composite video and S-video formats and not for component video, however, the component video input to the television cannot be received through the AV receiver. Instead, it must be received as an input that is separate from the AV receiver. As one consequence, multiple remote control sets (e.g., one for the AV receiver and one for the television) are required. As users have discovered, the requirement to use multiple remote control units is annoyingly cumbersome and confusing, and multiplies the likelihood that a remote control unit will be lost or misplaced.
Fortunately, the present invention recognizes that is possible to provide a means for controlling the presentation of incompatible video formats in a way that is transparent to the user, using AV receivers that are not otherwise configured for the component video format. Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a system and apparatus for controlling the presentation of incompatible video formats in a way that is transparent to the user. Another object of the present invention is to provide a system and apparatus for enabling a user to switch between video channels having incompatible formats using only a single remote control unit. Still another object of the present invention is to provide an AV selection system and apparatus that is easy to use and cost-effective to manufacture.
The device is further operative for selecting a Digital Video Interface (DVI) signal when received.
Other features of the present invention are disclosed or apparent in the section entitled: “MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION.”
A video selection system is disclosed for selectively outputting signals to an audio video (AV) output device that includes a video display. The system includes a switch box configured for receiving at least one S-video signal and/or at least one composite video signal, and at least one component video signal, with the component video signal including a synchronization signal and at least one DVI signal. In accordance with the present invention, the switch box selectively outputs, to the AV output device, either the component video signal or one of the S-video and composite video signals and at least one DVI signal, based on the synchronization signal.
In a preferred embodiment the AV receiver provides a sense signal to the switch box, and the sense signal is compared to the synchronization signal to determine which video signal to present on the AV output device. The switch box is disclosed in combination with the AV receiver, which is configured for receiving the S-video input and/or the composite video input and sending these inputs to the switch box.
To establish the sense signal, the switch box sends the synchronization signal from the component video source to a first input port of the AV receiver to establish a trigger signal. When the first input port of the AV receiver is selected, the trigger signal establishes the sense signal that is input to the switch box.
Additionally, the switch box includes a video decoder for receiving one of the S-video signal and/or composite video signal to output a video signal that has been transformed to the component domain. A switch is electrically connected to the video decoder for receiving the transformed video signal therefrom, and the switch also receives the component video signal. When the sense signal from the AV receiver matches the synchronization signal from the component video source, the switch outputs the component video source signal; otherwise, the switch outputs the AV receiver video signal. In either case, the switch operates in the component domain.
To execute the above-described operation, a controller is in the switch box, in communication with the switch, for controlling the switch to establish the switch output. As disclosed in detail below, the controller includes a comparator for comparing the sense signal to the synchronization signal. Also, the controller includes a valid video determiner for causing the S-video signal or composite video signal to be sent to the AV output device when the S-video signal or composite video signal is valid and the sense signal does not match the synchronization signal.
Desirably, a remote control device is associated with the AV receiver. The remote control device is operable to select the first input port of the AV receiver to thereby cause the AV output device to present an image generated by the component video signal.
In another aspect, a method is disclosed for causing a video output device to present an image from a component video source or from a combined S-video and composite video source. The method includes electrically connecting the component video source and the combined S-video and composite video source to the video output device. Also, the method includes establishing an input port of the combined S-video and composite video source to be a trigger port. A synchronization signal is derived from the component video source and sent to the trigger port. Then, an input port of the combined S-video and composite video source, other than the trigger port, can be selected by the user to thereby cause the output device to present an image from the combined S-video and composite video source. Or, the trigger port of the combined S-video and composite video source can be selected by the user to thereby cause the output device to present an image from the component video source.
In still another aspect, a video selection device includes first video input ports including at least one of: one or more composite video input ports, and one or more S-video input ports. The device of the present invention also includes at least one component video input port. Furthermore, the device includes a video decoder that is electrically connected to at least one of the first video input ports, such that the decoder processes a video input into the component domain.
A switch is electrically connected to the video decoder for receiving the output from the decoder, and the switch is also electrically connected to the component video input port. As disclosed in detail below, a controller is electrically connected to one or more of the video input ports and to the switch, and the switch selectively outputs a signal from one of: a first video input port, and the component video input port, in response to the controller.
The device further includes circuitry for determining when a DVI signal is present at the appropriate input. When such a signal is present, the circuit switches from an analog video mode into a digital video mode. The circuitry further encodes and scales analog video into DVI protocol for presentation on a DVI display. The circuitry further includes means for generation of virtual synchronization signals. Finally, the device is further operative to scale and overlays on source video display information from the receiver to the DVI video stream.
The details of the present invention, both as to its structure and operation, can best be understood in reference to the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numerals refer to like parts.
For a fuller understanding of the present invention, reference is made to the accompanying drawings in the following detailed description of the Best Mode of Carrying Out the Invention. In the drawings:
The present invention allows integration and display of different video formats, and specifically composite, S-video, DVI signals, and component video signals, in a way that is transparent to the user. Among other advantages, the present invention facilitates the use of a single remote control device to select one of a plurality of incompatible video signals from more than one video source.
Referring initially to
As intended by the present invention, the AV receiver 12 can be a conventional AV receiver capable of supplying both composite video signals and S-video signals to the AV output device 16. Also, the component video source 14 can be a conventional component video source capable of supplying component video signals to the AV output device 16. As described in detail below, however, owing to the use of the novel switch box 18, a user is not required to manipulate the controls of the AV output device 16 to select between the AV receiver 12 and component video source 14. Rather, as set forth below a user can control which system 10 signal is displayed on the AV output device 16 simply by manipulating one and only one remote control device, namely, the remote control device 20 that is associated with the AV receiver 12.
As shown in
In accordance with principles known in the art, the signals from the video input element 21 are sent to an overlay generator 28. In response to user manipulations of a control interface 30 or in response to user manipulations of the remote control device 20, the overlay generator 28 superimposes graphics on the video signal for display therewith on the AV output device 16. These graphics represent the selected channel, volume, and other data.
From the overlay generator 28, the video signal is sent to a conventional output driver 32. As is known in the art, the output driver 32 establishes a video buffer. The signal that originated at a user-selected one of the input ports 22, 24 is sent from the output driver 32 to a composite port “CP” of the switch box 18 via a composite video line “C”. Moreover, the S-video signal that originated from the S-video input port 26 is sent from the output driver 32 to an S-video port “SP” of the switch box 18 via an S-video line “S”.
On the other hand, the component video signal from the component video source 14 is sent via three lines labeled “component” directly to a component video port of the switch box 18 without passing through the AV receiver 12, because the component video format is incompatible with the particular AV receiver 12 shown in
Completing the description of
From the above discussion, it will readily be appreciated that the AV receiver 12 undertakes no format conversion of the video signals. More particularly, the AV receiver 12 does not convert the one- or two-line video signals into the three-signal component domain. Instead, the AV receiver 12 enables selection of the desired input from the plurality of video input ports 22, 24, 26, and then outputs the signal to the switch box 18 in the format supplied to the AV receiver 12, based on the user's selection. Accordingly, it is to be understood that the output of the AV receiver 12 to the switch box 18 is in the same video format as the corresponding input, i.e., either composite video, S-video, or the trigger signal from the trigger signal input port 24 described more fully below.
Referring now to
As was the case with the S-video signal, the signal on the composite video line “C” is sent to the controller 44, but via a composite strip line 54. In turn, the controller 44 sends a trigger signal to the trigger signal input port 24 (
In either case, the skilled artisan will readily appreciate that the switch 40 functions to select an output signal from two input signals, both of which are in the component domain. Accordingly, it may now be understood that the AV output device 16 need not be manipulated or controlled by the user in selecting between component video format and non-component video format. Instead, the AV output device can be permanently configured for the component format, with switching between the video signals from the AV receiver 12 and component video source 14 being effected transparently to the user inside the switch box 18, in response to the control signal from the controller 44.
The comparator compares the sense signal to the component synchronization signal. If the user has selected the trigger signal input port 24 of the AV receiver 12 by, e.g., appropriately manipulating the remote control device 20, the sense signal will be the trigger signal. Consequently, the sense signal will match or otherwise be correlated to the synchronization signal, which, it will be recalled, is sent to the AV receiver 12 as the trigger signal. Under these circumstances, the comparator 62 outputs a control signal that causes the switch 40 (
Completing the present description, a valid video determiner 64 receives the selected one of the signals on the composite strip line 54 and the first S-video strip line 50. It is to be understood that the valid video determiner 64 can alternatively receive the signal on the second S-video strip line 53 (
Digital/Video Processor 106 contains circuitry to perform several functions. The circuitry may either be dedicated hardwired circuits or preferably software and a microprocessor programmed to perform the following functions. The first function is to switch between DVI and analog video. If an analog signal is received at input 107 and a control signal at input 108, Digital/Video Processor 104 switches into the analog mode. In the analog mode Digital/Video Processor 104 performs an analog to digital conversion and encodes the analog signal into DVI format. The signal is further scaled to produce a signal suitable for the higher resolution of a DVI display. Digital/Video Processor 104 further produces a virtual synchronization signal at output 109 for activation of sync trigger 24. Digital/Video Processor 104 finally scales and overlays video display information from receivers 102 and 104 onto the video stream output 111. Video stream out 111 is connected to a DVI transmitter 112 which boosts and configures the signal to be appropriate for a DVI display 114 which can be a high resolution plasma display having HDTV format.
The present invention has been particularly shown and described with respect to certain preferred embodiments and features thereof. However, it should be readily apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art that various changes and modifications ain form and detail may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the inventions as set forth in the appended claims, in which reference to an element in the singular is not intended to mean “one and only one” unless explicitly so stated, but rather “one or more”. The inventions illustratively disclosed herein may be practiced without any element which is not specifically disclosed herein.
The present invention addresses the shortcomings of the current art by providing a system and method for automatic switching and display of video signals. The system and method provide the functionality to intercept and modify the nature and content of such signals automatically and adapt the signals to differing video displays. The system and method are particularly suited to environments having multiple types of video interfaces and protocols. In light of the foregoing, it is contemplated that the present invention will prove highly marketable to consumers in various venues, particularly those seeking the technical functionality and features provided in the invention.
Although the description above contains much specificity, it should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention but as merely providing illustrations of some of the presently preferred embodiments of this invention. Thus the scope of this invention should be determined by the appended claims and their legal equivalents. Further, it is appreciated that the scope of the present invention encompasses other embodiments which may become obvious to those skilled in the art, and that the scope of the present invention is accordingly to be limited by nothing other than the appended claims, in which reference to an element in the singular is not intended to mean “one and only one” unless explicitly so stated, but rather “one or more”. All structural and functional equivalents to the elements of the above-described preferred embodiment that are know to those of ordinary skill in the art are expressly incorporated herein by reference and are intended to be encompassed by the present claims. Moreover, it is not necessary for a device or method to address each and every problem sought to be solved by the present invention for it to be encompassed by the present claims. Furthermore, no element, component, or method step in the present disclosure is intended to be dedicated to the public regardless of whether the element, component, or method step is explicitly recited in the claim. No claim element herein is to be construed under the provisions of 35 U.S.C. 112, sixth paragraph, unless the element is expressly recited using the phrase “means for”.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4460918 *||Jul 14, 1982||Jul 17, 1984||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Automatic switching circuit for a dual mode television receiver|
|US4660073 *||Dec 18, 1984||Apr 21, 1987||Eastman Kodak Company||Video apparatus for selectively processing either composite or component color video signals|
|US5255097 *||Dec 14, 1990||Oct 19, 1993||U.S. Philips Corporation||Video system|
|US6559893 *||Nov 30, 1998||May 6, 2003||Monster Cable Products, Inc.||Method and apparatus for automatic selection of video interface|
|US6774953 *||May 31, 2001||Aug 10, 2004||Sony Corporation||Method and apparatus for color warping|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7400359 *||Jan 7, 2004||Jul 15, 2008||Anchor Bay Technologies, Inc.||Video stream routing and format conversion unit with audio delay|
|US7710501||Jul 12, 2004||May 4, 2010||Anchor Bay Technologies, Inc.||Time base correction and frame rate conversion|
|US7916215 *||Mar 29, 2011||Coretronic Corporation||Detection system and method for detecting received video signal type within video device|
|US7982798||Jul 19, 2011||Silicon Image, Inc.||Edge detection|
|US8002586||Aug 23, 2011||Pucline, Llc||Electrical power supplying device having a lower deck housing region for containing and concealing a plurality of electrical power adapters associated with a plurality of electrical appliances, and an upper deck housing region for supporting a ring-like power assembly having a central aperture and receiving the power plugs and/or power adapters of electrical appliances, while managing excess power cord length within a 3D volume passing through said central aperture|
|US8002587||Aug 23, 2011||Pucline, Llc||Ring-like electical power supplying structure for receiving the electrical power plugs of a plurality of electrical appliances and powering the same|
|US8004606||Aug 23, 2011||Silicon Image, Inc.||Original scan line detection|
|US8016611||Sep 13, 2011||Pucline Llc||Electrical power supplying device having a ring-like structure for receiving the power plugs and/or power adapters associated with a plurality of electrical appliances, and an integrated thermal management system|
|US8026633||Sep 25, 2009||Sep 27, 2011||Pucline, Llc||Wall-mountable electrical power supplying device for mounting to a wall surface about a standard wall-mounted power receptacle, using a mounting bracket arranged between the housing and wall surface and an electrical power supply plug integrated with the housing|
|US8086067||Dec 27, 2011||Silicon Image, Inc.||Noise cancellation|
|US8120703||Aug 29, 2006||Feb 21, 2012||Silicon Image/BSTZ||Source-adaptive video deinterlacer|
|US8159085||Apr 17, 2012||Pucline, Llc||Wall-mountable electrical power supplying device having a ring-like structure for receiving the power plugs and/or power adapters associated with a plurality of electrical appliances, and a housing containing and concealing the same during power supply operations|
|US8174147||Sep 25, 2009||May 8, 2012||Pucline, Llc||Electrical power supplying device having a ring-like power assembly for receiving electrical power plugs and/or power adapters associated with a plurality of electrical appliances, and an un-interrupted power supply (UPS) unit having a battery componenent mounted within a centrally-disposed structure passing through a central aperture in said ring-like power assembly|
|US8193658||Sep 25, 2009||Jun 5, 2012||Pucline, Llc||Electrical power supplying device having a ring-like subassembly for receiving the power plugs and/or power adapters associated with a plurality of electrical appliances, and managing excess power cord length therewithin in a concealed manner|
|US8217528||Jul 10, 2012||PUCline, Inc.||Electrical power supplying device having a ring-like subassembly for receiving the power plugs and/or power adapters associated with a plurality of electrical appliances, and a housing design for containing and concealing the power plug and adaptors during power supplying operations|
|US8319894 *||Feb 6, 2007||Nov 27, 2012||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Display apparatus capable of discriminating the type of input signal from different signals|
|US8446525||Jun 3, 2011||May 21, 2013||Silicon Image, Inc.||Edge detection|
|US8452117||Feb 10, 2010||May 28, 2013||Silicon Image, Inc.||Block noise detection and filtering|
|US8463961 *||Jun 11, 2013||Adder Technology Limited||Video switch|
|US8553147 *||Jun 9, 2011||Oct 8, 2013||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Display method and apparatus for discriminating between an RGB and a component video input signal|
|US8559746||Sep 4, 2008||Oct 15, 2013||Silicon Image, Inc.||System, method, and apparatus for smoothing of edges in images to remove irregularities|
|US8891897||May 21, 2013||Nov 18, 2014||Silicon Image, Inc.||Block noise detection and filtering|
|US8970785 *||Jan 10, 2013||Mar 3, 2015||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Display apparatus capable of discriminating the type of video signal input from a common terminal|
|US9184546||Oct 18, 2011||Nov 10, 2015||Pucline, Llc||Electrical power supplying device having a central power-hub assembly supplying electrical power to power plugs, adaptors and modules while concealed from view and managing excess power cord during power supplying operations|
|US9305337||Oct 15, 2013||Apr 5, 2016||Lattice Semiconductor Corporation||System, method, and apparatus for smoothing of edges in images to remove irregularities|
|US20060279658 *||Jun 2, 2006||Dec 14, 2006||Coretronic Corporation||Detection system and method for detecting received video signal type within video device|
|US20070052845 *||May 19, 2006||Mar 8, 2007||Adams Dale R||Edge detection|
|US20070052846 *||Aug 29, 2006||Mar 8, 2007||Adams Dale R||Source-adaptive video deinterlacer|
|US20070121016 *||Nov 17, 2006||May 31, 2007||Tatung Company||Audio/video switch circuit using and I2C bus|
|US20070139561 *||Jul 3, 2006||Jun 21, 2007||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Reproducing apparatus|
|US20070182443 *||Feb 6, 2007||Aug 9, 2007||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Display apparatus|
|US20070206122 *||May 10, 2007||Sep 6, 2007||Dickens Nigel A||Video switch|
|US20080152253 *||Nov 15, 2007||Jun 26, 2008||Thompson Laurence A||Noise cancellation|
|US20090111587 *||Oct 31, 2007||Apr 30, 2009||James Chu||Video game console adapatation structure|
|US20100054622 *||Sep 4, 2008||Mar 4, 2010||Anchor Bay Technologies, Inc.||System, method, and apparatus for smoothing of edges in images to remove irregularities|
|US20110076877 *||Sep 25, 2009||Mar 31, 2011||Jeffrey Fleisig||Wall-mountable electrical power supplying device for mounting to a wall surface about a standard wall-mounted power receptacle, using a mounting bracket arranged between the housing and wall surface and an electrical power supply plug integrated with the housing|
|US20110242414 *||Oct 6, 2011||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Display apparatus|
|US20130120653 *||Jan 10, 2013||May 16, 2013||Canon Kabushiki Kaisha||Display apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||348/554, 348/706, 348/E09.038, 348/E05.057, 348/E07.053, 348/E09.039, 386/E05.07|
|International Classification||H04N5/268, H04N9/64, H04N5/775, H04N7/10, H04N3/27|
|Cooperative Classification||H04N7/104, H04N5/775, H04N9/642, H04N5/268, H04N9/641|
|European Classification||H04N7/10C2, H04N9/64B, H04N5/268, H04N5/775|
|Sep 5, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: COMERICA BANK, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: SECURITY AGREEMENT;ASSIGNOR:MONSTER CABLE PRODUCTS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:018194/0771
Effective date: 20060825
|Aug 24, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MONSTER CABLE PRODUCTS, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MARTIN, DEMIAN;REEL/FRAME:019742/0493
Effective date: 20070803
|Sep 11, 2007||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Dec 27, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Dec 26, 2014||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8