US 7236509 B2
Useful information taking the form of an analog or digital voltage is communicated between a transmitter and a receiver using UWB signals. The transmitter includes a subcarrier modulator, a high frequency oscillator and a transmission antenna and the receiver includes a reception antenna and an amplifier and a demodulator for discriminating the useful information in a signal received at the reception antenna. On transmission, the method generates a narrow frequency band high frequency carrier, modulates the high frequency carrier using a subcarrier with a modulation index at least equal to 10, and modulates the subcarrier using the useful information. On reception, the method demodulates the carrier to extract therefrom the subcarrier and demodulates the subcarrier to extract therefrom the useful information.
1. A method of communicating useful information taking the form of an analog or digital voltage between at least one transmitter and at least one receiver using UWB signals, said at least one transmitter including a subcarrier modulator, a high frequency oscillator and a transmission antenna, and said at least one receiver including a reception antenna and amplification and demodulation means for discriminating said useful information in a signal received at said reception antenna, which method consists in:
on transmission, generating a narrow frequency band high frequency carrier, modulating said high frequency carrier using a subcarrier with a modulation index at least equal to 10, and modulating said subcarrier using said useful information, and on reception, demodulating said carrier to extract therefrom said subcarrier and demodulating said subcarrier to extract therefrom said useful information.
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in which N is an odd integer and fc is the center frequency of the UWB signal.
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1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a method of establishing communications using ultrawideband (UWB) signals.
2. Description of the Prior Art
Wavelet signals are used in the communication art to transmit digital information using modulation, for example pulse position modulation (PPM) or ON-OFF keying (OOK) of the wavelet signals.
Because the energy spectrum of wavelet signals is spread over a very wide frequency band, the global energy level can, all other performance factors being equal, be relatively low, with the result that using wavelet signals makes it easier to conform to the regulations governing telecommunications. Moreover, communication using wavelet signals is relatively insensitive to interference and to reflections, and therefore can be used with advantage in confined environments in which other narrow frequency band high power communications are already present. As a general rule, a UWB signal has a bandwidth BRF such that, at a center frequency fc:
Several methods of generating UWB wavelet signals are known in the art. They employ either short Gaussian pulses or bursts or scanning of sinusoidal signals obtained by radio techniques or fast switching (fast on-off keying) techniques.
However, as the duty factor of wavelet signals used for digital communications is relatively low, the prior art methods cited above have the drawback of necessitating synchronization between the transmitter and the receiver, to make the active window of the receiver coincide with wavelets sent by the transmitter. This kind of synchronization requires relatively complex circuits. Moreover, the circuits necessary for generating the wavelets are also relatively complicated.
An object of the invention is to provide a method of establishing ultrawideband communications for transmitting digital information that necessitates only simple circuits that are available off the shelf and dispenses with synchronization between transmission and reception.
The invention therefore provides a method communicating useful information taking the form of an analog or digital voltage between at least one transmitter and at least one receiver using UWB signals, said at least one transmitter including a subcarrier modulator, a high frequency oscillator and a transmission antenna, and said at least one receiver including a reception antenna and amplification and demodulation means for discriminating said useful information in a signal received at said reception antenna, which method consists in:
on transmission, generating a narrow frequency band high frequency carrier, modulating said high frequency carrier using a subcarrier with a modulation index at least equal to 10, and modulating said subcarrier using said useful information, and
on reception, demodulating said carrier to extract therefrom said subcarrier and demodulating said subcarrier to extract therefrom said useful information.
Thanks to the above features, the received information is extracted from the transmitted signal by double demodulation, and so synchronization between the transmitter and the receiver can be dispensed with. Moreover, the transmitter and the receiver can be constructed from components that are available off the shelf, which minimizes their cost. It will also be noted that there is no need for a local oscillator for the reception.
According to other beneficial features of the invention:
said subcarrier takes a sinusoidal, sawtooth or triangular form;
said subcarrier has a specific frequency for at least one transmitter/receiver pair;
the frequency of said subcarrier is higher than the spectral bandwidth of said useful information;
said useful information is generated from information in analog or digital form and possibly encoded;
said carrier is demodulated on reception using a delay line;
said delay line produces a time-delay τ according to the following equation:
said delay line is made in a circuit taking the form of a surface or bulk acoustic wave line;
said delay line is made with the aid of a coaxial cable.
Other features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent in the course of the following description, which is given by way of example only and with reference to the accompanying drawing.
The transmitter 1 shown in
The transmitter 1 further includes a subcarrier generator 4 which generates a subcarrier signal SP whose frequency is higher than the bandwidth of the signal V1.
The signal V1 and the subcarrier signal SP are fed to a subcarrier modulator 5 which can be a frequency modulator or an amplitude modulator. If frequency modulation is chosen, the subcarrier generator 4 can take the form of an analog voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) or a numerically controlled oscillator (NCO). In the latter case, a microprocessor associated with appropriate software can be used. It will further be noted that the subcarrier SP can take various forms, the preferred forms being sinusoidal, sawtooth and triangular.
The transmitter 1 further includes a high frequency oscillator 6 to which the modulator signal V2 from the modulator 5 is fed. The signal generated by this high frequency oscillator is used as the carrier for communications between the transmitter 1 and the receiver 2. The signal V2 frequency modulates this carrier so that the instantaneous output frequency of the transmitter 1 is proportional to the signal V2 that is fed to the oscillator 6. Furthermore, the frequency modulation must be carried out with a modulation index at least equal to 10. The oscillator 6 can equally well be a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO). The output signal V3 of the oscillator 6 includes a UWB signal with a content which reflects that of the signal Vin applied to the input of the transmitter 1. The output signal V3 is sent to a transmission antenna 7.
The frequency of the subcarrier SP can be chosen specifically for a given transmitter/receiver pair or for a group of such transmitter/receiver pairs so that communication is confidential to the pair or group.
The communication is received by a reception antenna 8 of the receiver 2, which is connected to a preamplifier 9 to which the received signal V4 is fed to increase its level before demodulation. The preamplifier 9 can include filter means for rejecting any signal component caused for example by interference received at the antenna 8 outside the concerned frequency band. A wideband FM demodulator 10 is connected to the output of the preamplifier 9, from which it receives the signal V5, from which it extracts the baseband signal or subcarrier V6. The output of the demodulator 10 is connected to a subcarrier demodulator 11 which extracts from the demodulated subcarrier the encoded or encrypted signal V7. The content of the latter corresponds to the signal V1 processed in the transmitter 1. The signal V7 is then decoded or decrypted in a decoder 12 supplying an output signal Vout corresponding to the original signal Vin applied to the input of the transmitter 1.
The demodulator 10 preferably takes the form of a delay line demodulator. A limiter amplifier 13 connected to the output of the preamplifier 9 is adapted to eliminate any amplitude modulation component in the signal V5. The output of the limiter amplifier 13 is fed to a multiplier 14 and to a delay line 15 for introducing a time-delay τ. The time-delay is preferably chosen so that:
The delay line 15 can be formed by a surface or bulk acoustic wave line, which can be integrated into the same circuit as the circuitry of the receiver 2. A simple coaxial cable or a microstrip line can also provide a delay line.