|Publication number||US7239880 B2|
|Application number||US 10/281,754|
|Publication date||Jul 3, 2007|
|Filing date||Oct 28, 2002|
|Priority date||Jun 12, 2002|
|Also published as||CA2489336A1, CN1663157A, EP1512238A1, EP1512238A4, US20030232594, US20070249282, WO2003107568A1|
|Publication number||10281754, 281754, US 7239880 B2, US 7239880B2, US-B2-7239880, US7239880 B2, US7239880B2|
|Inventors||Kamel M. Shaheen|
|Original Assignee||Interdigital Technology Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (19), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (18), Classifications (24), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims priority from U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/388,384, filed Jun. 12, 2002, which is incorporated by reference as if fully set forth.
The present invention relates to the field of wireless communications. More particularly, the present invention relates to multimedia/broadcast and multicasting services with wireless systems.
The development of Multimedia Broadcast and Multicasting Service (MBMS) is facing some technical difficulties for the delivery of these services because of the mobility of the subscriber unit (UE). The UE initiates Multicasting services by activating the corresponding packet data protocol (PDP) context and receives the appropriate acknowledgements. Then the UE, if not active in one of the multicasting services, reverts to an “Idle” mode of operation. The UE while being in “Idle” mode may receive services (e.g., voice calls) by listening to its paging channel. The system usually does not track the UE movements within a certain coverage area location area (LA) or routing area (RA). Therefore, in order to locate the UE, the system has to page in multiple cells which comprises the LA or RA. Some proposals for the Multicast services use the paging mechanism to locate the user (UE) for the delivery of a Multicasting service. This prior art solution, while simple, leads to a significant increase in paging traffic.
A simple alternative is to have the system serving general packet radio service support node (SGSN) assign a group identification number to be used with the association with particular MBMS multicast service. A group identity is used to page active subscribers instead of using the individual identification of the mobile station in the paging process. The use of Multicast group identification reduces the amount of paging traffic by a magnitude of the number of active subscribers using this particular MBMS multicast service.
In addition to using the multicast group identification, paging traffic is further minimized by using the proposed cell-tracking mechanism, which reduces the paging area into one cell thereby reducing the paging traffic by a magnitude of the number of cells comprising the LA/RA. The UE, while being active on multicast services and in “Idle state,” monitors the cell changes. In case of any changes in the “Cell Identification” broadcast by the base station, the UE updates its current location (i.e., cell) enabling the system to avoid the necessity of paging the UE over multiple cells (LA/RA).
The invention introduces a solution to the delivery of MBMS over wireless systems and optimizes the number of paging messages sent over the air interface, thereby enhancing the overall system capacity. The main features of the present invention are the use of a Group Identification number to distinguish wireless subscribers activating a particular MBMS multicast service and invoking, on an as-needed basis, the cell-location tracking mechanism in the UE. The cell-location location tracking mechanism allows active MBMS multicast subscribers to track their current location to the granularity of a cell, based on information sent by the system. The invocation of the cell tracking mechanism is accomplished in several ways (e.g., using a flag in the broadcast channel or using a flag in the MBMS activation response message).
Making reference to
Returning to step S2, in the event that the number N of multicast users within LA/RA is less than the threshold, the routine branches and, at step S5, sets a flag to indicate that the UE is to track the cell ID. Thereafter, the program advances to step S6 where multicast updates are delivered using single cell paging. The program then returns to step S1 which functions in the manner previously described subsequent to return to step S1 from step S4.
Upon receiving an indication from the network to activate the cell tracking mechanism, a multicast subscriber UE who activates his services will monitor the Broadcast channel for a new Cell ID. If the UE detects any changes in the cell identification received over the broadcast channel, the UE starts location update procedures to update its cell location information in the universal terrestrial radio access (UTRAN) and the Supporting Node (SGSN) in the Core network. By tracking the most recent cell location within the LA/RA the system does not need to page the UE in the entire LA/RA for each new traffic for the multicast group.
The system merely needs to page the UE in the latest cell where the UE was reported present. The system uses a special Group Identification (ID) for paging the UE and others within the cell or LA/RA. This group identification is associated with the multicast service to which the UE is an active subscriber. The group identification (ID) is assigned to the UE upon activation of the service. The system, while triggering the cell-by-cell location update mechanism optimizes the number of cell location updates received on the access channel, i.e., the reduction in paging traffic should not negatively impact the overall system performance as a result of a dramatic increase in the number of location updates on the access channels. Therefore, the system tracks the number (N) of UEs engaged in multicast services within each LA/RA. If the number of active multicast UEs is smaller than a configurable threshold (T), the system activates the cell location tracking mechanism by setting the Cell Tracking Flag on the broadcast channel. If (N>T), the flag will remain unset, and the system pages the UE all over the LA/RA for each new multicasting traffic.
The objectives of the present invention are accomplished by having the UE track any changes in cell identification and invoking location update in association with multicast service activation. Then the system allocates a special group identification for paging multicast subscribers. In addition, the system tracks the number of active multicast services subscribers within the LA/RA. Moreover, there is provided a mechanism by which the system decides whether to invoke the cell location tracking mechanism or use the LA/RA paging mechanism to deliver multicast service notifications in the manner set forth in
The operation at the UE as shown in
Returning to step S4, in the event that no new page message is present, the UE branches to step S6 and determines if a new cell identification number is present and a new track cell ID is on. If the answer is yes, the routine branches to step S5 to perform the operation as set forth above. In the event that there is no new cell ID and track cell ID on the routine branches to step S3 to continue listening to the broadcast and paging channels.
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|U.S. Classification||455/458, 455/416, 455/518|
|International Classification||H04M3/42, H04L12/18, H04B7/00, H04H20/72, H04H60/25, H04H20/42, H04W68/00, H04W4/06, H04W60/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H04H60/25, H04W76/002, H04H20/72, H04L12/185, H04H20/42, H04W68/00, H04W60/00, H04L12/189|
|European Classification||H04L12/18M, H04W76/00B, H04H20/42, H04H20/72|
|Apr 4, 2003||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INTERDIGITAL TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION, DELAWARE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SHAHEEN, KAMEL M.;REEL/FRAME:013566/0951
Effective date: 20020930
|Dec 18, 2007||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Dec 3, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Feb 13, 2015||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jul 3, 2015||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Aug 25, 2015||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20150703