|Publication number||US724913 A|
|Publication date||Apr 7, 1903|
|Filing date||Jun 27, 1901|
|Priority date||Jun 27, 1901|
|Publication number||US 724913 A, US 724913A, US-A-724913, US724913 A, US724913A|
|Inventors||John Theodore Montgomery|
|Original Assignee||John Theodore Montgomery|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (66), Classifications (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
PATENTED APR, 7, 1903..
J. T. MONTGOMERY.
APPLICATION FIL JUNE 27, 190;. RENEWED DBO. 2, 1902,
Tm: NORRIS PETERS 00.. Pnom urno wAsuniemu. a. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN THEODORE-"MONTGOMERY, OF CHARLESTON, ILLINOIS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 724,913, dated April 7, 1903.
Application filed June 27, 1901. Renewed December 2, 1902. Serial No. 133.636. (No model.)
To all whom it rnmy concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN THEODORE MONT- GOMERY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Charleston, in the county of Coles and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Syringe-Nozzles, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to syringe-nozzles, and more particularly to that class intended for use in the rectum, and has for its object the provision of an efficient means for preventing the escape of the liquid during its injection into the bowel by the device, said object being accomplished by providing aflexible disk on a syringe-nozzle adapted to be readily inserted into the rectum above the sphincter ani, against which it will be automatically seated by the pressure of the liquid above it during the use of the syringe, thus effectually preventing the escape of the liquid until the nozzle and attached disk are withdrawn.
Referring to the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a substantially full-sized perspective view of a syringe-nozzle having my improved device attached thereto; Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same, the upper end of the nozzle and the disk being shown in sec tion. Fig. 3 is a smaller detail'perspeetive view of the same, the disk being shown in position to be inserted into the rectum. 4 is a view showing the nozzle and disk just after their insertion into the rectum above Fig. 5' is.a view similar the sphincter ani. to Fig. 4, the disk being shown in the position it will assume after being drawn down against the sphincter ani. Fig. 6 is a similar view showing the position assumed by the disk against the sphincter ani under the pressure of the liquid from above in the bowel.
Figs. 7 and 8 are perspective views of slightlysource of supply, such as a fountain-bag or hand-power syringe, as will be readily understood. Attached to said nozzle or stem 'near its discharge end is a disk 5, formed of some soft flexible material, such as partiallyvulcanized rubber, the same being preferably cup-shaped, as shown .in Figs. 1 to 6, said disk preferably diminishing somewhat in thickness from its point of attachment to the nozzle or stem toward its outer edge, as clearly seen in Fig. 2. I have shown in Fig. 2 the nozzle or stem 1, provided with an annular recess 6, into which the thickened neck 7 of the disk seats to insure its retention thereon, though it will be understood that any suitable manner of connecting the two parts may be employed.
From the above description the operation of my improved device will be understood to be as follows: When it is desired to insert the device into the rectum, the disk 5 is inverted to the position shown in Fig. 3, in
which position it may be readily forced past the sphincter ani to the position shown in Fig. 4. Now by slightly retracting said nozzlefor stem the outer edge of said disk will come in contact with the inner surface of the .sphincter ani and will cause said disk to spring back to the position shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 5. The admission of liquid into the rectum through the nozzle or stem lwill create a downward pressure on the disk 5, thus flattening it out against the inner surface of the sphincter ani, as shown in Fig. 6, and effectually preventing the escape of the liquid from the bowel. When the syringing operation is completed, the nozzle or stem and disk may be readily withdrawn, thus permitting the escape of the liquid.
In Fig. 7 I have illustrated a slightly-modified form of disk, the same consisting simply of a fiat circularv piece of soft rubber 8, be-
coming thinner from its point of connection with the nozzle or stem outward in'a man ner similar to the disk .5, while in Fig. .8 is
shown still another modification of the disk,
the sameconsisting of a bell-shaped structure 9, constructed and operating in all respects similar to disk 5.
In order that the disk may more readily fold or contract while being inserted past the sphincter ani, I preferably provide the upper surface of the same with a plurality of slight grooves or indentations 10, extending radially from the center to the circumference thereof, the same permitting the disk to fold into smaller compass and to be more readily introduced without impairing its function when in position in the bowel.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A syringe-nozzle, consisting of a stem, and a flexible disk located thereon directly in rear of the head and of the discharge-orifice thereof, said disk adapted to be inserted with the stem end into the orifice to be treated and to be automatically seated internally therein to close the passage therefrom, substantially as set forth.
2. A syringe-nozzle, consisting of a stem, and a flexible disk thereon near the dischargeorifice thereof provided with a series of radial grooves or depressions, said disk adapted to be inserted with the stem end into the orifice to be treated and to be automatically seated internally therein to close the passage therefrom, substantially as set forth.
3. A syringe-nozzle, consisting of a stem, and a flexible cup-shaped disk engaging a groove near the end of said stem and immediately in rear of the discharge-orifice thereof, the same adapted to fold in either direction to be inserted into or withdrawn from the orifice to be treated and to be automatically seated internally therein by the pressure of the liquiddouche above it to prevent the escape of the liquid, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JOHN THEODORE MONTGQMERY.
MOSES SANDERS, R. H. CRAIG.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2616421 *||May 18, 1950||Nov 4, 1952||Martin Greenberg Emanuel||Nozzle in the form of cervical caps|
|US2764975 *||Jan 26, 1955||Oct 2, 1956||Greenberg Emanuel M||Cervical cap|
|US3346011 *||May 11, 1964||Oct 10, 1967||Aga Ab||Valve arrangement for breathing apparatus|
|US3516410 *||Jan 3, 1968||Jun 23, 1970||Hakim Salomon||Cerebro-ventricular catheter|
|US3592183 *||May 27, 1969||Jul 13, 1971||Watkins David H||Heart assist method and apparatus|
|US3592197 *||Mar 24, 1969||Jul 13, 1971||Milton J Cohen||Catheter|
|US3659611 *||Dec 15, 1969||May 2, 1972||Dow Corning||Tracheal tube seal|
|US3671979 *||Sep 23, 1969||Jun 27, 1972||Univ Utah||Catheter mounted artificial heart valve for implanting in close proximity to a defective natural heart valve|
|US3709227 *||Apr 28, 1970||Jan 9, 1973||Scott And White Memorial Hospi||Endotracheal tube with positive check valve air seal|
|US3769983 *||Aug 26, 1970||Nov 6, 1973||A Meray||Medical devices|
|US3896804 *||Nov 13, 1973||Jul 29, 1975||Astra Sjuco Ab||Catheter for submucous administration of local anesthetics in obtaining paracervical block|
|US4564023 *||Mar 28, 1983||Jan 14, 1986||Cordis Corporation||Retention skirt for pacing electrode assembly|
|US4637388 *||Oct 15, 1984||Jan 20, 1987||Portex, Inc.||Tracheal tube obturator with reversible tip|
|US4657020 *||Jul 10, 1985||Apr 14, 1987||Jayco Pharmaceuticals||Method of using a foreign object protector hood|
|US4669488 *||Oct 7, 1985||Jun 2, 1987||Cordis Corporation||Retention skirt for pacing electrode assembly|
|US4692140 *||Jul 1, 1985||Sep 8, 1987||Snyder Laboratories, Inc.||Lavage/suction tip with dual splash shield|
|US4753637 *||Jul 16, 1986||Jun 28, 1988||The John Hopkins University||Catheter having means for controlling the insertion depth|
|US4769003 *||Aug 19, 1987||Sep 6, 1988||Keith Stamler||Wound irrigation splashback shield|
|US4772260 *||May 2, 1986||Sep 20, 1988||Heyden Eugene L||Rectal catheter|
|US5016645 *||Oct 31, 1988||May 21, 1991||Terrell Williams||Medical electrode lead|
|US5224478 *||Aug 25, 1992||Jul 6, 1993||Colin Electronics Co., Ltd.||Reflecting-type oxymeter probe|
|US5305740 *||May 6, 1992||Apr 26, 1994||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Department Of Health And Human Services||Sealing means for endotracheal tubes|
|US5322062 *||Apr 8, 1993||Jun 21, 1994||Servas Francis M||Non-inflatable sealing cuff for tracheal tube and other cannula|
|US5391159 *||Feb 4, 1994||Feb 21, 1995||Hirsch; William H.||Gastrostomy tube with improved internal retaining member|
|US5429127 *||Jul 6, 1993||Jul 4, 1995||The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Health And Human Services||Thin wall endotracheal tube|
|US5496290 *||Nov 23, 1994||Mar 5, 1996||Ackrad Laboratories, Inc.||Wound irrigation splash shield|
|US6342052||Nov 2, 1999||Jan 29, 2002||Hector D. Allende||Anorectal apparatus|
|US6558344||Feb 9, 2001||May 6, 2003||Westmed, Inc.||Wound irrigation device|
|US7425202 *||Mar 5, 2004||Sep 16, 2008||Percutaneous Systems, Inc.||Non-seeding biopsy device and method|
|US7658196||Apr 25, 2007||Feb 9, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||System and method for determining implanted device orientation|
|US7775215||Mar 7, 2006||Aug 17, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||System and method for determining implanted device positioning and obtaining pressure data|
|US7775966||Aug 17, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Non-invasive pressure measurement in a fluid adjustable restrictive device|
|US7844342||Nov 30, 2010||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Powering implantable restriction systems using light|
|US7927270||Jan 29, 2007||Apr 19, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||External mechanical pressure sensor for gastric band pressure measurements|
|US8016744||Sep 13, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||External pressure-based gastric band adjustment system and method|
|US8016745||Apr 6, 2006||Sep 13, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Monitoring of a food intake restriction device|
|US8034065||Oct 11, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Controlling pressure in adjustable restriction devices|
|US8057492||Nov 15, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Automatically adjusting band system with MEMS pump|
|US8066629||Feb 12, 2007||Nov 29, 2011||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Apparatus for adjustment and sensing of gastric band pressure|
|US8100870||Dec 14, 2007||Jan 24, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Adjustable height gastric restriction devices and methods|
|US8114345||Feb 8, 2008||Feb 14, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||System and method of sterilizing an implantable medical device|
|US8142452||Dec 27, 2007||Mar 27, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Controlling pressure in adjustable restriction devices|
|US8152710||Feb 28, 2008||Apr 10, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Physiological parameter analysis for an implantable restriction device and a data logger|
|US8187162||May 29, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Reorientation port|
|US8187163||Dec 10, 2007||May 29, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Methods for implanting a gastric restriction device|
|US8192350||Jun 5, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Methods and devices for measuring impedance in a gastric restriction system|
|US8202289 *||Oct 16, 2003||Jun 19, 2012||Smiths Group Plc||Dilators|
|US8221439||Jul 17, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Powering implantable restriction systems using kinetic motion|
|US8233995||Jul 31, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||System and method of aligning an implantable antenna|
|US8337389||Dec 25, 2012||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Methods and devices for diagnosing performance of a gastric restriction system|
|US8377079||Dec 27, 2007||Feb 19, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Constant force mechanisms for regulating restriction devices|
|US8591395||Jan 28, 2008||Nov 26, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||Gastric restriction device data handling devices and methods|
|US8591532||Feb 12, 2008||Nov 26, 2013||Ethicon Endo-Sugery, Inc.||Automatically adjusting band system|
|US8764783 *||Jun 1, 2011||Jul 1, 2014||M. Ihde II Glenn||Fluid absorbent surgical device for cannulas|
|US8870742||Feb 28, 2008||Oct 28, 2014||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||GUI for an implantable restriction device and a data logger|
|US9205469 *||May 16, 2014||Dec 8, 2015||M. Ihde II Glenn||Fluid absorbent surgical device for cannulas|
|US20040087991 *||Oct 16, 2003||May 6, 2004||Louis Woo||Dilators|
|US20050197595 *||Mar 5, 2004||Sep 8, 2005||Percutaneous Systems, Inc.||Non-seeding biopsy device and method|
|US20060173525 *||Feb 1, 2006||Aug 3, 2006||Percutaneous Systems, Inc.||Methods and systems for deploying luminal prostheses|
|US20070073107 *||Sep 23, 2005||Mar 29, 2007||Percutaneous Systems, Inc.||Methods and systems for sheathing tubular medical instruments|
|US20070106233 *||Oct 20, 2005||May 10, 2007||Percutaneous Systems, Inc.||Systems and methods for dilating and accessing body lumens|
|US20090228072 *||Mar 6, 2008||Sep 10, 2009||Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc.||System and method of aligning an implantable antenna|
|US20110230853 *||Sep 22, 2011||Ihde Ii Glenn M||Fluid Absorbent Surgical Device for Trocars|
|US20140245549 *||May 16, 2014||Sep 4, 2014||M. Ihde II Glenn||Fluid Absorbent Surgical Device for Cannulas|
|US20140336574 *||Dec 14, 2012||Nov 13, 2014||Musc Foundation For Research Development||Double balloon catheter|
|WO1995018640A1 *||Jan 6, 1994||Jul 13, 1995||Medical Innovations Corporation||Flexible retainer flange for gastrostomy tube|