|Publication number||US7249874 B2|
|Application number||US 11/323,428|
|Publication date||Jul 31, 2007|
|Filing date||Dec 30, 2005|
|Priority date||Jan 23, 2004|
|Also published as||US20060109657, WO2007079005A2, WO2007079005A3|
|Publication number||11323428, 323428, US 7249874 B2, US 7249874B2, US-B2-7249874, US7249874 B2, US7249874B2|
|Original Assignee||Kuhl Reflections, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (5), Classifications (20), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a Continuation-In-Part application based on and claiming priority from U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/764,204, filed Jan. 23, 2004 now U.S. Pat. No. 7,029,152.
The present invention relates broadly to a special effect illumination apparatus and, more particularly, pertains to a lighting display used in various vehicles to provide a three dimensional illusion of depth.
Various types of vehicular specialty lighting are available in the prior art for accentuating illumination. In the area of motorcycles, it is a common practice to use strobe and halo effects, backlighting, different patterns on lenses, multi-bulb lights, halogen lights, LEDs, light pipes, diffusers, reflectors and the like for customization. On motorcycles, cars, trucks, semi-trailers, ATVs, snowmobiles, SUVs, boats, jet skis, and other conveyances, lights are being utilized in many different locations for decoration to satisfy the individual desires or tastes of the owners and drivers.
Some types of vehicle specialty lighting have employed different combinations of lights with mirrors for providing backlighting and silhouette effects, and improving instrument display recognizability. It is believed that prior art vehicle specialty lighting devices present images in two-dimensional displays. However, it remains highly desirable to provide a vehicular lighting arrangement in which illumination is produced as an eye catching, 3-D virtual image or optical illusion that enables one to create a unique and distinctive signature vehicle.
It is a general object of the present invention to provide a lighting arrangement for markedly enhancing the lighting effect of various vehicles.
It is one object of the present invention to provide an arrangement which seemingly creates an infinity effect or endless tunnel of lights in different vehicular applications.
It is also an object of the present invention to provide a battery powered, light and mirror arrangement defining a field of depth lighting in moving conveyances.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a vehicular lighting arrangement which employs a small number of commercially available components so that the finished product may be mass produced at a reasonable cost.
It is a further object of the present invention to provide a three dimensional lighting image from a compact vehicular enclosure wherein the image created is substantially greater than expected from the actual size of the enclosure.
It is an additional object of the present invention to provide a distantly converging lighting effect to increase the visual appeal and enhance the appearance of a vehicle.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide a vehicular lighting arrangement having an enhanced color LED display capable of steady state, flashing and paint modes.
In one aspect of the invention, an infinity effect vehicular lighting arrangement includes a hollow vehicular lighting housing adapted to be mounted on a vehicle. The housing has an interior surface particularly shaped for a desired function and portion of the vehicle. A two-way mirror has a fully reflective surface and a peripheral surface correspondingly shaped to fit in and be fixed to the interior surface of the vehicular lighting housing at a rear portion thereof. A flexible strip is disposed immediately adjacent and in front of the two-way mirror. At least one edge of the strip is engaged against the two-way mirror. The flexible strip has an outer surface fixed to the interior surface of the vehicular lighting housing, and an inner reflective surface holding a plurality of serially connected, spaced apart, light emitting sources extending radially inwardly into an open cavity defined by the strip. A one-way mirror is held in spaced, parallel relationship from the two-way mirror, and is positioned immediately adjacent and forwardly of the flexible strip such that a portion of the one-way mirror engages another edge of the flexible strip. The one-way mirror has at least a partially transparent front surface, a partially reflective rear surface facing the fully reflective mirror surface of the two-way mirror, and a peripheral surface correspondingly shaped to fit in and be fixed to the interior surface of the vehicular lighting housing at a front portion thereof. A transparent cover glass is placed forwardly of the one-way mirror and has a peripheral surface correspondingly shaped to fit in and be fixed to the interior surface of the vehicular lighting housing at a forwardmost portion thereof. A battery is adapted to be mounted on the vehicle and is connected to the light emitting sources for providing electrical power to illuminate the sources in the open cavity defined by the strip. The flexible strip is compactly sandwiched between the two-way mirror and the one-way mirror. When the light sources are illuminated, light reflects back and forth between the two-way mirror and the one-way mirror to present through the cover glass a series of constantly, rearwardly converging light streams forming an endless tunnel of light.
Both the two-way mirror and the one-way mirror are preferably planar. In one application, the vehicular lighting housing is the exterior shell of a dashboard instrument. In the preferred embodiment, the light sources are preferably LEDs. The flexible strip may include at least two spaced apart rows of LEDs. The peripheral surfaces of the two-way mirror, the reflective strip, the one-way mirror and the cover glass are bonded to the interior surface of the vehicular lighting housing by an adhesive. The light sources are connected to the battery by wiring running axially along the interior surface of the vehicular lighting housing. One application has the vehicular lighting being a speedometer housing. In the speedometer application, the partially transparent front surface of the one-way mirror is provided with indicia and a movable indicator needle movable along the indicia. Also in such application, the two-way mirror and the one-way mirror are provided with aligned openings adapted to receive a rod for moving the indicator needle. In another application, the vehicular lighting housing is constructed and arranged to provide multiple endless tunnels of light in spaced apart relationship. The vehicular lighting housing may take the form of a tail light housing, a clearance light housing, an exhaust manifold housing, a motorcycle cover plate or an air cleaner housing.
In another aspect of the invention, an infinity effect vehicular lighting arrangement includes a hollow, vehicular lighting housing mounted on a vehicle. The housing has an interior surface particularly shaped for a desired function and portion of the vehicle. A rigid, planar, two-way mirror having a reflective surface and a peripheral surface is correspondingly shaped to fit in and be fixed to the interior surface of the vehicular lighting housing at a rear portion thereof. A flat, flexible strip is disposed immediately adjacent and in front of the two-way mirror, at least one edge of the strip being engaged against the two-way mirror. The flat, flexible strip has an outer planar surface fixed across an entire constant width thereof flush against the interior surface of the vehicle lighting housing. An inner reflective surface holds a plurality of serially connected, spaced apart, light emitting sources extending radially inwardly into an open cavity having a periphery defined by the strips. Each light emitting source has a plurality of multi-colored diodes therein. A rigid, planar, inflexible one-way mirror is constantly held and equidistantly spaced, parallel relationship from the two-way mirror and positioned immediately adjacent and forwardly of the flexible strip such that a portion of the one-way mirror engages another edge of the flexible strip. The one-way mirror has at least a partially transparent front surface, and a partially reflective rear surface facing the fully reflected mirror surface of the two-way mirror. A peripheral surface of the one-way mirror is correspondingly shaped to fit in and be fixed to the interior surface of the vehicular lighting housing at a forwardmost portion thereof. A battery is mounted on the vehicle and connected to the light emitting sources for providing electrical power to illuminate the sources in the open cavity bounded by the strip, the two-way mirror and the one-way mirror. The flexible strip is compactly sandwiched between the two-way mirror and the one-way mirror. A control switch is mounted on the vehicle and connected to the battery and the light emitting sources. The control switch includes a rotatable rheostat control, a toggle switch and a push button switch for providing variable color light display in a steady state mode, a flashing mode and a paint mode in which all lighting emitting sources fade sequentially into and out of a variety of colors defined by various combinations of the dials. When the light emitting sources are illuminated, light reflects back and forth between the two-way mirror and the one-way mirror to present through the one-way mirror a series of constantly rearwardly, converging light streams forming an endless tunnel of light.
Various other objects, features and advantages of the invention will be made apparent from the following description taken together with the drawings.
The drawings illustrate the best mode presently contemplated of carrying out the invention.
In the drawings:
Referring initially to
The vehicular lighting arrangement 10 is generally comprised of the vehicular lighting housing 12, a regular or two-way planar mirror 14, a plurality of light emitting sources 16, a one-way planar mirror 18 held in spaced, parallel relationship from one-way mirror 14, a cover glass 20 and a battery 22.
The vehicular lighting housing 12 may be configured in any shape and size but, in the exemplary embodiment of
As illustrated in
The plurality of light sources 16 is disposed immediately adjacent and in front of the two-way mirror 14. In the preferred embodiment, the light sources 16 are chosen as serially connected, light emitting diodes (LEDs) which extend radially inwardly into the interior housing 12 from a flexible strip 32. LEDs 16 are particularly advantageous as light sources because they are long lasting, resistant to shock and vibration inflicted during vehicular travel and require a low level of electrical power. The strip 32 has an outer surface 34 which is bonded by adhesive to the interior periphery of housing 12, and an inner reflective surface 36 from which the LEDs 16 project. One edge 38 of the strip 32 lies against the outer periphery of mirror 14. The strip 32 is shown provided with two parallel rows of LEDs 16 which completely encircle the interior periphery of the housing 12. It should be understood however that the strip 32 can be sized as preferred to hold different numbers and various patterns or arrays of LEDs 16 which may be of a single color or multiple colors to attain the desired effect. Generally speaking, the greater number and color variety of LEDs 16, the more stunning the infinity effect produced. The LEDs 16 are electrically powered by the battery 22 which is variously located on the vehicle equipped with the light arrangement 10. The battery 22 is connected to the LEDs 16 by suitable wiring 40 routed axially along the housing interior surface.
As used herein, the term LED should be understood to include white LEDs, infrared LEDs, ultraviolet LEDs, visible color LEDs, organic LEDs and all of the types of light emitting diodes. However, the LED is one preferred type of light source 16. The term light source is meant to more broadly embrace incandescent lamps, filament lamps, neon, optic light tubes, halogen light bulbs, tungsten light bulbs and any other luminescent device designed to primarily illuminate a space, material, object or subject.
The one-way mirror 18 is positioned directly next to and forwardly of the light source strip 32 in the forward portion of housing 12. The one-way mirror 18 has a substantially transparent or translucent front circular surface 42 which can be viewed from the front of the housing 12, and a rear partially reflective circular surface 44 which faces the reflecting surface 30 of the two-way mirror 14. The partially reflecting surface 44 has a periphery in contact with another edge 46 of the strip 32. A curved or rounded periphery of the mirror 18 is affixed to the interior surface of housing 12 by an adhesive. The cover glass 20 is circular and transparent, and has a diameter substantially equal to that of the mirrors 14 and 18. The periphery of the cover glass 20 is provided with a suitable adhesive for fixing the cover glass 20 in recessed fashion at the forwardmost interior surface of the housing 12.
In the assembly of
As will be understood below, the vehicular lighting housing 12 may be configured in any shape and size. The interior contour of the particularly shaped housing 12 will dictate corresponding shapes and peripheries of the mirrors 14 and 18, the LED strip 32 and the cover glass 20. Also, it is to be noted that the plurality of light sources or LEDs 16 may be otherwise suitably mounted without the strip 32 such that they extend radially inwardly from the housing interior.
Referring now to
The invention further contemplates the inclusion of an LED design and a manual lighting control switch 66 to selectively provide variable, enhanced color displays with an infinity effect. Control switch 66 is commercially available from Küryakyn of Somerset, Wis. 54025, and may be used with any embodiment shown in
Each multi-color LED 16 is interconnected with battery 22 and control switch 66 so as to provide a more dazzling infinity lighting effect having three selectively controllable modes. Control switch 66 has a switch housing 74 provided with a rotatable rheostat control 76, a 3 position toggle switch 78 and an eight options push button switch 80. The toggle switch 78 has a middle or OFF position which prevents the display of light, an upper ON position for causing a steady mode or display 16 of the LEDs, and a lower ON position for enabling a flashing mode or display of the LEDs 16. The push button switch 80 allows the user to select the color they wish to illuminate. Sequentially pushing the switch 80 seven times will present seven different individual colors. Pushing the switch 80 the eighth time will trigger a unique paint mode which continuously cycles the LEDs 16 through all seven colors. The various colors are produced by supplying current to single diodes or a combination of diodes in each LED 16. The color sequence obtained by sequentially pushing the switch 80 is as follows:
1. red (produced by the red diode)
2. lime (produced by the combined red and green diodes)
3. ice blue (produced by the combined red, blue and green diodes)
4. sky blue (produced by the combined green and blue diodes)
5. dark blue (produced by the blue diode)
6. purple (produced by the combined red and blue diodes)
7. green (produced by the green diode)
8. paint mode (all LEDs 16 fading sequentially into and out of each of the seven colors)
The rheostat control 76 is rotated back and forth to vary the flash rate when illuminating a specific color in the flash mode, or to vary the mode at which the LEDs 16 cycle through all seven colors when in the paint mode.
The control switch 66 has first wires 82 connected to the LED wiring 40, a second wire 84 having a replacable fuse 86 and running between the switch 66 and a positive pole 88 on battery 22 and a third wire 90 extending between the switch 66 and a negative pole 92 on battery 22. As represented in
As previously mentioned, the present invention provides an infinity effect lighting arrangement 10 to enhance illumination on vehicles including, but not limited to, motorcycles, cars, trucks, trailers, semi-trailers, SUVs, snowmobiles, ATVs, boats, jet skis, and airplanes. The lighting arrangement 10 with control switch 66 may be used in many vehicular applications, such as in analog as well as digital speedometers, tachometers, temperature gauges, pressure gauges, fuel gauges and other dashboard accessories. In addition, the lighting arrangement 10 with control switch 66 can be used on any vehicular interior or exterior light, and may be used with housings 12 with or without cover glass 20. Although not specifically disclosed herein, other visual or audio effects may also be added to the lighting arrangement 10 of the present invention without diminishing the scope or protection thereof.
While the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, those skilled in the art will appreciate that certain substitutions, alterations and omissions may be made without departing from the spirit thereof. Accordingly, the foregoing description is meant to be exemplary only and should not be deemed limitative on the scope of the invention set forth with the following claims.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8497770 *||Jan 27, 2011||Jul 30, 2013||Matthew Stevens Staffanou||Low profile flexible light bar tachometer|
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|U.S. Classification||362/494, 362/806, 362/23.09, 362/23.01|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S362/806, B60Q3/02, B60Q1/2688, F21S10/00, G01D11/28, B62J6/00, B60Q1/26, F21Y2101/02, B60Q3/044|
|European Classification||G01D11/28, B60Q3/02, B60Q3/04B, B60Q1/26, B62J6/00, B60Q1/26J12|
|Feb 7, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: KUHL REFLECTIONS, INC., WISCONSIN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KUHL, MR. LARRY;REEL/FRAME:017130/0294
Effective date: 20060203
|Dec 28, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jan 27, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8