|Publication number||US7260074 B2|
|Application number||US 10/334,822|
|Publication date||Aug 21, 2007|
|Filing date||Dec 31, 2002|
|Priority date||Dec 31, 2002|
|Also published as||CN1732697A, CN100473208C, DE60328313D1, EP1579704A2, EP1579704A4, EP1579704B1, US20040125769, WO2004059895A2, WO2004059895A3|
|Publication number||10334822, 334822, US 7260074 B2, US 7260074B2, US-B2-7260074, US7260074 B2, US7260074B2|
|Original Assignee||Nokia Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (21), Referenced by (13), Classifications (20), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The invention relates to handover decisions for mobile terminals receiving Internet protocol (IP) streams broadcasted over digital broadband transmission networks. More particularly, the invention relates to making handover decisions based on the priority of IP streams.
2. Description of Related Art
Digital broadband transmission networks are used to transport digital data that includes High Definition TV, multiple channel standard definition TV (PAL/NTSC or SECAM) and, of course, broadband multimedia data and interactive services. An example of such a network is that defined by the Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC). Another example of such a network enjoying popularity in Europe and elsewhere world-wide is Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) which, like ATSC, in addition to the delivery of television content, is also capable of delivering IP data. Both ATSC and DVB utilize a containerization technique in which content for transmission is multiplexed into MPEG-2 transport streams that act as data containers. These MPEG-2 transport streams are broadcast over plural signals and may include several IP streams.
Typical handover techniques for mobile terminals moving within or between cells involve determining which cell, carrying the currently received or requested service, has the highest signal strength. Usually it is assumed that a mobile terminal is receiving only one service at the time of handover. These techniques work well e.g. in the case where only ‘regular’ DVB services are being received. These ‘regular’ DVB services are composed of audio, video and private data streams, all needed for one service (e.g. TV program or movie). However, when digital broadband transmission networks are used to carry IP services transmitted over plural IP streams, the handover decision is not that simple. IP services are by nature different from the regular DVB services. Thus, when usually only one of those ‘regular DVB services’ is being received at the time of handover, the number of simultaneously received IP services may be easily close to 10 services or more. In the case where all available cells are providing mutually identical IP services, the problem doesn't exist and the handover decision can be based solely on the signal strength. However, this is not the case, especially when the handover is done in the network where the content of the cells is mutually heterogeneous, or moreover, when handover is done between the cells originating from two different networks.
Therefore, there is a need in the art for systems and methods to optimize handover from one cell to another cell to correspond to the needs of the user consuming services.
One or more of the above-mentioned needs in the art are satisfied by the disclosed systems and methods that base handover decisions on the particular IP streams being broadcasted by cells. The interruption of priority IP streams and services can be minimized.
In a first embodiment, a method of making a handover decision for a mobile terminal that is receiving at least two IP streams broadcasted over a digital broadband transmission network is provided. The method includes identifying at least two potential cells and ranking the priority of the IP streams that are received by the mobile terminal. A cell is selected based on the ranking.
In another embodiment of the invention, a mobile terminal configured to process at least two IP streams broadcasted over a digital broadband transmission network is provided. The mobile terminal includes a receiving module that receives the IP streams. A ranking module ranks the priority of the IP streams and a handover module selects a new cell during a handover procedure based in part on information received from the ranking module.
In other embodiments of the invention, computer-executable instructions for implementing the disclosed methods are stored on computer-readable media.
The present invention is illustrated by way of example and not limited in the accompanying figures in which like reference numerals indicate similar elements and in which:
In the following description of the various embodiments, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, which form a part hereof, and in which is shown by way of illustration various embodiments in which the invention may be practiced. It is to be understood that other embodiments may be utilized and structural and functional modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.
During a handover procedure from cell 104 to one of the other cells, mobile terminal 102 may first analyze the IP streams being broadcasted by each of the neighboring cells. A handover procedure may be required when mobile terminal 102 is traveling. Cells 108 and 110 both broadcast the highest priority IP stream, IP stream A. Cell 106 broadcasts the greatest number of IP streams, but not the highest priority IP stream. Accordingly, in one embodiment of the invention, cell 106 is removed from the list of potential new cells during the handover procedure. Since more than one cell broadcasts the highest priority IP stream, mobile terminal 102 then determines which cell is broadcasting the next highest priority IP stream. Cell 108 broadcasts IP stream B, which has a higher priority than IP stream D broadcasted by cell 110. Therefore, the handover will be from cell 104 to cell 108.
When all of the potential cells are not broadcasting all of the IP stream received by the mobile terminal, in step 210 the priority of the IP streams received by the mobile terminal are ranked. Step 210 may be performed by a user ranking each of the IP streams or services. Alternatively, the mobile terminal or service provider may rank the priority of the IP streams. For example, the mobile terminal may be configured to assign the highest priority to IP streams that are carrying files that are in the process of being downloaded by the mobile terminal. In yet another embodiment, the sources of the IP streams may provide information to facilitate the ranking of the IP streams. For example, when delivering streaming video or other time sensitive content, the provider of an IP service may include information that allows a mobile terminal to recognize that the service is commensurate with the highest ranking.
After the priority of the IP streams are ranked in step 210, in step 212 it is determined whether more than one potential cell is broadcasting the highest priority IP stream. When there is not more than one potential cell broadcasting the highest priority IP stream, in step 214 it is determined if at least one potential cell is broadcasting the highest priority IP stream. When there is only one cell broadcasting the highest priority stream, in step 216 the cell broadcasting the highest priority IP stream is selected. When there is not at least one potential cell broadcasting the highest priority IP stream, control transfers to step 220, described below. When there is more than one potential cell broadcasting the highest priority IP stream, in step 218 the cells that do not broadcast the highest priority IP stream are removed from the group of potential cells. Referring to the example shown in
The second time the loop of steps 212, 214, 216, 218 and 220 is executed when analyzing the configuration shown in
One skilled in the art will appreciate that there are numerous alternative methods that may be used to implement aspects of the present invention. For example, the priority of IP streams does not have to be analyzed in accordance with the method shown in
While the invention has been described with respect to specific examples including presently preferred modes of carrying out the invention, those skilled in the art will appreciate that there are numerous variations and permutations of the above described systems and techniques that fall within the spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||370/331, 455/437|
|International Classification||H04L12/56, H04W4/06, H04W36/08, H04W48/16, H04W80/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H04W36/30, H04W80/00, H04N21/6112, H04N21/41407, H04N21/44209, H04W48/16, H04N21/64322, H04W72/005|
|European Classification||H04N21/442D, H04N21/414M, H04N21/643P, H04N21/61D1, H04W36/30|
|Dec 31, 2002||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NOKIA CORPORATION, FINLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:VARE, JANI;REEL/FRAME:013692/0775
Effective date: 20021231
|Jun 3, 2008||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jan 21, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Feb 4, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|May 6, 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NOKIA TECHNOLOGIES OY, FINLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NOKIA CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:035577/0001
Effective date: 20150116