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Publication numberUS726022 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 21, 1903
Filing dateDec 3, 1902
Priority dateDec 3, 1902
Publication numberUS 726022 A, US 726022A, US-A-726022, US726022 A, US726022A
InventorsCharles H Burton
Original AssigneeCharles H Burton
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pneumatic carrier.
US 726022 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PATENTED APR. 21 190a..

, c. H. BURTON.

PNEUMATIC CARRIER. APPLIOATION FILED DEC. 3, 1902.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

no MODEL.

its

UNITED STATES" PATENT OFFICE- CHARLES H. BURTON, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.

PNEUMATIC CARRIER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 726,022, dated April 21, 1903. Application filed December 8, 1902. Serial No. 138,663. (No model.)

To a, whom it may concern:

Be it known that 1, CHARLES H. BURTON, of Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvementsin' Pneumatic Oar riers, ofwhich the following is a specification. A 1

My invention relates to new and'useful im-v provements in carriers for pneumatic despatch-tube apparatus.

The main object of my invention is to prevent the insertion'of a carrier into the pneu-. matic tube for transmission until the cover is locked to-the shell of the carrier.

Another object is to prevent the locking mechanism from coming into position to lock the cover to the shell of the carrier in the event. of said preventing means being withdrawn from its preventing position exceptingby the movement of the locking mechanism to lock the cover to the shell of the carrier.

My invention consists of certain novel features hereinafter described, and particularly pointed out in the claims.

In the accompanying drawings, which illustrate a construction embodying my-invention, Figure 1 is a perspective view of a carrier embodying my. invention with the cover open to expose the interior parts andwiththeloclo ing'mechanisin in its unlocked position. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of part of the cover, showing the position of .the locking mechanism when moved'to cause the engagement of-the cover with the shell of the carrier. Fig. 3 is a side View of the locking mechanism, taken from the rear side; Fig. 4 is a planlview looking at the edge of the cover and the lockinglmechanism with the wrench to be inserted'for operating the locking mechanism. Fig. 5 is a side view of-the locking mechanism, showing theparts. in their unlocked position. Fig. 6 is alongitudinalsectional view on the line 6 6, Fig. '5, and showingin section the position of the parts WhennnIOcked. Fig. 7 is a sectional View on the-line 7 7, Fig. 3, and showing in section the parts in their locked position. Fig. 8 is a detail view hereinafter described. Figs. 9 and 10 are respectively end and side elevations of the improved axlejoint.

Cfimou'nted on the axles C.

for transmission through the tube. the shell of the carrier and under the ledge Like letters of reference refer to like parts throughout the several views.

A represents the shell of a carrier for pneuma'tic tubes provided with two heads B and B, from which extend lugs G, in which are journaled the wheels 0 by means of the hubs To the shell of the carrier there is hinged at D the cover D,

which is adapted to be closed and locked to the shellof the carrier,when the same is ready Within E? is arranged a flat rod E, adapted to be reciprocated and guided in its reciprocations by the pinsE secured to the side of the carrier in the slots E in which said pins are 10- cated. This rod is hinged at F to the rockerarm F, fixed fast on the shaft F journaled in the bearings F secured inside of the shell of the carrier. Fixed fast on the said shaft is another rocker-arm, G, at right angles to the rocker-arm F, and pivoted to the said rockerarm G at G is the link G which is pivoted at its opposite end at G to the bolt G With the parts in the position shown in Fig. 1 the bolt G extends beyond the periphery of the .head B, and before the carrier can be inserted into the tube the cover D must not only be moved down into locking position on the shell of the carrier, but the locking mechanism must be operated to move the rod E toward the head B,and thereby withdraw the bolt G to within the periphery of the head, and thus allow the insertion of the carrier into the tube. s

The locking mechanism consists of two flat plates H and K, provided with jaws H and K, by means of which the cover and shell are locked together. These plates are held in place on the-cover by means of the pins H and K secured to the cover and extending through the slots H and K and by means of said pins and slotsthe locking and unlocking movements are regulated. Between the plates and the cover 'is located the link L, having a square hole L in the lug L7 and provided with two projecting pins L andL extending, respectively, through. the openings L and L in the plates K and H, whereby movement given to said link from the outside of the cover by the wrench N, (having a square head N and pin Ni) inserted through the square opening L and then turning the wrench will impart movement to said plates II and K and lock or unlock the cover and the shell, as the case may be.

To look the cover to the shell of the carrier, the lid D is turned over and the recess P passes over the upwardly-extending lug E on the flat rod E, causing said lug to enter the recess P between the finger P and the rear side of the jaw K and with the jaw K between said lug E and the pins 0 fast on the shell of the carrier, at which time the jaw H is in line to engage with pin 0, fast on the shell of the carrier. \Vith the parts in this position the wrench N is inserted into the square opening L with the square head N resting in said opening, and by giving the wrench a turn to the right said plates move outwardly, and the jaws H K, respectively, engage the pins 0 O and the pins H H on the shell of the carrier, thereby locking the cover to the shell of the carrier. While this locking movement is taking place, the finger P on the plate K engages the lug E and moves the rod E toward the head, whereby the rocker-arm F moves downwardly with the shaft F and brings the rocker-arm G downwardly, and with it the link G and the bolt G which is thereby withdrawn within the periphery of the head and does not interfere with the insertion of the carrier into the tube. When the plates H and K are moved outwardly and lock the cover to the shell of the carrier, the flat spring L secured to the plate II, drops down into the opening Q in the plate K, as shown in Fig. 7, and locks the plate against movement, so that during transmission the cover cannot become unlocked from the shell of the carrier. When the looking mechanism is in its unlocked position, the spring L simply rests upon the plate K, as shown in Fig. 6; but when in its locked position said spring drops into said opening, and thereby prevents unlocking of the mechanism. When the carrier reaches the opposite end of the line and the attendant desires to open the same to remove the contents, he inserts the wrench N in the manner shown in Fig. 7 and by pressing on said wrench lifts said spring from said opening Q in the manner shown in enlarged Fig. 8 and by giving the wrench a turn to the left withdraws the bolts H and K from their locked to their unlocked position, as shown in Fig. 1. At the same time the rear end of the jaw K acts against the lug E and moves the rod E toward the head 13, thereby turning up the rocker-arm F, rotating the shaft F which turns up the rocker-arm G and link G2 and moves outwardly the bolt G beyond the periphery of the head B, which will prevent the insertion of the carrier into the tube until the locking mechanism is again operated to lock the cover to the shell of the carrier. The attendant then opens the lid and removes the contents and inserts therein any goods which are to be returned, closes the lid, and the same operation takes place for locking the cover to the shell of the carrier, withdrawing the bolt G, as previously described.

As shown in Figs. 9 and 10, an improved joint is provided for the axles for preventing the axles of the wheels on which the carriers turn becoming loose and turning, which will allow the axles to work out of the bearings, and thereby drop the wheels. To overcome this difliculty, there is provided the axles, as shown, with an interlocking beveled joint R, which even should the joint become loose will prevent the axles from turning and working out.

If the bolt G should be accidentally pushed inwardly before the cover D is moved over into position for the locking mechanism to be operated, the lug E would be moved toward the head 13 through the operation of the connecting mechanism, in which case the head of the jaw K would strike on top of the lug E and prevent the closing of the cover, which would likewise prevent the insertion of the carrier into the tube. The attendant would then raise the cover and pull the lug E toward the head B, so that upon again turning the cover into its closed position the lug E would pass into the recess P and the operation of locking the cover would take place, as hereinbefore described.

Having thus described the nature of my invention and set forth a construction embodying the same, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is

1. In a pneumatic-despatch-tube carrier, a cover, locking mechanism adapted to be operated to lock and unlock said cover to and from the shell of the carrier, and means on the shell of the carrier arranged to project beyond the shell of the carrier and thereby prevent the insertion of the carrier into the despatch-tube until the cover is locked to the shell of the carrier and adapted to be withdrawn upon the movement of the locking mechanism to lock the cover to the shell of the carrier and thereby allow the insertion of the carrier into the despatch-tube.

2. In a pneumatic-despatch-tube carrier, a cover, locking mechanism adapted to be operated to lock and unlock said cover to and from the shell of the carrier, means on the shell of the carrier arranged to project beyond the shell of the carrier and thereby prevent the insertion of the carrier into the despatch-tube until the cover is locked to the shell of the carrier and adapted to be withdrawn upon the movement of the locking mechanism to lock the cover to the shell of the carrier and thereby allow the insertion of the carrier into the despatch-tube, and means for holding said locking mechanism in its locking position.

3. In apneumatic-despatch-tube carrier, a cover, locking mechanism adapted to be operated to lock and unlock said cover to and from the shell of the carrier, means on the shell of the carrier arranged to project beyond the shell of the carrier and thereby prevent the insertion of the carrier into the despatch-tube until the cover is locked to the shell of the carrier and adapted to be withdrawn upon the movement of the locking mechanism to lock the cover to the shell of the carrier and thereby allow the insertion of the carrier into the despatch-tube, and yielding-means for holding said locking mechanism in its lockingposition.

4. In a pneumatic-despatch-tube carrier, a cover, locking mechanism adapted to be operated to lock and unlock said cover to and from the shell of the carrier, means on the shell of the, carrier arranged toproject beyond the shell of the carrier and thereby prevent the insertion of the carrier into the degaging said yielding means to unlock said locking mechanism and permit the unlock-- ing of the cover from the shell of the carrier.

In. testimonywhereof I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, this 21st day of November, A. D. 1902.

CHARLES H. BURTON,

Witnesses:

A. L. MESSER,' E. L. HARLOWL

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4006868 *Jul 28, 1975Feb 8, 1977The Mosler Safe CompanyCarrier for pneumatic tube system
US5655677 *Feb 22, 1996Aug 12, 1997Translogic CorporationSealed carrier vessel for pneumatic transport system
US5980164 *Feb 3, 1998Nov 9, 1999Translogic CorporationPneumatic tube system carrier
US7097391Apr 9, 2004Aug 29, 2006Vaupell Molding & Tooling, Inc.Pneumatic carrier
US7241081 *Jun 8, 2006Jul 10, 2007Vaupell Molding & Tooling, Inc.Pneumatic carrier
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB65G51/06