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Publication numberUS726164 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 21, 1903
Filing dateJun 20, 1900
Priority dateJun 20, 1900
Publication numberUS 726164 A, US 726164A, US-A-726164, US726164 A, US726164A
InventorsDaniel Hogan, Christian William Meinecke
Original AssigneeMeinecke & Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 726164 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

no. 726,164. V PATENT-ED APR. 21, 190s. v



, I INVENTORS z Daniel Hagan Chrz'sh'an William mzinuh ATTORNEYS UNITED STATES "PATENT OFFICE.



SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent No. 726,164, dated April. 21, 1903.

Application filed June 20, 1900.

To wZZ whom, it may concern: I Be it known that we, DANIEL HOGAN, resid ing at Manhattan, in the city, county, and

State of New York, and CHRISTIAN WILLIAM MEINECKE, residing at Jersey City, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, citizens of the United States, have invented new and useful Improvements in Cushions, of which the followingis a specification. Our invention relates to improvements in cushions which are serviceable particularly for invalids, though capable of general use, being quite convenientfor travelers and others.

Our invention has forits object the provision of an improved cushion of novel construction and capable of being adjusted to facilitate various surgical operations or having the capacity of being adjusted to suit the convenience or comfort of the user. To the ends stated our invention consists in a cushion constructed and arranged as hereinafter described, and set forth in the following clauses of claim, reference being made to the accompanyingdrawings, in which- Figure 1 is a plan view of a cushion constructed according to our invention. Fig. 2 is a sectional side elevation. Fig. 3 is a plan view of a slightly differently arranged cushion, and Fig. 4 a rear view of the cushion illustrated in Fig. 3. Fig; 5 is a view of a further modification.

As shown in the accompanyingdrawings, the cushion iscomposed of a body a, which, as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 3 of the drawings,

is particircular incontour, has opposite outwardly-swelledportions to support the but-- tocks, and then converges to the lineindicated by the'reference-numeral l in said figure of the drawings, at which line the body 40 of the cushion terminates. Projecting for wardly from the converging portions of the body ofthe cushion and forming continuations thereof are a pair of free shanks or legs (1'. .These free shanks extend forwardly 5 from the body and normally near'or in close relation to each other and in a generally parallel relation, being separated from each other by a narrow passage 1), and are made to converge with their terminals laterally extending inward toward and in contact with figures.

erial No. 21,016. (No model.)

between the legs or shanks leads. As shown in the drawings, the shape of this opening is oval or elongated, and this has been found suitable, though, if desired, it may be circular or approximately so. The shanks or he legs, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3,'are carried in toward each other and lie near together and generally parallel, but converging to their free ends, which are normally in contact to form a substantially solid portion in cross-section. As shown in thedrawings, the passage b between the shanks or legs isnarrower than the central opening b. The cushionillustrated in Fig. 5 of the drawings is of similar character, except that its contour is angular rather than curved, as in the other The cushion described, having the free shanks or legs, is capable of many adjustments useful in surgery and for the convenience of invalids, travelers, and other users. .When in use, it is designed that the buttocks of a person shall rest on the body a and the thighs on the shanks or legs a, and the cush- Eion is adapted to support the same parts when the user is in a reclining position, as-in bed. The passage b permits of the ready insertion and withdrawal of a rubberor impervious sheeting under the cushion to serve as a protection for bedding and also permits the in- 5 sertion and withdrawal of a urinal or bedpan intothe opening I), where the surrounding cushion tends to hold or secure it from slipping, upsetting, or other accident. said passage also permits ready access of the The hand of an attendant in bathing, douching, or other operation, and, as will be apparent, a bed pan or vessel can be placed or shoved under the cushion, so that the latter will form a soft seat on the vessel. The shanks or legs normally lie close together and are generally parallel, butconverge to their free ends,which 'are in contact to form a substantially solid portion in cross-section. The free ends of the shanks or legs can be opened out or sepa- Ioc rated from each other to various degrees to support the legs of a 'patient or user in any adjusted position, which is a great convenience in many surgical operations and also conduces to the comfort of the general user, who may shift the position of,his legs at will and yet have them supported by the cushion. By constructing the cushion with a body portion to support the buttocks and the free shanks extending from the body portion and normally sustaining a parallel relation to each other the cushion is adapted to support the body in the ordinary posture of sitting with ease and comfort. The passage 1), separating the shanks or legs of the cushion, also avoids any liability of pressure or hurting the testicles or private parts and prevents constriction. As best shown in Fig. 2, the body of the cushion and the shanks taper to the extremities of the latter, whereby an inclined and comfortable rest for the thighs of a person sitting on the cushion is afforded.

Proper ventilation is a valuable consideration, whether the cushion be employed as a seat-cushion or for invalid use While reclining, and this is aiforded by the passage b in connection with a horizontal ventilator or airchannel 0. (Shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings.) If desired, two ventilator-channels c and a can be provided at the upper and lower sides of the cushion, as clearly shown in Fig. 4 of the drawings.

The reduced portion in the body of the cushion formed by the air-channels or ventilators serves also as a suitable hinge to permit one half of the cushion to be folded over upon the other half, in which condition it may be used as a pillow or as a cushion for any part of the human body. In an inflatable cushion to facilitate this folding the air may be partially exhausted from the cushion, so that when folded one half will be comparatively flat, while the other is comparatively fully inflated. When so folded, it serves as a desirable cushion or support to exert pressure on the back, valuable to alleviate pain in kidney troubles, and it is obvious it may be applied as a cushion or deviceto support or exert pressure against any portion of the human body. This reduced portion also prevents pressure of the cushion against the spine.

The shanks or legs of the cushion may be provided with handle straps or loops d, if desired.

The cushion may be provided with a suitable check-valve e, whereby it may be inflated with air or other fluid, and when so provided and inflated the normal tendency of the airpressure at the free extremities of the legs or shanks is to bring said legs or shanks into contact, which, as illustrated in Fig. 3 of the drawings, is the normal inflated position of the shanks or legs. When inflated, the

shanks or legs may be freely adjusted toward and from each other in the manner already described.

We consider the construction of the cushion comprising the body portion provided with a pair of free substantially parallel shanks or legs as the most important attribute of our invention, as it enables the cushion to support the body naturally and comfortably in the ordinary sitting position and to be adjusted in the manner described to facilitate various surgical operations and minister to the comfort of the user generally, the other features, however, being important auxiliaries in the construction of the cushion.

Having thus described our invention, what we claim is- 1. As a new article of manufacture, an inflatable cushion comprising a body portion having ventilating-channels and free shanks extending from said body in general parallel lines one with the other,with their terminals laterally extended inward toward each other to form a substantially solid portion in cross-section normally, substantially as set forth.

2. As a new article of manufacture, an inflatable cushion comprising a body portion and free shanks extending therefrom in general parallel lines one with the other, with their terminals laterally extended inward toward each other, to form a normally substantially solid portion in cross-section, said body portion having a horizontallyextending air-channel, substantially as set forth.

3. As a new article of manufacture an inflatable cushion comprising a body portion and free shanks extending in general parallel lines one with the,other,with their terminals laterally extended toward each other, to form a normally substantially solid portion in cross-section, said body portion having horizontally-extending ventilating or air channels, and said body portion and shanks, having an opening between them with a contracted elongated or extension passage communicating with said opening, substantially as set forth.

4. A cushion having a body provided with a pair of free substantially parallel shanks or legs normallyarranged near or close together and capable of being adjusted to and from each other, said cushion having a central opening and a contracted passage leading therefrom between the free shanks or legs, substantially as described.

In testimony whereof we have hereunto set our handsin the presence of two subscribing witnesses.





Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2522120 *Sep 22, 1948Sep 12, 1950Kaskey Louis GContoured pillow
US2577595 *Aug 5, 1948Dec 4, 1951Tobias Joseph JArticulated pillow and case
US3050748 *Nov 3, 1960Aug 28, 1962Deutinger HenryInvalid cushion
US3911512 *Nov 15, 1973Oct 14, 1975Knoll InternationalCushioned furniture
US4115885 *Aug 29, 1977Sep 26, 1978Davis Charles EWater cushion and method of using the same
US4336931 *Aug 15, 1979Jun 29, 1982Charles LonsteinPool toy
US4491089 *Oct 29, 1982Jan 1, 1985Kelly Michael FDevice for supporting animals
US5987674 *Mar 6, 1997Nov 23, 1999Schaffner; ToddErgonomic pillow
US6463608Feb 22, 2002Oct 15, 2002Kisses From HeavenMultipurpose pillow with hand warming muff
US6484337Aug 2, 2001Nov 26, 2002Kisses From Heaven, Inc.Multipurpose pillow assembly
US6820938Mar 10, 2003Nov 23, 2004Biomedical Systems CorporationTail bone cushion
US7010821Apr 6, 2005Mar 14, 2006Leach Jamie SExpandable double nursing pillow
US7500278Jun 5, 2006Mar 10, 2009Leach Jamie SInfant pad assembly with multiple configurations
US7513001Jun 18, 2007Apr 7, 2009Leach Jamie SMulti-purpose pillow with attached blanket
US7708342Aug 31, 2005May 4, 2010Leach Jamie SNon-slip body-conforming booster cushion seat
US7793371Aug 28, 2006Sep 14, 2010Leach Jamie SApparatus and method for question mark-shaped body pillow and support system
US8419128Apr 16, 2013Jamie S. LeachCar seat insert with elastic under-body panel
US8468627Jan 4, 2006Jun 25, 2013Jamie S. LeachElongated angular multiple position body pillow
US8555429Aug 1, 2005Oct 15, 2013Jamie S. LeachAdjustable contoured baby bathing or pet cushion
US8661587May 3, 2007Mar 4, 2014Jamie S. LeachInfant support pillow
US20070022526 *Aug 1, 2005Feb 1, 2007Leach Jamie SAdjustable contoured baby bathing or pet cushion
US20070028384 *Oct 2, 2006Feb 8, 2007Leach Jamie SMultiple position symmetrically contoured body pillow
US20070151031 *Jan 4, 2006Jul 5, 2007Leach Jamie SElongated angular multiple position body pillow
US20070277321 *Jun 5, 2006Dec 6, 2007Leach Jamie SConvertible anywhere bed, play mat, and changing station for infants with self-forming carrying case
WO1989011264A1 *May 18, 1989Nov 30, 1989Helle ByrnPillow for use by nursing
Cooperative ClassificationA61G13/12