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Publication numberUS7283142 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 10/278,393
Publication dateOct 16, 2007
Filing dateOct 22, 2002
Priority dateJul 28, 2000
Fee statusPaid
Also published asUS20030090581, WO2003052725A2, WO2003052725A3
Publication number10278393, 278393, US 7283142 B2, US 7283142B2, US-B2-7283142, US7283142 B2, US7283142B2
InventorsThomas Lloyd Credelle, Candice Hellen Brown Elliott, Moon Hwan Im
Original AssigneeClairvoyante, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Color display having horizontal sub-pixel arrangements and layouts
US 7283142 B2
Abstract
A color display having horizontal sub-pixel arrangements and layouts is disclosed. The display can include a plurality of a sub-pixel group. The sub-pixel group can have a plurality of sub-pixels wherein each sub-pixel has a height along a vertical axis and a width along a horizontal axis. The width of each sub-pixel is greater in length than its height in the sub-pixel group. The display also includes a column driver coupled to each sub-pixel in a column and a row driver coupled to each sub-pixel in a row of the sub-pixel group. Each sub-pixel in the sub-pixel group is coupled to the row driver along the width of the sub-pixel.
Images(9)
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Claims(23)
1. A display system comprising:
a display panel substantially comprising a plurality of sub-pixel groups; each sub-pixel group of the plurality of sub-pixel groups comprising six sub-pixels in first, second and third primary colors disposed in three rows and two columns; each sub-pixel having a width along a horizontal axis greater than a height along a vertical axis; one of said three rows of said sub-pixel group forming a horizontal stripe of first and second same-colored sub-pixels in said first primary color; each of second and third rows of said sub-pixel group comprising one of each of said second and third primary color sub-pixels;
a first row driver coupled to said first same-colored sub-pixel in said horizontal stripe of first and second same-colored sub-pixels of the sub-pixel group; and
a second row driver coupled to said second same-colored sub-pixel in said horizontal stripe of first and second same-colored sub-pixels of the sub-pixel group.
2. The display system as recited in claim 1 wherein said horizontal stripe of first and second same-colored sub-pixels comprises blue sub-pixels aligned substantially along a horizontal axis on said display panel.
3. The display system of claim 1 further comprising:
a pair of column drivers each coupled to said sub-pixels of said second and third primary colors disposed in one of said two columns of sub-pixels of said sub-pixel group; and
a third column driver coupled to said sub-pixels of said first primary color disposed in said two columns of sub-pixels of said sub-pixel group.
4. The display system of claim 3 wherein one of said pair of column drivers and said third column driver are both disposed between said two columns of sub-pixels of said sub-pixel group.
5. The display system of claim 3 wherein one of said pair of column drivers coupled to said sub-pixels in said second and third primary colors is disposed to the right of said two columns of sub-pixels of said sub-pixel group.
6. The display system of claim 1 wherein said second and third primary color sub-pixels disposed in each of said second and third rows of said sub-pixel group form a checkerboard pattern such that a third primary color subpixel follows a second primary color subpixel in said second row and a second primary color subpixel follows a third primary color subpixel in said third row of said sub-pixel group.
7. The display system of claim 1 wherein said first and second same-colored sub-pixels in said first primary color of said sub-pixel group forming said horizontal stripe are shorter in height along said vertical axis than said sub-pixels in said second and third primary colors.
8. The display system of claim 1 wherein said first and second same-colored sub-pixels in said first primary color of said sub-pixel group forming said horizontal stripe are one-half the height of said sub-pixels in said second and third primary colors along said vertical axis.
9. The display system as recited in claim 1 wherein said horizontal stripe of first and second same-colored sub-pixels in said sub-pixel group comprises green sub-pixels aligned substantially along a horizontal axis on said display panel.
10. The display system as recited in claim 1 wherein said first row driver is further coupled to said second and third primary color sub-pixels in said second row of said sub-pixel group; and wherein said second row driver is further coupled to said second and third primary color sub-pixels in said third row of said sub-pixel group.
11. A display system comprising:
a display panel substantially comprising a plurality of sub-pixel groupings; each sub-pixel grouping of the plurality of sub-pixel groupings comprising eight sub-pixels disposed in two columns and four rows such that two non-adjacent rows form first and second non-adjacent horizontal stripes of a first color and two other non-adjacent rows each comprises one sub-pixel of a second color and one sub-pixel of a third color;
a first row driver coupled to at least one sub-pixel in said first horizontal stripe of sub-pixels and to said sub-pixels in a first one of said non-adjacent rows of second and third color sub-pixels in said sub-pixel grouping; and
a second row driver coupled to at least one sub-pixel in said second horizontal stripe of sub-pixels and to said sub-pixels in a second one of said non-adjacent rows of second and third color sub-pixels in said sub-pixel group.
12. The display as recited in claim 11 wherein said first color comprises a green color and each said second color and said third color comprise one of a group, said group comprising red and blue colors, respectively.
13. The display as recited in claim 11 wherein said first color comprises a red color and each said second color and said third color comprise one of a group, said group comprising green and blue colors, respectively.
14. The display as recited in claim 11 wherein said first set of two non-adjacent columns further comprise four sub-pixels of a first color wherein said four sub-pixels of a first color comprising a smaller area than said sub-pixels of second color and said sub-pixels of said third color.
15. The display as recited in claim 11 wherein said display comprises an AMLCD display and said display applies a dot inversion scheme for driving the sub-pixels.
16. The display as recited in claim 15 wherein said dot inversion scheme is 1×1 dot inversion.
17. The display as recited in claim 15 wherein said dot inversion scheme is 2×1 dot inversion.
18. The display system of claim 11 further comprising:
first and second column drivers each coupled to said sub-pixels of said second and third colors disposed in respective first and second columns of sub-pixels of said sub-pixel grouping; and
a third column driver disposed between said first and second columns of said sub-pixel grouping and coupled to said sub-pixels of said first color disposed in only one column of said sub-pixel grouping.
19. The display system of claim 18 wherein said third column is coupled to said sub-pixels of said first color disposed in said second column of said sub-pixel grouping and sends image data signals to said first color sub-pixels disposed in the second column of said sub-pixel grouping and to first color sub-pixels disposed in the first column of an adjacent sub-pixel grouping via a single thin film transistor (TFT).
20. The display system of claim 11 further comprising:
first and second column drivers each coupled to said sub-pixels of said second and third colors disposed in respective first and second columns of sub-pixels of said sub-pixel grouping; and
a third column driver disposed between said second column of a first sub-pixel grouping and a first column of an adjacent second sub-pixel grouping; said third column driver being coupled to said sub-pixels of said first color disposed in both said second column of said first sub-pixel grouping and said first column of said adjacent second sub-pixel grouping.
21. A display system comprising:
a display panel substantially comprising a plurality of sub-pixel groupings forming a matrix of sub-pixel groupings on said display panel; each sub-pixel grouping of the plurality of sub-pixel groupings comprising eight sub-pixels disposed in two columns and four rows such that two non-adjacent rows form first and second non-adjacent horizontal stripes of a first color and two other non-adjacent rows each comprises one sub-pixel of a second color and one sub-pixel of a third color; and
a plurality of row drivers coupled to rows of sub-pixels in said sub-pixel grouping; a first subset of said row drivers sending signals from a first side of said display panel, and a second subset of said row drivers sending signals from a second side of said display panel opposite to said first side.
22. The display system of claim 21 wherein said first subset of row drivers comprises first and second row drivers coupled to said sub-pixels in respective ones of said non-adjacent rows of second and third color sub-pixels in said sub-pixel grouping; and
said second subset of row drivers comprises a third row driver coupled to said sub-pixels in both of said non-adjacent rows forming first and second horizontal non-adjacent stripes of said first color in said sub-pixel grouping.
23. The display system of claim 21 wherein a number of row drivers in said first subset of row drivers is equal to a number of row drivers in said second subset of row drivers for every two vertically adjacent sub-pixel groupings.
Description
RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation-in-part of the following U.S. Patent Applications: U.S patent application Ser. No. 09/628,122 (“the '122 application”), entitled “ARRANGEMENT OF COLOR PIXELS FOR FULL COLOR IMAGING DEVICES WITH SIMPLIFIED ADDRESSING,” filed on Jul. 28, 2000, (“the '754 patent”) U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/916,232 entitled “ARRANGEMENT OF COLOR PIXELS FOR FULL COLOR IMAGING DEVICES WITH SIMPLIFIED ADDRESSING,” filed on Jul. 25, 2001 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,903,754, U.S. Patent Publication No. 2004/0046714 (“the '714 application”) U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/024,326, entitled “IMPROVEMENTS TO COLOR FLAT PANEL DISPLAY SUB-PIXEL ARRANGEMENTS AND LAYOUTS,” filed on Dec. 14, 2001 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,950,115, and U.S. Patent Publication No. 2002/0186229 (“the '229 application”) U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/150,394 entitled “ROTATABLE DISPLAY WITH SUB-PIXEL RENDERING,” filed on May 17, 2002, which are all hereby incorporated herein by reference.

This application is also related to the following co-pending U.S. Patent Applications: U.S. Patent Publication No. 2003/0128179 (“the '179 application”) [U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/278,352,] entitled “IMPROVEMENTS TO COLOR FLAT PANEL DISPLAY SUB-PIXEL ARRANGEMENTS AND LAYOUTS FOR SUB-PIXEL RENDERING WITH SPLIT BLUE SUB-PIXELS,” filed on Oct. 22, 2002; U.S. Patent Publication No. 2003/0128225 (“the '225 application”) [U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/278,353,] entitled “IMPROVEMENTS TO COLOR FLAT PANEL DISPLAY SUB-PIXEL ARRANGEMENTS AND LAYOUTS FOR SUB-PIXEL RENDERING WITH INCREASED MODULATION TRANSFER FUNCTION RESPONSE,” filed on Oct. 22, 2002; and U.S Patent Publication No. 2003/0117423 (“the '423 application”) [U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/278,328,] entitled “IMPROVEMENTS TO COLOR FLAT PANEL DISPLAY SUB-PIXEL ARRANGEMENTS AND LAYOUTS WITH REDUCED BLUE LUMINANCE WELL VISIBILITY,” filed on Oct. 22, 2002, which are all hereby incorporated herein by reference and commonly owned by the same assignee of this application.

BACKGROUND

The present application relates to improvements to display layouts, and, more particularly, to improved color pixel arrangements.

Full color perception is produced in the eye by three-color receptor nerve cell types called cones. The three types of cones are sensitive to different wavelengths of light: long, medium, and short (“red”, “green”, and “blue”, respectively). The relative density of the three differs significantly from one another. There are slightly more red receptors than green receptors. There are very few blue receptors compared to red or green receptors.

The human vision system processes the information detected by the eye in several perceptual channels: luminance, chromanance, and motion. Motion is only important for flicker threshold to the imaging system designer. The luminance channel takes the input from only the red and green receptors. In other words, the luminance channel is “color blind.” It processes the information in such a manner that the contrast of edges is enhanced. The chromanance channel does not have edge contrast enhancement. Since the luminance channel uses and enhances every red and green receptor, the resolution of the luminance channel is several times higher than the chromanance channels. Consequently, the blue receptor contribution to luminance perception is negligible. The luminance channel thus acts as a resolution band pass filter. Its peak response is at 35 cycles per degree (cycles/°). It limits the response at 0 cycles/° and at 50 cycles/° in the horizontal and vertical axis. This means that the luminance channel can only tell the relative brightness between two areas within the field of view. It cannot tell the absolute brightness. Further, if any detail is finer than 50 cycles/°, it simply blends together. The limit in the horizontal axis is slightly higher than the vertical axis. The limit in the diagonal axes is significantly lower.

The chromanance channel is further subdivided into two sub-channels, to allow us to see full color. These channels are quite different from the luminance channel, acting as low pass filters. One can always tell what color an object is, no matter how big it is in our field of view. The red/green chromanance sub-channel resolution limit is at 8 cycles/°, while the yellow/blue chromanance sub-channel resolution limit is at 4 cycles/°. Thus, the error introduced by lowering the red/green resolution or the yellow/blue resolution by one octave will be barely noticeable by the most perceptive viewer, if at all, as experiments at Xerox and NASA, Ames Research Center (see, e.g., R. Martin, J. Gille, J. Larimer, Detectability of Reduced Blue Pixel Count in Projection Displays, SID Digest 1993) have demonstrated.

The luminance channel determines image details by analyzing the spatial frequency Fourier transform components. From signal theory, any given signal can be represented as the summation of a series of sine waves of varying amplitude and frequency. The process of teasing out, mathematically, these sine-wave-components of a given signal is called a Fourier Transform. The human vision system responds to these sine-wave-components in the two-dimensional image signal.

Color perception is influenced by a process called “assimilation” or the Von Bezold color blending effect. This is what allows separate color pixels (also known as sub-pixels or emitters) of a display to be perceived as a mixed color. This blending effect happens over a given angular distance in the field of view. Because of the relatively scarce blue receptors, this blending happens over a greater angle for blue than for red or green. This distance is approximately 0.25° for blue, while for red or green it is approximately 0.12°. At a viewing distance of twelve inches, 0.25° subtends 50 mils (1,270μ) on a display. Thus, if the blue pixel pitch is less than half (625μ) of this blending pitch, the colors will blend without loss of picture quality. This blending effect is directly related to the chromanance sub-channel resolution limits described above. Below the resolution limit, one sees separate colors, above the resolution limit, one sees the combined color.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in, and constitute a part of this specification illustrate implementations and embodiments of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain principles of the invention.

FIG. 1 shows a repeat cell of six sub-pixels wherein the sub-pixels are laid out length-wise horizontally.

FIG. 2A through 2F depicts various embodiments of sub-pixel arrangements laid out in a horizontal fashion.

FIG. 3 shows a novel six sub-pixel repeat cell arrangement for a panel display.

FIG. 4 shows one embodiment of an arrangement of sub-pixels laid out in a horizontal fashion connected to column and row drivers.

FIG. 5 shows one embodiment of a set of TFT connections to a sub-pixel arrangement.

FIGS. 6A and 6B show two separate embodiments of an arrangement of sub-pixels comprising unique connections of its TFTs to the column drivers.

FIGS. 7 and 8 show two separate embodiments of a TFT connection for a novel eight sub-pixel repeat cell arrangement.

FIG. 9 shows one possible dot inversion scheme for one embodiment of an arrangement laid out in a horizontal fashion.

FIGS. 10 and 11 depict two different embodiments of TFT connections to driver without use of crossovers for the novel eight sub-pixel repeat cell arrangement.

FIGS. 12A, 12B, and 12C depict various embodiments of a system architecture for panels comprising arrangements of sub-pixels laid out in a horizontal fashion.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Reference will now be made in detail to implementations and embodiments of the invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Wherever possible, the same reference numbers will be used throughout the drawings to refer to the same or like parts.

Sub-Pixel Arrangements

In FIG. 1, an arrangement of sub-pixel emitters 100 is shown, comprising a six sub-pixel repeat cell comprised of three colors. This six sub-pixel repeat cell was substantial shown in the '232 application—however, the sub-pixels in FIG. 1 are laid out lengthwise along the horizontal axis. For example, the horizontal width of the sub-pixels can be greater in length than the vertical height of the sub-pixels. In one embodiment, sub-pixels 106 are blue colored, while sub-pixels 102 and 104 could be assigned either red or green colored, respectively. In another embodiment, sub-pixels 106 could be assigned the color green, while sub-pixels 102 and 104 are either red or blue colored, respectively. In yet another embodiment, sub-pixels 106 could be assigned the color red, while sub-pixels 102 and 104 are either green or blue colored, respectively. Other color variations can implemented as well, which are different from red, green and blue,such that the color gamut of the resulting arrangement creates a useable display from a user's standpoint.

As shown in FIG. 1, sub-pixels 102 and 104 are displayed in a “checkerboard” fashion whereby—the red and green sub-pixel subplanes are displayed 180 degrees out of phase. Such a checkerboard pattern has been previously disclosed in the '754 patent and in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/628,122(“the '122 application”), entitled “ARRANGEMENT OF COLOR PIXELS FOR FULL COLOR IMAGING DEVICES WITH SIMPLIFIED ADDRESSING,” filed on Jul. 28, 2000, which is hereby incorporated herein by reference and is commonly owned by the same assignee of this application—and such a checkerboard arrangement is similarly advantageous with the sub-pixels laid out in the horizontal axis as in the vertical axis.

As was disclosed in the '229 application, an entire panel constructed with the sub-pixels lengthwise in the vertical axis (e.g., the vertical height having a greater length that the horizontal width) could be enabled in software to perform sub-pixel rendering when the panel is physically rotated 90 degrees from the vertical—in essence, running the panel with all sub-pixels in the horizontal axis. This feature enabled a single panel to perform sub-pixel rendering while displaying images in either the landscape or portrait mode of operation.

It may be advantageous, however, to physically construct a panel with all sub-pixels laid out length-wise along the horizontal axis (e.g., the vertical height having a smaller length than the horizontal width). In particular, with sub-pixels 106 assigned with the color blue, one advantage is that the blue stripe is moved from the vertical to horizontal axis—thus, de-emphazing the presence of a contiguous blue structure, which is more apparent to the human eye along the vertical axis than it is along the horizontal axis. A vertical blue stripe, thus, tends to interfere with text readability and uniformity as text is comprised mostly of vertical strokes. A similar advantage is also possible with sub-pixels 106 assigned the color green.

FIGS. 2A-2F depict several alternative embodiments of sub-pixel arrangements laid out in the horizontal axis. FIG. 2A show that the sub-pixels 106 are effectively twice the length along the horizontal axis of sub-pixels 102 and 104. Such a choice of length for sub-pixel 106 was previously disclosed in the '232 application along the vertical axis. Also shown, sub-pixels 106 could be of smaller width along the vertical axis than sub-pixels 102 and 104. Such a choice for length along the vertical axis is also disclosed in the related co-pending applications noted above.

FIGS. 2C and 2D depict the addition of a “black” pixel 108 that is disclosed in the co-pending and commonly assigned U.S. Patent Publication No. 2003/0117423 (“the '423 application”) [U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/278,328,] entitled “IMPROVEMENTS TO COLOR FLAT PANEL DISPLAY SUB-PIXEL ARRANGEMENTS AND LAYOUTS WITH REDUCED BLUE LUMINANCE WELL VISIBILITY,” filed on Oct. 22, 2002 Black pixel 108 could also be deployed in a staggered fashion, as shown in FIG. 2D. FIGS. 2E and 2F depict the addition of a fourth color pixel 110 as was previously disclosed in U.S. Patent Publication No. 2004/0051724 (“the '724 application”) [U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/243,094,] entitled “IMPROVED FOUR COLOR ARRANGEMENTS OF EMITTERS FOR SUB-PIXEL RENDERING,” filed on Sep. 13, 2002, which is hereby incorporated herein by reference and commonly owned by the same assignee of this application.

FIG. 3 depicts an alternative arrangement 300 of sub-pixels comprising a 3 row×2 column repeat cell 302. One possible color assignment for arrangement 300 has sub-pixels 106 as blue, sub-pixels 102 as red, and sub-pixels 104 as green. This arrangement may be considered somewhat as placing the blue sub-pixel stripes on the horizontal axis, even though each sub-pixel has its lengthwise edge on the vertical axis. This arrangement further disperses the blue stripe by staggering the placement of blue sub-pixels; while slightly altering the red/green checkerboard pattern somewhat by placing the red and green subplanes partially 45 degrees out of phase thereby staggering the red and the green sub-pixels in a novel manner.

Circuit Architecture

FIG. 4 depicts a high level architecture diagram whereby one exemplary sub-pixel arrangement 400 is laid out in the horizontal fashion described above and column drivers 402 and row drivers 404 are electrically mated to arrangement 400.

For panels employing thin film transistors (TFTs) to actuate or drive sub-pixels, FIG. 5 depicts one embodiment of a TFT layout for the basic arrangement of FIG. 1. Each sub-pixel is connected to a column line 502 and a row line 504. TFT 506, located at each sub-pixel, actuates or drives a sub-pixel according to signals that are resident on its connected row and column line.

FIGS. 6A and 6B depict two alternative embodiments of TFT layouts 602 and 604 respectively. Each layout alters the location of the third column line differently from that of FIG. 5. In FIGS. 6A and 6B, the third column line is on the right or left of the second column of sub-pixels respectively. In FIG. 6A, there is a crossover of the third column line by the blue data going to the blue sub-pixel in the second row. In FIG. 6B, there are no data crossovers, which may minimize crosstalk. In either case, aperture ratio may decrease to allow for the extra column line.

FIGS. 7 and 8 depict a layout for an arrangement 700 of sub-pixels comprising a repeat cell 702 of eight sub-pixels. This repeat cell—with its various color assignments for sub-pixels 102, 104 and 106—is further disclosed in the co-pending and commonly assigned '179 application and in the '225 application, both of which are referenced above. FIGS. 7 and 8 show this arrangement as laid out in a horizontal fashion. This octal grouping is unique in that it presents a second stripe of sub-pixels 106. The TFT layout for this arrangement may be constructed without adding TFTs (704), as shown in FIG. 7, or without adding extra drivers (706), as shown in FIG. 8.

With a color assignment of blue sub-pixels 106, red sub-pixels 102 and green sub-pixels 104, it can be seen in FIG. 7 that the blue data is sent to two blue sub-pixels through one TFT. There is a crossover of the red/green data line which may lead to some crosstalk. In FIG. 8, there are additional TFTs, but there are no crossovers.

In the various arrangements above embodied in an AMLCD panel, a “dot inversion” scheme may be employed to operate the panel. Both a 1×1 and 2×1 dot inversion scheme have been previously discussed as suitable. In particular, a 2×1 dot inversion scheme may reduce crosstalk in some of these embodiments. In cases where there are two column lines adjacent, there may be two pixels that have the same polarity next to each other. However, the intervening data line is of opposite polarity, so low crosstalk may still be achieved. As one example, FIG. 9 depicts a dot inversion scheme for AMLCD panels having the arrangement of FIGS. 6A and 6B.

To achieve substantially the same number of drivers with a display utilizing octal repeat cell 702 of FIG. 7 as is achieved with a display utilizing 6-subpixel repeat cell 100 shown in FIG. 1, it is possible to interconnect the two blue rows 106. In a TFT array, this could be achieved with row or column metal lines. In a passive display, on the other hand, there is typically only the itanium tin oxide (ITO) line and no easy way to add a crossover. Therefore, the crossover is made in the column driver or on the TAB. This might add some cost and complexity to the display.

To achieve a similar result without crossovers, FIGS. 10 and 11 depict two layouts—1000 and 1100 respectively—for an arrangement similarly comprising the octal repeat cell of 702. The connections are made on alternate sides in such a manner as to eliminate the need for a crossover connection. In FIG. 10, the number of leads on the right and left sides are in the ratio of 2:1. The advantage of this type of connection is that the organization of data in column drivers is less complex. The connection pattern shown in FIG. 10 may be repeated to the bottom of the LCD.

In FIG. 11, the number of leads on each side is balanced. The order of data may be more complicated though. Left side data can proceed as follows: G1/R1, B3/4, R4/G4, etc., and the right side data can proceed as follows: B1/2, R2/G2, G3/R3, etc. This pattern may be repeated to the bottom of the display.

Thus, in displays where there are electrode connections on both sides of the display, the number of connections to the column driver is reduced and the number of column drivers required is the same as for a display based on the repeat cell shown in FIG. 1. For mobile phone STN displays, which do not have any crossover metal capability, this can lead to cost reduction for displays incorporating octal repeat group 702.

System Architecture

FIGS. 12A, 12B and 12C depict various system architectures 1210, 1220, and 1230, respectively, that may vary depending upon the driving scheme. As may be seen, these various embodiments differ in the location of the sub-pixel rendering (SPR) logic location within the system. The system architectures 1210, 1220, and 1230 of FIGS. 12A, 12B, and 12C, respectively, may apply to the various layouts shown in FIGS. 6-8. The components described in FIGS. 12A, 12B, and 12C can operate in a manner described in U.S. Patent Publication No. 2003/0103058 (“the '058 application”) entitled “METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR SUB-PIXEL RENDERING WITH GAMMA ADJUSTMENT,” filed on May 17, 2002, which is hereby incorporated herein by reference and commonly owned by the same assignee of this application, to perform sub-pixel rendering techniques with the sub-pixel arrangements disclosed herein. Specifically, as described in the '058 application, sub-pixel rendering may proceed as a method of “area resampling” input image data onto target subpixels (or “emitters”). As described in the '058 application at paragraphs 0083-0085, to determine the values for each emitter, first one must create transform equations that take the form of filter kernels. The filter kernels are generated by determining the relative area overlaps of both the original data set sample areas and target display sample areas. The ratio of overlap determines the coefficient values to be used in the filter kernel array. To render the stored image onto the display device, the reconstruction points are determined in each three-color pixel element. The center of each reconstruction point will also be the source of sample points used to reconstruct the stored image. Similarly, the sample points of the image data set is determined. Each reconstruction point is located at the center of the emitters (e.g., in the center of a red emitter). In placing the reconstruction points in the center of the emitter, a grid of boundary lines is formed equidistant from the centers of the reconstruction points, creating sample areas (in which the sample points are at the center). The grid that is formed creates a tiling pattern. The shapes that can be utilized in the tiling pattern can include, but is not limited to, squares, staggered rectangles, triangles, hexagons, octagons, diamonds, staggered squares, staggered rectangles, staggered triangles, staggered diamonds, Penrose tiles, rhombuses, distorted rhombuses, and the line, and combinations comprising at lease one of the foregoing shapes. The sample points and sample areas for both the image data and the target display having been determined, the two are overlaid. The overlay creates sub-areas wherein the output sample areas overlap several input sample areas. The area ratios of input to output is determined by either inspection or calculation and stored as coefficients in filter kernels, the value of which is used to weight the input value to output value to determine the proper value for each emitter.

While the invention has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments, various modifications or changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings without departing from the essential scope thereof. For example, some of the embodiments above may be implemented in other display technologies such as Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED), ElectroLumenscent (EL), Electrophoretic, Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Display (AMLCD), Passive Matrix Liquid Crystal display (AMLCD), Incandescent, solid state Light Emitting Diode (LED), Plasma Display Panel (PDP), and Iridescent. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiments disclosed herein as the best mode contemplated for carrying out this invention, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.

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