Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS7284350 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 11/510,322
Publication dateOct 23, 2007
Filing dateAug 25, 2006
Priority dateOct 11, 2002
Fee statusPaid
Also published asUS7096621, US20030089024, US20070011941
Publication number11510322, 510322, US 7284350 B2, US 7284350B2, US-B2-7284350, US7284350 B2, US7284350B2
InventorsThomas D. Nelson, Paul A. Pilosi, Martijn F. Loerakker
Original AssigneeEcolab Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Light trap for insects
US 7284350 B2
Abstract
A flying insect trap is described including a source of insect attractant light, an insect immobilization device, and a housing partially surrounding the source of light. The housing includes a chassis configured to be attached to a mounting surface, an upper housing pivotally attached to the chassis, and a lower housing that is removably attached to the lower portion of the chassis. In an alternative embodiment, the housing of the trap includes a chassis and a lower housing, where the lower housing includes a lip that surrounds a support structure for an insect immobilization device.
Images(11)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(18)
1. A flying insect trap comprising:
(a) a first source of insect attractant light;
(b) an insect immobilization device; and
(c) a housing partially surrounding the source of insect attractant light, the housing defining an opening for insect attractant light emission and insect entry and defining a support structure for the insect immobilization device, the housing comprising:
(i) a chassis configured to be attached to a mounting surface, the chassis supporting the source of insect attractant light and including an upper portion and a lower portion,
(ii) an upper housing pivotally attached to the upper portion of the chassis and movable between a closed position and an open position, wherein the support structure for the insect immobilization device is accessible when the upper housing is in the open position,
(iii) a lower housing that is removably attached to the lower portion of the chassis.
2. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the trap is configured to form an insect attractant light pattern of reflected and radiated light on the mounting surface.
3. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the support structure for the insect immobilization device is defined by the chassis and the lower housing comprises an upper lip that surrounds the support structure for the insect immobilization device.
4. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the lower housing removably attaches to the chassis using screws.
5. The insect trap of claim 1 further comprising a second source of insect attractant light that is supported by the chassis.
6. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the housing completely encloses the first source of insect attractant light on all sides except on a side where the opening is located.
7. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the opening is an upwardly-facing opening when the trap is mounted on a vertical mounting surface.
8. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the housing further comprises an internal reflecting surface on an interior surface.
9. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the light source cannot be readily viewed when the housing is installed on a vertical mounting surface above eye level.
10. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the insect immobilization device cannot be readily viewed when the housing is installed on a vertical mounting surface above eye level.
11. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the insect immobilization device comprises adhesive.
12. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the support structure for the insect immobilization device is positioned below the first source of insect attractant light.
13. The insect trap of claim 1 further comprising a second insect immobilization device positioned on a back wall of the chassis.
14. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the support surface for the insect immobilization device is located on a back wall of the chassis.
15. The insect trap of claim 1 wherein the support surface for the insect immobilization device is located on an interior surface of the upper housing.
16. A flying insect trap comprising:
(a) a first source of insect attractant light;
(b) an insect immobilization device; and
(c) a housing partially surrounding the source of insect attractant light and defining an opening for insect attractant light emission and insect entry, the housing comprising:
(i) a chassis configured to be attached to a mounting surface, the chassis supporting the source of insect attractant light and including a support structure for the insect immobilization device, an upper portion, and a lower portion,
(ii) an upper housing pivotally attached to the upper portion of the chassis and movable between a closed position and an open position, wherein the support structure for the insect immobilization device is accessible when the upper housing is in the open position, and
(iii) wherein the chassis comprises a lip that surrounds the support structure.
17. The insect trap of claim 16 wherein the support surface for the insect immobilization device is located on an interior surface of the upper housing.
18. A flying insect trap comprising:
(a) a first source of insect attractant light;
(b) an insect immobilization device; and
(a) a housing partially surrounding the source of insect attractant light and defining an upwardly facing opening for insect attractant light emission and insect entry, the housing comprising:
(i) a chassis configured to be attached to a vertical mounting surface, the chassis supporting the source of insect attractant light and including a support structure for the insect immobilization device, an upper portion, and a lower portion,
(ii) an upper housing pivotally attached to the upper portion of the chassis and movable between a closed position and an open position, wherein the support structure for the insect immobilization device is accessible when the upper housing is in the open position, and
(iii) a lower housing that is removably attached to the lower portion of the chassis, wherein the lower housing comprises an upper lip that surrounds the support structure for the insect immobilization device.
Description
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/270,095 filed Oct. 11, 2002 that issued as U.S. Pat. No. 7,096,621 on Aug. 29, 2006. This application is related to Application Ser. No. 09/604,488, filed Jun. 27, 2000, pending, which is a continuation of Application Ser. No. 09/250,932, filed Feb. 18, 1999, now abandoned, which is a continuation of Application Ser. No. 08/686,432 filed Jul. 26, 1996, now abandoned, which is a continuation in part of application Ser. No. 08/000,264, filed Jan. 4, 1993, now issued as U.S. Pat. No. 5,365,690. U.S. application Ser. No. 10/270,095 and these related applications are hereby incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to an illuminated trap adapted to attract flying insects and immobilize the insects within a trap housing.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Flying insect traps exist that use insect-attractant light sources and use an immobilization system to trap the insects within the trap. Often, the immobilization system is an adhesive board or glue board, which needs to be replaced periodically. Improvements to existing traps are desirable to improve the ease with which the immobilization means may be installed and changed. In addition, improvements to the structure of the housing of insect traps could decrease the likelihood that dead insects would fall from the trap while the immobilization device is being replaced.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A flying insect trap is described including a source of insect attractant light, an insect immobilization device, and a housing partially surrounding the source of insect attractant light and defining an opening for insect attractant light emission and insect entry into the trap. The housing includes a chassis for attaching to a mounting surface, where the chassis supports the source of insect attractant light. The chassis also includes an upper portion and a lower portion. The housing also includes an upper housing pivotally attached to the upper portion of the chassis and movable between a closed position and an open position. The housing also includes a lower housing that is removably attached to the lower portion of the chassis. In addition, the housing includes a support surface for the insect immobilization device.

In another embodiment of the flying insect trap, the housing includes a chassis configured to be attached to a mounting surface, supporting a source of light and an insect immobilization device, and an upper housing. In this embodiment, the chassis includes a lip that surrounds the support structure for the insect immobilization device.

In another embodiment of the flying insect trap, the trap is configured to form an insect attractant light pattern of reflected and radiated light on the mounting surface. The trap may include a second source of insect attractant light that is supported by the chassis. In another embodiment, the lower housing of the trap includes an upper lip that surrounds the support structure for the insect immobilization device.

In one embodiment of the trap, the housing completely encloses the first source of insect attractant light on all sides except on a side where the opening is located. In one embodiment, the opening is an upwardly facing opening when the trap is mounted on a vertical mounting surface.

In another embodiment of the trap, the insect immobilization device includes adhesive. In one embodiment, the insect immobilization device is positioned below the source of insect attractant light. In another embodiment, the insect immobilization device is positioned on a back wall of the chassis, while in a further embodiment, the insect immobilization device is positioned on an interior surface of the upper housing. Any combination of these three locations for an insect immobilization device is contemplated.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The invention may be more completely understood by considering the detailed description of various embodiments of the invention which follows in connection with the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a bottom, right, front perspective view of one embodiment of an illuminated flying insect trap of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a top, right, front perspective view of the insect trap of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a bottom, front, right perspective view of the insect trap of FIG. 1, with the upper housing shown in the open position.

FIG. 4 is a top view of the insect trap of FIG. 1, with a glue board added to the support structure.

FIG. 5 is a front right perspective view of one embodiment of a chassis portion of an insect trap according to the present invention, where a reflective sheet is provided on the back wall of the chassis.

FIG. 6 is a front, bottom perspective view of the chassis of FIG. 5, without a reflective sheet, but including a power cord.

FIG. 7 is a back left perspective view of one embodiment of an upper housing of the present invention, including a reflective sheet portion.

FIG. 8 is back, left, perspective view of one embodiment of a lower housing component of an insect trap of the present invention.

FIG. 9 is a bottom plan view of the lower housing of FIG. 8.

FIG. 10 is a perspective view of one embodiment of a glue board that may be used with the insect trap of the present invention.

While the invention is amenable to various modifications and alternative forms, specifics thereof have been shown by way of example in the drawings and will be described in detail. It should be understood, however, that the intention is not to limit the invention to the particular embodiments described. On the contrary, the intention is to cover all modifications, equivalents, and alternatives falling within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE VARIOUS EMBODIMENTS

The present invention is believed to be applicable to a variety of systems and arrangements for trapping flying insects where light is used as an insect attractant. The invention has been found to be particularly advantageous in application environments where an adhesive structure is used to immobilize the flying insects and where this adhesive structure is replaced routinely. While the invention is not so limited, an appreciation of various aspects of the invention is best gained through a discussion of various application examples operating in such an environment.

FIG. 1 illustrates one particular embodiment in which an insect trap 10 is shown mounted on a vertical mounting surface 14. The insect trap described by the present invention is typically mounted on a vertical mounting surface at a height which is above the eye level of the occupants of the room where it is located. However, the trap may be mounted on horizontal surfaces or other surfaces in addition to vertical mounting surfaces. Throughout this description, the trap will be described in the example where it is mounted on a vertical mounting surface. The trap 10 includes a housing that defines an opening 20, which will be an upwardly facing opening when the trap 10 is mounted on a vertical mounting surface 14. FIG. 2 illustrates a top perspective view of the trap 10 where the upwardly facing opening 20 defined by the housing 16 is more easily observed. The trap also includes a source of insect attractant light, such as a first bulb 24 for producing ultraviolet light and a second light 28 for producing ultraviolet light. The trap surrounds and encloses the light source on all sides except the side where the upwardly facing opening 20 is located. A support structure 32 is also visible within the trap 10. The support structure 32 is capable of supporting an insect immobilization device (not shown in FIG. 2), such as an adhesive sheet that traps flying insects. The opening 20 allows insect attractant light to be emitted from the trap and allows for insect entry into the trap.

In one embodiment, the housing 16 includes three different components: a chassis 36, an upper housing 40, and a lower housing 44. The chassis 36 is configured to be mounted to a mounting surface to support the trap 10. The chassis includes bulb supports 46, 48 for supporting the light bulbs and defines the support structure 32 for supporting an insect immobilization device. At a top edge 50 of the chassis 36, the chassis is pivotally connected to the upper housing 40. This pivotal connection allows the upper housing 40 to be rotated into an open position as illustrated in FIG. 3. The rotation of the upper housing 40 into an open position allows a user of the insect trap to more easily access the immobilization device supported on the support structure 32 and more easily access the light bulbs 24, 28.

The lower housing 44 is removably attached to the chassis 36. The lower housing 44 includes an upper lip 56 that surrounds the support structure 32.

The pivotable upper housing 40 overlaps the upper lip 56 of the lower housing 44, as illustrated in FIG. 1. FIG. 4 shows a top view of the trap 10, where the upper lip 56 of the lower housing 44 surrounds the outer edge of the support structure 32. The configuration of the lower housing 44 surrounding the support structure 32 is configured to reduce the likelihood that dead insects will fall from the trap when the upper housing 40 is pivoted into the open position. If any deceased insects are contained within the trap 10 but are not attached to the immobilization device on support structure 32, then these insects will likely fall into the lower housing 44. This lower housing 44 is not moved or disturbed when the upper housing 40 is pivoted into the open position when the immobilization device is replaced. As a result, the process of changing the immobilization means in the trap 10 is more sanitary and less likely to require cleanup of the surrounding area.

The overlap between the upper lip 56 of the lower housing 44 and the upper housing 40 blocks light from exiting from this juncture between the upper housing 40 and the lower housing 44. This configuration ensures that it will not be possible for an insect attracting level of light emission to come from the juncture between the upper housing 40 and the lower housing 44.

FIG. 4 illustrates a glue board 57 positioned on the support structure 32. Generally, the glue board is placed upon the support structure 32 when the upper housing 40 is tilted into the open position. One side of the glue board 57 includes a highly tacky, pressure sensitive adhesive substance which is attached to a cardboard base. One useful adhesive is a latex-based, plasticized tacky acrylic, ethylene-vinyl acetate or vinyl acetate based adhesive containing UV-inhibitors made by the H.B. Fuller Company of St. Paul, Minn. Another useful adhesive is the Tangle trap adhesive made by the Tanglefoot Company. The glue board 57 is illustrated as being positioned below the light sources of the insect trap. However, the glue board 57 or other insect immobilization device could be positioned at any other place within the insect trap. For example, an immobilization device could be placed on a back wall 58 of the chassis positioned behind tabs 64, 65, an inner surface 104 of the upper housing 40 where tabs could be provided, or other places within the trap. In one embodiment, the trap is configured so that the insect immobilization device and the immobilized flying insects are not visible to people in the vicinity of the insect trap when the insect trap is in its normal, closed, operating position and mounted above eye-level. Typically, the insect trap is mounted at eye level or above on a vertical mounting surface 14 (FIG. 3). It is also possible to mount the trap on a ceiling or other mounting surface. For the purposes of this invention, the term “insect immobilization device” includes any device, surface or material that can cause an insect to die, or which prevents the insect from exiting the insect trap after entry. An insect immobilization device can include pesticides in the form of a surface, layer or trap; active and passive mechanical traps; liquid traps into which the flies become immersed; adhesive layers; pressure sensitive adhesive layers; high or low, DC or pulsed voltage electric grids; or other such means that can trap, immobilize, kill or dismember the insects.

The glue board 57 may be configured to aid in directing reflected light onto the mounting surface or out of the opening 20 above. The adhesive on the glue board 57 may have a shiny surface that reflects light from the light sources out of the opening 20. The board beneath the glue may be a dark color, such as black, or may be a lighter color. A lighter color glue board will provide additional reflection of light compared to a darker colored glue board. The glue board 57 may be located on a support structure 32 that is below the light sources 24, 28 as illustrated in FIG. 4. In an alterative embodiment, an insect immobilization device is provided along the back wall 58 of the chassis 36, held in place by tabs 64, 65. In another alterative embodiment, an insect immobilization device may be positioned on the interior surface 104 of the upper housing 40. Tabs (not shown) may be provided on the interior surface 104 of the upper housing 40 for supporting an insect immobilization device. In further alternative embodiments, a first insect immobilization device could be provided on the support surface 32 and a second insect immobilization device could be provided on the back wall of the chassis 58. In another alternative, insect immobilization devices could be provided on the support surface 32 and on the interior surface 104 of the upper housing 40. Alternatively, insect immobilization devices could be provided on the back wall 58 of the chassis 36 and on the interior surface 104 of the upper housing 40. In a still further embodiment, an insect immobilization device could be provided on the support structure 32, the back wall 58 of the chassis 36 and on the interior surface 104 of the upper housing 40. The glue board 57 could be pleated or have another structure to increase its surface area for capturing insects.

FIG. 5 shows the chassis 36 alone, with the upper housing 40 and lower housing 44 removed. The chassis 36 includes the support structure 32 for holding an insect immobilization device and light bulb supports 46, 48. The chassis 36 also includes a back wall 58 that abuts the mounting surface when the trap is mounted. The back wall 58 includes an upper edge 50. At opposite ends of the top edge 50, the chassis 36 includes hinges 52, 54 for allowing the pivotal attachment of the upper housing 40 to the chassis 36. FIG. 3 shows the hinges 52, 54 in the open position, revealing mounting openings 60, 62 in the back part of the hinges 52, 54. The mounting openings are used to secure the chassis 36 to a mounting surface 14 (FIG. 3). The hinges 52, 54 include openings 72, 74 for receiving attachment devices to secure the upper housing 40 to the chassis 36.

Any number of conventional fasteners such as screws, nails, bolts, or other devices may be used to attach the trap 10 to the mounting surface 14 (FIG. 3) via the mounting openings 60, 62 and to attach the upper housing 40 to the chassis via the openings 72, 74.

In FIG. 5, a reflective sheet 63 is shown positioned along the back wall 58 of the chassis 36. The reflective sheet 63 is held against the back wall 58 by tabs 64, 65. A glue board or other insect immobilization device may alternatively be positioned along back wall 58 using tabs 64, 65. The reflective sheet 63 may be included in one embodiment of the present invention in order to encourage the dispersal of reflected light into the area surrounding the insect trap.

FIG. 6 illustrates a perspective front bottom view of the chassis 36 where the attachment mechanisms for the lower housing 44 are visible. Screw bosses 66, 68 on the bottom portion of the chassis 36 may receive screws to attach the lower housing to the chassis. In addition, to assist with the positioning of the lower housing 44, the support structure 32 includes a lip 70 that may interact with tabs on the lower housing, as will be discussed further herein.

The chassis further includes hooks 76, 78 for winding a power cord to a desired length. The power cord emerges from a power cord opening 82 in a lower portion of the chassis 36. The chassis 36 generally includes a lower portion 86 and an upper portion 88, where the support structure 32 roughly divides the lower portion 86 and the upper portion 88. In the lower portion 86 of the chassis 36, the electronics of the device may be encased behind wall 90. The power cord will typically emerge from the power cord opening 82, be wound around power cord hooks 76, 78 to a desired length, and then be positioned within a power cord holder 92 to emerge from the bottom of the device. The bottom of the chassis 36 may be provided with vents 93, 94 for allowing air flow from the area behind wall 90 where the electronics components are held. In place of a power cord, it is also possible that the insect trap is hard wired with an electrical supply or powered by batteries. The chassis 36 may enclose electrical components behind wall 90 such as a power cord connection, a lamp ballast if fluorescent bulbs are used, and electrical wiring that is connected to the light bulb supports 46, 48 (FIG. 5).

FIG. 7 illustrates a back view of the upper housing 40. The upper housing 40 includes holes 100, 102 for securing the upper housing 40 to the openings 72, 74 on the hinges 52, 54 of the chassis 36 (FIG. 5). The upper housing also includes a reflective area 106 in one embodiment of the insect trap. The reflective area 106 may be a self-adhesive section of Mylar® material or other material for increasing the reflectivity of the inner surface of the upper housing 40 compared to the upper housing without a reflective area 106. The presence of a reflective area 106 increases the light that is directed at the mounting surface by reflecting light from the light sources toward the mounting surface. Even without a reflective area 106, the inner surface of the upper housing contributes to reflecting light from the light sources toward the mounting surface and into the area above the trap. The presence of a glue board on the interior surface 104 of the upper housing 40 may also increase the amount of reflected light from the upper housing 40.

The term “reflective area” or “reflective surface” can be any surface which reflects or throws back light. The reflective area 106 or the inner surface of the upper housing 40 are angled in one embodiment such that light from the light source is directed onto the mounting surface above the trap.

The lower housing 44 is further illustrated in FIGS. 8 and 9. The lower housing includes openings 108, 110 for attachment devices to attach the lower housing 44 to the chassis 36. The lower housing 44 also includes an upper lip 56 that will surround the support structure 32 when the lower housing 44 is attached to the chassis 36. The lower housing 44 further includes an opening 112 for the power cord to be accommodated. The lower housing 44 also includes tabs 114, 116 for interfacing with the lip 70 of the support structure 32 (FIG. 4). The tabs 114, 116 assist the user with guiding the lower housing 44 into the correct position with respect to the chassis 36.

Now referring to FIG. 9, the lower housing 44 also includes vent opening patterns 118, 120 to allow air flow to circulate within the lower housing so that heat from the electronics components is dissipated. Each vent opening within the vent opening patterns 118, 120 includes a baffle structure 117 which partially blocks the vent opening. In combination with the support structure 32, the baffle structure 117 prevents any appreciable amount of light from exiting from the vent opening patterns 118, 120. Accordingly the vent opening patterns 118, 120 do not allow light to escape and do not allow a level of light that would attract insects to this area. In addition, the baffle structure 117 leaves only a 1-2 mm wide opening, too small to allow entry for a typical housefly and many other flying insects.

FIG. 10 illustrates a glue board 57 which can be used as the insect immobilization device within the trap. The glue board includes an adhesive side 132 and a non-adhesive side 134 where the adhesive side is designed to trap flying insects that land upon it. The adhesive 133 on the adhesive side 132 of the glue board 57 may be shiny to increase the emission of light through the opening 20. The glue board 57 may be placed on the support structure 32, shown in FIG. 2. Other options for the insect immobilization device include a sheet coated with a substance that is lethal to the insects upon ingestion, electrocution means, or other insect immobilization devices known in the art.

The insect trap 10 of the present invention has been discussed as having three separate housing components: a chassis 36, and upper housing 40 and a lower housing 44. In another embodiment of the present invention, the housing consists of two separate housing components: an alternative chassis and an upper housing. In this embodiment, the alternative chassis includes a lip portion that surrounds the support structure within the alternative chassis, similar to the way that the lip 56 of the lower housing 44 surrounds the support structure 32 in the embodiment illustrated in the accompanying Figures. In this alterative embodiment, the upper housing extends downwardly to overlap with the lip of the chassis that surrounds the support structure. Such an embodiment could have the same appearance as trap 10 in FIGS. 1-4, where the lower housing 44 would be integrally formed with the chassis 36 to form the alternative chassis that includes the features of the chassis 36 described above.

The insect trap shown in FIGS. 1-9 includes two ultraviolet light sources for producing insect attracting light and an insect attracting light pattern on the mounting surface. However, it is also possible and contemplated to provide only one light source or to provide more than two light sources. In determining the position of the light source or sources, it is a goal to optimize the light pattern on the mounting surface 14 for maximum insect attractancy. In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 5, the second light source 28 is positioned farther away from the back wall 58 than the first light source 24. This positioning is designed to decrease the ultraviolet radiation damage to the mounting surface by increasing the distance between the light source and the mounting surface. Other positions for two light sources are also possible, such as two light sources at the same height as the second light source 28, two light sources at the height of the first light source 24, or one or more light sources at an intermediate height.

The light source or light sources provided in the trap may be a source of ultraviolet light, such as common incandescent or fluorescent electrically driven light sources that can emit a broad spectrum of wavelengths, but are primarily optimized to emit ultraviolet light. For the purposes of this invention, ultraviolet light includes radiation having wavelengths that have been found to attract flying insect species, between about 4,000 Angstrom and about 400 Angstrom. The light sources commonly provide from about 0.5 to about 100 watts of light output, while preferably, the lights provide from about 0.5 to about 75 watts of light output. Preferred light sources are fluorescent bulbs having from about 1 to 40 watts per tube unit.

The housing of the insects trap can be manufactured in a variety of ways. Portions of the trap can be molded as a single piece from thermoplastic materials or can be assembled from flat or substantially planar components that are attached by common available fasteners to form the insect trap. In one embodiment, the chassis 36 includes the electrical components enclosed within a metal enclosure and surrounded by molded plastic parts to form the remainder of the chassis. The upper housing and lower housing may be single pieces constructed of molded plastic. The division of the upper and lower housing into separate pieces facilitates easier molding of these parts. In another embodiment, the chassis, upper housing and lower housing are made from molded plastic. The housing may be made from commonly available structural materials including thermoplastic such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate, metallic materials such as aluminum, magnesium or related alloys, wood or wood products, reinforced thermoplastics or thermosetting materials, paper board, pressed paper board, corrugated paper board, and others.

The use of the insect trap will now be described with reference to FIGS. 2 and 3. After installing the chassis 36 on a mounting surface 14, the upper housing 40 is attached to the chassis 36 at the hinges 52, 54 through openings 72, 74. A glue board 130 (FIG. 10) is placed on the support structure 32 when the upper housing 40 is tilted into the open position, or before the upper housing 40 is attached to the chassis 36. Light bulbs 24, 28, may also be installed in the chassis before or after the upper housing 40 is attached. Now referring to FIG. 6, the power cord 83 may be adjusted to the appropriate emerging length by winding the excess power cord 83 around power cord hooks 76, 78, positioning the power cord 83 within the power cord opening 92, and connecting the power cord 83 to an outlet. Again referring to FIG. 3, the lower housing 44 is then attached to the chassis 36.

Periodically, the glue board or other insect immobilization device will need to be replaced as its surface area will eventually be blocked by trapped insects. The light bulbs 24, 28 will also need to be periodically replaced. In order to replace the glue board or light bulbs, the user tilts the upper housing 40 into the open position. The user then removes the old glue board from the support structure 32, and replaces a new glue board onto the support structure 32 and may replace the light bulbs 24, 28. Then the upper housing 40 is tilted back into place in the closed position, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. In one embodiment, the upper housing 40 and the hinges 52, 54 are configured so that the upper housing 40 will remain in the open position without being retained there once it is placed in the upper position.

The various embodiments described are provided by way of illustration only and should not be construed to limit the invention. Those skilled in the art will readily recognize various modifications and changes which may be made to the present invention without strictly following the exemplary embodiments and application illustrated and described herein and without departing from the true spirit and scope of the present invention which is set forth in the following claims.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US944882Mar 6, 1909Dec 28, 1909George N BartlettFly-trap.
US970784Apr 20, 1909Sep 20, 1910Emil BoehmInsect-trap, especially for flies.
US1009580Mar 22, 1911Nov 21, 1911Winfield S RobinsonInsect-trap.
US1019410Jul 26, 1911Mar 5, 1912Ambrose B BakerFly-catcher for lamps.
US1280359Dec 1, 1911Oct 1, 1918Eugen AbreschDevice for removing injurious insects.
US1304397Jan 16, 1913May 20, 1919 Insect-trap
US1333454Sep 22, 1919Mar 9, 1920Natsuo SatoIlluminated aquarium
US1607413Jan 2, 1925Nov 16, 1926Edwin D TillsonLighting unit
US1732272Nov 11, 1927Oct 22, 1929Harry E LongCoin-operated vending machine
US1751130Aug 25, 1928Mar 18, 1930Cornelius William FInsect trap
US1820813Dec 4, 1929Aug 25, 1931William Loomis FrederickDevice for trapping and exterminating insects
US2177846Jun 8, 1935Oct 31, 1939Walter N StevensonElectric insect destroyer
US2286568Apr 3, 1941Jun 16, 1942Petry Albert CInsect destroyer
US2384930Apr 29, 1942Sep 18, 1945Kendrick Fayette DInsect trap
US2577436Nov 26, 1947Dec 4, 1951Ceifh Smith JoeTrap for flying insects
US2645877Dec 1, 1951Jul 21, 1953Pohlman William AInsect trap
US2731762Jun 1, 1954Jan 24, 1956Jones James FBug and mosquito catcher
US2786298Feb 21, 1955Mar 26, 1957Robert E BrooksFly trap
US2787083Nov 8, 1955Apr 2, 1957Jones James FBug and mosquito catcher
US2791864Jan 25, 1954May 14, 1957Chappell Bert CLamp carried trap for moths and other insects
US3023539Aug 15, 1960Mar 6, 1962Emerson Jr AlfredInsect trap
US3059373Jun 16, 1961Oct 23, 1962Gardner Mfg CoInsect killing lamp
US3187458Jan 27, 1964Jun 8, 1965Densmore Samuel PInsect exterminator
US3305965May 4, 1965Feb 28, 1967Cornell Iii Dudley ESuction type black light insect trap
US3346988Mar 1, 1965Oct 17, 1967Henry Simon Australia LtdElectrical insect catcher
US3348332Dec 23, 1965Oct 24, 1967I M S CorpUltra-violet light insect trap
US3465468Apr 28, 1967Sep 9, 1969Takamoto George SRadiant energy insect trap
US3491478Apr 1, 1968Jan 27, 1970Gilbert Electronics IncTraps for flying insects
US3513585Feb 17, 1969May 26, 1970Hall Ind IncInsect trap
US3540145Jul 31, 1967Nov 17, 1970Mcewen Norman SInsect exterminator
US3653145Dec 10, 1969Apr 4, 1972Whitmire Research Lab IncArt of controlling houseflies
US3685198Sep 11, 1970Aug 22, 1972Insect J Var CorpInsect attracting and destroying device
US3768196Dec 2, 1971Oct 30, 1973Rid O RayElectric fly killer
US3913259May 14, 1973Oct 21, 1975Earth Chemical CoComposition and device for capturing cockroaches
US3998000Aug 4, 1975Dec 21, 1976Gilbert Donald EElectrocution trap for insects
US4027151Nov 18, 1975May 31, 1977Crouse-Hinds CompanyLuminaire and reflector therefor
US4044494Mar 19, 1976Aug 30, 1977Zbigniew GrajnertTrap for flying insects and bugs
US4074457May 12, 1976Feb 21, 1978Kawaguchiko Seimitsu Co., Ltd.Insects catcher assembly
US4117624Jul 25, 1977Oct 3, 1978Pestolite, Inc.Insect trap
US4127961Mar 29, 1976Dec 5, 1978Pestolite Inc.Apparatus for entrapping insects
US4141173May 20, 1977Feb 27, 1979Weimert Joseph FFly catcher
US4147947Jan 31, 1978Apr 3, 1979Westinghouse Electric Corp.Fluorescent lamp with integral thermal-insulating plastic jacket
US4157629Apr 10, 1978Jun 12, 1979Ralph H. RomansInsect trap
US4212129Apr 23, 1979Jul 15, 1980Richard Dean RobertsInsect trap
US4229779May 19, 1978Oct 21, 1980International Telephone And Telegraph CorporationLuminaire with arcuate reflector
US4332100Jan 28, 1981Jun 1, 1982Pestolite, Inc.Flying insect trap
US4366643Nov 28, 1980Jan 4, 1983Boaz Virgil LInsect trap
US4411093Jun 17, 1981Oct 25, 1983Whitmire Research Laboratories, Inc.Insect lure
US4490937Jun 30, 1983Jan 1, 1985Amcor Ltd.Insect electrocution device
US4490938Jul 29, 1983Jan 1, 1985Baker Stanley ZFlytrap
US4577434Mar 18, 1985Mar 25, 1986Davis Mitchell FFlypaper trap
US4686789Dec 12, 1986Aug 18, 1987Williams Clarence OInsect trap
US4694604Jul 7, 1981Sep 22, 1987Mitchell Arthur WGas or vapor dispersing apparatus
US4696126May 1, 1986Sep 29, 1987S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Method of trapping flying insects
US4700506Aug 26, 1985Oct 20, 1987Happy Jack, Inc.Flea trap
US4829702Nov 5, 1986May 16, 1989Ake SilvanderssonInsect trap
US4841669Aug 17, 1988Jun 27, 1989S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Insect bait device
US4876822Apr 4, 1989Oct 31, 1989White James NFlying insect control unit using lights and adhesives
US4918856May 24, 1989Apr 24, 1990Olive Billy BInsect trap for fleas or the like
US4949501Oct 3, 1989Aug 21, 1990Larkin Edward FFlying insect trap
US4959923Apr 14, 1989Oct 2, 1990S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Electronic insect trap
US4979329Mar 8, 1990Dec 25, 1990Olive Billy BInsect trap for fleas or the like
US4992268Sep 6, 1988Feb 12, 1991The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of AgricultureNovel system for monitoring and controlling the papaya fruit fly
US4999754Nov 2, 1989Mar 12, 1991Gary Products Group, Inc.Decorative sconce assembly
US5044112Oct 1, 1990Sep 3, 1991Williams Clarence OFlea trap utilizing night-light
US5046280Apr 19, 1989Sep 10, 1991E. I. Du Pont De Nemours & CompanyTetrahydro-2-(nitromethylene)-2H-1,3-thiazine target; flies
US5090153Feb 25, 1991Feb 25, 1992Trece, Inc.Insect monitoring system
US5111610Sep 10, 1990May 12, 1992Morisset Bernard GInsect-killing device
USD77408Dec 5, 1927Jan 8, 1929 Frank b
USD80735May 15, 1928Mar 18, 1930 Abraham lazerson
USD81664Nov 27, 1929Jul 22, 1930 Kate rubins
USD109522Nov 14, 1936May 3, 1938 Design for a wall corner receptacle
USD110451Nov 11, 1937Jul 12, 1938 Design for a lighting fixtuse
USD128175Mar 24, 1941Jul 8, 1941 Design for a wall bracket
USD160809Jan 24, 1950Nov 7, 1950 Wall lamp
USD162345Oct 10, 1950Mar 6, 1951 Ozone-lamp fixture
USD221893Sep 10, 1970Sep 14, 1971 Battery powered lighting fixture for wall, ceiling or the like
USD225631Jun 10, 1971Dec 26, 1972 Light attracting adhesive insect trap
USD253606Aug 22, 1977Dec 4, 1979Amcor Ltd.Electric insect exterminator
USD269632Apr 27, 1981Jul 5, 1983Flintrol IncorporatedFlying insect trap
USD286206Feb 13, 1984Oct 14, 1986U.S. Philips CorporationLighting fixture
USD288247Jan 17, 1984Feb 10, 1987Artemide S.P.A.Wall lamp
USD292525Feb 11, 1985Oct 27, 1987Les Prismatiques, Inc.Sconce
USD292531Feb 11, 1985Oct 27, 1987Les Prismatiques, Inc.Wall lamp
USD298260Dec 27, 1985Oct 25, 1988Canon Kabushiki KaishaRange finding device for close-up
USD298360Jun 11, 1986Nov 1, 1988Cooper IndustriesWall sconce
USD298661Dec 23, 1985Nov 22, 1988Artemide S.P.A.Wall lamp
USD308260Apr 9, 1987May 29, 1990Sylvan R. Shemitz Associates, Inc.Wall mounted indirect lighting fixture
USD309791Jan 13, 1988Aug 7, 1990Zerbetto S.P.A.Wall lamp
USD309792Dec 5, 1988Aug 7, 1990Artemide S.P.A.Wall lamp
USD309795Jun 27, 1988Aug 7, 1990Annell Ljus och Form ABWall-mounted lamp
USD309972Jun 10, 1988Aug 14, 1990 Savings box or similar article
USD311256Dec 5, 1988Oct 9, 1990Artemide S.P.A.Wall lamp
USD316306Apr 9, 1987Apr 16, 1991Sylvan R. Shemitz Associates, Inc.Wall mounted indirect lighting fixture
USD319320Apr 24, 1990Aug 20, 1991Steelcase Inc.Wall mounted luminaire
USD320668Sep 25, 1989Oct 8, 1991 Wedge sconce
USD323906Mar 13, 1990Feb 11, 1992Flos, S.P.A.Wall lamp
USD324742Feb 21, 1990Mar 17, 1992Cooper Industries, Inc.Wall sconce
USD325954Apr 14, 1989May 5, 1992S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Insect trap
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1"Advantage Traps Flytraps, and interesting Fly Facts," http://www.flyfacts.com/HTML/uses.htm, 4 pgs. (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
2"DecoCatch(TM) ILT," http://www.wil-kil.com/business/popups/decocatchdetails.html, 1 pg. (Jun. 6, 2002).
3"Flying Insects Control: Part 2, A Profit Opportunity" A supplement to PCT Pest Control Technology Magazine, 24 pgs., (Jun. 1998).
4"Gardner Environmental Products, Product Catalog," Gardner Manufacturing, 8 pgs. (publicly known as early as Nov. 1994).
5"Gardner Insect Control," Gardner Manufacturing, http://www.gardnermfg.com/insect/, 20 pgs. (known to Applicant as of May 9. 2002).
6"Gilbert(R) Website Central," http://www.gilbertinc.com/, 29 pgs. (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
7"IES Lighting Handbook: Application Volume, Section 19" Edited by John E. Kaufman and Howard Haynes, Published by Illuminating Engineering Society Of North America, pp. 19-1-19-40 (1981).
8"IES Lighting Handbook: Application Volume, Section 19" Edited by John E. Kaufman and Jack F. Christensen, Published by Illuminating Engineering Society Of North America, pp. 19-1-19-41 (1987).
9"IES Lighting Handbook: The Standard Lighting Guide, Section 25" Edited by John E. Kaufman and Jack F. Christensen, Published by Illuminating Engineering Society, Fifth Edition, pp. 25-1-25-24 (1972).
10"IES Lighting Handbook: The Standard Lighting Guide, Sections 6, 10, 15 and 25" Edited by John E. Kaufman, Published by Illuminating Engineering Society, Fourth Edition, pp. 6-1-6-20; 10-1-10-30; 15-1-15-26; and 25-1-25-23 (1966).
11"Insect Control World-Insect Control and Fly Trap Devices by Restaurant Equipment," http://www.insectcontrolworld.com/, 6 pgs. (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
12"Insectu-O-Cutor Insect Control Products," http://www.germ-o-ray.com/iocpages/iocprods.html, 2 pgs. (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
13"No Zap Flytraps," http://www.amer-rest-equip.com/cci/cci<SUB>-</SUB>zap.html, 2 pgs. (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
14"Prescription Treatment Food Safety," Whitmire Micro-Gen Research Laboratories, Inc., 10 pgs. (Aug. 1999).
15"Product Catalog," Gardner Manufacturing Environmental Products Division, 8 pgs. (publicly known as early as Nov. 1994).
16"Selecting A Professional Flytrap," http://gilbertinc.com/gluetrap.htm, 5 pgs. (publicly known as early as Feb. 28, 2000).
17"Specifications Model 924 Flintrol," Gilbert Electronics, Inc., 1 pg. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
18"Stop 'um Silent Insect Containment Unit Zap 'em.," Gardner Manufacturing Company, 2 pgs. (1989).
19"Surface Lighting," Halo Lighting, 3 pgs. (1990).
20"The Fly Terminal(TM)," Frank Miller & Sons Inc., 2 pgs. (1993).
21"wil-kil.com: Focusing on Quality IPMI," http://www.wil-kil.com/index1024.html, 7 pgs. (Jun. 7, 2002).
22Advertisement, "Adhesive Insect Light Traps," Gardner Manufacturing, 2 pgs. (publicly known as early as Jan. 1, 1999).
23Advertisement, "Affordable Fly Control, Choose Your Weapon!," Anderson Environmental Systems, 1 pg. (publicly known as early as Nov. 1994).
24Advertisement, "Capture Flies in Style, "Diamond V" Wall Sconce/Insect Light Trap," Gardner Manufacturing, 2 pgs. (publicly known as early as Nov. 1998).
25Advertisement, "Flies: Stealth Fly Program," Ecolab Inc., 4 pgs. (2000).
26Advertisement, "Insect-O-Cuter(R)," www.pestcontrolmag.com Magazine, p. 16 (Apr. 2000).
27Advertisement, "Make A Million Little Problems Disappear," Ecolab Inc., 4 pgs. (1996).
28Advertisement, "Stop Fly Problems! Get the Mirage WS-50 decorative Fly Light," Gardner Manufacturing, 11 pgs. (publicly known as early as Nov. 1994).
29Advertisement, "Stop 'um," Gardner Manufacturing Co., 1 pg. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
30Advertisement, "The Fly Magnet," Ecolab(R), 2 pgs. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
31Advertisement, "The Mantis catches the small flies the others leave behind!," PestWest(TM) Flying Insect Solutions, 4 pgs, (Date Unknown).
32Advertisement, "They're attracted to food. They're attracted to light. They're attracted to other flies. The Insect Inn II(TM) is their fatal attraction," Paraclipse, Inc., 6 pgs. (1994).
33Advertisement, "WS-50 Adhesive Insect Light Trap," Gardner Manufacturing, 2 pgs. (publicly known as early as Nov. 1994).
34Advertisement, "WS-50," Gardner Manufacturing, 2 pgs. (publicly known as early as Nov. 1994).
35Advertisement, "WS-75, Adhesive Insect Light Trap," Gardner Manufacturing, 2 pgs. (publicly known as early as Jan. 1, 1999).
36Article, "Insect Traps For Use With Electric Radiant Energy Sources," Source Unknown, 4 pgs. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
37B & G Equipment Company, http://bgequip.com/, 5 pgs. (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
38Brochure, "Acurid Orkin Designer: Decorative Insect Light Trap," Orkin Acurid, 2 pgs. (publicly known after 1998 but prior to Oct. 5, 2001).
39Brochure, "Adhesive Insect Light Traps," Gardner Manufacturing, 8 pgs. (publicly known as early as Jan. 1, 1999).
40Brochure, "Adhesive Insect Light Traps," Orkin Acurid, 1 pg. (publicly known as early as Jan. 1, 1999).
41Brochure, "FICS: Flying Insect Control System: A Safe, Hygienic Answer To Flying Insects," Rentokil, 2 pgs, (Date Unknown).
42Brochure, "Fly Control for Restaurants," Gardner Manufacturing, 2 pgs. (publicly known as early as Jan. 1, 1999).
43Brochure, "Flying Venus Wall Sconce/Fly Trap," Gilbert Industries, Inc., 6 pgs. (publicly known after Jan. 4, 1993 but prior to Nov. 21, 1994).
44Brochure, "GT-200, We put fly control in a new light!," Source Unknown, 4 pgs. (publicly known as early as Nov. 1994).
45Brochure, "Guardian(R) Hanging Fly Trap: Glueboard Model GBH362," Insect-O-Cutor, 1 pg. (Sep. 1998).
46Brochure, "Introducing: The Lighted Fly Glue Trap. It's Outta Sight!," Catchmaster, 1 pg, (Date Unknown).
47Brochure, "Lunchtime, The Mantis," Pest West, B&W Sales & Marketing, 4 pgs. (1998).
48Brochure, "Luralite: Attractive Flying Insect Control," Luralite, 4 pgs., (1999).
49Brochure, "No-Zap Flytraps will control your flying insect problem!!! We Guarantee It!!!," CCI Industries, Inc., 4 pgs. (Apr. 1999).
50Brochure, "Paraclipse(TM) Terminator: A Fly's Worst Enemy," Paraclipse, Inc., 6 pgs. (1999).
51Brochure, "Sanitary, Effective Fly Control for Food Handling and Other Sensitive Areas," Vector Fly System, 18 pgs. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
52Brochure, "See the Light with Ecolab's Latest Weapon for Flying Insect Defense: The Fly Magnet," Ecolab Inc., 2 pgs. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
53Brochure, "The Insect Inn IV(TM) is their fatal attraction.," Paraclipse, Inc., 3 pgs. (1997).
54Brochure, "The Insect Inn IV(TM) is their fatal attraction.," Paraclipse, Inc., 6 pgs. (1999).
55Brochure, "The Lighted Fly Glue Trap. It's Outta Sight!," Catchmaster, 1 pg, (Date Unknown).
56Brochure, "The Orkin Commercial Fly Control System," Orkin, 2 pgs. (Jun. 1997).
57Brochure, "The Vector Fly System," Micro-Gen Equipment Corp., 10 pgs. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
58Brochure, "The Vector(TM) Fly System simply works better than other fly control options for food handling areas," Micro-Glen Equipment Corp., 6 pgs. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
59Brochure, "Venus Flylite(TM)," 6 pgs. (Jun. 1992).
60Brochure, "Venus Flylite(TM)," Atlantic Research & Development, Inc., 4 pgs. (1989).
61Brochure, "WIL-KIL Sheds Light on the Future of Fly Control," Wil-Kil Pest Control, 2 pgs, (Date Unknown).
62Brochure, "Zap Flying Insect Electrocuting Systems," Gardner Manufacturing Co., 6 pgs. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
63Brochure, "ZAP(R) Gardner Insect-Electrocutor Systems, 24-hour Automatic, Positive, Non-Chemical Fly & Insect Control," Gardner Manufacturing Co., Catalog No. 301, 8 pgs. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
64Brochure, "ZAP(R) Insect-Electrocutor 24-Hour Automatic, Positive, Non-Chemical Flying Insect Control," Gardner Manufacturing Co., 16 pgs. (1972).
65Brown, J., "A revolution in electronic fly traps," Journal of Environmental Health, pp. 267 (May/Jun. 1989).
66Catalog, "Boyd," Boyd Lighting Company, 11 pgs. (1987).
67Catalog, "Gardner Environmental Products: Insect Light Traps," Gardner Manufacturing, 8 pgs. (publicly known as early as Nov. 1994).
68Catalog, "Gardner Insect Light Traps," Gardner Manufacturing, 8 pgs. (publicly known as early as Jan. 1, 1999).
69Catalog, "Gilbert(R): Insect Light Traps," Don Gilbert Industries, Inc., 32 pgs. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
70Catalog, "Halo Surface Lighting," Halo Lighting, 7 pgs. (Jan. 1987).
71Catalog, "Insect Light Traps," Don Gilbert Industries, Inc., 16 pgs. (publicly known prior to Jan. 4, 1993).
72Catalog, "Progress Lighting Ideas," Progress Lighting, vol. 120, 5 pgs. (1990).
73Catalog, "Scott 1988 Supplement: Wall Fixtures by Scott(R)," Scott, 2 pgs. (1988).
74Catalog, "Surface Lighting," Halo Lighting, 5 pgs. (1990).
75Catalog, "The Complete Home Furnishings Catalog," Conran, 2 pgs. (Spring 1989).
76Catchmaster, http://www.catchmaster.com/, 14 pgs. (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
77Competitive Literature Review, "Electronics, adhesive offer sanitary fly control," Pest Control, 1 pg. (Nov. 1992).
78Country Vet, http://www.country-vet.com/indProduct.php4?itemNum=xxxxxxx, 1 pg. (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
79Fly Traps, http://www.flytrappers.com/luralite.htm, 2 pgs. (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
80Flyers, "Fly Control for Restaurants: Adhesive Insect Light Trap Placement Strategies for Food Areas," Gardner Manufacturing, 2 pgs. (Jul. 1999).
81Gilbert Insect Light Traps product literature, 16 pgs, (Date Unknown).
82Gilbert, D. et al., "Gilbert(R) Strategic Installation of Professional Flytraps," http://www.gilbertinc.com/strategi.htm, 4 pgs. (Nov. 2002).
83Hollingsworth, J. et al., "Effect of Components on Insect Light Trap Performance," Transactions of the ASAE, vol. 15, No. 5, 4 pgs. (1971).
84Interior Design Magazine, 2 pgs. (Apr. 1991).
85Interior Design Magazine, 2 pgs. (Jul. 1991).
86Interior Design Magazine, 2 pgs. (Jun. 1991).
87Interior Design Magazine, 3 pgs. (May 1990).
88Interior Design Magazine, 3 pgs. (Sep. 1991).
89I-O-C(TM) Insect-O-Cutor product literature, 8 pgs, (Date Unknown).
90Luralite, http://www.bugspray.com/catalog/products/page 1442.html, 2 pgs (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
91Manual, "Vector System," Micro-Gen Equipment Corp., pp. 1-9 (Oct. 1991).
92Pickens, L. et al., "Design Parameters That Affect the Performance of UV-emitting Traps in Attracting house Flies (Diptera: Muscidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 79, No. 4, pp. 1003-1009 (Aug. 1986).
93Price List, "Fly Killer Retail Price List," P & L Systems LLC, 1 pg. (publicly known after Jan. 4, 1993, but prior to Nov. 21, 1994).
94Shaheen, L., "Light Traps Spark Focus On Prevention," Pest Control, 2 pgs. (Date Unknown, between May 1992 and May 1999).
95Sudjic, D., "The Lighting Book: A Complete Guide To Lighting Your Home," Crown Publishers, Inc., 16 pgs. (1985).
96Various Internet pages of manufacturers who sell Gardner products, 80 pgs. (Jan. 2000).
97Various Web Pages of manufacturers in the industry, 26 pgs. (known to Applicant as of Aug. 26, 2002).
98Weidhaas, D. et al., "Insect Electrocuting Light Trap Research, First Edition," Don Gilbert Industries, Inc., pp. 1-96 (Aug. 1988).
99Winona Light Internet Catalog of Wall Scones, www.artemide.com/cgi/page<SUB>-</SUB>ds.php?fam & pro & lan=2&lin=4&vet=0, www.lightwayind.com; www.visalighting.com, and www.winoalighting.com, 28 pgs. (known to Applicant as of Mar. 2000).
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7757432 *Jul 9, 2006Jul 20, 2010Gunderman Jr Robert DaleElectronic carpenter bee trap
US8341874 *Jul 8, 2010Jan 1, 2013Gardner Manufacturing Co., Inc.Pest control device with glueboard guide
US8572890 *Oct 30, 2007Nov 5, 2013Ecolab Usa Inc.Insect trap
US8739461 *Mar 26, 2012Jun 3, 2014Bruce R. StuderPest control device with glueboard guide
US20120005947 *Jul 8, 2010Jan 12, 2012Gardner Manufacturing Co.,Inc.Pest Control Device with Glueboard Guide
US20120174470 *Mar 26, 2012Jul 12, 2012Gardner Manufacturing Co., Inc.Pest control device with glueboard guide
Classifications
U.S. Classification43/113, 43/114
International ClassificationA01M1/14, A01M1/04
Cooperative ClassificationA01M1/145, A01M2200/012
European ClassificationA01M1/14B
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 23, 2011FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4