US 729453 A
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TOY CANNON. MAN 15 1901; RNNEWEU No. 729,f153. Y
PATENT Patented May 26, 1903.
EDjwvIN No.' TUTTLE, oE BEVERLY, MAssAonu-sn'rrs.
sPEc'IEIoAT'roN forming part of Letters Patent No. 'vzegsefated Mairies, 1903. Applicantnarnmhi,1901. Renewed April 7, 1903. seria Nqgientee. (No model.)
.To all whom, t con/cern:
Be iteknown that IQEDWN NJIUTTLE, a citi-l zen ot' the United States of. America, residi n g1 at Beverly, county oltrEs'sex, Commonwealth'A of Massachusetts., have invented certain Im-V provements in Toy Cannon, 'of which the if'olj lo win`g,1read in connection with the accom panying drawings, is Va specitication.
In the `drawings,1Fi'.,rure l :is a side eleva-j` tion showing my invention, and Fig. 2 isjal longitudinal central section. e A
' In carrying o utv'tliisV invention the cannonbody 2 .is provided with a longitudinal bore,
in the present instance formed of the section 3, and a section l of reduced diameter, where-,
by is formed the shoulder 5. The plunger has a section 7, fitting, approximately, in the section 3 of said longitudinal bore, and on the plunger is a spiral spring S, having one end bearing on the-plungersection 7 and the other on a bushing 9.Y The'projectiles 10 are introduced into the vsection* 4 of Vsaidbore through a side opening `12, around which is litted a magazinef'case 14,' adapted for holding a plurality of saidprojectiles piled one upon another, the bottom one normally resting on section 16 of said plunger. (See Fig. 2.) The plunger'is of such a length lthat it projects rearwardly through the integral'body portion of the cannomand to this outer extension is secured a knob or handle 15, by means of which the plunger is withdrawn when it is desiredltopropel a projectile.
In operation the gunner Vlays hold of the ball end of the plungerand draws it backward. In this operationthe spring 8 becomes contracted or compressed, and the section 16 of the plunger is withdrawn from under the projectiles, whereupon vvthe projectiles drop down to a position Ywhere the bottom one stands in line with the outer end of section 16 of the` plunger. The plunger is now released and is driven forwardly by spring 8 for discharging the projectile. The enlarged section 7 of the-plunger going forwardly brings up against the 'shoulder 5. vand with its section 16 again under the body ot' said projectiles already for the next operation. The section 16 of said plunger should be cut away or made smaller in diameter than the projectile used in order to avoid the possibility of en'- gaging with the end of a projectile adjacent l to the one being discharged .but another and j more .important reason for this is that it supportsfthe projectile at a lower level, which loprajtesfto prevent the projectile from being ljtilted Ytoo much'while'the 'plunger is being The bore of the cannon isprovided with a fmetallic bushing gfwliidh aords a smooth `ex't for the projectile and'is a great advanmageY over the plain'wooden bore heretofore in `Iusie, which bore was "-liable' to indentation caused by contact o 'tjth'e expelled projectiles therewith. l
I'claim- 1. 'A'cannon provided with supports on which the cannoninay be swung, a bore in the cannon and a magazine communicating with the bore, of a tension-actuated plunger adapted to reciprocateiin'the bore, the plunger provided with a reduced front section, a central enlarged section and a mainv rear section, the main section adapted to project rearwardly outside of the cannon and means on the rearward extension whereby to directly operate the plunger. 7
2. Acannon provided with'a bore andamagazine containing projectiles communicating therewith, of a plunger providedwith a reduced front end adapted to project under the magazine, a bushing providedat Ythe rear of the cannon, the plunger of sucha' length as to extend therethrough and outside of the cannon, and means o'nfthe extension whereby to directly operate the'plunger.
3. A cannon provided witha bore and a magazine communicating therewith, of a plunger provided with an enlarged section, and adapted to reciprocate in the bore, the plunger of such a length as to extend rearwardly outside of the bore 0f the cannon, a bushing through which the plunger projectsa tension device, one end ot' which bears againstthe bushing and the other end bearing against the enlarged section and means on the extended end of the plunger whereby to withdraw the latter to the limit of its backward movement against the bore of the tension device.
4. A cannon provided with a bore, a magazine communicating with the bore, and a lining in the bore extending to a point therein behind the magazine, of a tension-actuated IOC) provided with an enlarged section adapted to abutagainst the inner end of the lining whereby the movement of the plunger is limited in one direction.
5. A cannon provided with a bore, a magazine in communication therewith, and a tension-actuated plungeroperatinginthebore,the plunger having ar reduced end adapted to lie under the magazine, an enlarged section adjoining this reduced end, and a stop adapted to be engaged by the enlarged section whereby to limit the movement of the plunger in one direction.
6. In a cannon provided with a bore having a lining therein, the combination with a skeleton magazine composed of plates or guides surrounding an elongated opening leading to the bore of the cannon, of a plunger provided with a reduced section lying beneath the opening and adapted to receive a projectile thereon, an enlarged section adjoining the reduced section and adapted to abut against the lining whereby to limit the movement of the plunger in one direction, the main section of the plunger adapted to extend rearwardly through and outside of the cannon', a spring adapted to be compressed between the enlarged central section of the plunger and the rear of the cannon,and means secured to the extended rear end of the plunger whereby to withdraw the plunger to its extreme limit of movement.
7. In a cannon provided with a bore having a lining therein, the combination with a skeleton magazine composed of plates or guides surrounding an elongated opening leading to the bore of the cannon, of a plunger provided 'with a reduced section lying beneath the opening and adapted to receive a projectile thereon, an enlarged section adjoining the reduced section and adapted to abut against the 1ining whereby to limit the' movement of the plunger in one direction, the main section of the plunger adapted to extend rearwardly through and outside of the cannon, a bushing in the end of the cannon through which the plunger extends, a spring adapted to be compressed between the enlarged central section of the plunger and the bushing, and means secured to the extended rear end of the plunger whereby to withdraw the plunger to its extreme limit of movement.
8. A cannonprovided with a bore, a magazine communicating therewith, a plunger located and operating in the bore, tension means surrounding the plunger to actuate it in one direction whereby to propel projectiles dropping into the bore from the magazine, the bore provided with a smooth metallic bushing whereby to reduce friction to a minimum and protect the material of which the cannon is composed.
Signed by me at Lynn, Massachusetts, this 14th day of March, 1901.
EDWIN N. TUT"LE.
C. B. TUTTLE, A. M. TUTTLE.