|Publication number||US7295441 B1|
|Application number||US 11/383,168|
|Publication date||Nov 13, 2007|
|Filing date||May 12, 2006|
|Priority date||May 12, 2006|
|Also published as||US20070263362|
|Publication number||11383168, 383168, US 7295441 B1, US 7295441B1, US-B1-7295441, US7295441 B1, US7295441B1|
|Inventors||Tse-Hsine Laio, Ting-Kuo Kao|
|Original Assignee||Giga-Gyte Technology Co. Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (15), Classifications (26), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a heat dissipating type printed circuit board and its structure for conducting heat with a heat pipe, and more particularly to a thermal conducting structure connected to a printed circuit board for providing high-performance heat dissipations for the printed circuit board and conducting heat with a heat pipe.
2. Description of Prior Art
To enhance the heat dissipating effect of a printed circuit board (PCB), most printed circuit boards add heat dissipating holes, electroplate metal films, install metal lumps on the backside of the printed circuit boards, or directly coat a heat dissipating paste onto the printed circuit boards for dissipating heat.
Regardless of which one of the foregoing methods is used to provide the required heat dissipation function for the printed circuit boards, the best this method can do is to conduct the heat energy produced by an electronic component to a heat dissipating hole, a metal film, a metal lump or a heat dissipating paste, but it cannot provide an effective heat path to conduct the heat to a farther end. Such arrangement only increases the temperature of surrounding air, so that when the heat keeps increasing, the temperature of the air around the printed circuit board will be affected. Once the temperature of air and the heat dissipating structure of the printed circuit board reach a thermal equilibrium, the thermal conducting performance and the heat dissipating effect of the printed circuit board drop gradually and affect the electronic components indirectly.
In view of the foregoing shortcomings of the prior art, the inventor of the present invention based on years of experience in the related industry to conduct experiments and modifications, and finally designed a feasible solution to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art.
The present invention is to overcome the shortcomings of the prior art by providing a heat dissipating type printed circuit board and its structure for conducting heat with a heat pipe, so as to effectively solve the heat dissipating problem of the printed circuit boards. The invention connects a heat pipe to the printed circuit board for conducting heat and effectively lowers the temperature of the printed circuit board and its electronic components and also allows the electronic components to operate under a permissible operating temperature and maintain a stable operation of an electronic system.
The present invention provides a heat dissipating type printed circuit board, comprising a substrate, a heat dissipating layer and at least one heat pipe. The substrate has a signal circuit disposed on a surface of the substrate and electrically coupled to an electronic component. The heat dissipating layer is disposed on another surface of the substrate. The heat pipe has a heated end, and a condensing end extended from the heated end. The substrate includes a through hole passing through the heat dissipating layer and an adhering layer disposed on the heat dissipating layer proximate to the surroundings of the heat pipe and a distal end of the heated end of the heat pipe is covered by the adhering layer, and the adhering layer is extended from the heat dissipating layer to a corresponding position of the electronic component.
The present invention provides a structure of a printed circuit board for conducting heat with a heat pipe, comprising a printed circuit board and at least one heat pipe. The printed circuit board has a substrate, a signal circuit disposed on a surface of the substrate, a heat dissipating layer disposed on another surface of the substrate, and a through hole disposed on the substrate and passing through the heat dissipating layer. The heat pipe has a heated end passing through the through hole of the substrate, and a distal end of the heated end being protruded out from the heat dissipating layer. The heat dissipating layer includes an adhering layer disposed on a surface proximate to the surroundings of the heat pipe, and the distal end of the heated end of the heat pipe is covered by the adhering layer.
The features of the invention believed to be novel are set forth with particularity in the appended claims. The invention itself however may be best understood by reference to the following detailed description of the invention, which describes certain exemplary embodiments of the invention, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
The technical characteristics, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent in the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, the drawings are provided for reference and illustration only and are not intended for limiting the scope of the invention.
The invention connects the printed circuit board 1 and a heat pipe 2 for conducting heat, and the heat accumulated at the heat dissipating layer 11 can be dissipated by the high thermal conductivity of the heat pipe 2. The heat pipe 2 is a heat conducting component with a high thermal conducting power, a fast heat transfer and a high thermal conductivity, and also can transfer a great deal of heat energy without consuming much electric power, thus heat pipes have become an extensively used component for dissipating heat for present electronic products. The general principle of a heat pipe 2 mainly installs a wick structure on the internal wall of the heat pipe, and the pipe is in a vacuum state. The wick structure could be a woven net or a sintered powder capable of performing a capillary action. With the capillary action of the wick structure, a working fluid in the heat pipe can be transmitted easily. If an end of the heat pipe is heated, the working fluid in the heat pipe will be heated as well, and the working fluid will change its liquid phase into a gas phase. The heat energy absorbed by the working fluid is conducted to another end of the heated end and another end is cooled to convert the gas phase back to the liquid phase. In the meantime, the capillary action produced by the wick structure drives the working fluid in a liquid phase back to the heated end of the heat pipe for performing heat exchanges repeatedly.
To increase the contact area between the heat pipe 2 and the substrate 10, the wall of the through hole 100 includes a layer of thermal conducting medium disposed between the heat pipe 2 and the substrate 10 as shown in
With the foregoing structure, the heat dissipating type printed circuit board and its structure for conducting heat with a heat pipe can be accomplished.
Therefore, the heat dissipating type printed circuit board and its structure for conducting heat with a heat pipe in accordance with the invention can improve the heat dissipation for a printed circuit board 1, and they can be designed together with a casing of an electronic product, so that the heat produced by the printed circuit board 1 and its electronic components 14 can be conducted to the outside. In
In summation of the above description, the invention herein enhances the performance than the conventional structure and further complies with the patent application requirements.
The present invention are illustrated with reference to the preferred embodiment and not intended to limit the patent scope of the present invention. Various substitutions and modifications have suggested in the foregoing description, and other will occur to those of ordinary skill in the art. Therefore, all such substitutions and modifications are intended to be embraced within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||361/719, 165/80.4, 165/80.5, 165/80.3, 257/715, 361/702, 361/720, 257/E23.105, 361/701, 257/E23.088, 257/714, 257/713, 361/700|
|Cooperative Classification||H05K1/0209, H05K2203/044, H05K2201/10166, H01L23/3677, H05K2201/09781, H05K3/3447, H01L23/427, H05K1/0206, H01L2924/0002|
|European Classification||H05K1/02B2E, H01L23/427, H05K1/02B2B2|
|May 23, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GIGA-BYTE TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD., TAIWAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:LIAO, TSE-HSIN;KAO, TING-KUO;REEL/FRAME:017662/0530
Effective date: 20060421
|Apr 29, 2008||CC||Certificate of correction|
|May 9, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 6, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8