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Publication numberUS729835 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 2, 1903
Filing dateOct 3, 1902
Priority dateOct 3, 1902
Publication numberUS 729835 A, US 729835A, US-A-729835, US729835 A, US729835A
InventorsGeorge S Barnes, Stanley Ruffin
Original AssigneeGeorge S Barnes, Stanley Ruffin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bottle-stopper.
US 729835 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

BOTTLE STOPPER.

PPLIOATIOI FILED 00T. 3, 190.2.

N0 MODIEL.

and STANLEYRUFFIN, citizens of the United lar grooves of suilcient depth and distance Nrrnn STATES Patented June2, 1903.

PATENT OFFICE.

BOTTLE-STOPPER.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 729,835, dated June 2, 1903.

Application iiled October 3, 1902.

T0 a/ZZ whom, it may concern:

Be it known that we, `GEORGE S. BARNEs States, residing at Boston, in the county of Suffolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Stoppers, of which the following is a specication.

The object of this invention is to provide a stopper for bottles and the like which shall be cheap and durable in construction and easily applied to or removed from a bottle.

The invention consists in a stopper formed of non-resilient material, the periphery of the stopper being provided with a series of annuapart to render the periphery of said stopper resilient. A

The invention again consists in astopper formed of a single piece fof wood with the grain of the wood running transversely of the length of the stopper, the periphery of the stopper being provided with a series of annular grooves of sufficient depth and distance apart to render the portion of the periphery of the stopper between said grooves resilient.

The invention further consists in a stopper of the combination and arrangement of parts set forth in the following specification, and particularly pointed out in the claims thereof.

Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of a stopper constructed in accordance with our invention.` Fig. 2 is a central longitudinal section thereof. Fig. 3 is a transverse section taken on line 3 3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a section similar to Fig. 2, showing the stopper inserted in the neck of a bottle, said bottle being broken away to save space in the drawings. i

In the drawings, 6 is the body of the stopper.

7 7 are annular grooves arranged in pal-, allel planes and of sufficient depth to leave therebetween flexible rings 8 S, said grooves and rings being rectangular in cross-section.

It will be understood that in our improved stopper the grain of the wood runs transversely of the length of the stopper, so that when the stopper is forced into the neck of the bottle the rings 8 8 will spring upwardly one after the other as the stopper is forced Serial No. 125,754 (No model.)

into the neck of thefbottle, as illustrated in Fig. 4, without cracking or breaking said rings from the main body 6 of the stopper. The grain of the wood running transversely of the stopper also fulfils another functionviz., it prevents the gases inclosed in a bottle from passing through the stopper, as would be the case if the stopper were made of wood with the grain running longitudinally thereof.

In stoppers which are not used for bottles containing gases under high pressure we prefer to provide a Wire 9, which extends longitudinally through the center of the stopper and is turned over at the lower end, as at 10, to prevent the same being pulled out of the stopper. At the upper end of the wire an eye or loop 1l is formed, by means of which the stopper may be removed from the bottle by inserting through the eye a piece of wire or any convenient article and pulling thereon. In Stoppers which are used for bottles containing gases under high pressure the wire 9 is omitted and the body of the stopper left solid.

To remove Stoppers of this class from the neck of the bottle, an ordinary corkscrew may be inserted, as in Stoppers of cork. The insertion of the corkscrew in the body of the stopper is rendered possible and practical by reason of the flexible rings S yielding suinciently to allow the wood displaced by the corkscrew to be forced radially outward from the .center of the stopper.

` It will be understood that the stopper hereinbefore described is preferably made of soft wood.

In addition to the advantages hereinbefore set forthsecured by making the stopper with the grain of the wood running transversely thereof it` will be understood that Stoppers constructed with the grain of the Wood running transversely do not shrink or swell laterally.

It will be seen and understood that the stopper hereinbefore described is made from nonresilient material, said material being made resilient by introducing the annular grooves of sufficient number and depth to render the periphery of the stopper resilient, and while we prefer to use a wooden stopper with the grain running transversely thereof we do not ICO wish to be understood as limiting ourselves to this specic construction, as itis evident that a stopper made of non-resilient material and provided with annular grooves of suicient depth and distance apart to render the periphery of the stopper resilient would not depart from the spirit of our invention.

Having thus described our invention, What we claim, and desire by Letters Patent to secure, is-

l. As an improved article of manufacture, a stopper formed of non-resilient material, said stopper provided upon its periphery with a series of annular grooves of sufficient depth and distance apart to render the periphery of said stopper,Y resilient.

2. As an improved article of manufacture, a stopper formedof a single piece of wood, the grain of the wood extending transversely thereof, said stopper provided upon its periphery with a series of annular grooves of suflicient depth and distance apart to render the periphery of said stopper resilient.

3. As an improved article ,of manufacture, a stopper formed of a single piece of wood, the grain of the wood extending transversely thereof, said stopper provided upon its periphery with a `series of annular grooves, said grooves of suliicient depth and distance apart to form flexible aunularriugs therebetween upon said periphery.

4. As au improved article of manufacture,

a stopper formed of a single piece of wood, the grain of the Wood extending transversely thereof, said stopper provided upon its periphery with a' series of annular grooves of uniform Width and depth and of a sufficient distance apart to render the periphery of said stopper resilient.

5. As an improved article of manufacture, a stopper formed of a single piece of wood, the grain of the wood extending transversely thereof, said stopper provided upon its periphery with a series of annular rectangular grooves of suliieient distance apart to render the periphery of said stopper resilient.

6. As an improved article of manufacture, a stopper formed of a single piece of Wood, the grain of the wood extending transversely thereof, said stopper provided upon its periphery with a series of annular grooves of sufficient depth and distance apart to render the periphery' of said stopper resilient, and a wire extending longitudinally therethrough and projecting therebeyond at one end to form a handle.

In testimony whereof We have hereunto set our hands in presence of two subscribing witnesses.

GEORGE S. BARNES. STANLEY RUFFIN.

Witnesses:

CHARLES S. GooDINe, ANNIE J. DAILEY.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2634088 *Aug 28, 1946Apr 7, 1953Rockwell Mfg CoBreather valve
US2644183 *Apr 27, 1949Jul 7, 1953Kellett Leo LBrush stripper attachment for liquid containers
US2770443 *Feb 12, 1949Nov 13, 1956Magic Seal IncMultiple seal valve
US2885949 *Mar 7, 1955May 12, 1959Wilbur Curtis Company IncConnecting and sealing means for coffee-brewing apparatus
US2907466 *May 8, 1957Oct 6, 1959Raymond R BeddowRemovable filter device for funnels
US2912999 *Jul 18, 1955Nov 17, 1959Kersh Ronald CFluid check valve
US3081877 *Aug 19, 1958Mar 19, 1963Steinmueller Gmbh L & CFilter nozzle
US3592245 *Sep 24, 1968Jul 13, 1971American Home ProdUniversal dispensing device for intravenous medications
US5306290 *Feb 12, 1993Apr 26, 1994Mitek Surgical Products, Inc.Suture button
US5795337 *Apr 10, 1996Aug 18, 1998Becton Dickinson And CompanySyringe assembly and syringe stopper
US7490629 *Sep 14, 2006Feb 17, 2009Linda WilliamsPlug kit
US8689717Nov 25, 2009Apr 8, 2014Artelier Studio LLCEmergency repair plug to slow down water inflow through an opening
US8833398 *Jan 30, 2012Sep 16, 2014Clean Planet Mfg. & Labs, Inc.Environmentally-friendly hose plug
US20120192980 *Jan 30, 2012Aug 2, 2012James WilliamsEnvironmentally-friendly Hose Plug
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB65D39/16