|Publication number||US7299041 B2|
|Application number||US 10/065,257|
|Publication date||Nov 20, 2007|
|Filing date||Sep 30, 2002|
|Priority date||Sep 30, 2002|
|Also published as||CN1666557A, CN100450265C, DE60331932D1, EP1547422A1, EP1547422B1, US20040063427, WO2004032560A1|
|Publication number||065257, 10065257, US 7299041 B2, US 7299041B2, US-B2-7299041, US7299041 B2, US7299041B2|
|Inventors||Murali Narasimha, Urban Hakansson|
|Original Assignee||Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications Ab|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (26), Non-Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (4), Classifications (11), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to communications and more particularly to a method and device of selecting a communication system in a grey zone or the like.
Mobile communication systems, such as code division multiple access (CDMA) cellular communication systems and the like, may be limited in capacity by the mobile station or mobile terminal to base station communication path or link or the reverse link. As the number of mobile stations in a cell of a cellular mobile communication system increases, the quality of communications degrades in the reverse link more quickly than degradation in the forward link or communication path from the base station to the mobile station. The mobile station may be able to receive pages on the forward link, but a page response or access attempt on the reverse link may fail because of interference from other mobile stations communicating within the cell. This may be referred to as a grey zone condition. Under such conditions, the mobile station may not have sufficient signal strength or transmit power level on the forward link to hold on to a paging channel to which it is tuned. The paging channel could be temporarily lost but not for such a time period that the mobile station determines that the system may be lost and that a system reselection process needs to occur. The mobile station temporarily losing the paging channel can result in the mobile station failing to receive incoming calls. Although the mobile station senses the availability of service and a sufficiently strong signal, the mobile station may be unable to receive or respond to a page. Outgoing calls may also fail. If the forward link is such that receipt of the paging channel by the mobile station is frequently interrupted, there is a very high likelihood that an access attempt on the reverse link will fail and eventually the system may be lost. The grey zone condition described above can occur when a mobile station first powers up and acquires a most preferred system from a preferred roaming list (PRL) or the mobile station moves or roams into a cell or area and experiences the grey zone condition.
Accordingly, there is a need to provide a method and communication device to avoid the grey zone condition. Additionally, there is a need to provide a method and communication device to facilitate selecting another communication channel or system when a mobile station acquires a most preferred system with frequent interruptions in the forward link or when the mobile station moves or roams into a grey zone condition.
In accordance with an embodiment of the present invention, a method of selecting a communication system may include receiving at least a quality indicator for a channel. Any channels on a channel scan list may be scanned in response to at least the quality indicator of the channel being below a predetermined threshold value, and another channel from the channel scan list may be acquired in response to the other channel having at least the quality indicator greater than or equal to the predetermined threshold value.
In accordance with another embodiment of the present invention, a method of selecting a communication system includes monitoring an EC/IO (ratio of chip energy to interference energy) of a CDMA pilot channel. Any channels on a channel scan list may be scanned to acquire another communication system in response to the EC/IO of the CDMA pilot channel remaining below a predetermined threshold for a predetermined period of time.
In accordance with a further embodiment of the present invention, a communication device includes a receiver to receive at least a quality indicator for a channel, a channel scan list and a microprocessor. The microprocessor may be adapted to cause scanning of any channels in the channel scan list in response to at least the quality indicator of the channel being below a predetermined threshold value. The microprocessor may be further adapted to acquire another channel from the channel scan list in response to the other channel having at least the quality indicator greater than the predetermined threshold value.
In accordance with a further embodiment of the present invention, a computer-readable medium having computer-executable instructions for performing a method is provided. The method may include receiving at least a quality indicator for a channel. Any channels on a channel scan list may be scanned in response to at least the quality indicator of the channel being below a predetermined threshold value; and another channel from the channel scan list may be acquired in response to the other channel having at least a quality indicator greater than or equal to the predetermined threshold value.
The following detailed description of preferred embodiments refers to the accompanying drawings which illustrate specific embodiments of the invention. Other embodiments having different structures and operations do not depart from the scope of the present invention.
The communication device 100 may have an operator or user interface 102 (
The grey zone list 116 may include those channels or systems that are evaluated by the communication device 100 as possibly causing a grey zone condition or whose operating parameters or indicators of communication quality or reliability may fall below predetermined threshold values or a grey zone threshold value. Examples of such communication quality indicators or reliability indicators may include received chip energy to interference noise ratio (EC/IO) of a pilot channel, received signal strength indicator (RSSI) or the like. The grey zone channel list 116 may include a record of the channel number and frequency of any channels placed on the grey zone list 116. An EC/IO, RSSI or other communication quality indicator or parameter associated with the channel may also be recorded on the list 116.
In a CDMA communication system, each bit of digital information or data may be coded into multiple chips of radio frequency energy that are transmitted over-the-air. Hence the chip energy to interference noise energy ratio (EC/IO) of a CDMA pilot channel is a measure or indicator of the communication quality or reliability of the CDMA system for the geographical location where the communication device 100 may be located at the time. The grey zone list 116 is a dynamic list because the communication device 100 may move from one geographical location to another and the conditions of the communication environment can differ from one location to another and over time as more or fewer communication devices communicate on a particular base station. When identification information for a channel is added to the grey zone channel list 116, a timing parameter may be associated with the channel in the list 116. The list 116 may be reviewed at selected time intervals and any channels with an expired timing parameter may be removed from the list 116 and made available for acquisition. Accordingly, channels in the grey zone channel list 116 may have a settable life during which they remain in the list 116. Grey zone behavior or conditions are dynamic and can vary with both time and geography. Setting the duration that a channel remains on the grey zone channel list 116 enables the communication device 100 to reacquire a more preferred communication system or channel that may have been placed in the grey zone list 116 because of a grey zone condition at a particular time or location of the device 100.
The predetermined threshold values or grey zone threshold values may be programmed into the communication device 100 at the time of manufacture or at any time. A communication service provider or carrier may program or reprogram the predetermined threshold values or grey zone threshold values by using known handset programming tools. Enhancements may be made to the over-the-air provisioning or programming standards to permit such threshold values or parameters to be programmed over-the-air.
The channel scan list 118 may include a group of channels for systems available in a geographical area that the communication device 100 can scan to initially acquire service in the geographical area, or to look for a new system or channel with better communication parameters or performance characteristics. For example, after the communication device 100 determines that it is in a possible grey zone, the communication device 100 may build the channel scan list 118 to look for a channel of an alternative system.
The communication device 100 may also include a hysteresis timer 119 or the like (
Ec/IO, received signal strength or other indicator may vary rapidly as the communication device 100 moves about. Accordingly, confirming that EC/IO received signal strength or other quality indicator consistently remains below the predetermined threshold for the predetermined time period prevents the communication device 100 from hopping between channels each time EC/IO or other quality indicator may momentarily fall below the threshold value.
The communication device 100 may also include an initial acquisition scan timer 120 (
The hysteresis timer 119 and the initial acquisition scan timer 120 may each be programmed during manufacturing or at any other time. A communication service provider or carrier may program or reprogram the hysteresis timer 119 and the initial acquisition scan timer 120 by using known handset programming tools, such as over-the-air programming or the like.
The user interface 102 may also include a microphone 121 and a speaker 122. The microphone 121 may be connected to a transmitter 124 to convert audio signals from a subscriber into pulse code modulated (PCM) signals for transmission over the air. The transmitter 124 may include an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) 126 connected to the microphone 120 and the ADC 126 may be connected to a variable rate speech coder 128. The variable rate speech coder 128 may compress the digital signals from the ADC 126 into blocks of data. The variable rate speech coder 128 may be connected to a channel coder 130 that may perform a ⅓ rate convolutional coding of the signal blocks, add control information and interleave the blocks to produce a baseband data signal. The baseband data signal may be applied to a channel spreader 132 (
A radio signal received by the antenna assembly 142 may be down converted by a receiver 144 (
The base station 208B of the first communication system 200 may provide wireless or cellular communications to communication devices or mobile stations 218 located within a smaller geographical area 220 within the larger geographical area 204. The smaller geographical area 220 may be referred to as a cell. The base station 216B of the second communication system 202 may provide cellular communications to mobile stations 218 within another cell 222. Each of the mobile stations 218 may be similar to the communication device 100 in
The cells 220 and 222 may overlap or may have a substantially similar footprint or coverage area. The first communication system 200 may be a CDMA communication system operating around the 800 MHz band and the second communication system 202 may be a CDMA communication system operating around the 1900 MHz band. When a mobile station 218 moves into the cell 220 or first powers-up, the mobile station 218 will perform an initial acquisition scan to obtain wireless communications within the geographical area of cell 220. The mobile station 218 may scan for communication channels of systems serving the cell 220 according to a preferred roaming list, such as list 114 in
If the received signal in block 304 is less than the predetermined threshold value or grey zone threshold value in block 306, the method 300 may advance to block 310 and a hysteresis timer or the like may be started. The hysteresis timer may be the same as the timer 119 in
Under some circumstances, a system may send a global action message, service redirection message or the like to a mobile station to inform the mobile station that CDMA service or other communication service is available on a specific channel. If that channel is in the grey zone channel list of the mobile station, the mobile station may be programmed to not attempt to acquire communication service on that channel.
After adding the current channel to the grey zone channel list in block 318, an initial scan timer, such as initial scan timer 120 in
In block 324 the communication device 100 or mobile station 218 may scan any channels in the channel scan list to acquire an alternate channel with a pilot EC/IO signal or other quality indicator signal greater than or equal to the predetermined threshold value. The communication device 100 may scan any channels in the channel scan list in a selected order, such as scanning the preferred roaming list 114 (
If the communication device 100 or mobile station 218 receives or initiates a call during the scanning process or prior to acquiring a new channel, the communication device 100 or mobile station 218 may conduct an initial acquisition scan upon call release. An initial acquisition scan is a more complete scan similar to that performed when the communication device 100 first powers-up. The initial acquisition scan may include all channels that the device 100 has most recently used including any channels in the grey zone channel list 116 because during the phone call, the communication device 100 may have moved and the communication environment may have changed.
In decision block 328, a determination may be made whether the initial scan timer has expired after a selected time period or a new channel has been acquired. If neither the initial scan timer has expired or a new channel has been acquired, the method 300 may continue to scan in block 330 and returns to block 324. If the initial scan timer has expired or a new channel has been acquired, the method 300 may advance to block 332 where a determination is made if a new channel has been acquired or only the initial scan timer has expired. If a new channel has not been acquired, an initial acquisition scan may be performed in block 334. If a new channel has been acquired, a determination may be made in block 336 if an advanced mobile phone service (AMPS) or CDMA channel has been acquired. If a CDMA channel is acquired, the method 300 returns to block 304 (
The method 200 may be embodied in a computer readable medium or electronic readable medium, such as memory 112 (
Although specific embodiments have been illustrated and described herein, those of ordinary skill in the art appreciate that any arrangement which is calculated to achieve the same purpose may be substituted for the specific embodiments shown and that the invention has other applications in other environments. This application is intended to cover any adaptations or variations of the present invention. The following claims are in no way intended to limit the scope of the invention to the specific embodiments described herein.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5152002 *||Feb 13, 1990||Sep 29, 1992||Orion Industries, Inc.||System and method for extending cell site coverage|
|US5517677||May 13, 1993||May 14, 1996||Uniden America Corporation||Adaptive weighting of a scanning sequence|
|US5524280 *||Oct 31, 1994||Jun 4, 1996||Motorola, Inc.||Method of acquiring a channel in a general frequency reuse system|
|US5577022||Nov 22, 1994||Nov 19, 1996||Qualcomm Incorporated||Pilot signal searching technique for a cellular communications system|
|US5915221 *||Aug 8, 1995||Jun 22, 1999||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson||Neighbor cell list creation and verification in a telecommunications system|
|US5999816 *||Feb 18, 1997||Dec 7, 1999||Qualcomm Incorporated||Method and apparatus for performing mobile assisted hard handoff between communication systems|
|US6047071 *||Apr 15, 1997||Apr 4, 2000||Nokia Mobile Phones||Network-initiated change of mobile phone parameters|
|US6064890 *||Dec 23, 1997||May 16, 2000||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Mobile communication apparatus with improved base station monitoring|
|US6195555 *||Jun 24, 1997||Feb 27, 2001||Ericsson Inc.||Method of directing a call to a mobile telephone in a dual mode cellular satellite communication network|
|US6289220 *||Jun 22, 2000||Sep 11, 2001||Motorola, Inc.||Multiple controller identities for neighbor lists|
|US6496531 *||Sep 2, 1999||Dec 17, 2002||Lucent Technologies Inc.||Method and system for controlling forward transmit power in a wireless system|
|US6754493 *||Dec 15, 1999||Jun 22, 2004||Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson||Method and systems for dynamic threshold adjustment for handoffs in radio communication systems|
|US6771960 *||Nov 6, 2000||Aug 3, 2004||Motorola, Inc.||Method for a cellular radiotelephone to scan for service from adjacent cells|
|US6782261 *||Apr 27, 2000||Aug 24, 2004||Lucent Technologies Inc.||Wireless handoff management method and device|
|US6842621 *||Dec 21, 2001||Jan 11, 2005||Motorola, Inc.||Method and apparatus for splitting control and media content from a cellular network connection|
|US6917808 *||Apr 28, 2000||Jul 12, 2005||Lucent Technologies Inc.||Inter-frequency handoff evaluation method|
|US20020197992 *||Apr 29, 2002||Dec 26, 2002||Shlomo Nizri||Idle mode handling in a hybrid GSM/CDMA network|
|US20030017842||May 24, 1999||Jan 23, 2003||Bryan Jeffery Moles||Wireless network system selection mechanism within a mobile station|
|US20030148786 *||May 2, 2002||Aug 7, 2003||Rotem Cooper||Method and apparatus for configurable selection and acquisition of a wireless communications system|
|US20040116133 *||Dec 17, 2002||Jun 17, 2004||Amit Kalhan||System and method for determining when to exit an existing wireless communications coverage network|
|US20040127220 *||Mar 10, 2003||Jul 1, 2004||Tantivy Communications, Inc.||Antenna adaptation to manage the active set to manipulate soft hand-off regions|
|US20040203745 *||Mar 6, 2002||Oct 14, 2004||Rotem Cooper||Method and apparatus for efficient selection and acquisition of a wireless communications system|
|US20040203839 *||Dec 10, 2002||Oct 14, 2004||Christer Ostberg||Mobile terminals and methods for performing fast initial frequency scans and cell searches|
|CA2325077A1||Nov 2, 2000||May 2, 2002||Scoreboard, Inc.||A method of modeling a neighbor list for a mobile unit in a cdma cellular telephone system|
|EP0605989A1||Dec 20, 1993||Jul 13, 1994||NCR International, Inc.||Handover method for mobile wireless station|
|GB2333424A||Title not available|
|1||European Patent Office, Application No. 03754966.4, First Office Action dated Sep. 19, 2005 for corresponding European application.|
|2||European Patent Office, Application No. 03754966.4, Second Office Action dated Apr. 28, 2006 for corresponding European patent application.|
|3||Patent Cooperation Treaty, International Search Report, pp. 1-4.|
|4||PCT International Preliminary Examination Report dated Feb. 16, 2005 for corresponding PCT application (PCT/US03/30665).|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8706110 *||Feb 10, 2010||Apr 22, 2014||Apple Inc.||Methods for selecting cells in cellular telephone systems|
|US20080075035 *||Sep 22, 2006||Mar 27, 2008||Intermec Ip Corp.||System and method for providing fast roaming|
|US20090075652 *||Aug 11, 2008||Mar 19, 2009||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Mobile terminal and system scan method thereof|
|US20110195713 *||Feb 10, 2010||Aug 11, 2011||Venkatasubramanian Ramasamy||Methods for selecting cells in cellular telephone systems|
|U.S. Classification||455/434, 455/452.2, 455/515, 455/435.2|
|International Classification||H04W36/30, H04W48/18, H04W48/16|
|Cooperative Classification||H04W48/18, H04W48/16, H04W36/30|
|Jan 21, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SONY ERICSSON MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS AB, SWEDEN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:NARASIMHA, MURALI;HAKANSSON, URBAN;REEL/FRAME:015590/0434;SIGNING DATES FROM 20030902 TO 20050121
|Jun 24, 2008||CC||Certificate of correction|
|May 18, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Apr 21, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8